On This Day in History February 2

February 2 – Events:
• 962 – Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor in nearly 40 years.
• 1032 – Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy.
• 1509 – The Battle of Diu takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey.
• 1536 – Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina.
• 1542 – Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
• 1653 – New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.
• 1709 – Alexander Selkirk is rescued from shipwreck on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.
• 1787 – Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
• 1790 – The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time after an unsuccessful attempt on February 1.
• 1812 – Russia establishes a fur trading colony at what is now Fort Ross, California.
• 1848 – Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the war.
• 1848 – California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants seeking fortune in California’s gold country arrives in San Francisco, California.
• 1876 – The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed.
• 1878 – Greece declares war on Turkey.
• 1880 – The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana.
• 1882 – The Knights of Columbus are formed in New Haven, Connecticut.
• 1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed.
• 1899 – The Australian Premiers’ Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia’s capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
• 1901 – Queen Victoria’s funeral takes place.
• 1913 – Grand Central Station was opened in New York City.
• 1920 – The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia.
• 1920 – France occupies Memel.
• 1922 – Ulysses by James Joyce is published in Paris, France.
• 1925 – Serum run to Nome: Dog sleds reach Nome, Alaska with diphtheria serum, inspiring the Iditarod race.
• 1933 – Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Parliament.
• 1935 – Leonard Keeler tests the first polygraph machine.
• 1940 – Frank Sinatra debuts with the Tommy Dorsey orchestra.
• 1943 – World War II: The last German forces surrender to the Soviets after the Battle of Stalingrad.
• 1946 – The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic is made.
• 1957 – President Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage across river Indus near Sukkur.
• 1966 – Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir dispute as number one item for the proposed Indo-Pak ministerial talks after 1965 war.
• 1967 – The American Basketball Association is formed.
• 1971 – After a coup in Uganda, Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader.
• 1972 – The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday.
• 1974 – The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.
• 1976 – The Groundhog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada.
• 1980 – Reports surface that FBI personnel were targeting members of the U.S. Congress in the Abscam sting operation.
• 1980 – This Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey is formally founded.
• 1982 – Hama Massacre: The government of Syria attacks the town of Hama and kills thousands of people.
• 1989 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column leaves Kabul, ending nine years of military occupation.
• 1989 – Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched in Europe.
• 1990 – Apartheid: In South Africa President F.W. de Klerk allows the African National Congress to legally function again and promises to set Nelson Mandela free.
• 1998 – A Cebu Pacific Air DC-9-32 crashes into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104.
• 2002 – The wedding of Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands to the Argentinean born Máxima Zorreguieta takes place.
• 2002 – Eurodoc, the European Council for Doctoral Candidates and Junior Researchers, is founded in Girona, Spain.
February 2 – Birthdays:
• 1208 – James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
• 1455 – King John of Denmark (d. 1513)
• 1494 – Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
• 1502 – Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)
• 1506 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (d. 1583)
• 1522 – Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)
• 1600 – Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
• 1613 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
• 1621 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
• 1649 – Pope Benedict XIII (d. 1730)
• 1650 – Nell Gwynne, English actress and royal mistress (d. 1687)
• 1669 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (d. 1732)
• 1695 – William Borlase, English naturalist (d. 1772)
• 1695 – François de Chevert, French general (d. 1769)
• 1700 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (d. 1766)
• 1711 – Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
• 1714 – Gottfried August Homilius, German composer (d. 1785)
• 1717 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
• 1754 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French politician (d. 1838)
• 1786 – Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
• 1802 – Jean Baptiste Boussingault, French chemist (d. 1887)
• 1803 – Albert Sidney Johnston, American Confederate general (d. 1862)
