On This Day in History September 14

September 14 – Events:

  • 786 – Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi.
  • 1180 – Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1607 – Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
  • 1682 – Bishop Gore School one of the oldest schools in Wales founded.
  • 1752 – The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
  • 1812 – French grenadiers enter Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
  • 1814 – Francis Scott Key writes “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
  • 1829 – Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo- Turkish War.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
  • 1862 – Civil War Maryland Campaign Battle of South Mountain is fought.
  • 1886 – Typewriter ribbon patented.
  • 1901 – President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6th, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
  • 1917 – Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
  • 1923 – Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain.
  • 1944 – United States Marines land on the island of Peleliu.
  • 1944 – Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city that is liberated by allied forces.
  • 1948 – Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City.
  • 1958 – Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 – The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
  • 1960 – The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
  • 1964 – The opening of the third period of the Second Vatican Council.
  • 1965 – The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council.
  • 1975 – The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI.
  • 1982 – President-elect of Lebanon, Bachir Gemayel, is assassinated.
  • 1984 – Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1987 – ITV Schools was broadcast on Channel 4 for the very first time.
  • 1987 – The Toronto Blue Jays set a major league record for most home runs in a single game – 10 – versus the Baltimore Orioles at Exhibition Stadium, and the teams combined to tie the record for most homers by two teams – 11. The game also marked the end of Cal Ripken’s streak of 8,243 consecutive innings played, which is believed to be the longest, although this is not a record officially kept by MLB.
  • 1990 – Ken Griffey and his son Ken Jr. become the first father-son duo to hit back-to-back home runs.
  • 1994 – The Major League Baseball season is canceled because of a strike.
  • 1995 – Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1998 – Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
  • 1999 – Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
  • 2000 – Microsoft introduced the last update to the OS, MS-DOS. (Version 8.0)
  • 2000 – Windows Me is released.
  • 2001 – Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation’s capital.
  • 2003 – In a referendum, Sweden rejects adopting the euro.
  • 2003 – Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
  • 2007 – Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI’s motu proprio Summorum Pontificum takes effect.

