On This Day in History March 8

March 8 – Events:
• 1618 – Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion.
• 1702 – Anne Stuart, the sister of the childless Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland after the death of William III of Orange.
• 1765 – The British House of Lords passes the Stamp Act to tax the American colonies.
• 1775 – Thomas Paine’s “African Slavery in America” was published. It was the first article in the United States calling for the emancipation of all slaves and the abolition of slavery.
• 1817 – The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
• 1844 – King Oscar I ascends to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
• 1854 – U.S. Commodore Matthew C. Perry makes his second landing in Japan, where he would conclude a treaty with the Japanese within a month.
• 1862 – American Civil War: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia.
• 1884 – Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony’s argument came 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women’s suffrage amendment.
• 1894 – The state of New York enacts the nation’s first dog-licensing law.
• 1911 – International Women’s Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women’s Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany.
• 1917 – Riots and strikes break out in St. Petersburg, Russia, marking the start of the Russian Revolution.
• 1917 – The U.S. Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
• 1921 – Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
• 1924 – The Castle Gate mine disaster kills 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah.
• 1936 – The first stock car race is held in Daytona Beach, Florida.
• 1939 – J.R.R. Tolkien delivers his seminal talk “On Fairy Stories.”
• 1942 – World War II: The Dutch surrender to Japanese forces on Java.
• 1942 – World War II: Japan captures Rangoon, Burma.
• 1942 – World War II: British bombers begin a new style of air raid, using incendiary bombs to light the way for a nighttime attack on the Krupp armament works in Essen. The long series of attacks reduce the city to ruins.
• 1943 – World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.
• 1945 – Allied forces move large numbers of troops across the Rhine River to significantly reinforce and expand their tenuous hold on the captured Ludendorff Bridge (Bridge at Remagen), allowing them to push armor across the river and better secure the nascent lodgement.
• 1950 – Marshal Kliment Voroshilov announces that the Soviet Union possesses an atomic bomb.
• 1957 – Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis.
• 1963 – The Ba’ath Party comes to power in Syria in a Coup d’état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command.
• 1965 – Vietnam War: 3,500 United States Marines arrive in South Vietnam, becoming the first American combat troops in Vietnam.
• 1966 – Vietnam War: Australia announces it is going to substantially increase its number of troops in Vietnam.
• 1966 – A bomb planted by young Irish protesters destroys Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin.
• 1971 – Joe Frazier becomes the undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion by winning a unanimous 15-round decision over Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
• 1974 – Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.
• 1980 – The first festival of rock music kicks off in the Soviet Union.
• 1983 – President Ronald Reagan calls the Soviet Union an “evil empire.”
• 1983 – The U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee endorses a nuclear weapons freeze with the Soviet Union, a move denounced by President Ronald Reagan.
• 1999 – The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.
• 2004 – A new constitution is signed by Iraq’s Governing Council.
March 8 – Birthdays:
• 1286 – John III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1341)
• 1293 – Beatrice of Castile, queen of Portugal (d. 1359)
• 1495 – John of God, Portuguese-born friar and saint (d. 1550)
• 1514 – Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1562)
• 1560 – Don Carlo Gesualdo, Italian composer (d. 1613)
• 1659 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)
• 1712 – John Fothergill, English physician (d. 1780)
• 1714 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (d. 1788)
• 1726 – Richard Howe, British admiral (d. 1799)
• 1746 – André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
• 1748 – William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic
• 1783 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of American president Martin Van Buren (d. 1819)
• 1799 – Simon Cameron, U.S. Secretary of War (d. 1889)
• 1814 – Ede Szigligeti, Hungarian dramatist (d. 1878)
• 1822 – Ignacy Lukasiewicz, Polish inventor (d. 1882)
• 1827 – Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (d. 1875)
• 1830 – João de Deus, Portuguese poet (d. 1896)
• 1841 – Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1935)
• 1856 – Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929)
