On This Day in History May 14

May 14 – Events:

  • 1264 – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
  • 1483 – Coronation of Charles VIII of France (“Charles l’Affable”).
  • 1509 – Battle of Agnadello: In northern Italy, French forces defeat the Venetians.
  • 1607 – Jamestown, Virginia is settled as an English colony.
  • 1608 – Protestant Union founded in Auhausen.
  • 1610 – Assassination of Henri IV of France, bringing Louis XIII to the throne.
  • 1643 – Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
  • 1747 – A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1787 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, delegates begin to meet to write a new Constitution for the United States.
  • 1796 – Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination.
  • 1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs from Camp Dubois and begin their historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.
  • 1811 – Paraguay gains independence from Spain.
  • 1861 – The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Jackson (MS).
  • 1868 – Japanese Boshin War: End of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikko.
  • 1870 – The first game of rugby in New Zealand is played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.
  • 1879 – The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji abroad the Leonidas.
  • 1889 – The children’s charity the NSPCC is launched in London.
  • 1913 – New York Governor William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller.
  • 1925 – Virginia Woolf’s novel Mrs Dalloway is published.
  • 1927 – Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm + Voss shipyard in Hamburg.
  • 1927 – University of Chicago’s local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity.
  • 1929 – Wilfred Rhodes takes his 4000th first-class wicket during a performance of 9 for 39 at Leyton.
  • 1931 – Ådalen shootings, five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
  • 1935 – The Filipinos ratify an independence agreement.
  • 1939 – Lina Medina becomes the world’s youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
  • 1940 – World War II: Rotterdam is bombed by the German Luftwaffe.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Netherlands surrender to Germany.
  • 1943 – Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • 1948 – Israel declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel was attacked by the neighboring Arab states.
  • 1955 – Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact.
  • 1961 – American civil rights movement: Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protestors are beaten by an angry mob.
  • 1961 – Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix.
  • 1970 – The Red Army Faction is established in Germany.
  • 1970 – Mississippi state police kill two black students at Jackson State University.
  • 1973 – Human Space Flight: Skylab, the United States’ first space station, is launched. It is the last launch of the Saturn V rocket.
  • 1978 – First round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta.
  • 1988 – Carrollton bus collision: A drunk driver going the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, Kentucky, USA hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. The crash and ensuing fire kill 27.
  • 1995 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, proclaims six-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the eleventh reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.
  • 2002 – Ten members of the Darwin-based Network Against Prohibition invade the Legislative Assembly of the Northern Territory of Australia.
  • 2004 – The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun.
  • 2004 – The marriage of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark and Mary Donaldson takes place in Copenhagen.
  • 2005 – Pope Benedict XVI observes his first beatification, elevating Blessed Marianne of Molokai on the road to canonization into sainthood.
  • 2005 – The former USS America (CV-66), a decommissioned supercarrier of the United States Navy, is deliberately sunk in the Atlantic Ocean after four weeks of live-fire exercises. She is the largest ship ever to be disposed of as a target in a military exercise.

