On This Day in History December 23

December 23 – Events:

  • 1493 – Georg Alt’s German translation of Hartmann Schedel’s Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
  • 1783 – George Washington resigns as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1793 – The Battle of Savenay, decisive defeat of the royalist counter-revolutionaries in Revolt in the Vendée during the French Revolution.
  • 1913 – The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve.
  • 1914 – World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai peninsula.
  • 1921 – Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.
  • 1936 – Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1937 – First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • 1938 – Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • 1940 – World War II: Greek submarine Papanikolis sinks the Italian motor ship Antonietta.
  • 1941 – World War II: Japanese Imperial Army occupies Wake Island.
  • 1947 – The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
  • 1948 – Seven Japanese convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East are executed at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo.
  • 1954 – The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1958 – Dedication of Tokyo Tower, world’s highest self-supporting iron tower.
  • 1968 – The United States won the release of 82 sailors by issuing a writing apology to North Korea for spying on the Communist country.
  • 1972 – The Nicaraguan capital of Managua is struck by a 6.5 magnitude earthquake, killing more than 10,000.
  • 1972 – The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster are rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.
  • 1979 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: Soviet forces occupy Kabul, the Afghan capital.
  • 1982 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1986 – Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world.
  • 1990 – History of Slovenia: In a referendum, 88% of Slovenia’s population vote for independence from Yugoslavia.
  • 2002 – A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.
  • 2003 – PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
  • 2004 – Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean is hit by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake.
  • 2005 – Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217 from Baku, Azerbaijan, to Aktau, Kazakhstan
  • crashes shortly after takeoff killing 23 people.
  • 2005 – Chad declares a state of war against Sudan following a December 18th attack on Adré, which left about 100 people dead.

December 23 – Birthdays:

  • 245- Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra
  • 1173 – Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1513 – Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
  • 1537 – King John III of Sweden (d. 1592)
  • 1582 – Severo Bonini, Italian composer (d. 1663)
  • 1597 – Martin Opitz von Boberfeld, German poet (d. 1639)
  • 1613 – Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (d. 1676)
  • 1621 – Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)
  • 1621 – Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)
  • 1689 – Joseph Bodin de Boismortier, French composer (d. 1755)
  • 1732 – Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (d. 1792)
  • 1743 – Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)
  • 1750 – King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
  • 1777 – Tsar Alexander I of Russia (d. 1825)
  • 1790 – Jean François Champollion, French Egyptologist (d. 1832)
  • 1804 – Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (d. 1869)
  • 1805 – Joseph Smith, Jr., American founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1844)
  • 1819 – Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • 1822 – Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)
  • 1843 – Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1854 – Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1864 – Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)
  • 1867 – Madam C.J. Walker, American philanthropist and tycoon (d. 1919)
  • 1878 – Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • 1885 – Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • 1891 – Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (d. 1956)
  • 1900 – Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Norman Maclean, American author (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Avraham Stern, Polish-born Zionist leader (d. 1942)
  • 1908 – Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born, Canadian portrait photographer (d. 2002)
  • 1911 – Niels Kaj Jerne, English-born immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – James Gregory, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Dino Risi, Italian film director and screenwriter
  • 1918 – Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1918 – José Greco, Italian-born flamenco dancer (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Guy Beaulne, French Canadian actor and theatre director (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Micheline Ostermeyer, French athlete and musician (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Günther Schifter, Austrian music journalist
  • 1923 – Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
  • 1923 – James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Onofre Marimón, Argentine racing driver (d. 1954)
  • 1926 – Robert Bly, American poet
  • 1928 – Chronis Aidonidis, Greek singer
  • 1929 – Chet Baker, American jazz trumpet player (d. 1988)
  • 1929 – Dick Weber, American professional tenpin bowler (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Ronnie Schell, American actor
  • 1933 – Akihito, Emperor of Japan
  • 1935 – Paul Hornung, American football player
  • 1935 – Esther Phillips, American singer (d. 1984)
  • 1936 – Frederic Forrest, American actor
  • 1937 – Barney Rosenzweig, American television producer
  • 1938 – Bob Kahn, American Internet pioneer
  • 1940 – Jorma Kaukonen, American musician (Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna)
  • 1940 – Robert Labine, former mayor of old city of Gatineau, Quebec
  • 1940 – Eugene Record, American singer (The Chi-Lites) (d. 2005)
  • 1941 – Ron Bushy, Rock Band Drummer
  • 1941 – Tim Hardin, American musician (d. 1980)
  • 1942 – John Peterman, American fashion designer
  • 1943 – Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician
  • 1943 – Harry Shearer, American actor
  • 1943 – Ron Allen, baseball player
  • 1943 – Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (d. 1987)
  • 1943 – Silvia Sommerlath, Queen of Sweden
  • 1944 – Wesley Clark, U.S. general, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, and former US Presidential candidate
  • 1945 – Ron Bushy, American drummer (Iron Butterfly)
  • 1946 – Edita Gruberova, Slovak operatic soprano
  • 1946 – Susan Lucci, American actress
  • 1947 – Heikki Lahtinen, Finnish race walker
  • 1948 – Jack Ham, American football player
  • 1948 – Leslie Moonves, American television executive
  • 1949 – Adrian Belew, American musician
  • 1950 – Michael C. Burgess, American politician
  • 1950 – Ilchi Lee, Korean educator and author
  • 1951 – Anthony Phillips, British guitarist (Genesis)
  • 1952 – William Kristol, American political commentator
  • 1956 – Dave Murray, English guitarist (Iron Maiden)
  • 1956 – Michele Alboreto, Italian Formula one driver (d. 2001)
  • 1957 – Dan Bigras, Canadian singer
  • 1957 – Trisha Goddard, English television presenter
  • 1958 – Victoria Williams, American singer
  • 1958 – Joan Severance, American actress
  • 1959 – Geoff Willis, British engineer
  • 1961 – Carol Smillie, British television personality
  • 1962 – Bertrand Gachot, Belgian racing driver
  • 1962 – Kang Je-gyu, South Korean film director
  • 1962 – Keiji Muto, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1963 – Jim Harbaugh, American football player
  • 1963 – Donna Tartt, American author
  • 1964 – Eddie Vedder, American musician (Pearl Jam)
  • 1967 – Carla Bruni, Italian-French model, songwriter and singer
  • 1968 – Quincy Jones III, Swedish-American musician
  • 1969 – Greg Biffle, American racecar driver
  • 1969 – Martha Byrne, American actress
  • 1970 – Catriona LeMay Doan, Canadian speed skater
  • 1970 – Raymont Harris, American football player
  • 1971 – Corey Haim, Canadian actor
  • 1971 – Masayoshi Yamazaki, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1971 – Michalis Klokidis, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, British socialite
  • 1974 – Agustín Delgado, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1975 – Sky Lopez, American actress
  • 1975 – Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Brad Lidge, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Dimitris Mavrogenidis, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Jamie Noble, American professional wrestler
  • 1977 – Alge Crumpler, American football player
  • 1977 – Jari Mäenpää, Finnish guitarist and singer
  • 1977 – Paul Shirley, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Andra Davis, American football player
  • 1978 – Esthero, Canadian musician and singer
  • 1978 – Jodie Marsh, British glamour model
  • 1978 – Víctor Martínez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1978 – Estella Warren, Canadian model and actress
  • 1979 – Summer Altice, American model and actress
  • 1979 – Scott Gomez, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Holly Madison, American model
  • 1981 – Beth, Spanish singer
  • 1983 – Michael Chopra, English footballer
  • 1983 – Hanley Ramírez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1985 – Harry Judd, British drummer (McFly)
  • 1985 – Luke O’Loughlin, Australian actor
  • 1988 – Eri Kamei, Japanese singer
  • 1990 – Anna Maria Perez de Tagle, American actress, model, and singer

