On This Day In History March 24

March 24 – Events:
• 1401 – Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus.
• 1603 – James VI of Scotland also becomes James I King of England.
• 1731 – An Act to naturalize Hieronimus De Salis Esquire, passed.
• 1765 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Quartering Act that requires the 13 American colonies to house British troops.
• 1832 – In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tar and feather Mormon leader Joseph Smith, Jr.
• 1837 – Canada gives African men the right to vote.
• 1868 – Metropolitan Life Insurance Company is formed.
• 1878 – The British frigate HMS Eurydice sinks, killing more than 300.
• 1882 – Robert Koch announces the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (mycobacterium tuberculosis).
• 1898 – Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that was advertised in Scientific American.
• 1900 – New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground “Rapid Transit Railroad” that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
• 1923 – Greece becomes a republic.
• 1934 – U.S. Congress passes Tydings-McDuffie Act.
• 1944 – German troops kill 335 Italian civilians in the Ardeatine Massacre in Rome.
• 1944 – In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of Stalag Luft III.
• 1959 – The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
• 1965 – NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brings images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash-landing.
• 1972 – The United Kingdom imposes “Direct Rule” over Northern Ireland.
• 1973 – Kenyan track runner Kip Keino defeats Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles, sanctioned by the International Track Association.
• 1976 – Argentina’s military forces depose president Isabel Perón and start the National Reorganization Process.
• 1980 – Archbishop Óscar Romero is killed by right-wing terrorists while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.
• 1989 – Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Alaska’s Prince William Sound the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (42,000 m³) of petroleum after running aground.
• 1998 – Jonesboro massacre: Two students, ages 11 and 13, fire upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people are dead and ten are wounded.
• 1998 – Tornado sweeps through Dantan in India killing 250 people and injuring 3,000 others.
• 1999 – Kosovo War: NATO commences air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
• 1999 – Mont Blanc Tunnel Fire: 39 people died when a Belgian transport truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire in Mont Blanc Tunnel.
• 2000 – The S&P 500 reaches an all-time high of 1527.46.
• 2003 – The Arab League votes 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of U.S. and British soldiers from Iraq.
• 2006 – Long-term protests in Belarus are broken by police.
• 2006 – Pope Benedict XVI adds 15 men to the College of Cardinals, in the first consistory of his Pontificate.
• 2007 – The Australian Labor Party is reinstated after the NSW state elections.
March 24 – Birthdays:
• 1494 – Georg Agricola, German scientist (d. 1555)
• 1607 – Michiel Adriaenszoon de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (d. 1667)
• 1628 – Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1685)
• 1657 – Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)
• 1693 – John Harrison, British clockmaker (d. 1776)
• 1725 – Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1813)
• 1725 – Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1788)
• 1782 – Orest Kiprensky, Russian painter (d. 1836)
• 1796 – John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (d. 1878)
• 1809 – Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (d. 1837)
• 1809 – Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (d. 1882)
• 1820 – A. E. Becquerel, French physicist (d. 1891)
• 1820 – Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
• 1828 – Horace Gray, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1902)
• 1829 – George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
• 1829 – Ignacio Zaragoza, Mexican general (d. 1862)
• 1830 – Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (d. 1889)
• 1834 – William Morris, English writer and designer (d. 1896)
• 1834 – John Wesley Powell, American explorer and environmentalist (d. 1902)
• 1835 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist (d. 1893)
• 1848 – Honoré Beaugrand, Quebec journalist and newspaper publisher (La Patrie) (d. 1906)
• 1850 – Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
• 1855 – Andrew Mellon, American financier (d. 1937)
• 1855 – Olive Schreiner, South African writer (d. 1920)
• 1874 – Harry Houdini, (Weisz Erik), Hungarian-born magician (d. 1926)
• 1884 – Peter Debye, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
• 1886 – Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
