On This Day in History September 19

September 19 – Events:

  • 335 – Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.
  • 1356 – In the Battle of Poitiers, the English defeat the French.
  • 1692 – Giles Corey is pressed to death after refusing to plead in the Salem witch trials.
  • 1777 – First Battle of Saratoga/Battle of Freeman’s Farm/Battle of Bemis Heights.
  • 1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • 1796 – George Washington’s farewell address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Iuka – Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris begins, which will result on 28 January 1871 in the surrender of Paris and a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1893 – Women’s suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.
  • 1900 – Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid commit their first robbery together.
  • 1926 – The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.
  • 1934 – Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnap and murder of Charles Lindbergh III.
  • 1942 – Holocaust in Brody, western Ukraine: About 2,500 Brody Jews are deported by German Gestapo to the extermination camp in Belzec.
  • 1944 – Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union signed. (End of the Continuation War).
  • 1945 – Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London.
  • 1946 – The Council of Europe is founded following a speech given by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich.
  • 1952 – The U.S. bars Charlie Chaplin from reentering the country after a trip to England.
  • 1957 – First U.S. underground nuclear bomb test.
  • 1957 – Dalida is the first artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300 000 sales of “Bambino.”
  • 1959 – Nikita Khrushchev is barred from visiting Disneyland.
  • 1970 – The first Glastonbury Festival is held at Michael Eavis’s farm in Glastonbury, UK.
  • 1972 – A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
  • 1973 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden has his investiture.
  • 1976 – A Turkish Boeing 727 hits a mountain in southern Turkey killing 155.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis gains its independence.
  • 1985 – A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.
  • 1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.
  • 1988 – Greg Louganis suffers a head injury while qualifying for the Seoul Olympics; goes on to win two Gold medals.
  • 1989 – A terrorist bomb explodes UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing 171.
  • 1991 – Ötzi the Iceman is discovered by a couple of German tourists.
  • 1995 – The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber’s manifesto.
  • 1997 – Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.
  • 2006 – The Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. Constitution revoked; martial law declared.

September 19 – Birthdays:

  • 86 – Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (d. 161)
  • 866 – Leo VI, Byzantine Emperor (d. 912)
  • 1377 – Albert IV, Duke of Austria (d. 1404)
  • 1551 – King Henry III of France (d. 1589)
  • 1714 – Charles Humphreys, American delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1786)
  • 1737 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Senator (d. 1832)
  • 1749 – Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, French mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1759 – William Kirby, English entomologist (d. 1850)
  • 1778 – Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • 1796 – Hartley Coleridge, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1799 – René Caillé, French explorer (d. 1838)
  • 1802 – Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian lawyer and Regent-President (d. 1894)
  • 1803 – Maria Anna of Savoy, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1884)
  • 1811 – Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
  • 1828 – Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1880)
  • 1882 – Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)
  • 1887 – Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (d. 1972)
  • 1887 – Lynne Overman, American actor (d. 1943)
  • 1888 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Sadie Delany, American physician and author (d. 1999)
  • 1898 – Giuseppe Saragat, president of the Italian Republic (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-born film producer (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr., American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1998)
  • 1908 – Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (d. 1979)
  • 1909 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Margaret Lindsay, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1911 – Sir William Golding, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Kurt Sanderling, German conductor
  • 1913 – Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 1915 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer and comedian (d. 1973)
  • 1920 – Roger Angell, American sports writer
  • 1921 – Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator & writer (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Damon Knight, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Emil Zátopek, Czech athlete (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Masatoshi Koshiba, Japanese physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1926 – James Lipton, American actor, writer and host of Inside the Actors Studio
  • 1926 – Duke Snider, baseball player
  • 1927 – Rosemary Harris, English actress
  • 1927 – William Hickey, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1928 – Adam West, American actor
  • 1930 – Antonio Margheriti, Italian filmmaker (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Brook Benton, American singer (d. 1988)
  • 1931 – Jean-Claude Carrière, French screenwriter and actor
  • 1933 – David McCallum, Scottish actor
  • 1934 – Brian Epstein, English musical group manager (The Beatles) (d. 1967)
  • 1935 – Benjamin Hacker, American naval aviator (d. 2003)
  • 1935 – Nick Massi, American singer (The Four Seasons) (d. 2000)
  • 1936 – Al Oerter, American athlete (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Abner Haynes, American football player
  • 1940 – Anna Karen, South African-born British actress
  • 1940 – Bill Medley, American singer and songwriter (The Righteous Brothers)
  • 1940 – Ed Westfall, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1940 – Paul Williams, American composer
  • 1941 – Umberto Bossi, Italian politician
  • 1941 – Mama Cass Elliot, American musician (d. 1974)
  • 1942 – Freda Payne, American singer and actress
  • 1943 – Joe Morgan, baseball player
  • 1944 – Anders Björck, Swedish politician
  • 1944 – Jean Succar Kuri, Lebanese-born Mexican businessman
  • 1945 – Randolph Mantooth, American actor
  • 1946 – Brian Henton, English racing driver
  • 1947 – Lol Creme, English musician (10cc, Godley & Creme)
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, English actor
  • 1948 – Mihai Timofti, Director, actor, musician from Moldova-Chisinau
  • 1949 – Sally Potter, English film director and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Barry Scheck, American lawyer, co-founder Innocence Project
  • 1949 – Twiggy, English model
  • 1950 – Joan Lunden, American journalist and television host
  • 1951 – Daniel Lanois, Canadian record producer
  • 1952 – Bernard de Dryver, Belgian racing driver
  • 1952 – Gunnar Hökmark, Swedish politician
  • 1952 – Nile Rodgers, American musician and composer
  • 1955 – Richard Burmer, American composer and musician (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Rex Smith, American singer and actor
  • 1956 – Juan Manuel Fangio II, Argentine racing driver
  • 1956 – Charlie Reliford, baseball umpire
  • 1958 – Kevin Hooks, American actor and director
  • 1958 – Azumah Nelson, Ghanaian boxer
  • 1960 – Loïc Bigois, French engineer
  • 1962 – Cheri Oteri, American actress and comedian
  • 1962 – Ken Rosenthal, American sportswriter
  • 1963 – Jarvis Cocker, English musician (Pulp)
  • 1963 – David Seaman, English footballer
  • 1964 – Patrick Marber, British playwright
  • 1964 – Bob Papa, American sportscaster
  • 1964 – Trisha Yearwood, American singer
  • 1965 – Alexandra Vandernoot, Belgian actress
  • 1966 – Soledad O’Brien, American journalist
  • 1967 – Jim Abbott, baseball player
  • 1967 – Stéphane Crête, Quebec actor
  • 1967 – Alexander Karelin, Russian wrestler
  • 1969 – Alkinoos Ioannidis, Greek-Cypriot singer and composer
  • 1969 – Tapio Wilska, Finnish singer
  • 1970 – Dan Bylsma, National Hockey League player
  • 1970 – Gilbert Dionne, National Hockey League player
  • 1970 – Takanori Nishikawa, Japanese pop/rock singer
  • 1970 – Victor Williams, American actor
  • 1973 – Nick Colgan, Irish footballer
  • 1973 – Cristiano da Matta, Brazilian racing car driver
  • 1973 – Jeremy Lindsay Taylor, Australian actor
  • 1974 – Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian
  • 1974 – Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model
  • 1976 – Raja Bell, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Alison Sweeney, American actress
  • 1976 – Jim Ward, American musician (At the Drive-In, Sparta)
  • 1976 – Jessica York, television personality
  • 1977 – Ryan Dusick, American drummer (Maroon 5)
  • 1978 – Michelle Alves, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1978 – Nick Johnson, baseball player
  • 1978 – Nigel Mitchell, Quizmania and Capital Disney presenter
  • 1978 – Jorge López Montaña, Spanish footballer
  • 1979 – Dannielle Brent, British actress
  • 1979 – Noémie Lenoir, French supermodel and actress
  • 1980 – Tegan and Sara, Canadian singer/songwriters
  • 1981 – Scott Baker, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
  • 1981 – Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey goaltender
  • 1982 – Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
  • 1982 – Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Nicole Voss, American model
  • 1983 – Joey Devine, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Charlie Haeger, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Matt Wiman, American mixed martial artist
  • 1984 – Eamon Doyle, American pop singer
  • 1984 – Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor
  • 1986 – Gerald Ciolek, German cyclist
  • 1986 – Ken Gushi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Peter Vack, American voice actor
  • 1987 – Danielle Panabaker, American actress

