On This Day in History February 22

February 22 – Events:
• 1495 – King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city’s throne.
• 1632 – Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
• 1744 – War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Toulon begins.
• 1819 – By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sells Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.
• 1847 – Mexican-American War: The Battle of Buena Vista – 5,000 American troops drive off 15,000 Mexicans.
• 1856 – The Republican Party opens its first national meeting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
• 1862 – Jefferson Davis is officially inaugurated for a six-year term as the President of the Confederate States of America in Richmond, Virginia. He was previously inaugurated as a provisional president on February 18, 1861.
• 1879 – In Utica, New York, Frank Woolworth opens the first of many of 5 and 10-cent Woolworth stores.
• 1882 – The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
• 1889 – President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states.
• 1904 – The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
• 1915 – World War I: Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.
• 1920 – In Emeryville, New York, the first dog race track to employ an imitation rabbit opens.
• 1923 – First successful chinchilla farm in US, Los Angeles.
• 1923 – The United States begins the first transcontinental air mail route.
• 1924 – Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
• 1942 – World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapses.
• 1943 – Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
• 1944 – American aircraft bombard the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer by mistake, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone.
• 1948 – Communist coup in Czechoslovakia.
• 1956 – Elvis Presley’s first hit in Billboard’s Top 10 (Heartbreak Hotel).
• 1957 – Jockey Ted Atkinson, 3,500th win.
• 1958 – Egypt and Syria join to form the United Arab Republic.
• 1959 – Lee Petty wins the first Daytona 500.
• 1973 – Cold War: Following United States President Richard Nixon’s visit to the People’s Republic of China, the two countries agree to establish liaison offices.
• 1974 – Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) summit conference starts in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries are attending. Twenty-two heads of state and government participate.
• 1974 – Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon.
• 1979 – Independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom.
• 1980 – Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4-3, in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in sports history.
• 1986 – Start of the People Power Revolution in the Philippines.
• 1989 – “Don’t Worry, Be Happy” wins Grammy as song of the year.
• 1994 – Aldrich Ames and his wife are charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union.
• 1997 – In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned.
• 2002 – Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi is killed in a military ambush.
• 2006 – At least six men stage Britain’s biggest robbery ever, stealing £53m (about $92.5 million or 78€ million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
February 22 – Birthdays:
• 1040 – Rashi, French rabbi and commentator (d. 1105)
• 1403 – Charles VII of France (d. 1461)
• 1440 – Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1457)
• 1500 – Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (d. 1564)
• 1612 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (d. 1677)
• 1705 – Peter Artedi, Swedish naturalist (d. 1735)
• 1714 – Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)
• 1732 – George Washington, First President of the United States (d. 1799)
• 1756 – Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)
• 1778 – Rembrandt Peale, American artist (d. 1860)
• 1788 – Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (d. 1860)
• 1796 – Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
• 1796 – Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1874)
• 1806 – Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
• 1817 – Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)
• 1819 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and essayist (d. 1891)
• 1824 – Pierre Janssen, a French astronomer (d. 1907)
• 1825 – Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1898)
• 1839 – Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (d. 1906)
• 1840 – August Bebel, German politician (d. 1913)
• 1849 – Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
• 1857 – Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, English founder of the Boy Scouts (d. 1941)
• 1857 – Heinrich Hertz, German physicist (d. 1894)
• 1864 – Jules Renard, French author (d. 1910)
• 1874 – Bill Klem, Major League Baseball Hall of Fame umpire (d. 1951)
• 1878 – Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
• 1879 – Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, Danish physical chemist (d. 1947)
• 1880 – Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
• 1881 – Joseph B. Ely, 52 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1956)
• 1882 – Eric Gill, British sculptor (d. 1940)
• 1883 – Marguerite Clark, American silent film actress (d. 1940)
• 1886 – Hugo Ball, German author and poet (d. 1927)
• 1887 – Ksawery Tartakower, Polish chess player (d. 1956)
• 1888 – Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (d. 1961)
• 1889 – Olave Baden-Powell, English Chief Girl Guide (d. 1977)