September 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1169 – Alexios II Komnenos (d. 1183) Byzantine emperor
  • 1388 – Claudius Clavus, Danish geographer
  • 1486 – Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, German alchemist (d. 1535)
  • 1543 – Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (d. 1615)
  • 1547 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (d. 1619)
  • 1656 – Thomas Baker, British antiquarian (d. 1746)
  • 1713 – Johann Kies, German mathematician (d. 1781)
  • 1721 – Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge (d. 1807)
  • 1737 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1806)
  • 1760 – Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (d. 1842)
  • 1769 – Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer (d. 1859)
  • 1771 – Nikolay Raevsky, Russian general and statesman (d. 1829)
  • 1804 – John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)
  • 1804 – Louis Desiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate (d. 1882)
  • 1837 – Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1849 – Ivan Pavlov, Russian scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1936)
  • 1860 – Hamlin Garland, American writer (d. 1940)
  • 1864 – Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British politician and diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1958)
  • 1867 – Charles Dana Gibson, American artist (d. 1944)
  • 1869 – Kid Nichols, baseball player (d. 1953)
  • 1879 – Margaret Sanger, American birth control advocate (d. 1966)
  • 1880 – Metropolitan Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Orthodox missionary and writer, Exarch of Russian Church in North America (d. 1961)
  • 1880 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (d. 1955)
  • 1886 – Jan Masaryk, Czech foreign minister and diplomat (d. 1948)
  • 1889 – Maria Capovilla, previous oldest living person (d. 2006)
  • 1891 – Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
  • 1894 – Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, Bengali Novelist (d. 1950)
  • 1898 – Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • 1899 – Hal B. Wallis, American film producer (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Giorgos Papasideris Greek musician (d. 1977)
  • 1909 – Peter Scott, British naturalist, artist, and explorer (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Jack Hawkins, British actor (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (d. 2003)
  • 1913 – Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • 1914 – Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000)
  • 1914 – Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1914 – Kay Medford, American actress (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – John Heyer, Australian documentary filmmaker (d. 2001}
  • 1918 – Georges Berger, Belgian racing driver (d. 1967)
  • 1920 – Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer
  • 1920 – Lawrence Klein, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1920 – Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Dario Vittori, Argentinian actor (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Michel Auclair, French actor (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and noted author (d. 1994)
  • 1926 – Michel Butor, French novelist
  • 1927 – Martin Caidin, American writer noted for his focus on aviation (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Larry Collins, American writer (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Maurice Vachon, French Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1930 – Allan Bloom, American academic (d. 1992)
  • 1932 – Harry Sinden, National Hockey League executive
  • 1932 – John Tembo, Malawian politician
  • 1933 – Harve Presnell, American actor
  • 1934 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher
  • 1934 – Kate Millett, American feminist writer
  • 1936 – Walter Koenig, American actor (Star Trek)
  • 1936 – Ferid Murad, American physician and pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1936 – Harry Danielsen, Norwegian politician
  • 1937 – Renzo Piano, Italian architect
  • 1938 – Nicol Williamson, Scottish-born actor
  • 1940 – Larry Brown, American basketball coach
  • 1941 – Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan musician
  • 1942 – Bernard MacLaverty, Northern Irish writer
  • 1944 – Joey Heatherton, American actress and singer
  • 1945 – Martin Tyler, British sports broadcaster
  • 1947 – Jon “Bowzer” Bauman, “Bowzer” singer in musical group “Sha Na Na”
  • 1947 – Sam Neill, New Zealand actor
  • 1949 – Tommy Seebach, Danish musician (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese singer
  • 1949 – Steve Gaines, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
  • 1949 – Ed King, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1950 – Paul Kossoff, British guitarist (Free) (d. 1976)
  • 1950 – Masami Kuwashima, Japanese Formula One driver
  • 1950 – Michael Nifong, North Carolina district attorney
  • 1953 – Tom Cora, American cellist and composer (d. 1998)
  • 1953 – Judy Playfair, Australian swimmer
  • 1956 – Kostas Karamanlis, Greek prime-minister
  • 1956 – Ray Wilkins, English former footballer
  • 1956 – Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek politician
  • 1957 – Tim Wallach, Major League Baseball player
  • 1957 – Kepler Wessels, South African cricketer
  • 1959 – Morten Harket, Norwegian singer (a-ha)
  • 1960 – Melissa Leo, American actress
  • 1960 – Callum Keith Rennie, Canadian actor
  • 1963 – Robin Singh, Indian cricketer
  • 1964 – Faith Ford, American actress
  • 1965 – Michelle Stafford, American actress
  • 1965 – Dmitry Medvedev, First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
  • 1966 – Mike Cooley, American guitarist
  • 1967 – Dan Cortese, American actor
  • 1969 – Konstantinos Koukodimos, Greek long jumper and politician
  • 1970 – Ben Garant, American actor
  • 1970 – Craig Montoya, American musician (Everclear)
  • 1970 – Francesco Casagrande, Italian cyclist
  • 1971 – Jeff Loomis, American guitarist (Lead guitarist for Nevermore)
  • 1971 – Andre Matos, Brazilian musician
  • 1971 – Kimberly Williams, American actress
  • 1972 – David Bell, baseball player
  • 1973 – Terrell Fletcher, former National Football League player
  • 1973 – Nas, American rapper
  • 1973 – Linvoy Primus, English footballer
  • 1974 – Chad Bradford, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1974 – Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete
  • 1976 – Jeremy Dunham, video game journalist
  • 1976 – Agustín Calleri, Argentine tennis player
  • 1978 – Carmen Kass, Estonian model
  • 1978 – Danielle Peck, country music singer
  • 1978 – Ben Cohen, English rugby union footballer
  • 1979 – Jesse Marunde, American Strongman/Athlete
  • 1980 – Phillip Tobias, American illustrator and musician
  • 1981 – Miyavi, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1982 – Hiroki Narimiya, Japanese actor
  • 1983 – Amy Winehouse, English singer
  • 1983 – Frostee Rucker, National Football League defensive end
  • 1984 – Adam Lamberg, American actor
  • 1984 – Melissa McGhee, American singer
  • 1985 – Paolo Gregoletto, American bassist (Trivium)
  • 1985 – Aya Ueto, Japanese actress idol and singer
  • 1985 – Delmon Young, Major League Baseball player
  • 1986 – Ai Takahashi, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1986 – A.J. Trauth, American actor
  • 1986 – Alan Sheehan, Irish footballer
  • 1989 – Jesse James, American actor

