On This Day in History September 28

September 28 – Events:

  • 48 BC – Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
  • 351 – Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius.
  • 365 – Roman usurper Procopius bribes two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
  • 935 – Saint Wenceslas is murdered by his brother, Boleslav I of Bohemia.
  • 995 – Members of Slavník’s dynasty – Spytimír, Pobraslav, Porej and Cáslav are murdered by Boleslaus’s son, Boleslaus II the Pious.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England: the Norman Conquest begins.
  • 1106 – The Battle of Tinchebrai – Henry I of England defeats his brother, Robert Curthose.
  • 1322 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Frederick I of Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.
  • 1448 – Christian I is crowned king of Denmark.
  • 1542 – Navigator João Rodrigues Cabrilho of Portugal arrives as what is now San Diego, California, United States.
  • 1708 – Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
  • 1779 – American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
  • 1781 – American forces backed by a French fleet begin the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1787 – The newly completed United States Constitution is voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.
  • 1844 – Oscar I of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1867 – Toronto becomes the capital of Ontario.
  • 1867 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
  • 1868 – Battle of Alcolea causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
  • 1889 – The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.
  • 1928 – UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • 1939 – Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland after their invasion during World War II.
  • 1939 – Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany during World War II.
  • 1941 – Major League Baseball: Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox hits a batting average of .406 that was originally at .3995. He is the last player to have a batting average of .400 or better.
  • 1944 – Battle of Arnhem – Germans defeat British airborne at Arnhem, Netherlands.
  • 1944 – Soviet Army troops liberate Klooga concentration camp in Klooga, Estonia.
  • 1958 – France ratifies a new Constitution of France; the French Fifth Republic is then formed upon the formal adoption of the new constitution on October 4. Guinea rejects the new constitution, voting for independence instead.
  • 1961 – A military coup in Damascus effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
  • 1962 – Paddington tram depot fire destroys 65 trams in Brisbane, Australia.
  • 1971 – UK passes the Misuse of Drugs Act banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
  • 1972 – The Canadian national men’s hockey team, led by Paul Henderson, defeat the Soviet Union national ice hockey team 6-5 to win decisive Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series.
  • 1973 – ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT’s involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d’état in Chile.
  • 1975 – The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken as hostages, takes place in London.
  • 1994 – The car ferry MS Estonia sinks in Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
  • 1995 – Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries take the islands of Comoros in a coup.
  • 2000 – Al-Aqsa Intifada: Arial Sharon visits the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

September 28 – Birthdays:

  • 551 BC – Confucius, Chinese philosopher (d. 479 BC)
  • 58 BC – Livia Drusilla, wife of the Roman emperor Caesar Augustus (d. 29)
  • 1330 – Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist (d. 1417?)
  • 1493 – Agnolo Firenzuola, Italian poet (d. 1545)
  • 1605 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (d. 1694)
  • 1667 – Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1681 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (d. 1764)
  • 1705 – Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1746 – Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
  • 1803 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (d. 1870)
  • 1821 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1823 – Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (d. 1889)
  • 1824 – Francis Turner Palgrave, British critic and poet (d. 1897)
  • 1836 – Thomas Crapper, English inventor (d. 1910)
  • 1841 – Georges Clemenceau, French politician (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – Henri Moissan, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1907)
  • 1856 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children’s author (d. 1923)
  • 1861 – Amélie of Orléans, queen of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • 1867 – Hiranuma Kiichiro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1952)
  • 1881 – Pedro de Cordoba, American actor (d. 1950)
  • 1887 – Avery Brundage, American athlete and sports official (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Jack Fournier, American baseball player (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – Myrtle Gonzalez, American actress (d. 1918)
  • 1893 – Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer and dramatist (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • 1901 – William S. Paley, American radio and television executive (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Ed Sullivan, American television show host (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Heikki Savolainen, Finnish gymnast (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Bhagat Singh, Indian activist (d. 1931)
  • 1909 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979)
  • 1913 – Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator
  • 1916 – Peter Finch, English-born actor (d. 1977)
  • 1918 – Ángel Labruna, Argentinian football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1923 – John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, British politician (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – William Windom, American actor
  • 1924 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Seymour Cray, American computer scientist (d. 1996)
  • 1925 – Cromwell Everson, South African composer (d. 1991)
  • 1925 – Arnold Stang, American actor
  • 1926 – Jerry Clower, American comedian (d. 1998)
  • 1929 – Lata Mangeshkar, Indian playback singer
  • 1932 – Víctor Jara, Chilean folk singer and activist (d. 1973)
  • 1933 – Miguel Berrocal, Sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1934 – Brigitte Bardot, French actress
  • 1934 – Janet Munro, British actress (d. 1972)
  • 1935 – Heather Sears, British actress (d. 1994)
  • 1937 – Alice Mahon, English politician and labor leader
  • 1937 – Rod Roddy, American television announcer (d. 2003)
  • 1938 – Ben E. King, American r&b singer
  • 1939 – Stuart Kauffman, American biologist
  • 1939 – Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-born British actor
  • 1941 – Edmund Stoiber, German politician
  • 1942 – Marshall Bell, American actor
  • 1942 – Pierre Clémenti, French actor (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Tim Maia, Brazilian Singer (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Joel Higgins, American actor
  • 1943 – Nick St. Nicholas, Canadian musician (Steppenwolf)
  • 1943 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1943 – Warren Lieberfarb, American media executive
  • 1946 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor
  • 1946 – Helen Shapiro, English singer
  • 1947 – Bob Carr, Australian politician
  • 1947 – Sheikh Hasina, Bangladeshi politician
  • 1950 – Laurie Lewis, American musician
  • 1950 – John Sayles, American director and screenwriter
  • 1951 – Wei Chen, Canadian journalist
  • 1952 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch actress
  • 1954 – Steve Largent, American football player and U.S. Congressman
  • 1954 – George Lynch, American musician (Dokken)
  • 1955 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
  • 1959 – Ron Fellows, Canadian race car driver
  • 1960 – Jennifer Rush, American pop singer
  • 1961 – Quentin Kawananakoa, American-born pretender to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii
  • 1962 – Grant Fuhr, Canadian hockey player
  • 1963 – Steve Blackman, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Claudio Borghi, Argentine football manager (Colo-Colo)
  • 1964 – Laura Cerón, American actress
  • 1964 – Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian
  • 1964 – Paul Jewell, English football manager
  • 1966 – Puri Jagannadh, Indian film director
  • 1967 – Mira Sorvino, American actress
  • 1967 – Moon Unit Zappa, American singer and actress
  • 1968 – Mika Häkkinen, Finnish race car driver and two-time F1 world champion
  • 1968 – Naomi Watts, English-born actress
  • 1969 – Mark Everett, American fugitive
  • 1969 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian singer
  • 1969 – Nico Vaesen, Belgian footballer
  • 1970 – Mike DeJean, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Gualter Salles, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1971 – Alan Wright, English footballer
  • 1972 – Dita Von Teese, American burlesque artist
  • 1973 – Jori Hulkkonen, Finnish electronic musician
  • 1973 – Brian Rafalski, American ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Mariya Kiselyova, Russian swimmer
  • 1974 – Joonas Kolkka, Finnish footballer
  • 1974 – Shane Webcke, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – John Light, English actor
  • 1975 – Lenny Krayzelburg, American swimmer
  • 1976 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial artist
  • 1977 – Young Jeezy, American Rapper
  • 1977 – Se Ri Pak, Korean golfer
  • 1978 – Bushido, German rapper
  • 1979 – Bam Margera, American skateboarder
  • 1981 – José Calderón, Spanish basketball player
  • 1981 – Jorge Guagua, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1981 – Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
  • 1981 – Iracema Trevisan, Brazilian musician (CSS)
  • 1982 – Ray Emery, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Ranbir Kapoor, Indian Actor
  • 1982 – Nolwenn Leroy, French Singer
  • 1982 – Emeka Okafor, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Dustin Penner, Canadian hockey player
  • 1982 – Anderson Varejão, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1983 – Stefan Moore, English footballer
  • 1984 – Melody Thornton, American singer and dancer
  • 1984 – Ryan Zimmerman, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Andrés Guardado, Mexican footballer
  • 1987 – Hilary Duff, American actress, singer
  • 1988 – Esmée Denters, Dutch singer
  • 1988 – Aleks Vrteski, Australian footballer
  • 1989 – Mark Randall, English footballer
  • 1992 – Skye McCole Bartusiak, American actress