May 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1265 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (d. 1321)
  • 1316 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1378)
  • 1553 – Margaret of Valois, wife of Henry IV (d. 1615)
  • 1666 – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)
  • 1679 – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer (d. 1764)
  • 1686 – Gabriel Fahrenheit, German physicist and engineer (d. 1736)
  • 1699 – Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)
  • 1701 – William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
  • 1710 – King Adolf Frederick of Sweden (d. 1771)
  • 1725 – Ludovico Manin, last Doge of Venice (d. 1802)
  • 1727 – Thomas Gainsborough, English artist (d. 1788)
  • 1737 – George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, British statesman (d. 1806)
  • 1752 – Timothy Dwight, American theologian (d. 1817)
  • 1752 – Albrecht Thaer, German agronomist (d. 1828)
  • 1771 – Robert Owen, Welsh social reformer (d. 1858)
  • 1781 – Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer, German historian (d. 1873)
  • 1814 – Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1817 – Alexander Kaufmann, German poet (d. 1893)
  • 1832 – Rudolf Lipschitz, German mathematician (d. 1903)
  • 1867 – Kurt Eisner, German politician (d. 1919)
  • 1872 – Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinals (d. 1961)
  • 1878 – James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)
  • 1880 – Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • 1881 – G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1881 – Ed Walsh, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Otto Klemperer, German-born conductor (d. 1973)
  • 1890 – Alex Pompez, American baseball executive (d. 1974)
  • 1893 – Louis Verneuil, French playwright, screenwriter (d. 1952)
  • 1897 – Sidney Bechet, American musician (d. 1959)
  • 1897 – Ed Ricketts, American marine biologist (d. 1948)
  • 1899 – Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1899 – Earle Combs, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Hal Borland, Writer (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – Leo Smit, Dutch composer (d. 1943)
  • 1900 – Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)
  • 1903 – Billie Dove, American actress (d. 1997)
  • 1904 – Hans Albert Einstein, American professor (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (d. 1961)
  • 1905 – Jean Daniélou, French cardinal (d. 1974)
  • 1905 – Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Hans von der Groeben, German diplomat, member of the European Commission (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Johnny Moss, American poker player (d. 1995)
  • 1916 – Lance Dossor, British-born concert pianist (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Del Moore, American comedian (d. 1970)
  • 1916 – Marco Zanuso, Italian architect
  • 1917 – Lou Harrison, American composer (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Solange Chaput-Rolland, French Canadian journalist, author and politician (d. 2001)
  • 1919 – John Hope, American meteorologist (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – Richard Deacon, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Arve Opsahl, Norwegian actor (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Franjo Tudman, President of Croatia (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • 1923 – Mrinal Sen, Indian film director
  • 1925 – Patrice Munsel, American opera soprano
  • 1926 – Eric Morecambe, British comedian (d. 1984)
  • 1927 – Herbert W. Franke, Austrian writer
  • 1929 – Henry McGee, British actor (d. 2006)
  • 1929 – Gump Worsley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Alvin Lucier, American composer
  • 1932 – Robert Bechtle, American painter
  • 1933 – Michael Chevalier, German voice actor
  • 1934 – Siân Phillips, Welsh actress
  • 1936 – Bobby Darin, American singer (d. 1973)
  • 1936 – Charlie Gracie, American singer
  • 1936 – Waheeda Rehman, Indian actress
  • 1940 – Troy Shondell, American singer
  • 1940 – ‘H’. Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1942 – Valeriy Brumel, Soviet athlete (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Byron Dorgan, U.S. Senator
  • 1942 – Prentis Hancock, British actor
  • 1942 – Tony Pérez, Cuban baseball player
  • 1942 – Rüdiger Vogler, German actor
  • 1943 – Jack Bruce, Scottish bassist (Cream)
  • 1943 – Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • 1943 – Derek Leckenby, British musician (Herman’s Hermits) (d. 1994)
  • 1943 – Elizabeth Ray, American sex scandal figure
  • 1944 – George Lucas, American film director
