On This Day in History February 5

February 5 – Events:
• 1576 – Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France.
• 1597 – A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.
• 1631 – Roger Williams emigrates to Boston.
• 1644 – First US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut.
• 1736 – Methodists John & Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia.
• 1778 – South Carolina becomes the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
• 1782 – Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.
• 1818 – Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
• 1825 – Hannah Lord Montague of NY creates first detachable collar.
• 1846 – First US newspaper published on the Pacific Coast, Oregon Spectator.
• 1850 – Push key adding machine patented.
• 1859 – Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities.
• 1861 – Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia.
• 1861 – Peep show machine patented by Samuel Goodale of Cincinnati.
• 1870 – First motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia.
• 1881 – Phoenix, AZ incorporates.
• 1885 – King Léopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession.
• 1900 – The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal.
• 1901 – Loop-the-loop centrifugal railroad (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
• 1917 – The current constitution of Mexico is adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
• 1917 – The Congress of the United States passes a law, over President Woodrow Wilson’s veto, banning most Asian immigration to the United States.
• 1918 – Stephen W. Thompson shot down a German airplane. It was the first aerial victory by the U.S. military.
• 1919 – Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists.
• 1924 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory begin broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the “BBC pips.”
• 1945 – World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila.
• 1946 – The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.
• 1953 – Walt Disney’s “Peter Pan” released.
• 1958 – Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
• 1958 – A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
• 1962 – French President Charles De Gaulle calls for allowing Algeria to be an independent nation.
• 1967 – “The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” premiers on CBS
• 1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh begins.
• 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 14 Mission – Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell aboard LM, Antares land on the Moon at Fra Mauro formation.
• 1972 – Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
• 1972 – US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggage.
• 1973 – Funeral for LC William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam War.
• 1973 – Juan Corona sentenced to 25 consecutive life terms for 25 murders.
• 1974 – Mats Wermelin, Sweden, scores all points in 272-0 basketball win.
• 1974 – US Mariner 10 returns first close-up photos of Venus’ cloud structure.
• 1974 – John Murtha becomes the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the Congress of the United States.
• 1977 – Sugar Ray Leonard beats Luis Vega in 6 rounds in his first pro fight.
• 1978 – Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws blindfolded.
• 1983 – Former Nazi Gestapo official Klaus Barbie brought to trial.
• 1986 – Corazon Aquino & Ferdinand Marcos appear on “Nightline.”
• 1987 – Dow Jones average closes above 2,200 for first time.
• 1988 – First prime-time wrestling match in 30 years, Andre the Giant beats Hulk Hogan.
• 1988 – Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges.
• 1988 – Comic Relief holds the first “Red Nose Day”, which raises £15 million in the United Kingdom for charity.
• 1989 – Kareem Abdul-Jabar becomes first NBA player to score 38,000 points
• 1994 – Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers.
• 1994 – During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina more than 60 people are killed and some 200 wounded as a mortar shell slams into a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo.
• 1997 – The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
• 2004 – Twenty-three Chinese people drown when a group of 35 cockle-pickers are trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England. Twenty-one bodies are recovered.
• 2004 – Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion.
• 2008 – A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 59 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 76.
