On This Day in History February 13

February 13-Events
• 1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
• 1503 – Disfida di Barletta – Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.
• 1542 – Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
• 1575 – Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims.
• 1575 – Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.
• 1633 – Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.
• 1635 – The first public school in the U.S., Boston Latin School, is founded.
• 1668 – Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation.
• 1689 – William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
• 1692 – Massacre of Glencoe : About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
• 1815 – The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
• 1866 – Jesse James and his gang commit the first armed bank robbery in United States history during peacetime in Liberty, Missouri.
• 1880 – Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels’s primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
• 1880 – Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
• 1881 – The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
• 1894 – Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
• 1899 – Tallahassee, Florida records its all time coldest temperature of -2 degrees Fahrenheit.
• 1914 – Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
• 1920 – The Negro National League is formed.
• 1934 – The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
• 1935 – A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.
• 1945 – World War II: Red Army forces take Budapest, Hungary from Wehrmacht forces.
• 1945 – World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.
• 1955 – Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
• 1959 – Barbie doll goes on sale.
• 1960 – Nuclear testing: France tests its first atomic bomb.
• 1971 – Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
• 1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
• 1975 – A fire erupts in the World Trade Center in New York City, New York.
• 1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria.
• 1977 – Eric Heiden is first American to win world speed skating championship.
• 1978 – Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.
• 1979 – An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a ½ mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
• 1981 – A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
• 1984 – Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
• 1990 – German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
• 1997 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,000 for the first time closing at 7,022.44.
• 2000 – The last original “Peanuts” comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
• 2001 – An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
• 2004 – The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
• 2007 – Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.
• 2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and The Stolen Generations.
February 13 – Birthdays:
• 1457 – Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1482)
• 1480 – Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1542)
• 1599 – Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667)
• 1672 – Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)
• 1683 – Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian painter and Fortune teller (d. 1754)
• 1721 – John Reid, British army general and composer (d. 1807)
• 1728 – John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
• 1743 – Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)
• 1766 – Thomas Robert Malthus, English demographer and political economist (d. 1834)
• 1768 – Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
• 1769 – Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
• 1805 – Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (d. 1859)
• 1835 – Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
• 1855 – Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
• 1873 – Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (d. 1938)
• 1876 – Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
• 1879 – Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)
• 1881 – Eleanor Farjeon, English author (d. 1965)
• 1884 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)
• 1885 – Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States, wife of President Harry S. Truman (d. 1982)
• 1891 – Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
• 1891 – Grant Wood, American painter (d. 1942)
• 1903 – Georges Simenon, Belgian writer (d. 1989)
• 1906 – Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
• 1910 – William Shockley, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1989)
• 1911 – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani Urdu poet, Lenin Peace Prize winner (d. 1984)
• 1915 – Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1947)
• 1915 – Lyle Bettger, American actor (d. 2003)
• 1918 – Patty Berg, American golfer (d. 2006)
• 1919 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
• 1919 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
• 1920 – Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987)
• 1920 – Eileen Farrell, American opera soprano (d. 2002)
• 1922 – Francis Pym, British Foreign Secretary 1982-83
• 1922 – Gordon Tullock, American economist
• 1923 – Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (d. 2002)
• 1923 – Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
• 1923 – Chuck Yeager, American fighter & test pilot, and the first person to break the “sound barrier” in level flight
• 1924 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (d. 2006)
• 1928 – Dorothy McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
• 1929 – Omar Torrijos, Panamanian ruler (d. 1981)
• 1930 – Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist
• 1932 – Susan Oliver, American actress (d. 1990)
• 1933 – Paul Biya, Cameroon politician
• 1933 – Costa Gavras, Greek-French filmmaker
• 1933 – Kim Novak, American actress
• 1933 – Caroline Blakiston, British actress
• 1934 – George Segal, American actor
• 1935 – Dr. Don Panoz, American entrepreneur and motorsports impresario (ALMS)
• 1937 – Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer (d. 1992)
• 1938 – Oliver Reed, English actor (d. 1999)
• 1939 – Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter
• 1941 – Andrea Conte, First Lady of Tennessee 2003 – present
• 1941 – Sigmar Polke, German painter
• 1942 – Carol Lynley, American actress
• 1942 – Peter Tork, American musician and actor (The Monkees)
• 1943 – Geoff Edwards, American game show host
• 1944 – Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (d. 1983)
• 1944 – Stockard Channing, American actress
• 1944 – Jerry Springer, American television host
• 1944 – Bo Svenson, Swedish-born actor
• 1944 – Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (d. 2006)
• 1945 – King Floyd, American musician (d. 2006)
• 1946 – Louis Kondos, Greek actor
• 1946 – Colin Matthews, British composer