• 1856 – Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
• 1859 – Kenneth Grahame, English author (d. 1932)
• 1865 – Frederic Goudy, American type designer (d. 1947)
• 1872 – Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (d. 1918)
• 1879 – Otto Hahn, German Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
• 1886 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
• 1891 – Sam Jaffe, American actor (d. 1984)
• 1892 – Mississippi John Hurt, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 1966)
• 1896 – Charlotte Whitton, Canadian politician, Mayor of Ottawa (d. 1975)
• 1899 – Elmer Keith, Firearms enthusiast and Author (d. 1984)
• 1902 – Louise Beavers, American actress (d. 1962)
• 1902 – Jennings Randolph, U.S. Senator from West Virginia (d. 1998)
• 1907 – Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (d. 1998)
• 1910 – Bernard Benjamin, statistician, actuary and demographer (d. 2002)
• 1910 – Claire Trevor, American actress (d. 2000)
• 1911 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (d. 2000)
• 1912 – Preston Smith, Governor of Texas (d. 2003)
• 1914 – Yakov Borisovich Zel’dovich, Russian physicist (d. 1987)
• 1915 – Tapio Rautavaara, Finnish athlete, actor, and singer (d. 1979)
• 1916 – John Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer (d. 2004)
• 1921 – Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer
• 1921 – Alan Hale, Jr., American actor (d. 1990)
• 1922 – Shigeru Mizuki, Japanese soldier and Mangaka
• 1922 – Carl Furillo, American baseball player (d. 1989)
• 1925 – Warren Bennis, American educator and author
• 1926 – Francisco Rabal, Spanish actor (d. 2001)
• 1927 – Dick Hyman, American pianist, conductor, and composer
• 1930 – Bob Grim, American baseball player (d. 1996)
• 1931 – John McPhee, American writer and professor
• 1931 – Neil Postman, American cultural critic (d. 2003)
• 1933 – Luca Ronconi, Italian actor, theater and opera director
• 1934 – Marv Breeding, American baseball player (d.2006)
• 1936 – Gábor Szabó, Hungarian guitarist (d. 1982)
• 1937 – Juvénal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda (d. 1994)
• 1938 – Pete Dawkins, American football player
• 1939 – Jim Bouton, American baseball player, author, and entrepreneur
• 1939 – Lidia Skoblikova, Russian skater
• 1939 – Robert Tear, Welsh tenor
• 1940 – Susan Clark, Canadian actress
• 1941 – Andrei Mironov, Soviet actor (d. 1987)
• 1942 – Ann Packer, British athlete
• 1942 – Dick Allen, American baseball player
• 1943 – Lynn Redgrave, English actress
• 1944 – Sergey Nikitin, Russian composer
• 1944 – Pepé Romero, Spanish guitarist
• 1944 – Palito Ortega, Argentine singer and actor
• 1945 – Bruce Broughton, American composer
• 1945 – Jim Chapman, American politician
• 1945 – Anselm Kiefer, German painter
• 1945 – Micky Dolenz, American musician (The Monkees)
• 1946 – Randy Meisner, American musician (The Eagles)
• 1947 – Mike Allsup, American musician (Three Dog Night)
• 1947 – Carole Bayer Sager, American composer
• 1947 – Florentino Pérez, former President of Real Madrid
• 1948 – Peggy March, American pop singer
• 1952 – George Felix Allen, former Governor and U.S. Senator from Virginia
• 1953 – Bob Brozman, American musician
• 1953 – Jim Rice, American baseball player
• 1953 – Don Werner, American baseball player
• 1954 – Cheryl Baker, British singer (Bucks Fizz)
• 1954 – David Wilkie, Scottish swimmer
• 1955 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981)
• 1956 – John Kapelos, Canadian actor
• 1956 – Laurie Cunningham, English former footballer (d. 1989)
• 1957 – Clive Burr, British musician, former drummer for Iron Maiden
• 1957 – Cynthia Rothrock, American actress and martial artist
• 1957 – Bob Stoddard, American baseball player
• 1957 – John Butcher, American baseball player
• 1958 – Gary Numan, British singer
• 1958 – Nick Capra, American baseball player
• 1959 – Aidan Quinn, American actor
• 1960 – Max Metzker, Australian swimmer
• 1961 – Camryn Manheim, American actress
• 1961 – Larry Murphy, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1961 – Mark Salas, American baseball player
• 1963 – Lorelei, American fetish model and photographer
• 1963 – Kathy Ireland, American model, actress, author, and entrepreneur
• 1963 – Mike Lalor, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1964 – Lance McCullers, American baseball player
• 1965 – Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
• 1967 – Joel Johnston, American baseball player
• 1968 – Michael Bartels, German race car driver
• 1968 – Shawn Mullins, American musician
• 1968 – Jim Dougherty, American baseball player
• 1969 – Andrea Parker, American actress, ballet dancer
• 1970 – Jason Elam, American football player
• 1971 – Kit Symons, Welsh footballer
• 1972 – Angie Hart, Australian pop singer
• 1972 – Fergal O’Brien, Irish snooker player
• 1972 – Georgios Georgiadis, Greek footballer
• 1973 – Anneke van Giersbergen, Dutch singer (The Gathering)
• 1973 – Boris Kodjoe, Austrian model
• 1973 – Kurt Mollekens, Belgian racing car driver
