On This Day in History May 7

May 7 – Events:

  • 558 – In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders the dome rebuilt.
  • 1274 – In France, the Second Council of Lyons opens to regulate the election of the Pope.
  • 1429 – Joan of Arc ends the Siege of Orléans, pulling an arrow from her own shoulder and returning wounded to lead the final charge. The victory marks a turning point in the Hundred Years’ War.
  • 1664 – Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles.
  • 1697 – Stockholm’s royal castle (dating back to medieval times) is destroyed in a huge fire (in the 18th century, it is replaced with the current Royal Palace).
  • 1763 – Indian Wars: Pontiac’s Rebellion begins – Chief Pontiac begins the “Conspiracy of Pontiac” by attacking British forces at Fort Detroit.
  • 1824 – World premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony in Vienna, Austria. Work was conducted by Michael Umlauf, under the deaf composer’s supervision.
  • 1832 – Greece is recognised independent by the Treaty of London. Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria is chosen King.
  • 1836 – The settlement of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is elevated to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain.
  • 1840 – The Great Natchez Tornado strikes Natchez, Mississippi, killing 317 people. It is the second deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
  • 1847 – In Philadelphia, the American Medical Association (AMA) is founded.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses S. Grant, breaks off from the Battle of the Wilderness and moves southwards.
  • 1895 – In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention – the first in the world radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union this day is celebrated as Day of Radio.
  • 1915 – World War I: a German submarine U-20 sinks the RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people, including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turned many formerly pro-Germans in the United States of America against the German Empire.
  • 1920 – Kiev Offensive (1920): Polish troops led by Józef Pilsudski and Edward Rydz-Smigly and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force captured Kiev only to be driven out by the Red Army counter-offensive a month later.
  • 1920 – Treaty of Moscow (1920): Soviet Russia recognizes independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later.
  • 1927 – Angelos Sikelianos organizes the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrive in Spain to assist Franco’s forces.
  • 1945 – World War II: General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany’s participation in the war. The document will take effect the next day.
  • 1946 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with about 20 employees.
  • 1947 – Kraft Television Theater debuts, running for the next 11 years.
  • 1948 – The Council of Europe is founded during the Hague Congress.
  • 1952 – The concept for the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer.
  • 1954 – Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
  • 1960 – Cold War: U-2 Crisis – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that his nation is holding American U-2 pilot Gary Powers.
  • 1964 – Pacific Air Lines Flight 773, a Fairchild F-27 airliner, crashes near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reports that a cockpit recorder tape indicates that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger.
  • 1974 – West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns.
  • 1992 – Michigan ratifies a 203-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a mid-term pay raise.
  • 1992 – Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched on its maiden voyage (STS-49).
  • 1992 – Three employees at a McDonald’s Restaurant in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, are brutally murdered and a fourth permanently disabled after a botched robbery. It is the first fast-food murder in Canada.
  • 1998 – Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for US$40 billion and forms DaimlerChrysler in the largest industrial merger in history.
  • 1999 – Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope that had visited a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.
  • 1999 – A jury finds The Jenny Jones Show and Warner Bros. liable in the shooting death of Scott Amedure, after the show purposely deceived Jonathan Schmitz to appear on a secret same-sex crush episode. Schmitz later killed Amedure and the jury awarded Amedure’s family US$25 million.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.
  • 1999 – In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup.
  • 2002 – A China Southern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
  • 2005 – Former Lebanese Prime Minister, General Michel Aoun returns to Lebanon after 15 years in exile.
  • 2007 – The tomb of Herod the Great is discovered.