• 1891 – Vlas Chubar, Soviet politician (d. 1939)
• 1892 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American writer (d. 1950)
• 1895 – Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Peruvian politician, founder of APRA party (d. 1979)
• 1897 – Karol Swierczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
• 1899 – Dwight Frye, American actor (d. 1943)
• 1899 – George O’Hara, American actor (d. 1966)
• 1899 – Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
• 1900 – Luis Buñuel, Spanish-born film director (d. 1983)
• 1900 – Seán Ó Faoláin, Irish author (d. 1991)
• 1902 – Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (d. 1980)
• 1903 – Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer (d. 1990)
• 1903 – Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
• 1903 – Robert Weede, American baritone (d. 1972)
• 1907 – Sheldon Leonard, American actor (d. 1997)
• 1907 – Robert Young, American actor (d. 1998)
• 1908 – Sir John Mills, English actor (d. 2005)
• 1911 – Bill Baker, baseball player (d. 2006)
• 1913 – Buddy Tate, American jazz saxophonist and clarinetist (d. 2001)
• 1914 – Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
• 1917 – Jane Bowles, American writer and playwright (d. 1973)
• 1918 – Sid Abel, Canadian hockey player (d. 2000)
• 1918 – Charlie Finley, American sports entrepreneur (d. 1996)
• 1918 – Don Pardo, American radio and television announcer
• 1918 – Robert Wadlow, tallest person in history (d. 1940)
• 1921 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, ruler of the Central African Republic (d. 1996)
• 1921 – Wayne Booth, American literary critic (d. 2005)
• 1921 – David Greene, British television director (d. 2003)
• 1921 – Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (d. 1994)
• 1922 – Jesús Iglesias, Argentine racing driver (d. 2005)
• 1925 – Edward Gorey, American illustrator (d. 2000)
• 1926 – Kenneth Williams, English actor (d. 1988)
• 1926 – Bud Yorkin, American film director
• 1928 – Paul Dooley, American actor
• 1928 – Bruce Forsyth, British entertainer
• 1929 – James Hong, Chinese American actor
• 1929 – Rebecca Schull, American actress
• 1930 – Marni Nixon, American singer
• 1930 – James McGarrell, American painter
• 1932 – Ted Kennedy, U.S. senator from Massachusetts (d. 2009)
• 1933 – Katharine, Duchess of Kent
• 1933 – Bobby Smith, English footballer
• 1934 – Sparky Anderson, American baseball manager
• 1936 – J. Michael Bishop, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
• 1936 – Ernie K-Doe, American singer (d. 2001)
• 1938 – Steve Barber, American baseball player (d. 2007)
• 1938 – Ishmael Reed, American writer
• 1938 – Pierre Vallières, founding member of the Front de libération du Québec (d. 1995)
• 1940 – Johnson Mlambo, South African politician
• 1940 – Billy Name, American photographer and Andy Warhol archivist
• 1941 – Hipólito Mejía, President of the Dominican Republic
• 1942 – Christine Keeler, English model and showgirl
• 1943 – Terry Eagleton, British theorist
• 1943 – Horst Köhler, President of Germany
• 1944 – Jonathan Demme, American director
• 1944 – Robert Kardashian, American lawyer (d. 2003)
• 1944 – Tom Okker, Dutch tennis player
• 1945 – Leslie Charleson, American actress
• 1945 – Oliver, American singer (d. 2000)
• 1947 – Carol Burns, Australian actress
• 1948 – John Ashton, American actor
• 1949 – Niki Lauda, Austrian race car driver, three-time F1 world champion and airline entrepreneur
• 1949 – Olga Morozova, Russian tennis player
• 1950 – Julius Erving, American basketball player
• 1950 – Ellen Greene, American actress
• 1950 – Lenny Kuhr, Dutch singer
• 1950 – Miou-Miou, French actress
• 1950 – Genesis P-Orridge, English performer, musician and artist
• 1950 – Julie Walters, English actress
• 1952 – Bill Frist, U.S. senator from Tennessee
• 1953 – Graham Lewis, English musician (Wire)
• 1953 – Nigel Planer, British actor
• 1955 – Tim Young, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1959 – Jirí Cunek, Czech politician
• 1959 – Kyle MacLachlan, American actor
• 1961 – Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist
• 1962 – Steve Irwin, Australian herpetologist (d. 2006)
• 1962 – Lenda Murray, American bodybuilder
• 1962 – Les Wallace, Scottish darts player
• 1963 – Vijay Singh, Fijian golfer
• 1964 – Gigi Fernandez, Puerto Rican tennis player
• 1965 – Pat Lafontaine, American ice hockey player
• 1965 – Chris Dudley, American basketball player
• 1966 – Rachel Dratch, American actress and comedienne
• 1966 – Brian Greig, Australian politician
• 1966 – Aiden Shaw, English pornographic actor
• 1967 – Alf Poier, Austrian comedian
• 1968 – Shawn Graham, Canadian politician
• 1968 – Bradley Nowell, American musician (d. 1996)
• 1968 – Jeri Ryan, American actress
• 1969 – Joaquín Cortés, Spanish dancer
• 1969 – Hans Klok, Dutch illusionist
• 1969 – Brian Laudrup, Danish footballer
• 1969 – Byron Stroud, American bassist
• 1970 – Dominic Roussel, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1971 – Lea Salonga, Filipina actress and singer
• 1972 – Michael Chang, American tennis player
• 1972 – Claudia Pechstein, German speed skater
• 1973 – Juninho Paulista, Brazilian footballer
• 1973 – Claus Lundekvam, Norwegian footballer
• 1973 – Einar Kristian Tveitå, Norwegian athlete
• 1974 – James Blunt, English musician
• 1974 – Chris Moyles, English DJ
• 1975 – Drew Barrymore, American actress
• 1976 – Faan Rautenbach, South African rugby player
• 1977 – Hakan Yakin, Swiss Footballer
• 1979 – Brett Emerton, Australian footballer
• 1979 – Lee Na-young, South Korean actress
• 1981 – Fredson Camara, Brazilian footballer
