On This Day in History March 27

March 27 – Events:

  • 1329 – Pope John XXII issues his ‘In Agro Dominico’ condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.
  • 1513 (not 1512 as often cited) – Explorer Juan Ponce de León sights North America (specifically Florida) for the first time, mistaking it for another island.
  • 1613 – First English child born in Canada at Cuper’s Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
  • 1625 – Charles I becomes King of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as claiming the title King of France.
  • 1642 – The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes his office.
  • 1782 – Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1794 – The government of the United States establishes a permanent United States Navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • 1794 – Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: In central Alabama, United States forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
  • 1834 – Andrew Jackson is censured by the U.S. Senate for his actions regarding the U.S. National Bank.
  • 1836 – Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre – Antonio López de Santa Anna orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texans at Goliad, Texas.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas.
  • 1851 – First reported case of Europeans seeing Yosemite Valley.
  • 1854 – Crimean War: United Kingdom declares war on Russia.
  • 1868 – The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 1871 – First international rugby football match, England v. Scotland, played in Edinburgh at Raeburn Place.
  • 1881 – Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperence by the Salvation Army.
  • 1890 – A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • 1906 – Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
  • 1918 – Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
  • 1941 – World War II: Yugoslavian Air Force officers topple the pro-axis government in a bloodless coup.
  • 1942 – World War II: United Kingdom forces raid the U-boat base at St. Nazaire, France.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Komandorski Islands – In the Aleutian Islands the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.
  • 1945 – World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan’s ports and waterways begins.
  • 1948 – The Second Congress of the Workers Party of North Korea is convened.
  • 1958 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
  • 1963 – Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom’s rail network.
  • 1964 – The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.
  • 1968 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet Cosmonaut, first human in space dies in aircraft training accident.
  • 1969 – Mariner 7 is launched.
  • 1970 – The Concorde makes its first supersonic flight
  • 1977 – Tenerife disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 247 on KLM and 335 on PAN AM) and 61 survived on a PAN AM flight.
  • 1980 – The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
  • 1986 – Car bomb explodes at Russell Street Police HQ in Melbourne, killing 1 police officer and injuring 21 people.
  • 1990 – The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
  • 1993 – Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People’s Republic of China.
  • 1994 – One of the biggest tornado outbreaks in recent memory hits the Southeastern United States. One tornado slams into a church in Piedmont, Alabama during Palm Sunday services killing 20 and injuring 90.
  • 1998 – The Food and Drug Administration approves Viagra for use as a treatment for male impotence, the first pill to be approved for this condition in the United States.
  • 2002 – Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
  • 2006 – The UN Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.

March 27 – Birthdays:

  • 972 – King Robert II of France (d. 1031)
  • 1416 – Antonio Squarcialupi, Italian composer (d. 1480)
  • 1627 – Stephen Fox, English politician (d. 1716)
  • 1676 – Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (d. 1735)
  • 1696 – Antoine Court, French Huguenot minister (d. 1760)
  • 1702 – Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (d. 1762)
  • 1712 – Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (d. 1779)
  • 1714 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (d. 1795)
  • 1730 – Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar (d. 1786)
  • 1746 – Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (d. 1767)
  • 1765 – Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1841)
  • 1785 – King Louis XVII of France (d. 1795)
  • 1797 – Alfred de Vigny, French author (d. 1863)
  • 1809 – Baron Haussmann, French civic planner (d. 1891)
  • 1810 – William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1813 – Nathaniel Currier, American illustrator (d. 1888)
  • 1817 – Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss biologist (d. 1891)
  • 1845 – Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
  • 1847 – Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
  • 1851 – Vincent d’Indy, French composer and teacher (d. 1931)
  • 1857 – Karl Pearson, English statistician (d. 1936)
  • 1859 – George Giffen, Australian cricketer (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (d. 1924)
  • 1863 – Sir Henry Royce, English automobile pioneer (d. 1933)
  • 1869 – James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
  • 1871 – Heinrich Mann, German writer (d. 1950)
  • 1879 – Miller Huggins, American baseball player and manager (d. 1929)
  • 1883 – Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (d. 1980)
  • 1886 – Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader (d. 1934)
  • 1886 – Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German architect (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Ferde Grofé, American composer (d. 1972)
  • 1893 – Karl Mannheim, Hungarian sociologist (d. 1947)
  • 1899 – Gloria Swanson, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Douglas Hartree, English mathematical physicist (d. 1958)
  • 1901 – Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000)
  • 1901 – Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (d. 1963)
  • 1901 – Eisaku Sato, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1975)
  • 1901 – Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (d. 1971)
  • 1902 – Charles Lang, American cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1905 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Pee Wee Russell, American musician (d. 1969)
  • 1909 – Golo Mann, German historian (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Ben Webster, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – James Callaghan, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Theodor Dannecker, SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1914 – Richard Denning, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1914 – Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter and novelist
  • 1915 – Robert Lockwood, Jr., American blues guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Cyrus Vance, American politician (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Robin Jacques, illustrator (d. 1995)
  • 1921 – Harold Nicholas, American dancer (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Stefan Wul, French author (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Endo Shusaku, Japanese author (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
  • 1924 – Sarah Vaughan, American singer (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Mstislav Rostropovich, Russian cellist and conductor (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980)
  • 1935 – Abelardo Castillo, Argentine writer
  • 1935 – Julian Glover, British actor
  • 1937 – Thomas Aquinas Daly, American painter
  • 1939 – Cale Yarborough, American race car driver
  • 1940 – Janis Martin, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Ivan Gašparovic, President of Slovakia
  • 1942 – John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1942 – Michael York, English actor
  • 1942 – Michael Jackson, English writer (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Phil Frank, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – Olaf Malolepski, German musician (Die Flippers)
  • 1947 – Brian Jones, British balloonist
  • 1947 – Walt Mossberg, Wall Street Journal columnist
  • 1950 – Tony Banks, English musician (Genesis)
  • 1950 – Petros Efthimiou, Greek politician
  • 1950 – Lynn McGlothen, American baseball player (d. 1984)
  • 1952 – Maria Schneider, French actress
  • 1952 – Richard Séguin, Quebec singer and songwriter
  • 1956 – Leung Kwok Hung, Hong Kong activist
  • 1956 – Thomas Wassberg, Swedish cross-country skier
  • 1957 – Nick Hawkins, British politician
  • 1957 – Billy Mackenzie, Scottish musician (Associates) (d. 1997)
  • 1959 – Andrew Farriss, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1960 – Hans Pflügler, German footballer
  • 1961 – Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist (B’z)
  • 1961 – Tony Rominger, Swiss cyclist
  • 1962 – Jann Arden, Canadian musician
  • 1963 – Charly Alberti, Argentinian musician
  • 1963 – Randall Cunningham American football player
  • 1963 – Quentin Tarantino, American director, writer, and producer
  • 1963 – Xuxa, Brazilian television personality
  • 1964 – Glenn Carter, English actor and singer-songwriter
  • 1966 – Paula Trickey, American actress
  • 1967 – Paul Adams, American celebrity
  • 1967 – Talisa Soto, American actress
  • 1968 – Sandra Hess, Swiss-born actress and model
  • 1969 – Pauley Perrette, American actress, photographer, poet, writer
  • 1970 – Mariah Carey, American singer
  • 1970 – Brent Fitz, Canadian Musician (Theory of a Deadman)
  • 1970 – Brendan Hill, British drummer (Blues Traveler)
  • 1970 – Princess Leila of Iran (d. 2001)
  • 1970 – Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress
  • 1971 – Thom Barron, German porn star
  • 1971 – David Coulthard, Scottish Formula One driver
  • 1971 – Nathan Fillion, Canadian actor
  • 1972 – Charlie Haas, professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink, Dutch footballer
  • 1974 – Russ Haas, wrestler (d. 2001)
  • 1974 – Gaizka Mendieta, Spanish footballer
  • 1975 – Stacy “Fergie” Ferguson, American musician (Black Eyed Peas)
  • 1976 – Djamel Belmadi, Algerian footballer
  • 1976 – Carl Ng, Hong Kong/British actor and model
  • 1977 – Violetta Blue, American porn star
  • 1977 – Vitor Meira, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1977 – Adrian Anca, Romanian footballer
  • 1979 – Michael Cuddyer, Minnesota Twins baseball player
  • 1981 – Carey Davis, National Football League fullback
  • 1981 – Lin Jun Jie, Chinese Singer
  • 1981 – Terry McFlynn, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1982 – Kurara Chibana, Japanese beauty queen, first runner-up Miss Universe 2006
  • 1985 – Caroline Winberg, Swedish supermodel
  • 1985 – Dario Baldauf, Austrian footballer
  • 1986 – Valerie “So Cal Val” Wyndham, American professional wrestling valet
  • 1987 – Chad Denny, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1988 – Brenda Song, American actress
  • 1995 – Taylor Atelian, American actress
  • 1997 – Princess Sara bint Al Faisal, of Jordan