February 5 – Birthdays:
• 976 – Sanjo, Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)
• 1505 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (d. 1572)
• 1519 – René of Châlon, (d. 1544)
• 1534 – Giovanni de’ Bardi, Italian writer (d. 1612)
• 1589 – Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
• 1608 – Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)
• 1626 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French author (d. 1696)
• 1650 – Anne-Jules, French general (d. 1708)
• 1703 – Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (d. 1764)
• 1725 – James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (d. 1783)
• 1784 – Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
• 1788 – Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1850)
• 1795 – Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)
• 1804 – Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finnish poet (d. 1877)
• 1808 – Carl Spitzweg, German painter (d. 1885)
• 1810 – Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist (d. 1880)
• 1837 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist (d. 1899)
• 1840 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor (d. 1921)
• 1840 – Hiram Stevens Maxim, American inventor (Maxim gun) (d. 1916)
• 1848 – Joris-Karl Huysmans, French author (d. 1907)
• 1848 – Belle Starr, American outlaw (d. 1889)
• 1848 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
• 1878 – André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
• 1880 – Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (d. 1973)
• 1889 – Ernest Tyldesley, British cricketer (d. 1962)
• 1900 – Adlai Stevenson, American politician (d. 1965)
• 1903 – Joan Whitney Payson, American heiress (d. 1975)
• 1906 – John Carradine, American actor (d. 1988)
• 1908 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)
• 1910 – Francisco Varallo, Argentine footballer
• 1910 – Charles Leblond, Canadian Cell Biologist (d. 2007)
• 1911 – Jussi Björling, Swedish tenor (d. 1960)
• 1914 – William S. Burroughs, American author (d. 1997)
• 1914 – Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1998)
• 1915 – Robert Hofstadter, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1990)
• 1919 – Red Buttons, American actor (d. 2006)
• 1919 – Andreas Papandreou, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 1996)
• 1919 – Tim Holt, American actor (d. 1973)
• 1920 – Frank Muir, British comedian (d. 1998)
• 1921 – John Pritchard, British conductor (d. 1989)
• 1922 – Alain de Changy, Belgian racing driver (d. 1994)
• 1923 – Claude King, American musician
• 1927 – Ruth Fertel, American entrepreneur (d. 2002)
• 1928 – Andrew Greeley, American priest and novelist
• 1929 – Luc Ferrari, French composer (d. 2005)
• 1929 – Fred Sinowatz, Austrian politician
• 1929 – Al Worthington, baseball player
• 1930 – John A. Gambling, American radio show host (d. 2004)
• 1932 – Cesare Maldini – Italian footballer and manager
• 1933 – Jörn Donner, Finnish writer/director
• 1934 – Don Cherry, Canadian hockey commentator
• 1934 – Hank Aaron, American baseball player
• 1937 – Stuart Damon, American actor
• 1937 – Wang Xuan, Chinese scientist
• 1940 – H.R. Giger, Swiss artist
• 1941 – Jane Bryant Quinn, American journalist
• 1941 – Stephen J. Cannell, American television producer and writer
• 1941 – David Selby, American actor
• 1941 – Kaspar Villiger, Swiss Federal Councilor
• 1942 – Roger Staubach, American football player
• 1942 – Cory Wells, American singer (Three Dog Night)
• 1943 – Nolan Bushnell, American video game pioneer
• 1943 – Michael Mann, American film director
• 1943 – Craig Morton, American football player
• 1944 – Al Kooper, American musician
• 1946 – Charlotte Rampling, British actress
• 1947 – Darrell Waltrip, American race car driver
• 1948 – Sven-Göran Eriksson, Swedish football manager
• 1948 – Christopher Guest, American actor
• 1948 – Barbara Hershey, American actress
• 1948 – Errol Morris, American film director
• 1952 – Daniel Balavoine, French singer and songwriter (d. 1986)
• 1953 – John Beilein, American basketball coach
• 1954 – Cliff Martinez, American musician
• 1955 – Mike Heath, baseball player
• 1956 – Hector Rebaque, Mexican racing driver
• 1959 – Jennifer Granholm American Politician
• 1960 – Aris Christofellis, Greek countertenor
• 1961 – Savvas Kofidis, Greek footballer and manager
• 1961 – Tim Meadows, American actor and comedian
• 1962 – Jennifer Jason Leigh, American actress
• 1963 – Steven Shainberg, American film director
• 1964 – Alexia, Cypriot singer
• 1964 – Laura Linney, American actress
• 1964 – Duff McKagan, American musician
• 1965 – Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer
• 1966 – Rok Petrovic, Slovenian skier (d. 1993)
• 1966 – Apostolos Nanos, Greek archer
• 1968 – Roberto Alomar, baseball player
• 1968 – Eyþór Guðjónsson, Icelandic actor
• 1969 – Bobby Brown, American singer
• 1969 – Michael Sheen, Welsh actor
• 1971 – Sara Evans, American singer
• 1972 – Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
