On This Day In History March 30

March 30 – Events:

  • 240 BC – 1st recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
  • 1282 – The people of Sicily rebel against the Angevin king Charles I, in what becomes known as the Sicilian Vespers.
  • 1296 – Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England.
  • 1492 – Ferdinand and Isabella sign the Alhambra decree aimed at expelling all Jews from Spain unless they convert to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1814 – Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris.
  • 1814 – Neapolitan War: Murat issues the Rimini Declaration which would later inspire Italian Unification.
  • 1822 – Florida Territory created in the United States.
  • 1842 – Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation by Dr. Crawford Long.
  • 1844 – One of the most important battles of the Dominican War of Independence from Haiti takes place near the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.
  • 1855 – “Border Ruffians” from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery
  • 1856 – The Treaty of Paris (1856) is signed, ending the Crimean War.
  • 1858 – Hymen Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
  • 1863 – Danish prince Wilhelm Georg is chosen as King George of Greece.
  • 1867 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this Seward’s Folly.
  • 1870 – Texas is readmitted to the Union following Reconstruction.
  • 1885 – The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • 1909 – The Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens.
  • 1910 – Mississippi Legislature founded The University of Southern Mississippi.
  • 1912 – Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.
  • 1939 – The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 1939 – First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway.
  • 1940 – Sino-Japanese War: Japan declares Nanking to be the capital of a new Chinese puppet government, nominally controlled by Wang Ching-wei.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna, Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gdansk.
  • 1945 – World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans.
  • 1949 – Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joined NATO.
  • 1951 – Remington Rand delivers the first UNIVAC I computer to the United States Census Bureau.
  • 1954 – Yonge Street subway line opens in Toronto. It is the first subway in Canada.
  • 1961 – The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
  • 1979 – Airey Neave, a British politician, is killed by a car bomb as he exits the Palace of Westminster. The Irish National Liberation Army claims responsibility.
  • 1981 – President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley, Jr.
  • 1982 – Space Shuttle program: STS-3 Mission completed with the landing of Columbia at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.
  • 1997 – Five (channel) Begins broadcasting in the UK
  • 2006 – Marcos Pontes is the first Brazilian astronaut in space.
  • 2006 – UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.

March 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1326 – Ivan II of Russia, Grand Duke of Muscovy (d. 1359)
  • 1432 – Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)
  • 1640 – John Trenchard, English politician (d. 1695)
  • 1739 – Maria Josepha of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1767)
  • 1746 – Francisco Goya, Spanish painter (d. 1828)
  • 1750 – John Stafford Smith, English composer (d. 1836)
  • 1820 – Anna Sewell, British author (d. 1878)
  • 1844 – Paul Verlaine, French poet (d. 1896)
  • 1853 – Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (d. 1890)
  • 1857 – Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • 1864 – Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (d. 1943)
  • 1879 – Coen de Koning, Dutch ice skater (d. 1954)
  • 1880 – Sean O’Casey, Irish dramatist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • 1892 – Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • 1894 – Sergey Ilyushin, Russian aerospace engineer (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Jean Giono, French author (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, well known Bengali writer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (d. 2007)
  • 1902 – Ted Heath, British musician and band leader (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Countee Cullen, American poet (d. 1946)
  • 1903 – Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Ripper Collins, baseball player (d. 1970)
  • 1905 – Albert Pierrepoint, English executioner (d. 1992)
  • 1907 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician (d. 1940)
  • 1913 – Marc Davis, American animator (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Richard Helms, American CIA director (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Frankie Laine, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Censu Tabone, President of Malta
  • 1914 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American musician (d. 1948)
  • 1919 – McGeorge Bundy, American National Security Advisor (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Turhan Bey, Turkish actor
  • 1923 – Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (d. 1986)
  • 1926 – Ingvar Kamprad, Swedish entrepreneur
  • 1926 – Werner Torkanowsky, German conductor (d. 1992)
  • 1927 – Peter Marshall, American game show host
  • 1928 – Robert Badinter, French politician
  • 1928 – Tom Sharpe, English satirical author
  • 1929 – Richard Dysart, American actor
  • 1930 – John Astin, American actor
  • 1930 – Rolf Harris, Australian artist and entertainer
  • 1932 – Ted Morgan, Swiss-born writer
  • 1933 – Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor and director
  • 1935 – Karl Berger, German musicologist and musician
  • 1935 – Willie Galimore, American football player (d. 1964)
  • 1937 – Warren Beatty, American actor and director
  • 1940 – Jerry Lucas, American basketball player
  • 1941 – Graeme Edge, British musician (Moody Blues)
  • 1941 – Wasim Sajjad, President of Pakistan
  • 1943 – Ken Forssi, American musician (Love) (d. 1998)
  • 1945 – Eric Clapton, British guitarist/singer
  • 1947 – Ryszard Kotla, Polish travel writer and activist, tour guide, journalist, academic teacher, engineer
  • 1948 – Mervyn King, British economist
  • 1948 – Eddie Jordan Former owner of Jordan Grand Prix
  • 1949 – Naomi Sims, American fashion model and businesswoman
  • 1949 – Liza Frulla, Quebec politician
  • 1950 – Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor and comedian
  • 1951 – Yves Séguin, Quebec politician
  • 1952 – Peter Knights, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1953 – Cydney Bernard, American film producer
  • 1955 – Randy VanWarmer, American singer and songwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1956 – Bill Butler, Scottish politician
  • 1957 – Paul Reiser, American actor
  • 1958 – Maurice LaMarche, Canadian voice actor
  • 1959 – Peter Ellis, convicted child abuser
  • 1959 – Sabine Meyer, German clarinetist
  • 1961 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999)
  • 1962 – MC Hammer, American rap musician
  • 1963 – Eli-Eri Moura, Brazilian composer and conductor
  • 1964 – Tracy Chapman, American singer
  • 1964 – Vlado Bozinovski, Australian former footballer
  • 1964 – Dave Ellett, Canadian hockey player
  • 1964 – Ian Ziering, American actor
  • 1965 – Piers Morgan, British journalist
  • 1966 – Joey Castillo, American drummer (Queens of the Stone Age)
  • 1966 – Efstratios Grivas, Greek chess grandmaster and author
  • 1967 – Christopher Bowman, American figure skater (d. 2008)
  • 1967 – Hayashibara Megumi, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1968 – Donna D’Errico, American actress and model
  • 1968 – Celine Dion, Canadian singer
  • 1970 – Secretariat, American racehorse (d. 1989)
  • 1971 – Mark Consuelos, American actor
  • 1972 – Mili Avital, Israeli-American actress
  • 1973 – Jan Koller, Czech footballer
  • 1973 – Matthew Pritchard Welsh Stuntman
  • 1975 – Bahar Soomekh, American actress
  • 1976 – Mark McClelland, Northern Irish musician (Degrassi)
  • 1976 – Ty Conklin, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Obadele Thompson, Barbadian athlete
  • 1978 – Chris Paterson, Scottish rugby player
  • 1979 – Norah Jones, American singer and pianist
  • 1979 – Simon Webbe, English singer
  • 1980 – Ricardo Osorio, Mexican footballer
  • 1980 – Yalin, Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Paul Wall, American rapper
  • 1982 – Jason Dohring, American actor
  • 1983 – Jérémie Aliadière, French footballer
  • 1983 – Zach Gowen, American professional wrestler
  • 1983 – Scott Moffatt, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1983 – Davis Romero, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1983 – Hebe Tian, Taiwanese singer (S.H.E)
  • 1984 – Mario Ancic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1984 – Anna Nalick, American singer and songwriter
  • 1986 – Beni Arashiro, Japanese singer
  • 1986 – Sergio Ramos, Spanish footballer

