On This Day In History February 10

February 10 – Events:
• 1355 – The St. Scholastica’s Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.
• 1542 – Queen Catherine Howard of England is confined in the Tower of London to be executed three days later for treason (adultery).
• 1567 – An explosion destroys the Kirk o’ Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland. The second husband of Mary Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley is found strangled, in what many believe to be an assassination.
• 1720 – Edmund Halley appointed 2nd Astronomer Royal of England.
• 1749 – 10th (final) volume of Fielding’s “Tom Jones” is published.
• 1763 – French and Indian War: The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the war and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.
• 1798 – Louis Alexandre Berthier invaded Rome, on February 15 proclaimed a Roman Republic and then on February 20 take Pope Pius VI as a prisoner.
• 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert.
• 1840 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
• 1846 – First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon – British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war.
• 1863 – The world-famous dwarfs General Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren get married in New York City.
• 1870 – The YWCA is founded (New York City).
• 1897 – NY Times begins using slogan “All the News That’s Fit to Print.”
• 1904 – The Russo-Japanese War over Korea and Manchuria begins after the Battle of Port Arthur.
• 1906 Britain’s first modern battleship “HMS Dreadnought” launched.
• 1920 – Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with the ball.
• 1920 – Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea.
• 1923- Texas Tech University was founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas.
• 1929 – Msgr. Stephen Alencastre, SS.CC., dedicates the beautiful Romanesque church of Saint Patrick in Honolulu.
• 1931 – New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
• 1933 – The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
• 1933 – In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City’s Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf, killing him.
• 1934 – Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; first unperforated ungummed US stamp.
• 1935 – First US streamlined electric RR engine begins service.
• 1942 – Glenn Miller’s “Chattanooga Choo Choo” goes gold.
• 1943 – 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia.
• 1947 – Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia.
• 1954 – President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
• 1962 – Captured American spy pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
• 1964 – Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne collides with the destroyer HMAS Voyager off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. Voyager sinks.
• 1967 – The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified (Presidential Disability and Succession).
• 1981 – A fire at the Las Vegas Hilton hotel-casino kills eight and injures 198.
• 1987 – Philippine troops murder 17 civilians-Lupao Massacre.
• 1989 – Miami Vice’s 100th episode seen on TV.
• 1989 – Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.
• 1990 – Buster Douglas KOs Mike Tyson to become heavyweight boxing champ.
• 1992 – Mike Tyson found guilty of rape in Indiana.
• 1996 – The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.
• 1998 – Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon that law.
• 2003 – France and Belgium break the NATO procedure of silent approval concerning the timing of protective measures for Turkey in case of a possible war with Iraq.
• 2008 – The 2008 Namdaemun fire severely damages Namdaemun, the first National Treasure of South Korea.
February 10-Birthdays
• 1499 – Thomas Platter, Swiss humanist (d. 1582)
• 1524 – Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (d. 1580)
• 1606 – Christine Marie of France, regent of Savoy (d. 1663)
• 1609 – John Suckling, English poet (d. 1642)
• 1685 – Aaron Hill, English writer (d. 1750)
• 1775 – Charles Lamb, English essayist (d. 1834)
• 1783 – Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (d. 1873)
• 1785 – Claude-Louis Navier, French physicist (d. 1936)
• 1795 – Ary Scheffer, French painter (d. 1858)
• 1846 – Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
• 1846 – Ira Remsen, American chemist (d. 1927)
• 1859 – Alexandre Millerand, French President (d. 1943)
• 1884 – Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1976)
• 1890 – Boris Pasternak, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1960)