December 23 – Deaths:

  • 679 – Dagobert II, King of Austrasia (b. c 650).(murdered)
  • 910 – Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar
  • 913 – Conrad of Franconia
  • 918 – Conrad I of Germany
  • 1230 – Berengaria of Navarre, queen of Richard I of England
  • 1556 – Nicholas Udall, English playwright (b. 1504)
  • 1568 – Roger Ascham, tutor of Elizabeth I of England
  • 1575 – Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese warrior (hanged) (b. 1531)
  • 1588 – Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (b. 1550)
  • 1631 – Michael Drayton, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1646 – François Maynard, French poet (b. 1582)
  • 1652 – John Cotton, founder of Boston, Massachusetts (b. 1585)
  • 1675 – Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)
  • 1722 – Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)
  • 1771 – Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, Canadian saint (b. 1701)
  • 1761 – Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy
  • 1779 – Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1789 – Charles-Michel de l’Épée, French philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1793 – Johann Adolph Hasse, German composer (b. 1699)
  • 1793 – Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • 1795 – Henry Clinton, British general (b. 1730)
  • 1805 – Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1834 – Thomas Malthus, English demographer and economist (b. 1766)
  • 1846 – Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780)
  • 1902 – Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1821)
  • 1912 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • 1931 – Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch aircraft manufacturer (b. 1890)
  • 1946 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)
  • 1948 – Hideki Tojo, Prime Minister of Japan (hanged) (b. 1884)
  • 1948 – Akira Muto, Japanese army commander (hanged) (b. 1883)
  • 1953 – Lavrenty Beria, Soviet Communist leader (b. 1899)
  • 1954 – René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • 1970 – Charles Ruggles, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – Andrei Tupolev, Soviet aircraft designer (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Charles Atlas, Italian-born bodybuilder (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Irna Phillips, American television writer, director, and producer (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (b. 1898)
  • 1982 – Jack Webb, American actor, producer, and director (b. 1920)
  • 1983 – Colin Middleton, Northern Irish artist (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Vincent Fourcade, French American interior designer and socialite (b. 1934)
  • 1992 – Eddie Hazel, American guitarist (Funkadelic) (b. 1950)
  • 1994 – Sebastian Shaw, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1997 – Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Noor Jehan, Indian singer and actress (b. 1926)
  • 2000 – Billy Barty, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 2000 – Victor Borge, Danish-born comedian and pianist (b. 1909)
  • 2004 – P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Norman D. Vaughan, polar explorer and dogsled driver (b. 1905)
  • 2005 – Lajos Baróti, Hungarian footballer and coach (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Charlie Drake, English comedian (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Marilyn Waltz, American actress and Playboy Playmate (b. 1931)
  • 2006 – Timothy J. Tobias, American composer and musician (b. 1952)
  • 2006 – Johnny Vincent, English footballer for Birmingham City and Middlesbrough (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Michael Kidd, American film and stage choreographer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Oscar Peterson, Canadian jazz pianist and composer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – William Francis Ganong, American physiologist (b. 1924)

December 23 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Larentalia, a festival in honour of Larenta
  • C. Saints – O Emmanuel, John Cantius ; Thorlac Thorhallsson, patron saint of Iceland
  • Japan – The Emperor’s Birthday – Birthday of Akihito, the current Emperor of Japan
  • Ancient Latvia – Ziemassvetki held
  • Sweden – Birthday of Queen Silvia, an official flag day
  • Oaxaca – Night of the Radishes
  • Secular humanism (American) – HumanLight observed
  • Saint Abassad, in the Coptic Church
  • Saint Psote, in the Coptic Church

 

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