September 19 – Deaths:

  • 690 – Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 602)
  • 1339 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (b. 1288)
  • 1668 – William Waller, English soldier
  • 1692 – Giles Corey, American farmer killed in the Salem Witch Trials
  • 1693 – Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (b. 1641)
  • 1710 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)
  • 1843 – Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French scientist (b. 1792)
  • 1868 – William Sprague, American minister and politician from Michigan (b. 1809)
  • 1881 – James Garfield, 20th President of the United States (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1817)
  • 1905 – Thomas John Barnardo, Irish philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • 1906 – Maria Georgina Grey (b.1816), British writer who promoted women’s education and founder of the Girls’ Day School Trust.
  • 1924 – Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer (b. 1854)
  • 1927 – Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (b. 1849)
  • 1935 – Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist (b. 1857)
  • 1936 – Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, Indian musician (b. 1860)
  • 1938 – Pauline Frederick, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1942 – Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
  • 1944 – Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
  • 1949 – Will Cuppy, American humorist (b. 1884)
  • 1949 – George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
  • 1949 – Nikolaos Skalkottas, Greek composer (b. 1901)
  • 1955 – John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter (b. 1884)
  • 1967 – Monica Proietti, Canadian criminal (b. 1940)
  • 1968 – Chester Carlson, American inventor (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Red Foley, American singer (b. 1910)
  • 1969 – Rex Ingram, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1972 – Robert Casadesus, French pianist (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Gram Parsons, American musician (b. 1946)
  • 1978 – Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian (b. 1884)
  • 1985 – Italo Calvino, Italian writer (b. 1923)
  • 1987 – Einar Gerhardsen, Prime Minister of Norway (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Hermes Pan, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Orville Redenbacher, American botanist and businessman (b. 1907)
  • 1997 – Rich Mullins, American singer (b. 1955)
  • 2000 – Anthony Robert Klitz, British artist (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Robert Guéï, ruler of Côte d’Ivoire (b. 1941)
  • 2003 – Slim Dusty, Australian singer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Eddie Adams, American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (b. 1933)
  • 2004 – Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian turned American international civil servant (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Skeeter Davis, American singer (b. 1931)
  • 2004 – Ellis Marsalis, Sr., American businessman, musician, and activist
  • 2006 – Elizabeth Allen, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Chuck Rio, American singer and saxophonist (The Champs) (b. 1929)
  • 2006 – Hugh Kawharu, paramount chief of the Ngati Whatua Maori tribe (b. 1927)

September 19 – Holidays:

  • Chile – Armed Forces Day.
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis – Independence Day (from Great Britain, 1983).
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