On This Day in History February 25

February 25 – Events:
• 138 – The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.
• 1570 – Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England.
• 1793 – George Washington holds the first Cabinet meeting as President of the United States.
• 1797 – Colonel William Tate and his force of 1000-1500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain.
• 1836 – Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver.
• 1837 – The first practical electric motor in the US is patented by Thomas Davenport.
• 1859 – First use of “insanity plea” to prove innocence.
• 1862 – Congress establishes the US Bureau of Engraving & Printing.
• 1863 – Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency.
• 1868 – Andrew Johnson impeached for violation of the Tenure of Office act.
• 1870 – Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first black member to sit in the U.S. Congress.
• 1901 – J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
• 1912 – Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
• 1919 – Oregon places a 1 cent per U.S. gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
• 1921 – Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
• 1925 – Glacier Bay National Monument (now Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve) is established in Alaska.
• 1925 – The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.
• 1928 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, DC becomes the first holder of a television license from the Federal Radio Commission.
• 1932 – Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, which allows him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident.
• 1933 – The USS Ranger is launched, becoming the first custom-built aircraft carrier.
• 1941 – February strike: First general & physical protest against Nazi anti-Jewish behaviour & laws (Amsterdam)
• 1945 – World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
• 1948 – The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia takes control of government in Czechoslovakia and the period of the Third Republic ends.
• 1951 – The first Pan American Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
• 1954 – Gamal Abdul Nasser is made premier of Egypt.
• 1956 – In his speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounces the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin.
• 1957 – Buddy Holly & the Crickets record “That’ll Be the Day.”
• 1962 – Mike O’Hara completes a record 97th marathon.
• 1964 – Cassius Clay stops champion Sonny Liston in the 7th round to win the world heavyweight title
• 1969 – Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
• 1971 – The first unit of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, first commercial nuclear power station in Canada, goes online.
• 1980 – The Suriname government overthrown by a military coup.
• 1986 – President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines flees the nation after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the first Filipino woman president.
• 1989 – Dallas Cowboys’ new owner Jerry Jones fires coach Tom Landry.
• 1990 – Nicaraguans vote out Sandinistas.
• 1992 – Khojaly massacre: about 613 civilians killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
• 2000 – The Swedish political party New Democracy is declared financially bankrupt.
• 2008 – The state of Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.
February 25 – Birthdays:
• 1398 – Xuande, Emperor of China (d. 1435)
• 1591 – Friedrich von Spee, German writer (d. 1635)
• 1643 – Ahmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1695)
• 1663 – Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (d. 1718)
• 1682 – Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (d. 1771)
• 1692 – Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
• 1707 – Carlo Goldoni, Italian writer (d. 1793)
• 1714 – René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
• 1714 – Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
• 1725 – Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (d. 1798)
• 1752 – John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806)
• 1778 – José de San Martín, Argentine general and liberator of South America (d. 1850)
• 1841 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter, graphic artist and sculptor (d. 1919)
• 1842 – Karl May, German writer (d. 1912)
• 1845 – George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1918)
• 1855 – George Bonnor, Australian cricketer (d. 1912)
• 1855 – Cesário Verde, Portuguese poet (d. 1886)
• 1860 – Sir William Ashley, economic historian (d. 1927)
• 1866 – Benedetto Croce, Italian philosopher (d. 1952)
• 1873 – Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor (d. 1921)
• 1877 – Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (d. 1935)