• 1886 – Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
• 1887 – Roscoe Arbuckle, American actor (d. 1933)
• 1888 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
• 1889 – Albert Hill, British athlete (d. 1969)
• 1891 – Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
• 1893 – George Sisler, American baseball player (d. 1973)
• 1893 – Walter Baade, German astronomer (d. 1960)
• 1897 – Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-born psychotherapist (d. 1957)
• 1901 – Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
• 1902 – Thomas Dewey, American politician (d. 1971)
• 1903 – Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1995)
• 1903 – Malcolm Muggeridge, British author and scholar (d. 1990)
• 1906 – Klavdiya Shulzhenko, Soviet singer (d. 1984)
• 1907 – Paul Sauvé, Quebec politician (d. 1960)
• 1909 – Clyde Barrow, American crime figure (d. 1934)
• 1910 – Richard Conte, American actor (d. 1975)
• 1911 – Joseph Barbera, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
• 1915 – Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)
• 1916 – Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
• 1917 – John Kendrew, British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
• 1917 – Constantine Andreou, Greek-Brazilian artist (d. 2007)
• 1919 – Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American author and publisher
• 1919 – Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005)
• 1920 – Gene Nelson, American actor (d. 1996)
• 1921 – Vasily Smyslov, Russian chess player
• 1922 – Onna White, Canadian choreographer (d. 2005)
• 1923 – Murray Hamilton, American actor (d. 1986)
• 1924 – Norman Fell, American actor (d. 1998)
• 1925 – Puig Aubert, French rugby league footballer (d. 1994)
• 1926 – Dario Fo, Italian writer, Nobel laureate
• 1927 – Martin Walser, German author
• 1928 – Byron Janis, American pianist
• 1930 – David Dacko, 1st President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)
• 1930 – Agustín González, Spanish actor (d. 2005)
• 1930 – Steve McQueen, American actor (d. 1980)
• 1934 – William Smith, American actor
• 1935 – Peter Bichsel, Swiss writer
• 1936 – David Suzuki, Canadian scientist and environmentalist
• 1937 – Billy Stewart, American singer (d. 1970)
• 1938 – Holger Czukay, German musician (Can)
• 1938 – David Irving, British historian
• 1940 – Bob Mackie, American fashion designer
• 1940 – Don Jardine, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2006)
• 1944 – R. Lee Ermey, American actor
• 1944 – Vojislav Koštunica, Serbian Prime Minister
• 1945 – Robert T. Bakker, American paleontologist
• 1945 – Curtis Hanson, American film director
• 1946 – Klaus Dinger, German musician (Neu!, Kraftwerk)
• 1947 – Meiko Kaji, Japanese singer and actress
• 1947 – Alan Sugar, English businessman
• 1949 – Nick Lowe, British musician
• 1951 – Pat Bradley, American golfer
• 1951 – Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer
• 1951 – Dougie Thomson, British bassist (Supertramp)
• 1953 – Louie Anderson, American comedian
• 1954 – Robert Carradine, American actor
• 1954 – Donna Pescow, American actress
• 1955 – Doug Jarvis, Canadian ice hockey player
• 1957 – Pierre Harvey, Quebec cyclist and cross-country skier
• 1958 – Mike Woodson, American basketball player and head coach
• 1958 – El Duce, American drummer/singer The Mentors (d. 1997)
• 1960 – Kelly LeBrock, American actress
• 1960 – Barry Horowitz, American professional wrestler
• 1960 – Nena, German singer
• 1960 – Scott Pruett, American race car driver
• 1961 – Dean Jones, Australian cricketer
• 1962 – Star Jones Reynolds, American television personality
• 1962 – Angèle Dubeau, Quebec violinist
• 1964 – Annabella Sciorra, American actress
• 1965 – The Undertaker, American professional wrestler
• 1965 – Gurmit Singh, Singaporean actor
• 1969 – Houston, American pornographic actress
• 1970 – Lara Flynn Boyle, American actress
• 1970 – Sharon Corr, Irish musician (The Corrs)
• 1970 – Judith Draxler, Austrian swimmer
• 1972 – Steve Karsay, American baseball player
• 1973 – Jacek Bak, Polish footballer
• 1973 – Steve Corica, Australian soccer player
• 1974 – Chad Butler, American drummer (Switchfoot)
• 1974 – Alyson Hannigan, American actress
• 1975 – Thomas Johansson, Swedish tennis player
• 1976 – Aaron Brooks, American football player
• 1976 – Peyton Manning, American football player
• 1976 – Aliou Cissé, Senegalese footballer
• 1976 – Athanasios Kostoulas, Greek footballer
• 1977 – Darren Lockyer, Australian rugby league footballer
• 1977 – Corneille, Canadian-Rwandan singer
• 1978 – Michael Braun, Australian Football League player (West Coast Eagles)
• 1979 – Graeme Swann, English cricketer
• 1979 – Periklis Iakovakis, Greek athlete
• 1980 – Tassos Venetis, Greek footballer
• 1981 – Ron Hainsey, American hockey player
• 1982 – Dustin McGowan, American baseball player
• 1982 – Corey Hart, American baseball player
• 1982 – Nivea Hamilton, American R&B singer.