May 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1328 – Louis VI the Roman, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1365)
  • 1530 – Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French Huguenot general (d. 1569)
  • 1643 – Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician (d. 1700)
  • 1700 – Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-born physician (d. 1772)
  • 1724 – Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Austrian general (d. 1797)
  • 1740 – Nikolai Arkharov, Russian general (d. 1814)
  • 1748 – Olympe de Gouges, playwright and feminist revolutionary (d. 1793)
  • 1763 – Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish prince (d. 1813)
  • 1767 – Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia, Duchess of York and Albany (d. 1820)
  • 1774 – William Bainbridge, American Commodore (d. 1833)
  • 1787 – Jacques Viger, French Canadian politician, first mayor of Montreal (d. 1858)
  • 1812 – Robert Browning, English poet (d. 1889)
  • 1833 – Johannes Brahms, German composer (d. 1897)
  • 1840 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (d. 1893)
  • 1847 – Archibald Primrose, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1929)
  • 1857 – William A. MacCorkle, American politician (d. 1930)
  • 1861 – Rabindranath Tagore, Indian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1867 – Wladyslaw Reymont, Polish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1925)
  • 1882 – Willem Elsschot, Flemish writer (d. 1960)
  • 1885 – George ‘Gabby’ Hayes, American actor (d. 1969)
  • 1891 – Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • 1892 – Archibald MacLeish, American Librarian of Congress (d. 1982)
  • 1892 – Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (d. 1980)
  • 1893 – Frank J. Selke, Canadian ice hockey manager (d. 1985)
  • 1896 – Pavel Sergeevich Alexandrov, Russian mathematician (d. 1982)
  • 1901 – Gary Cooper, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 1909 – Edwin H. Land, American inventor (d. 1991)
  • 1911 – Ishiro Honda, Japanese film director (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Huw Wheldon, British broadcaster (d. 1986)
  • 1917 – David Tomlinson, English film actor (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Eva Peron, Argentine first lady (d. 1952)
  • 1922 – Lew Anderson, American actor and bandleader (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Darren McGavin, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Joe O’Donnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist (d. 2007)
  • 1923 – Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Albert Band, American film director (d. 2002)
  • 1927 – Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, German screenwriter
  • 1927 – Jim Lowe, American singer
  • 1929 – Babe Parilli, American football player
  • 1929 – Dick Williams, American baseball player, manager and coach
  • 1930 – Totie Fields, American comedienne (d. 1978)
  • 1931 – Teresa Brewer, American pop and jazz singer (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Pete Domenici, Republican senator from New Mexico
  • 1933 – Johnny Unitas, American football player (d. 2002)
  • 1933 – Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer
  • 1935 – Isobel Warren, Canadian author
  • 1939 – Sidney Altman, Canadian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1939 – Ruud Lubbers, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1939 – Johnny Maestro, American pop singer
  • 1939 – Jimmy Ruffin, American singer
  • 1939 – Ruggero Deodato, Italian film director, actor and screen writer
  • 1940 – Angela Carter, English novelist and journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1941 – Catherine P. Saxton, British-born American public relations executive
  • 1943 – Terry Allen, American country music singer
  • 1943 – Harvey Andrews, English singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – Eva Norvind, Mexican actress (d. 2006)
  • 1944 – Richard O’Sullivan, British actor
  • 1945 – Christy Moore, Irish folk artist
  • 1945 – Robin Strasser, American TV soap opera actress
  • 1946 – Thelma Houston, American singer
  • 1946 – Bill Kreutzmann, American drummer (Grateful Dead)
  • 1946 – Brian Turner, English celebrity chef
  • 1950 – Randall ‘Tex’ Cobb, American boxer and actor
  • 1950 – Tim Russert, American television host
  • 1951 – Robert Hegyes, American actor
  • 1953 – Pat McInally, former National Football League player
  • 1953 – Ian McKay, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1954 – Philippe Geluck, Belgian cartoonist
  • 1954 – Amy Heckerling, American director
  • 1955 – Ben Poquette, American basketball player
  • 1955 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver.
  • 1955 – Kevin Reed, American theologian
  • 1956 – Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1956 – Anne Dudley, British composer
  • 1956 – Jean Lapierre, Canadian politician and television host
  • 1957 – Ray Fernandez, wrestler (d. 2004)
  • 1959 – Barbara Yung Mei-ling, Hong Kong actress (d. 1985)
  • 1959 – Michael E. Knight, American actor
  • 1960 – Almudena Grandes, Spanish novelist
  • 1961 – Phil Campbell, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1963 – Johnny Lee Middleton, American musician (Savatage & Trans-Siberian Orchestra)
  • 1965 – Owen Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1965 – Norman Whiteside, Northern Irish Footballer
  • 1967 – Joe Rice, legislator in the U.S. state of Colorado
  • 1968 – Traci Lords, American actress
  • 1969 – Eagle Eye Cherry, Swedish musician
  • 1969 – Rick Porras, American co-producer
  • 1971 – Horgh, (Reidar Horghagen) Norwegian drummer (Immortal/Hypocrisy)
  • 1972 – Felix Da Housecat, a House music DJ and record producer
  • 1972 – Frank Trigg, Mixed Martial Arts Fighter
  • 1973 – Kristian Lundin, Swedish songwriter
  • 1973 – Paolo Savoldelli, Italian cyclist
  • 1974 – Breckin Meyer, American actor
  • 1974 – Ian Pearce, English footballer
  • 1975 – Jason Tunks, Canadian track & field athlete
  • 1975 – Nicole Sheridan, American porn star
  • 1975 – Zee, American hip hop artist
  • 1977 – Lisa Kelly, Irish singer
  • 1978 – Brian Clevinger, American author
  • 1978 – Stian Arnesen (Nagash/Lex Icon), Norwegian Black Metal musician
  • 1978 – Shawn Marion, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Katie Douglas, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Johan Kenkhuis, Dutch swimmer
  • 1980 – Kate Lawler, English reality television personality and disc jockey
  • 1984 – Alex Smith, American football player
  • 1984 – Drew Stanton, American football player
  • 1984 – James Loney, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Drew Neitzel, American college basketball player
  • 1986 – Mark Furze, Australian actor
  • 1986 – Matt Helders, Musician, Drummer for Arctic Monkeys
  • 1987 – Michael Maidens, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1987 – Dennis Mak, Chinese singer (Sun Boy’z)