• 1883 – Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
• 1885 – Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke, Ranee of Sarawak (d. 1971)
• 1888 – John Foster Dulles, U.S. Secretary of State (d. 1959)
• 1889 – Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
• 1890 – Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (d. 1965)
• 1890 – Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet politician (d. 1986)
• 1894 – Meher Baba, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1969)
• 1895 – Lew Andreas, American basketball coach (d. 1984)
• 1901 – Zeppo Marx, American actor (d. 1979)
• 1903 – King Clancy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1986)
• 1908 – Frank G. Slaughter, American novelist (d. 2001)
• 1910 – Millicent Fenwick, American fashion editor and politician (d. 1992)
• 1912 – Brenda Joyce, American actress
• 1913 – Jim Backus, American actor (d. 1989)
• 1913 – Gert Fröbe, German actor (d. 1988)
• 1914 – John Arlott, English cricket journalist (d. 1991)
• 1916 – Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (d. 1991)
• 1917 – Anthony Burgess, English author (d. 1993)
• 1918 – Barney Ewell, American athlete (d. 1996)
• 1918 – Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (d. 1995)
• 1918 – Rena Kyriakou, Greek pianist (d. 1994)
• 1919 – Karl H. Pribram, Austrian neuroscientist
• 1920 – Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
• 1921 – Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman (d. 1970)
• 1927 – Ralph Stanley, American musician
• 1928 – Larry Gelbart, American comedy writer
• 1929 – Christopher George, American actor (d. 1983)
• 1929 – Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (d. 2007)
• 1932 – Tony Brooks, English race car driver
• 1932 – Faron Young, American singer (d. 1996)
• 1934 – Bernard Bresslaw, English actor (d. 1993)
• 1934 – Tony Lema, American golfer (d. 1966)
• 1935 – Sally Jessy Raphaël, American talk show host
• 1937 – Tom Courtenay, English actor
• 1937 – Bob Schieffer, American broadcast journalist
• 1937 – Barbara Piasecka Johnson, widow of John Seward Johnson I
• 1938 – Diane Baker, American actress
• 1938 – Herb Elliott, Australian runner
• 1940 – Billy Packer, American sports broadcaster
• 1940 – Danny Cater, American baseball player
• 1940 – Ron Santo, American baseball player
• 1942 – Karen Grassle, American actress
• 1943 – George Harrison, English musician (The Beatles) (d. 2001)
• 1943 – Wilson da Silva Piazza, Brazilian footballer
• 1945 – Herbert Léonard, French singer
• 1945 – Elkie Brooks, English singer
• 1946 – Franz Xaver Kroetz, German dramatist
• 1946 – Jean Todt, French executive director of Scuderia Ferrari
• 1947 – Lee Evans, American athlete
• 1947 – Doug Yule, American bass guitarist (The Velvet Underground)
• 1948 – Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor
• 1948 – Aldo Busi, Italian writer
• 1949 – Ric Flair, American professional wrestler
• 1950 – Neil Jordan, Irish director
• 1950 – Néstor Kirchner, President of Argentina
• 1950 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (d. 2006)
• 1951 – Don Quarrie, Jamaican runner
• 1951 – James Brown, American sportscaster
• 1951 – César Cedeño, Dominican baseball player
• 1952 – Joey Dunlop, Irish motorcycle racer (d. 2000)
• 1952 – Inger Segelström, Swedish politician
• 1953 – José María Aznar, former Prime Minister of Spain
• 1953 – Kim Yeong-cheol, South Korean actor
• 1954 – John Doe, American musician
• 1958 – Kurt Rambis, American basketball player
• 1959 – Carl Marotte, Canadian actor
• 1959 – Mike Peters, Welsh musician (The Alarm)
• 1960 – Tony Grimaud, Maltese-born singer and songwriter
• 1960 – Stefan Blöcher, German field hockey player
• 1961 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (d. 1993)
• 1961 – Todd Blackledge, American football player
• 1962 – Birgit Fischer, German kayaker
• 1963 – Paul O’Neill, American baseball player
• 1964 – Lee Evans, English comedian
• 1964 – Don Majkowski, American football player
• 1965 – Carrot Top, American comedian
• 1966 – Alexis Denisof, American actor
• 1966 – Samson Kitur, Kenyan athlete (d. 2003)
• 1966 – Téa Leoni, American actress
• 1966 – Nancy O’Dell, American reporter and television personality
• 1966 – Samantha Phillips, American actress
• 1968 – Sandrine Kiberlain, French actress
• 1968 – Evridiki, Greek Cypriot singer
• 1969 – Paul Trimboli, Australian soccer player
• 1970 – Julie Hesmondhalgh, English actress
• 1971 – Sean Astin, American actor
• 1971 – Dave Harris, American disc jockey
• 1971 – Daniel Powter, Canadian musician
• 1973 – Justin Jeffre, American singer (98 Degrees)
• 1973 – Anson Mount, American actor
• 1973 – Julio José Iglesias, Spanish singer
• 1973 – Normann Stadler, German triathlete
• 1975 – Chelsea Handler, American comedian and actress