March 27 – Deaths:

  • 973 – Herman, Duke of Saxony
  • 1191 – Pope Clement III
  • 1350 – King Alfonso XI of Castile (b. 1312)
  • 1378 – Pope Gregory XI
  • 1462 – Vasili II of Russia, Grand Prince of Moscow (b. 1415)
  • 1482 – Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold; wife of Maximilian I (b. 1457)
  • 1555 – William Hunter, Protestant martyr
  • 1572 – Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. abt. 1523)
  • 1625 – King James I of England and Ireland, James VI of Scotland (b. 1566)
  • 1635 – Robert Naunton, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1697 – Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate (b. 1603)
  • 1757 – Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (b. 1717)
  • 1770 – Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian artist (b. 1696)
  • 1809 – Joseph-Marie Vien, French painter (b. 1716)
  • 1827 – François Alexandre Frédéric, French social reformer (b. 1747)
  • 1836 – James Fannin, Texas revolutionary (b. 1804)
  • 1843 – Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal, German jurist (b. 1769)
  • 1849 – Archibald Acheson, 2nd Earl of Gosford (b. 1776)
  • 1850 – Wilhelm Beer, German astronomer (b. 1797)
  • 1864 – Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1865 – Petrus Hoffman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar (b. 1786)
  • 1873 – Amedée Simon Dominique Thierry, French journalist and historian (b. 1797)
  • 1875 – Edgar Quinet, French historian (b. 1803)
  • 1878 – Sir George Gilbert Scott, English architect (b. 1811)
  • 1889 – John Bright, English statesman (b. 1811)
  • 1897 – Andreas Anagnostakis, Greek physician (b. 1826)
  • 1898 – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual (b. 1817)
  • 1910 – Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, American scientist; son of Louis Agassiz (b. 1835)
  • 1918 – Henry Adams, American historian (b. 1838)
  • 1923 – Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)
  • 1924 – Walter Parratt, English composer (b. 1841)
  • 1926 – Georges Vézina, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1887)
  • 1927 – Joe Start, American baseball player (b. 1842)
  • 1931 – Arnold Bennett, British novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1940 – Michael Joseph Savage, Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1872)
  • 1967 – Jaroslav Heyrovský, Czech chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1967 – Jim Thompson, American designer (disappeared) (b. 1906)
  • 1968 – Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Sharkey Bonano, American musician (b. 1904)
  • 1972 – M.C. Escher, Dutch artist (b. 1898)
  • 1977 – A. P. Hamann, American politician
  • 1977 – Diana Hyland, American actress (b. 1936)
  • 1981 – Mao Dun, Chinese writer (b. 1895)
  • 1989 – May Allison, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1989 – Jack Starrett, American actor and film director (b. 1936)
  • 1991 – Ralph Bates, British actor (b. 1940)
  • 1991 – Aldo Ray, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 1992 – Easley Blackwood, American bridgeplayer (b. 1903)
  • 1993 – Clifford Jordan, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1931)
  • 1993 – Paul László, Hungarian interior designer and architect (b. 1900)
  • 1998 – David McClelland, American psychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Ferry Porsche, Austrian automobile manufacturer (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Ian Dury, English musician (b. 1942)
  • 2002 – Milton Berle, American actor and comedian (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Dudley Moore, British actor (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Billy Wilder, American director (b. 1906)
  • 2003 – Daniel Ceccaldi, French actor (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Ricardo Munguia, Salvadoran aid worker
  • 2003 – Paul Zindel, American writer (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Adán Sánchez, Mexican-American singer (b. 1984)
  • 2005 – Wilfred Bigelow, Canadian heart surgeon (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Bob Casey, American baseball announcer (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Grant Johannesen, American concert pianist (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Dan Curtis, American television producer and director (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Stanislaw Lem, Polish writer (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Ruari McLean, British typographer (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Lyn Nofziger, American journalist and political advisor to Ronald Reagan (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Paul Lauterbur, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1929)

March 27 – Holidays:

  • Angolan Victory Day
  • Osweiler in Luxembourg.
  • Feast day of Rupert of Salzburg in the Roman Catholic Church.
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