• 1982 – Jenna Haze, American pornographic actress
• 1982 – Robert Weiner, Jr., American water polo player
• 1985 – Hameur Bouazza, Algerian footballer
• 1985 – Sean Garballey, American politician
• 1986 – Miko Hughes, American actor
• 1986 – Rajon Rondo, American basketball player
• 1988 – Przemyslaw Kazimierczak, Polish footballer
• 1995 – Trent Kowalik, American actor
February 22 – Deaths:
• 965 – Odo, Duke of Burgundy (b. 944)
• 1071 – Arnulf III, Count of Flanders (killed in battle) (b. c.1055)
• 1111 – Roger Borsa, King of Sicily
• 1371 – King David II of Scotland (b. 1324)
• 1512 – Amerigo Vespucci, Italian merchant and explorer (b. 1454)
• 1627 – Olivier van Noort, Dutch navigator (b. 1558)
• 1674 – Jean Chapelain, French writer (b. 1595)
• 1680 – Catherine Monvoisin, French sorceress (b. c.1640)
• 1690 – Charles Le Brun, French artist (b. 1619)
• 1727 – Francesco Gasparini, Italian composer (b. 1661)
• 1731 – Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (b. 1638)
• 1732 – Francis Atterbury, English bishop and man of letters (b. 1663)
• 1742 – Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
• 1797 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
• 1799 – Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
• 1816 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (b. 1723)
• 1875 – Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (b. 1796)
• 1875 – Sir Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (b. 1797)
• 1890 – John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (b. 1822)
• 1890 – Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
• 1892 – Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (b. 1828)
• 1903 – Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
• 1904 – Leslie Stephen, English writer and critic (b. 1832)
• 1913 – Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (b. 1857)
• 1921 – Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1864)
• 1923 – Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)
• 1934 – Willem Kes, Dutch conductor (b. 1856)
• 1939 – Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (b. 1875)
• 1942 – Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (b. 1881)
• 1943 – Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (b. 1918)
• 1943 – Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (b. 1919)
• 1943 – Sophie Scholl, German resistance fighter (b. 1921)
• 1944 – Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1869)
• 1945 – Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
• 1960 – Paul-Émile Borduas, Quebec painter (b. 1905)
• 1961 – Nick LaRocca, American jazz musician (b. 1889)
• 1965 – Felix Frankfurter, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1882)
• 1968 – Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
• 1973 – Jean-Jacques Bertrand, Quebec politician, Premier of Quebec (b. 1916)
• 1973 – Katina Paxinou, Greek actress (b. 1900)
• 1974 – Samuel Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (b. 1930)
• 1976 – Angela Baddeley, English actress (b. 1904)
• 1976 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (b. 1943)
• 1980 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist (b. 1886)
• 1982 – Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan (b. 1898)
• 1983 – Sir Adrian Boult, English conductor (b. 1889)
• 1983 – Romain Maes, Belgian cyclist (b. 1913)
• 1984 – Jessamyn West, American writer (b. 1902)
• 1985 – Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (b. 1913)
• 1985 – Alexander Scourby, American actor (b. 1913)
• 1985 – Efrem Zimbalist, Russian violinist (b. 1889)
• 1987 – Andy Warhol, American artist, director, and writer (b. 1928)
• 1989 – Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, UDT President in the exterior (b. 1938)
• 1994 – Papa John Creach, American musician (b. 1917)
• 1995 – Ed Flanders, American actor (b. 1934)
• 1997 – Joseph Aiuppa, American gangster (b. 1907)
• 1998 – Abraham Ribicoff, American politician (b. 1910)
• 1999 – Menno Oosting, Dutch tennis player (b. 1964)
• 2000 – Fernando Buesa, Spanish politician (b. 1946)
• 2002 – Chuck Jones, American animator (b. 1912)
• 2002 – Jonas Savimbi, Angolan rebel leader (b. 1934)
• 2002 – Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and war hero (b. 1916)
• 2002 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist (b. 1963)
• 2003 – Daniel Taradash, American screenwriter (b. 1913)
• 2004 – Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1917)
• 2004 – Andy Seminick, American baseball player (b. 1920)
• 2005 – Zdzislaw Beksinski, Polish artist (b. 1929)
• 2005 – Simone Simon, French actress (b. 1910)
• 2005 – Lee Eun Ju, Korean actress (b. 1980)
• 2006 – Anthony Burger, American musician and singer (b. 1961)
• 2007 – Dennis Johnson, American basketball player (b. 1954)
• 2007 – Howard Verne Ramsey, oldest U.S. veteran of WWI (b. 1898)
• 2007 – Samuel Hinga Norman, Sierra Leonean alleged war criminal (b. 1940)
• 2007 – George Jellicoe, Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords & Special Boat Service veteran (b. 1918)
February 22 – Holidays:
• United States — Washington’s Birthday.
• Saint Lucia — independence (1979).
• The Scouting movement and the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts celebrate this day as “World Thinking Day”, “B.-P. day”, or “Founder’s Day”, as it is the shared birthday of the Scouts’ founder Sir Robert Baden-Powell and his wife, Lady Olave Baden-Powell, the World Chief Guide.
• Roman Catholic Church — Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter.
• Blessed Saint Isabel of France (died 1270)

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