• 1972 – Koriki Choshu, Japanese comedian
• 1973 – Richard Matvichuk, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1973 – Trijntje Oosterhuis, Dutch singer
• 1975 – Giovanni van Bronckhorst, Dutch footballer
• 1975 – Adam Carson, American musician (AFI)
• 1976 – Tony Jaa, Thai actor
• 1976 – Abhishek Bachchan, Indian actor
• 1976 – John Aloisi, Australian footballer
• 1976 – Brian Moorman, American football player
• 1977 – Ben Ainslie, British sailor
• 1977 – Adam Everett, American baseball player
• 1977 – Ahmad Merritt, American football player
• 1978 – Shawn Reaves, American actor
• 1978 – Brian Russell, American football player
• 1980 – Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer
• 1980 – Prince Peter, American-born Yugoslav royalty
• 1980 – Jo Swinson, British politician
• 1980 – Robin Vik, Czech tennis player
• 1981 – Nora Zehetner, American actress
• 1981 – Loukas Vyntra, Greek football player
• 1982 – Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iranian basketball player (d. 2007)
• 1982 – Rodrigo Palacio, Argentine footballer
• 1982 – Kevin Everett, American football player
• 1982 – Tomas Kopecky, Ice hockey player
• 1984 – Carlos Tévez, Argentinine footballer
• 1984 – Nate Salley, American football player
• 1985 – Laurence Maroney, American football player
• 1985 – Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer
• 1985 – Crystal Hunt, American actress
• 1985 – Lindsey Cardinale, American singer
• 1986 – Reed Sorenson, American racecar driver
• 1986 – Billy Sharp, English footballer
• 1986 – Manuel Fernandes, Portuguese footballer
• 1989 – Cristine Reyes, Filipino actress
• 1989 – Jeremy Sumpter, American actor
February 5 – Deaths:
• 995 – William IV, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 937)
• 1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, regent of Sweden (b. 1493)
• 1578 – Giambattista Moroni, Italian painter
• 1705 – Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (b. 1635)
• 1766 – Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
• 1775 – Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)
• 1790 – William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
• 1807 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (b. 1725)
• 1881 – Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and historian (b. 1795)
• 1892 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (b. 1807)
• 1915 – Ross Barnes, baseball player (b. 1850)
• 1917 – Jaber II Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
• 1922 – Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
• 1922 – Christiaan De Wet, South African general (b. 1854)
• 1927 – Inayat Khan, Indian sufi
• 1937 – Lou Andreas-Salome, Russian-born writer (b. 1861)
• 1938 – Hans Litten, German jurist (b. 1903)
• 1941 – Banjo Paterson, Australian poet, author of “Walzing Matilda” (b. 1864)
• 1946 – George Arliss, English actor (b. 1868)
• 1948 – Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (b. 1883)
• 1957 – Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
• 1962 – Jacques Ibert, French composer (b. 1890)
• 1967 – Leon Leonwood Bean, American department store founder (b. 1872)
• 1969 – Thelma Ritter, American actress (b. 1905)
• 1970 – Rudy York, baseball player (b. 1913)
• 1972 – Marianne Moore, American poet (b. 1887)
• 1976 – Rudy Pompilli, American musician (Bill Haley and His Comets) (b. 1926)
• 1977 – Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (b. 1894)
• 1981 – Ella Grasso, Governor of Connecticut (b. 1919)
• 1984 – Rodolfo Guzmán Huerta, Mexican wrestler and film actor (b. 1917)
• 1985 – Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (b. 1907)
• 1987 – William Collier, American film and stage actor (b. 1902)
• 1991 – Dean Jagger, American actor (b. 1903)
• 1992 – Miguel Rolando Covian, Brazilian physiologist (b. 1913)
• 1993 – Marcel Léger, Quebec politician (b. 1930)
• 1993 – Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American writer, producer, and director (b. 1909)
• 1993 – Tip Tipping, British actor and stuntman (parachuting accident) (b. 1958)
• 1995 – Doug McClure, American actor (b. 1935)
• 1997 – Pamela Harriman, English-born American diplomat (b. 1920)
• 1998 – Tim Kelly, American musician (b. 1963)
• 1999 – Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1906)
• 2000 – Claude Autant-Lara, French film director (b. 1901)
• 2003 – Helge Boes, American Central Intelligence Agency officer
• 2004 – John Hench, American animator (b. 1908)
• 2005 – Gnassingbe Eyadema, President of Togo (b. 1937)
• 2006 – Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actress and comedian (b. 1930)
• 2006 – Franklin Cover, American actor (b. 1928)
• 2007 – Alfred Worm, Austrian investigative journalist (b. 1945)
• 2007 – Leo T. McCarthy, American politician and 43rd Lieutenant Governor of California (1983–1995) (b. 1930)
• 2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founder of Transcendental Meditation (b. 1917)
February 5 – Holidays:
• Liturgical feasts: St. Agatha

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