• 1976 – Rashida Jones, American actress, writer, model, and musician
• 1976 – Chris Pitman, American keyboardist and member of Guns N’ Roses
• 1977 – Sarah Jezebel Deva, English singer
• 1977 – Josh Wolff, American footballer
• 1979 – Jennifer Ferrin, American actress
• 1980 – Antonio Burks, American basketball player
• 1981 – Jamie Lynn, American model
• 1981 – Shahid Kapoor, Indian actor
• 1981 – Park Ji-Sung, South Korean footballer
• 1981 – Misty Giles, American beauty queen and Survivor contestant
• 1982 – Chris Baird, Irish footballer
• 1982 – Anton Volchenkov, Russian ice hockey player
• 1982 – Bert McCracken, American singer (The Used)
• 1982 – Maria Kanellis, American model and professional wrestler
• 1982 – Tara Wilson, Canadian actress
• 1983 – Eduardo da Silva, Brazilian-born Croatian footballer
• 1984 – Logan Leistikow, American director and actor
• 1984 – Lovefoxxx, Brazilian singer (CSS)
• 1985 – Joakim Noah, American basketball player
• 1985 – Benji Marshall, New Zealand rugby player
• 1986 – Justin Berfield, American actor
• 1986 – James and Oliver Phelps, English actors
• 1986 – Danny Saucedo, Swedish singer
• 1987 – Eva Avila, Canadian singer
• 1998 – Brendon Baerg, American actor
February 25 – Deaths:
• 1246 – Dafydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
• 1522 – William Lilye, English classical scholar
• 1536 – Berthold Haller, German-born reformer (b. 1492)
• 1553 – Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga (suicide) (b. 1492)
• 1558 – Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (b. 1498)
• 1601 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English politician (b. 1566)
• 1634 – Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (b. 1583)
• 1643 – Marco da Gagliano, Italian composer (b. 1582)
• 1655 – Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
• 1682 – Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (b. 1639)
• 1713 – King Frederick I of Prussia (b. 1657)
• 1715 – Pu Songling, Chinese writer (b. 1640)
• 1723 – Sir Christopher Wren, English architect (b. 1632)
• 1756 – Eliza Haywood, English actress and writer (b. 1693)
• 1798 – Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
• 1805 – Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)
• 1831 – Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, German writer (b. 1752)
• 1850 – Daoguang, Emperor of China (b. 1782)
• 1852 – Thomas Moore, Irish poet (b. 1779)
• 1860 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman, educator, and lexicographer (b. 1790)
• 1899 – Paul Julius Reuter, German-born journalist (b. 1816)
• 1912 – Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)
• 1919 – Josef Christiaens, Belgian racing driver (b. 1879)
• 1922 – Henri Désiré Landru, French serial killer (b. 1869)
• 1934 – John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (b. 1873)
• 1945 – Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer and photographer (b. 1893)
• 1950 – George Minot, American physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
• 1953 – Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (b. 1856)
• 1957 – George “Bugs” Moran, American gangster (b. 1893)
• 1964 – Grace Metalious, American writer (b. 1924)
• 1966 – James D. Norris, American sports businessman (b. 1906)
• 1970 – Mark Rothko, American painter (b. 1903)
• 1971 – Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1884)
• 1975 – Elijah Muhammad, American Black Muslim leader (b. 1897)
• 1978 – Daniel “Chappie” James Jr., American general (b. 1920)
• 1983 – Tennessee Williams, American playwright (b. 1911)
• 1987 – James Coco, American actor (b. 1930)
• 1993 – Eddie Constantine, American-born actor and singer (b. 1917)
• 1994 – Baruch Goldstein, American-born mass killer (b. 1956)
• 1994 – Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (b. 1914)
• 1996 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian-born actor (b. 1940)
• 1999 – Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
• 2001 – Sir Donald Bradman, Australian cricketer (b. 1908)
• 2003 – Tom O’Higgins, Irish Chief Justice (b. 1916)
• 2003 – Alberto Sordi, Italian actor (b. 1920)
• 2004 – Donald Hings, Canadian inventor (b. 1907)
• 2005 – Peter Benenson, English founder of Amnesty International (b. 1921)
• 2006 – Darren McGavin, American actor (b. 1922)
• 2006 – Charlie Wayman, English footballer (b. 1922)
• 2007 – William R. Anderson, CO USS Nautilus submarine, US Congressman (b. 1921)
• 2007 – Mark Spoelstra, American singer/songwriter (b. 1940)
• 2008 – Ashley Cooper, Australian race car driver (b. 1980)
• 2008 – Hans Raj Khanna, Judge of the Supreme Court of India (b. 1912)
• 2008 – Static Major, American singer (b. 1974)
February 25 – Holidays:
• Kuwait’s national day.
• People Power Day, special holiday in the Philippines.

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