• 1892 – Alan Hale Sr., American actor (d. 1950)
• 1893 – Jimmy Durante, American actor/comedian (d. 1980)
• 1893 – Bill Tilden, American tennis player (d. 1953)
• 1894 – Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1986)
• 1897 – Judith Anderson, Australian actress (d. 1992)
• 1897 – John Franklin Enders, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1985)
• 1898 – Bertolt Brecht, German author (d. 1956)
• 1898 – Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (d. 1979)
• 1901 – Stella Adler, American actress (d. 1992)
• 1902 – Walter Houser Brattain, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1987)
• 1903 – Waldemar Hoven, German physician (d. 1948)
• 1903 – Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (d. 1939)
• 1904 – John Farrow, American film director (d. 1963)
• 1906 – Lon Chaney Jr., American actor (d. 1973)
• 1906 – Erik Rhodes, American actor (d. 1990)
• 1910 – Georges Pire, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1969)
• 1914 – Larry Adler, American musician (d. 2001)
• 1920 – Alex Comfort, physician and writer (d. 2000)
• 1924 – Bud Poile, National Hockey League player, coach, manager and executive (d. 2005)
• 1926 – Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1993)
• 1927 – Leontyne Price, American soprano
• 1927 – Brian Priestman, British conductor
• 1929 – Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (d. 2004)
• 1930 – Robert Wagner, American actor
• 1931 – Thomas Bernhard, Austrian author (d. 1989)
• 1933 – Richard Schickel, American film critic
• 1934 – Fleur Adcock, New Zealand poet
• 1935 – John Alcorn (artist), American designer and illustrator (d. 1992)
• 1937 – Roberta Flack, American singer
• 1939 – Adrienne Clarkson, 26th Governor General of Canada
• 1940 – Mary Rand, British athlete
• 1941 – Michael Apted, British director
• 1944 – Peter Allen, Australian singer and actor (d. 1992)
• 1944 – Frank Keating, American politician
• 1944 – Rufus Reid, American musician
• 1944 – Vernor Vinge, American novelist
• 1947 – Louise Arbour, Canadian judge
• 1947 – Butch Morris, American jazz cornetist, composer and conductor
• 1947 – Nicholas Owen, English newsreader
• 1948 – Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician (d. 1994)
• 1949 – Jim Corcoran, Quebec singer and songwriter
• 1949 – Maxime Le Forestier, French singer
• 1949 – Nigel Olsson, drummer
• 1949 – Harold Sylvester, American actor
• 1950 – Mark Spitz, American swimmer
• 1951 – Robert Iger, President/CEO of The Walt Disney Company
• 1952 – Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister of Singapore
• 1954 – Larry McWilliams, baseball player
• 1955 – Chris Adams, British pro wrestler and judoka (d. 2001)
• 1955 – Jim Cramer, American television personality
• 1955 – Greg Norman, Australian golfer
• 1958 – Michael Weiss, American musician
• 1959 – Dennis Gentry, American football player
• 1959 – Lisa McPherson, Former Scientologist (d. 1995)
• 1960 – Robert Addie, British actor (d. 2003)
• 1961 – Alexander Payne, American film director
• 1961 – George Stephanopoulos, American political commentator
• 1962 – Cliff Burton, American musician (d. 1986)
• 1962 – Bobby Czyz, American boxer
• 1962 – Piero Pelù, Italian singer and song-writer, leader of Litfiba from 1980 to 1999
• 1963 – Lenny Dykstra, baseball player
• 1964 – Glenn Beck, radio and television host
• 1964 – Victor Davis, Canadian Olympic swimmer (d. 1989)
• 1964 – Arthur Lenk, Israeli diplomat
• 1964 – Francesca Neri, Italian actress
• 1965 – Mario Jean, Quebec stand up comedian and television actor
• 1967 – Laura Dern, American actress
• 1967 – Jacky Durand, French cyclist
• 1967 – Armand Serrano, Filipino Animator
• 1968 – Peter Popovic, Swedish ice hockey player
• 1968 – Atika Suri, Indonesian television newscaster
• 1969 – Joe Mangrum, American artist
• 1969 – Laurie Dhue, FOX News personality
• 1970 – Alberto Castillo, Dominican baseball player
• 1970 – Nobushige Kumakubo, Japanese racing driver
• 1970 – Noureddine Naybet, Moroccan footballer
• 1970 – Myrea Pettit, British illustrator
• 1970 – Åsne Seierstad, Norwegian journalist
• 1971 – Louie Spicolli, American wrestler (d. 1998)
• 1971 – Lisa Marie Varon, American professional wrestler
• 1974 – Elizabeth Banks, American actress
• 1974 – Ty Law, American football player
• 1974 – Tanoai Reed, American stunt performer
• 1975 – Amber Frey, American witness
• 1975 – Kool Savas, German rapper
• 1975 – Hiroki Kuroda, Japanese born baseball player
• 1976 – Lance Berkman, baseball player
• 1976 – Kev Brown, American rapper/producer
• 1977 – Salif Diao, Senegalese footballer
• 1978 – Lorna Bailey, English ceramic designer
• 1978 – Don Omar, Puerto Rican singer
• 1979 – Daryl Palumbo, American musician