March 30 – Deaths:

  • 1486 – Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1526 – Konrad Mutian, German humanist (b. 1471)
  • 1540 – Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, German statesman and Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1469)
  • 1559 – Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)
  • 1587 – Ralph Sadler, English statesman (b. 1507)
  • 1662 – François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)
  • 1707 – Vauban, French architect (b. 1633)
  • 1764 – Pietro Locatelli, Italian composer (b. 1695)
  • 1783 – William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
  • 1804 – Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
  • 1840 – Beau Brummell, English celebrity and dandy (b. 1778)
  • 1842 – Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
  • 1879 – Thomas Couture, French painter and teacher (b. 1815)
  • 1886 – Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, French Canadian politician (b. 1838)
  • 1896 – Charilaos Trikoupis, seven times prime-minister of Greece (b. 1832)
  • 1912 – Karl May, German author (b. 1842)
  • 1925 – Rudolf Steiner, Austrian philosopher
  • 1936 – Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer (b. 1895)
  • 1943 – Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • 1943 – Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)
  • 1949 – Friedrich Bergius, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1950 – Léon Blum, French prime minister (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Daniil Andreev, Russian writer and mystic (b. 1906)
  • 1965 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
  • 1966 – Maxfield Parrish, American artist (b. 1870)
  • 1966 – Newbold Morris, American politician (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Jean Toomer, American writer (b. 1894)
  • 1968 – Bobby Driscoll, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 1970 – Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1885)
  • 1972 – Gabriel Heatter, American radio commentator (b. 1890)
  • 1977 – Abdel Halim Hafez, Egyptian singer and actor (b. 1929)
  • 1981 – DeWitt Wallace, American publisher (b. 1889)
  • 1984 – Karl Rahner, German theologian (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Harold Peary, American actor and singer (heart attack) (b. 1908)
  • 1986 – James Cagney, American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1988 – Edgar Faure, French politician (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Manolis Andronikos, Greek archeologist, professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Gary Morton, American film and television producer (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (b. 1900)
  • 2002 – Søren Nystrøm Rasted, Danish Musician, husband of Lene (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Michael Jeter, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2003 – Valentin Pavlov, Prime Minister of the Soviet Union (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Alistair Cooke, English-born journalist (b. 1908)
  • 2004 – Hubert Gregg, British broadcaster (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Michael King, New Zealand historian (b. 1945)
  • 2004 – Timi Yuro, American singer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Emil Dimitrov, Bulgarian singer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 – Robert Creeley, American poet (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Milton Green, American athlete (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Fred Korematsu, American civil rights activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – O. V. Vijayan, Indian author and cartoonist (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Derrick Plourde, American drummer (b. 1971)
  • 2006 – Red Hickey, American football coach (b. 1917)

March 30 – Holidays:

  • Roman Empire – Festival devoted to Salus.
  • Land Day.
  • Spiritual Baptist/Shouter Liberation Day – Public holiday in Trinidad and Tobago.
  • Saint John Climacus (d. 649)
  • Saint Quirinus (d. 117)
  • Tola of Clonard
  • Blessed Amadeus IX of Savoy
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