May 7 – Deaths:

  • 973 – Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 912)
  • 1092 – Remigius de Fécamp, first bishop of Lincoln (b. unknown)
  • 1427 – Thomas la Warr, 5th Baron De La Warr, English churchman
  • 1523 – Franz von Sickingen, German soldier (b. 1481)
  • 1539 – Guru Nanak Dev, Founder of Sikhism (b. 1469)
  • 1539 – Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer (b. 1466)
  • 1615 – Sanada Yukimura, Japanese samurai (b. 1567)
  • 1617 – David Fabricius, German astronomer (b. 1564)
  • 1667 – Johann Jakob Froberger, German composer (b. 1616)
  • 1682 – Tsar Feodor III of Russia (b. 1661)
  • 1718 – Mary of Modena, wife of James II of England (b. 1658)
  • 1793 – Pietro Nardini, Italian composer (b. 1722)
  • 1800 – Niccola Piccinni, Italian composer (b. 1728)
  • 1805 – William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1737)
  • 1825 – Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (b. 1750)
  • 1840 – Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (b. 1774)
  • 1868 – Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1778)
  • 1876 – William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (b. 1795)
  • 1896 – H. H. Holmes, American serial killer (b. 1861)
  • 1922 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (b. 1857)
  • 1925 – William Hesketh Lever, First Viscount Leverhulme (b. 1851)
  • 1940 – George Lansbury, Labour Party Leader (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (b. 1854)
  • 1942 – Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (b. 1863)
  • 1951 – Warner Baxter, American actor (b. 1889)
  • 1967 – Lorenzo Bandini, Italian Formula One pilot (b. 1935
  • 1987 – Colin Blakely, British actor (b. 1930)
  • 1989 – Guy Williams, American actor (b. 1924)
  • 1995 – Ray McKinley, American jazz drummer, singer and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South African physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1924)
  • 1998 – Eddie Rabbitt, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 2000 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor (b. 1909)
  • 2002 – Seattle Slew, American racehorse (b. 1974)
  • 2002 – Kevyn Aucoin, Makeup Artist and Photographer (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Waldemar Milewicz, Polish reporter (b. 1956)
  • 2005 – Tristan Egolf, American writer (b. 1971)
  • 2005 – Peter W. Rodino, American politician (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Otilino Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer (b. 1980)
  • 2006 – Richard Carleton, Australian news reporter (b.1943)
  • 2006 – Joan C. Edwards, American philanthropist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Machiko Soga, Japanese actress, singer, and tokusatsu legend (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Diego Corrales, American boxer (b. 1977)
  • 2007 – Octavian Paler, Romanian writer and journalist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Yahweh ben Yahweh, American cult leader (b. 1935)

May 7 – Holidays:

  • Russia – Radio Day (commemorating the work of Alexander Popov)
  • Bulgaria – Radio and Television Day (see above)
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Acacius of Byzantium
    • Saint Flavia Domitilla
    • John of Beverley
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