• 1983 – T.J. Ford, American basketball player
• 1984 – Chris Bosh, American basketball player
• 1985 – Haruka Ayase, Japanese actress and model
• 1986 – Kohei Hirate, Japanese racing driver
• 1986 – Anthony McMahon, English footballer
• 1988 – Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer
• 1990 – Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian-born New Zealand actress
March 24 – Deaths:
• 809 – Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid caliph (b. 763)
• 1284 – King Hugh III of Cyprus
• 1361 – Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, English soldier and diplomat
• 1381 – Catherine of Sweden, Swedish saint
• 1396 – Walter Hilton, English mystic
• 1455 – Pope Nicholas V (b. 1397)
• 1558 – Anna of Egmond, Countess of Egmond and Buren (b. 1533)
• 1563 – Hosokawa Harumoto, Japanese military leader (b. 1514)
• 1575 – Yosef Karo, Spanish-born rabbi (b. 1488)
• 1603 – Queen Elizabeth I of England (b. 1533)
• 1653 – Samuel Scheidt, German composer (b. 1587)
• 1773 – Philip Dormer Stanhope, English statesman (b. 1694)
• 1776 – John Harrison, English clockmaker (b. 1693)
• 1869 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
• 1881 – Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
• 1882 – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American author (b. 1807)
• 1887 – Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic (b. 1837)
• 1888 – Vsevolod Garshin, Russian author (b. 1855)
• 1905 – Jules Verne, French author (b. 1828)
• 1909 – John Millington Synge, Irish playwright (b. 1871)
• 1915 – Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (b. 1846)
• 1916 – Enrique Granados, Spanish composer (b. 1867)
• 1921 – Larry McLean, Canadian baseball player (b. 1881)
• 1944 – Orde Wingate, British soldier (b. 1903)
• 1946 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (b. 1892)
• 1948 – Sigrid Hjertén, Swedish modernist painter (b. 1885)
• 1950 – James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (b. 1865)
• 1953 – Mary of Teck, queen consort to George V of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
• 1962 – Jean Goldkette, Greek-born musician (b. 1899)
• 1962 – Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist and explorer (b. 1884)
• 1968 – Alice Guy-Blaché, American film director (b. 1873)
• 1976 – Bernard Montgomery, British field marshal (b. 1887)
• 1980 – Óscar Romero, Archbishop of El Salvador (b. 1917)
• 1984 – Sam Jaffe, American actor (b. 1891)
• 1990 – Ray Goulding, American comedian (b. 1922)
• 1990 – An Wang, Chinese-born computer innovator (b. 1920)
• 1991 – Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor General of Australia (b. 1914)
• 1993 – John Hersey, American author (b. 1914)
• 1997 – Martin Caidin, American writer noted for his focus on aviation (b. 1927)
• 1997 – Harold Melvin, American singer (Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes) (b. 1939)
• 1999 – Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women’s leader (b. 1902)
• 1999 – Birdie Tebbetts, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
• 2001 – Muriel Young, English TV entertainer (b. 1928)
• 2002 – César Milstein, Argentine scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1927)
• 2003 – Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
• 2006 – Lynne Perrie, English actress (b. 1931)
March 24 – Holidays:
• Ancient Latvia – Kazimiras Diena observed.
• World Tuberculosis Day.
• Labor Day Melbourne, Australia
• Liturgical feasts:
o Saint Macartan
o Saint Simeon (d. 1475)
o Saint Catharine of Sweden (d. 1381)

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