• 1947 – Mike Krzyzewski, American basketball player and coach
• 1950 – Peter Gabriel, English musician (Genesis), composer and humanitarian
• 1951 – Greg Fulginiti, American mastering engineer
• 1951 – David Naughton, American actor and singer
• 1952 – Freddy Maertens, Belgian cyclist
• 1953 – Rico J. Puno, Filipino pop singer
• 1954 – Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
• 1955 – Joe Birkett, American lawyer
• 1956 – Peter Hook, English bassist (Joy Division and New Order)
• 1956 – Yiannis Kouros, Greek-Australian runner
• 1956 – Princess Alia bint Al Hussein, Jordanian Royal Family member
• 1956 – Liam Brady, Irish footballer
• 1957 – Denise Austin, American fitness expert
• 1958 – Pernilla August, Swedish actress
• 1958 – Derek Riggs, British artist
• 1958 – Tip Tipping, British actor and stuntman (d. 1993)
• 1959 – Gaston Gingras, National Hockey League defenceman
• 1959 – Gord Hampson, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1960 – Pierluigi Collina, Italian football referee
• 1960 – Gary Patterson, American football coach
• 1960 – Matt Salinger, American actor
• 1960 – Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player
• 1961 – Henry Rollins, American musician
• 1961 – Marc Crawford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
• 1962 – Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician
• 1964 – Mark Patton, American actor
• 1964 – Ylva Johansson, Swedish politician
• 1966 – Jeff Waters, Canadian musician (Annihilator)
• 1967 – Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian footballer and coach
• 1968 – Kelly Hu, American actress
• 1970 – Karoline Krüger, Norwegian singer
• 1971 – Sonia, British singer
• 1971 – Mats Sundin, Swedish ice hockey player
• 1971 – Todd Williams, American baseball player
• 1972 – Charlie Garner, American football player
• 1974 – Gus Hansen, Danish professional poker player
• 1974 – Robbie Williams, English singer
• 1974 – Jeff Duran, American radio personality
• 1975 – Iván González, Puerto Rican writer and musician
• 1976 – Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist
• 1976 – Feist, Canadian singer and songwriter
• 1976 – Dave Padden, Canadian musician (Annihilator)
• 1977 – Randy Moss, American football player
• 1977 – Ben Collins, British racing driver
• 1978 – Mini Anden, Swedish model and actress
• 1978 – Hamish Glencross, Scottish heavy metal guitarist My Dying Bride
• 1979 – Rafael Márquez, Mexican footballer
• 1979 – Mena Suvari, American actress
• 1980 – Sebastian Kehl, German footballer
• 1981 – Luisão, Brazilian footballer
• 1981 – Liam Miller, Irish footballer
• 1981 – Luke Ridnour, American basketball player
• 1982 – Michael Turner, Running Back for the San Diego Chargers
• 1982 – Lanisha Cole, American model
• 1985 – Kwak Ji-min, South Korean actress
• 1985 – Alexandros Tziolis, Greek footballer
• 1986 – Luke Moore, English footballer
• 1989 – Carly McKillip, Canadian actress
February 13 – Deaths:
• 858 – Kenneth I of Scotland
• 1130 – Pope Honorius II
• 1141 – Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)
• 1219 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
• 1332 – Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1259)
• 1539 – Isabella d’Este, Marquise of Mantua (b. 1474)
• 1542 – Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (executed) (b. 1525)
• 1571 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (b. 1500)
• 1585 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
• 1592 – Jacopo Bassano, Italian painter
• 1600 – Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
• 1602 – Alexander Nowell, English clergyman
• 1608 – Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)
• 1624 – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
• 1657 – Miles Sindercombe, attempted assassin of Oliver Cromwell
• 1660 – King Charles X of Sweden (b. 1622)
• 1662 – Elizabeth Stuart (b. 1596)
• 1727 – William Wotton, English scholar (b. 1666)
• 1728 – Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (b. 1663)
• 1732 – Charles-René d’Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
• 1787 – Ruder Boškovic, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
• 1787 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1717)
• 1813 – Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)
• 1818 – George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)
• 1826 – Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (b. 1745)
• 1837 – Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
• 1845 – Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
• 1883 – Richard Wagner, German composer (b. 1813)
• 1888 – Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (b. 1814)
• 1905 – Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)
• 1942 – Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian president (b. 1865)
• 1950 – Rafael Sabatini, Italian author (b. 1875)
• 1951 – Lloyd C. Douglas, American author (b. 1877)
• 1952 – Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)
• 1958 – Georges Rouault, French painter (b. 1871)
• 1958 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) “Queen of the mob” (b.1880)
• 1964 – Werner Heyde, German psyhiatrist (b. 1902)
• 1968 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)
• 1975 – André Beaufre, French General (b. 1902)
• 1976 – Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military leader (b. 1938)
• 1976 – Lily Pons, French-born soprano (b. 1904)
• 1980 – David Janssen, American actor (b. 1931)
• 1984 – Andre Stander, South African police captain and bank robber (b. 1946)
• 1989 – Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)
• 1991 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)
• 1992 – Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
• 1996 – Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)
• 1997 – Mark Krasnosel’skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (b. 1920)
• 2000 – James Cooke Brown, American author and inventor (b. 1921)
• 2002 – Waylon Jennings, American musician (b. 1937)
• 2003 – Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (b. 1926)
• 2003 – Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (b. 1932)
• 2003 – Walt Rostow, U.S. government official (b. 1916)
• 2004 – Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen leader (b. 1952)
• 2005 – Nelson Briles, baseball player (b. 1943)
• 2005 – Lúcia Santos, Carmelite nun and Fatima visionary (b. 1907)
• 2005 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (b. 1917)
• 2005 – Dick Weber, American professional bowler (b. 1929)
• 2005 – Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (b. 1965)
• 2006 – Andreas Katsulas, Greek-American actor (b. 1946)
• 2007 – Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (b. 1923)
• 2007 – Johanna Sällström, Swedish actress (b. 1974)
• 2007 – Richard Gordon Wakeford, Air Marshal, Royal Air Force (b. 1922)
• 2008 – Roger Voisin, Trumpet player, Boston Symphony (b. 1918)
February 13 – Holidays:
• Saint Beatrice
• Saint Ermenildis
• Saint Fulcran
• Saint Polyeuctus

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