September 28 – Deaths:

  • 48 BC – Pompey, Roman general and politician (b. 106 BC)
  • 235 – Saint Pontianus, Pope
  • 876 – Louis the German, King of Eastern Francia (b. 804)
  • 935 – Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (b. 907)
  • 1104 – Pedro I, king of Aragon and Navarre (b. 1068)
  • 1197 – Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1165)
  • 1429 – Cymburgis of Masovia, wife of Duke Ernest of Austria
  • 1582 – George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1618 – Joshua Sylvester, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1687 – Francis Turretin, Swiss theologian (b. 1623)
  • 1694 – Gabriel Mouton, French scientist (b. 1618)
  • 1702 – Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman (b. 1663)
  • 1781 – William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1844 – Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • 1873 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer and journalist (b. 1832)
  • 1891 – Herman Melville, American novelist (b. 1819)
  • 1895 – Louis Pasteur, French scientist (b. 1822)
  • 1914 – Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)
  • 1915 – Saitou Hajime, 3rd squad leader of the Shinsengumi died under name of Goro Fujita (b. 1844)
  • 1918 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • 1918 – Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • 1935 – W.K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (b. 1860)
  • 1953 – Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1956 – William Edward Boeing, American aviation pioneer (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (b. 1901)
  • 1964 – Harpo Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – André Breton, French poet (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
  • 1970 – Gamal Abdel Nasser, the second President of Egypt (b. 1918)
  • 1978 – Pope John Paul I (b. 1912)
  • 1979 – John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist (b. 1921)
  • 1981 – Rómulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (b. 1908)
  • 1982 – Mabel Albertson, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
  • 1991 – Miles Davis, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1926)
  • 1993 – Peter De Vries, American novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Fraser MacPherson, Canadian jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Alexander A. Drabik, American soldier (b. 1910)
  • 1994 – José Francisco Ruiz Massieu, Mexican politician (assassinated) (b. 1946)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Pierre Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1919)
  • 2002 – Patsy Mink, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1927)
  • 2002 – Hartland Molson, Canadian businessman (Molson family), senator and sports executive (Montreal Canadiens) (b. 1907)
  • 2003 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Elia Kazan, Greek-born American film director (b. 1909)
  • 2003 – George Odlum, Saint Lucian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2004 – Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (b. 1924)
  • 2004 – Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Constance Baker Motley, American judge (b. 1921)

September 28 – Holidays:

  • Czech Republic – Czech Statehood Day.
  • Taiwan – Teacher’s Day.
  • French Republican Calendar – Carotte (Carrot) Day, seventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire.
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