• 1979 – Ross Powers, American snowboarder
• 1980 – César Izturis, Venezuelan baseball player
• 1980 – Mike Ribeiro, National Hockey League player
• 1980 – Steve Tully, English footballer
• 1981 – Natasha St-Pier, Canadian singer
• 1981 – Andrew Johnson, English footballer
• 1981 – Holly Willoughby, British TV presenter
• 1981 – The Reverend Tholomew Plague, drummer (Avenged Sevenfold)
• 1982 – Keith Dunne, Irish footballer
• 1982 – Justin Gatlin, American sprinter
• 1982 – Iafeta Paleaaesina, New Zealand rugby league player
• 1984 – Alex Gordon, American baseball player
• 1984 – Kim Hyo-jin, South Korean actress
• 1985 – Anette Sagen, Norwegian ski jumper
• 1986 – Yui Ichikawa, Japanese actress and model
• 1987 – Choi Si Won, actor/singer, member of Korean boyband Super Junior
• 1991 – Emma Roberts, American actress
• 1994 – Makenzie Vega, American actress
• 1997 – Chloe Moretz, American actress
February 10 – Deaths:
• 1126 – William IX, Duke of Aquitaine, poet (b. 1071)
• 1162 – King Baldwin III of Jerusalem (b. 1130)
• 1242 – Emperor Shijo of Japan (b. 1231)
• 1278 – Margaret II of Flanders (b. 1202)
• 1576 – Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (b. 1532)
• 1686 – William Dugdale, English antiquarian (b. 1605)
• 1722 – Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (b. 1682)
• 1755 – Montesquieu, French writer (b. 1689)
• 1758 – Thomas Ripley, English architect
• 1782 – Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, German theologian (b. 1702)
• 1829 – Pope Leo XII (b. 1760)
• 1837 – Aleksandr Pushkin, Russian poet and novelist (b. 1799)
• 1857 – David Thompson, Canadian explorer (b. 1770)
• 1865 – Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)
• 1891 – Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)
• 1904 – John A. Roche, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1844)
• 1906 – Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician (b. 1827)
• 1912 – Joseph Lister, British surgeon (b. 1827)
• 1917 – John William Waterhouse, Italian-born artist (b. 1849)
• 1918 – Abdul Hamid II Ottoman Sultan (b. 1842)
• 1918 – Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italian pacifist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1833)
• 1923 – Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1845)
• 1932 – Edgar Wallace, English novelist and screenwriter (b. 1875)
• 1939 – Pope Pius XI (b. 1857)
• 1944 – Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadicrater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
• 1950 – Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (b. 1872)
• 1952 – Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)
• 1957 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (b. 1867)
• 1960 – Aloysius Stepinac, Croatian cardinal (b. 1898)
• 1964 – Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (b. 1905)
• 1966 – Billy Rose, American composer and band leader (b. 1899)
• 1975 – Nikos Kavvadias, Greek poet and writer (b. 1910)
• 1984 – David Von Erich, professional wrestler (b. 1958)
• 1985 – Johnny Mokan, baseball player (b. 1895)
• 1987 – Syed Sadequain Ahmed Naqvi, Pakistani painter, calligrapher and artist (b. 1930)
• 1992 – Alex Haley, American author (b. 1921)
• 1993 – Fred Hollows, New Zealand ophthalmologist (b. 1929)
• 1997 – Matthew Eappen of Newton Massachusetts (b. 1996)
• 2000 – Jim Varney, American actor (b. 1949)
• 2001 – Abraham Beame, Mayor of New York City (b. 1906)
• 2001 – George Holmes Tate, American jazz saxophonist and clarinetist (b. 1913)
• 2002 – Traudl Junge, Adolf Hitler’s secretary (b. 1920)
• 2002 – Dave Van Ronk, American folk singer/songwriter (b. 1936)
• 2003 – Edgar de Evia, American photographer (b. 1910)
• 2003 – Curt Hennig, American professional wrestler (b. 1959)
• 2003 – Clark MacGregor, United States Congressman from Minnesota (b. 1922)
• 2003 – Al Ruffo, Mayor of San Jose, California (b. 1908)
• 2003 – Ron Ziegler, press secretary to Richard Nixon (b. 1939)
• 2004 – Guy Provost, Quebec actor (b. 1925)
• 2005 – Arthur Miller, American playwright (b. 1915)
• 2006 – J Dilla, American rapper/producer (b. 1974)
• 2006 – Dick Harmon, American golf instructor (b. 1947)
• 2007 – Jung Da Bin, South Korean actress (b. 1980)
• 2007 – Ned Austin, American character actor (b. 1925)
• 2008 – Roy Scheider, American actor (b. 1932)
• 2008 – Steve Gerber, American comics writer (b. 1947)
February 10 – Holidays:
• Italy – National Memorial Day of the Exiles and Foibe to commemorate Italian Istrian and Dalmatian exiles and Foibe massacres.
• Saint Scholastica
• St. Paul’s Shipwreck day; birth of Catholicism in Malta
• Saint Charalampe
• Saint Austreberta

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