September 14 – Deaths:

  • 258 – Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage
  • 585 – Emperor Bidatsu of Japan (b. 538)
  • 775 – Constantine V, Byzantine Emperor (b. 718)
  • 786 – Al-Hadi, Abbasid caliph
  • 891 – Pope Stephen V
  • 1146 – Zengi, ruler of Syria (b. 1087)
  • 1164 – Emperor Sutoku of Japan (b. 1119)
  • 1214 – Albert Avogadro, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem (b. 1149)
  • 1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian author (b. 1265)
  • 1404 – Albert IV of Austria (b. 1377)
  • 1435 – John, Duke of Bedford, regent of England (b. 1389)
  • 1523 – Pope Adrian VI (b. 1459)
  • 1538 – Henry III of Nassau-Breda, German nobleman (b. 1483)
  • 1605 – Jan Tarnowski, Archbishop of Krakow (b. 1550)
  • 1638 – John Harvard, American clergyman (b. 1607)
  • 1646 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (b. 1591)
  • 1712 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-born astronomer (b. 1625)
  • 1743 – Nicolas Lancret, French painter (b. 1690)
  • 1749 – Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician (b. 1675)
  • 1759 – Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (b. 1712)
  • 1807 – George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1836 – Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
  • 1851 – James Fenimore Cooper, American author (b. 1789)
  • 1852 – Augustus Pugin, English architect (b. 1812)
  • 1852 – Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, British general and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1879 – Bernhard von Cotta, German geologist (b. 1808)
  • 1898 – William Seward Burroughs, American inventor (b. 1857)
  • 1901 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)
  • 1905 – Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (Pietro Paolo Savorgnan di Brazzà), explorer (b. 1852)
  • 1910 – Huo Yuan Jia, Chinese martial artist
  • 1927 – Isadora Duncan, American dancer (b. 1877)
  • 1936 – Irving Thalberg, American film producer (b. 1899)
  • 1937 – Tomáš Masaryk, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1850)
  • 1942 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • 1951 – Fritz Busch, German conductor (b. 1890)
  • 1959 – Wayne Morris, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1960 – M. Karagatsis, Greek author (b. 1908)
  • 1965 – J.W. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1891)
  • 1966 – Gertrude Berg, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1974 – Warren Hull, American actor (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Walter Herbert, German-born conductor and impresario (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Furry Lewis, American blues guitarist (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Bachir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon,assassinated (b. 1947)
  • 1982 – John Gardner, American novelist (b. 1933)
  • 1982 – Grace Kelly, American actress, Princess of Monaco (b. 1929)
  • 1982 – Christian Ferras, French violinist (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Janet Gaynor, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1989 – Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Julie Bovasso, American actor and writer (b. 1930)
  • 1991 – Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper’s Magazine (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – Maurice K. Goddard – the “father” of Pennsylvania state parks
  • 1996 – Juliet Prowse, British actress and dancer (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Charles Crichton, English film director (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Stelios Kazantzidis, Greek singer (b. 1931)
  • 2003 – John Serry, Sr., American musician, (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – William Berenberg, American physician (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Robert Wise, American filmmaker (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Vladimir Volkoff, French writer (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Mickey Hargitay, Hungarian-born actor and bodybuilder (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Esme Melville, Australian actress (b. 1918)

September 14 – Holidays:

  • In ancient Greece, the first day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, during which the sacred objects were brought from Eleusis to Athens.
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s