• 1829 – Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)
• 1841 – François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
• 1842 – Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
• 1849 – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
• 1851 – José Guadalupe Posada, Mexican artist (d. 1913)
• 1860 – Curtis Guild, Jr., 43 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
• 1861 – Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist (d. 1949)
• 1873 – Konstantin von Neurath, German foreign minister 1932-1938 (d. 1956)
• 1875 – Fritz Kreisler, Austrian violinist (d. 1962)
• 1878 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
• 1881 – Orval Overall, major league baseball pitcher (d. 1947)
• 1882 – James Joyce, Irish author (d. 1941)
• 1887 – Ernst Hanfstängl, German pianist and politician (d. 1975)
• 1888 – Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (d. 1969)
• 1889 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (d. 1952)
• 1890 – Charles Correll, American actor (d. 1972)
• 1893 – Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1974)
• 1893 – Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (d. 1970)
• 1895 – George Halas, American football player, coach, and league founder (d. 1983)
• 1896 – Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
• 1897 – Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
• 1897 – Aimé Avignon, France’s former oldest living man (d. 2007)
• 1900 – Willie Kamm, MLB third baseman (d. 1988)
• 1901 – Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987)
• 1902 – Newbold Morris, American politician (d. 1966)
• 1905 – Ayn Rand, Russian-born author and philosopher (d. 1982)
• 1908 – Wes Ferrell, All-Star MLB pitcher (d. 1976)
• 1909 – Frank Albertson, American actor (d. 1964)
• 1912 – Burton Lane, American composer and lyricist (d. 1997)
• 1913 – Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
• 1914 – Eric Kierans, Canadian politician and economist (d. 2004)
• 1915 – Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)
• 1915 – Stan Leonard, Canadian professional golfer (d. 2005)
• 1918 – Hella S. Haasse, Dutch writer
• 1923 – James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
• 1923 – Bonita Granville, American actress (d. 1988)
• 1923 – Red Schoendienst, Hall of Famer baseball player and manager
• 1923 – Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
• 1924 – Elfi von Dassanowsky, Austrian-American producer and musician
• 1925 – Elaine Stritch, American actress
• 1926 – Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, French politician
• 1927 – Stan Getz, American musician (d. 1991)
• 1928 – Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., civil rights activist and author (d. 1998)
• 1931 – Dries van Agt, Dutch politician
• 1931 – Les Dawson, British comedian (d. 1993)
• 1931 – Judith Viorst, American author
• 1932 – Robert Mandan, American actor
• 1933 – Than Shwe, ruler of Myanmar
• 1933 – Tony Jay, English actor (d. 2006)
• 1936 – Duane Jones, American actor
• 1937 – Don Buford, All-Star MLB outfielder
• 1937 – Remak Ramsay, American actor
• 1937 – Tom Smothers, American musician and comedian
• 1939 – Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)
• 1940 – David Jason, English actor
• 1942 – Graham Nash, American (British-born) rock musician
• 1943 – Susan Hanson, English actress
• 1944 – Karen Foss, American broadcaster
• 1944 – Geoffrey Hughes, British actor
• 1946 – Alpha Oumar Konaré, ex-president of Mali
• 1947 – Farrah Fawcett, American actress
• 1948 – Al McKay, American guitarist and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
• 1948 – Roger Williamson, English racecar driver (d. 1973)
• 1949 – Brent Spiner, American actor
• 1949 – Ross Valory, American musician (Journey)
• 1949 – Francisco Maturana, Colombian football manager
• 1952 – Genichiro Tenryu, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1953 – Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter.
• 1954 – Christie Brinkley, American model
• 1954 – Hansi Hinterseer, Austrian singer, actor, former skier
• 1954 – John Tudor, American baseball pitcher
• 1958 – Michel Marc Bouchard, Quebec playwright
• 1960 – Jari Porttila, Finnish sports journalist
• 1961 – Lauren Lane, American actress
• 1961 – Steve Penney, National Hockey League goaltender
• 1962 – Andy Fordham, English darts player
• 1962 – Paul Kilgus, baseball player
• 1962 – Michael T. Weiss, American actor
• 1963 – Eva Cassidy, American singer (d. 1996)
• 1965 – Carl Airey, English footballer
• 1965 – Naoki Sano, Japanese professional wrestler
• 1966 – Andrei Chesnokov, Russian former tennis player
• 1966 – D. C. Douglas, American actor and director
• 1966 – Robert DeLeo, American musician (Stone Temple Pilots)
• 1967 – Arturs Irbe, Latvian hockey player
• 1967 – Laurent Nkunda, Congolese general
• 1968 – Sean Elliott, American basketball player
• 1968 – Scott Erickson, MLB pitcher
• 1969 – Valeri Karpin, Russian footballer
• 1969 – Tim Sherwood, English footballer
• 1970 – Nikolaos Michopoulos, Greek footballer
• 1970 – C. Ernst Harth, Canadian actor
• 1970 – Jennifer Westfeldt, American actress
• 1970 – Roar Strand, Norwegian footballer
• 1972 – Dana International, Israeli singer
• 1972 – Melvin Mora, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1972 – Tego Calderón , nominated reggaeton singer/rapper.