• 1973 – Justin Thompson, American baseball player
• 1973 – Mark Lukasiewicz, American baseball player
• 1974 – Mike Moriarty, American baseball player
• 1975 – Fardeen Khan, Indian actor
• 1975 – Peggy Zina, Greek singer
• 1976 – Gaz Coombes, English singer (Supergrass)
• 1976 – Juan Encarnacion, American baseball player
• 1976 – Ryan Freel, American baseball player
• 1976 – Hines Ward, American football player
• 1976 – Freddie Prinze Jr., American actor
• 1977 – James Van Der Beek, American actor
• 1977 – Johann Vogel, Swiss footballer
• 1979 – Tom Chaplin, English singer (Keane)
• 1979 – Andy Ross, American guitarist (OK Go)
• 1979 – Nick Zano, American actor
• 1981 – Michael Beauchamp, Australian footballer
• 1981 – Jessica Jaymes, American porn actress
• 1981 – Timothy Jordan II, American musician (The All American Rejects, Jonezetta) (d. 2005)
• 1982 – Nicoleta Onel, Romanian gymnast
• 1982 – Kat Von D, Mexican-American tattoo artist
• 1982 – Nicolas Armindo, race car driver
• 1982 – Leonidas Kabantais, Greek footballer
• 1982 – Craig Stansberry, American baseball player
• 1984 – Dave Moffatt, Canadian musician (his brothers Robert and Clint, also musicians, born the same day)
• 1985 – Ewa Sonnet, Polish model and pop singer
• 1988 – Armanti Edwards, NCAA football player
• 1990 – Ben Tozer, Newcastle United Footballer
• 1991 – Devon Werkheiser, American Actor
• 1992 – Charlie Ray, American actress
• 1996 – Lorna Fitzgerald, EastEnders actress
March 8 – Deaths:
• 1126 – Urraca of Castile (b. 1082)
• 1144 – Pope Celestine II
• 1202 – Sverre of Norway
• 1223 – Wincenty Kadlubek, Polish chronicler (b. 1161)
• 1550 – Saint John of God, a saint (b. 1495)
• 1641 – Xu Xiake, Chinese adventurer (b. 1587)
• 1674 – Charles Sorel, sieur de Souvigny, French writer (b. 1597)
• 1702 – William III of England (b. 1650)
• 1731 – Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor (b. 1688)
• 1757 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
• 1771 – Louis August le Clerc, French-born sculptor (b. 1688)
• 1819 – Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (b. 1739)
• 1844 – Charles XIV John of Sweden (b. 1763)
• 1855 – William Poole, Infamous member of New York City’s Bowery Boys gang (b. 1821)
• 1869 – Hector Berlioz, French composer (b. 1803)
• 1872 – Cornelius Krieghoff, Canadian painter (b. 1815)
• 1874 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (b. 1800)
• 1887 – Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
• 1887 – James Buchanan Eads, American engineer (b. 1820)
• 1889 – John Ericsson, Swedish inventor (b. 1803)
• 1917 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German aircraft manufacturer (b. 1838)
• 1923 – Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
• 1923 – Krišjanis Barons, Latvian writer (b. 1835)
• 1930 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (b. 1857)
• 1937 – Howie Morenz, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
• 1941 – Sherwood Anderson, American author (b. 1876)
• 1942 – José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (b. 1888)
• 1961 – Thomas Beecham, English conductor (b. 1879)
• 1971 – Harold Lloyd, American actor (b. 1893)
• 1972 – Erich von dem Bach, Nazi official (b. 1899)
• 1973 – Ron “Pigpen” McKernan, American musician (b. 1945)
• 1975 – George Stevens, American director (b. 1904)
• 1976 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
• 1983 – William Walton, English composer (b. 1902)
• 1985 – Edward Andrews, American actor (b. 1914)
• 1988 – Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer (b. 1961)
• 1988 – Werner Hartmann, German physicist (b. 1912)
• 1988 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (b. 1918)
• 1993 – Billy Eckstine, American musician (b. 1914)
• 1995 – Ingo Schwichtenberg, German drummer (b. 1965)
• 1998 – Ray Nitschke, American football player (b. 1936)
• 1999 – Peggy Cass, American actress and comedian (b. 1924)
• 1999 – Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player (b. 1914)
• 1999 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinean writer (b.1914)
• 2001 – Edward Winter, American actor (b. 1937)
• 2003 – Adam Faith, English singer and actor (b. 1940)
• 2003 – Karen Morley, American actress (b. 1909)
• 2004 – Abu Abbas, founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (b. 1948)
• 2004 – Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
• 2005 – Aslan Maskhadov, Chechen leader (b. 1951)
• 2005 – César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (b. 1924)
• 2006 – Brian Barratt-Boyes, New Zealand heart surgeon (b. 1924)
• 2007 – John Inman, English actor (b. 1935)
• 2007 – Viky Vanita, Greek actress (b. 1948)
• 2007 – John Vukovich, American baseball player and coach.. (b. 1947)
• 2008 – Carol Barnes, Former ITV news presenter (b. 1944)
March 8 – Holidays:
• Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, etc. – Mother’s Day.
• International Women’s Day (United Nations)
• Catholicism:
o Saint John of God.
o Saint Philemon (d. 305)

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