• 1973 – Aleksander Tammert, Estonian discus thrower
• 1975 – Ieroklis Stoltidis, Greek footballer
• 1975 – Vaggelis Koutsoures, Greek footballer
• 1975 – Todd Bertuzzi, Canadian hockey player
• 1975 – Niclas Wallin, Swedish hockey player
• 1976 – James Hickman, British swimmer
• 1976 – Lori Beth Denberg, American actress
• 1977 – Shakira, Colombian singer
• 1977 – Libor Sionko, Czech football player
• 1977 – Heather Martin, American gospel singer
• 1978 – Eden Espinosa, American singer and stage actress
• 1978 – Barry Ferguson, Scotish football player
• 1979 – Fani Halkia, Greek hurdler
• 1979 – Irini Terzoglou, Greek shot putter
• 1980 – Teddy Hart, Canadian professional wrestler
• 1980 – Oleguer Presas, Spanish football player
• 1981 – Jason Kapono, American basketball player
• 1982 – Han Ga In, South Korean model/actress
• 1982 – Sergio Castaño, Spanish footballer
• 1982 – Kelly Mazzante, American basketball player
• 1983 – Carolina Klüft, Swedish athlete
• 1983 – Alex Westaway, British musician
• 1983 – Will South, Thirteen Senses frontman
• 1983 – Jordin Tootoo, Canadian hockey player
• 1987 – Gerard Piqué, Spanish football player
• 1987 – Martin Spanjers, American actor
• 1992 – Danielle White, American singer
February 2 – Deaths:
• 672 – Saint Chad
• 1124 – Borivoj II of Bohemia
• 1218 – Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (b. 1186)
• 1250 – Eric XI of Sweden (b. 1216)
• 1461 – Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England
• 1529 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer (b. 1478)
• 1580 – Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)
• 1594 – Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer (b. 1525)
• 1648 – George Abbot, English writer
• 1660 – Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (b. 1615)
• 1660 – Gaston, Duke of Orléans, French politician (b. 1608)
• 1661 – Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
• 1688 – Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)
• 1704 – Guillaume François Antoine, Marquis de l’Hôpital, French mathematician (b. 1661)
• 1712 – Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
• 1714 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (b. 1643)
• 1723 – Antonio Maria Valsalva, Italian anatomist (b. 1666)
• 1768 – Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
• 1769 – Pope Clement XIII (b. 1693)
• 1802 – Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
• 1804 – George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749)
• 1895 – Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
• 1904 – William C. Whitney, American financier (b. 1841)
• 1907 – Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist (b. 1834)
• 1918 – John L. Sullivan, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1858)
• 1922 – William Desmond Taylor, Irish film director (b. 1872)
• 1925 – Jaap Eden, Dutch skater and cyclist (b. 1873)
• 1926 – Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
• 1932 – Agha Petros, Assyrian nationalist leader
• 1942 – Daniil Kharms, Russian playwright (b. 1905)
• 1945 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German politician (b. 1884)
• 1948 – Bevil Rudd, South African athlete (b. 1894)
• 1948 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father or Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (b. 1870)
• 1950 – Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)
• 1956 – Charles Grapewin, American actor (b. 1869)
• 1956 – Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (b. 1876)
• 1957 – Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)
• 1969 – Boris Karloff, English actor (b. 1887)
• 1970 – Lawrence Gray, American actor (b.1898)
• 1970 – Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, English mathematician, writer and philosopher, Nobel laureate (b. 1872)
• 1973 – Hendrik Elias, Belgian politician (b. 1902)
• 1979 – Sid Vicious, English musician (Sex Pistols) (b. 1957)
• 1980 – William Howard Stein, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
• 1982 – Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (b 1905)
• 1987 – Castilho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1927)
• 1987 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (b. 1922)
• 1988 – Marcel Bozzuffi, French film actor (b. 1929)
• 1989 – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (b. 1951)
• 1990 – Joe Erskine, Welsh boxer (b. 1934)
• 1992 – Bert Parks, American television host (b. 1914)
• 1995 – Fred Perry, British former tennis player (b. 1909)
• 1995 – Donald Pleasence, English actor (b. 1919)
• 1996 – Gene Kelly, American dancer, actor, and director (b. 1912)
• 1997 – Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (b. 1913)
• 1997 – Sanford Meisner, American actor (b. 1904)
• 1999 – David McComb, Australian musician (The Triffids) (b. 1962)
• 2002 – Paul Baloff, American singer (Exodus) (b. 1960)
• 2002 – Claude Brown, American writer (b. 1937)
• 2003 – Lou Harrison, American composer (b. 1917)
• 2004 – Bernard McEveety, American film director (b. 1924)
• 2005 – Max Schmeling, German boxer (b. 1905)
• 2007 – Vijay Arora, Indian film and television actor (b. 1944)
• 2007 – Billy Henderson, American singer (The Spinners) (b. 1939)
• 2007 – Joe Hunter, American pianist and bandleader of The Funk Brothers (b. 1927)
• 2007 – Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer (b. 1967)
• 2007 – Masao Takemoto, Japanese gymnast (b. 1919)
• 2007 – Eric von Schmidt, American folk/blues singer-songwriter (b. 1931)
• 2008- Katoucha, Guinean model and activist (b. 1960)
February 2 – Holidays:
• Ancient Latvia – Veja Diena observed.
• Czech Republic – Hromnice.
• France – Chandeleur (= Candlemas), AKA “Crêpe (Pancake) Day.”
• Paganism – Imbolc (in northern hemisphere), Lughnasadh (in southern hemisphere).
• Scotland – A quarter day in the Christian calendar (due to Candlemas).
• United States and Canada – Groundhog Day.
• University of King’s College – George III Day
• Yemanja – Celebration of Yemanja, the sea goddess.
• Liturgical feasts:
o Roman Catholicism – Candlemas, The Presentation of the Lord, The Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary, World Day for Consecrated Life (also February 3 in the United States).
o St. Adelbald
o St. Cornelius
o Eastern (Byzantine) Catholic Church: Encounter of our Lord with Simeon – Major Feast Day

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