  • 1945 – Francesca Annis, British actress
  • 1945 – Yochanan Vollach, Israeli footballer and president of Maccabi Haifa
  • 1946 – Eric Peterson, Canadian actor
  • 1947 – Tamara Dobson, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1948 – Bob Woolmer, English cricket coach (d. 2007)
  • 1949 – Klaus-Peter Thaler, German cyclist
  • 1950 – Adolfo Dominguez, Spanish fashion designer
  • 1952 – David Byrne, Scottish-born American musician (Talking Heads)
  • 1952 – Scott Irwin, American professional wrestler (d. 1987)
  • 1952 – Donald R. McMonagle, American astronaut
  • 1952 – Robert Zemeckis, American film director
  • 1953 – Tom Cochrane, Canadian musician (Red Rider)
  • 1953 – Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia
  • 1954 – Jens Sparschuh, German writer
  • 1955 – Dennis Martínez, Nicaraguan baseball player
  • 1957 – Leon White, American professional wrestler
  • 1959 – Patrick Bruel, French singer
  • 1959 – Steve Hogarth, British singer (Marillion)
  • 1959 – Rick Vaive, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Anne Clark, English female singer
  • 1960 – Steve Williams, American wrestler
  • 1961 – Ulrike Folkerts, German actress
  • 1961 – Jean Leclerc, French Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1961 – Tim Roth, English actor
  • 1961 – Alain Vigneault, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 1962 – Ian Astbury, English singer (The Cult)
  • 1962 – C. C. DeVille, American musician (Poison)
  • 1963 – Pat Borders, American baseball player
  • 1964 – James M. Kelly, American astronaut
  • 1964 – Eric Peterson, American guitarist (Testament)
  • 1964 – Suzy Kolber, American sportscaster
  • 1965 – Eoin Colfer, Irish writer
  • 1966 – Marianne Denicourt, French actress
  • 1966 – Mike Inez, American bassist
  • 1966 – Fabrice Morvan, French music artist (Milli Vanilli)
  • 1966 – Raphael Saadiq, American musician (Tony! Toni! Toné!)
  • 1967 – Tony Siragusa, American football player
  • 1969 – Cate Blanchett, Australian actress
  • 1969 – Danny Wood, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • 1971 – Sofia Coppola, American director
  • 1972 – Mark Ruskell, England-born Scottish politician
  • 1973 – Voshon Lenard, American basketball player
  • 1973 – Natalie Appleton, Canadian-born singer
  • 1973 – Anais Granofsky, Canadian actress and director
  • 1973 – Julian White, English rugby union footballer
  • 1974 – Jennifer Allan, American model
  • 1975 – Salim Iles, Algerian swimmer
  • 1975 – Nicki Sørensen, Danish road bicycle racer
  • 1976 – Hunter Burgan, American musician (AFI)
  • 1976 – Brian Lawrence, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Martine McCutcheon, British actress
  • 1977 – Sophie Anderton, English model and television personality
  • 1977 – Roy Halladay, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Ada Nicodemou, Australian actress
  • 1978 – Eddie House, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Henry Garza, American singer and guitarist (Los Lonely Boys)
  • 1978 – André Macanga, Angolan footballer
  • 1978 – Gustavo Varela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979 – Clinton Morrison, English-born Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Carlos Tenorio, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1980 – Zdenek Grygera, Czech footballer
  • 1980 – Eugene Martineau, Dutch decathlete
  • 1980 – Júlia Sebestyén, Hungarian figure skater
  • 1980 – Hugo Southwell, Scottish rugby union footballer
  • 1981 – Sarbel, Greek-born singer
  • 1982 – Anahí, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1982 – BeardyMan, English beatboxer
  • 1982 – Ai Shibata, Japanese swimmer
  • 1983 – Uroš Slokar, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1983 – Amber Tamblyn, American actress
  • 1983 – Tom Welham, British musician (Thirteen Senses)
  • 1984 – Gary Ablett, Jr., Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – Michael Rensing, German footballer
  • 1984 – Nigel Reo-Coker, English footballer
  • 1984 – Mark Zuckerberg, founder & CEO of Facebook
  • 1985 – Sally Martin, American actress
  • 1986 – Camila Sodi, Mexican actress
  • 1987 – Franck Songo’o, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1987 – Francois Steyn, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1990 – Emily Samuelson, American ice dancer
  • 1993 – Miranda Cosgrove, American actress

May 14 – Deaths:

  • 964 – Pope John XII
  • 1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)
  • 1574 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (b. 1479)
  • 1608 – Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1543)
  • 1610 – Henry IV of France (b. 1553)
  • 1643 – Louis XIII of France (b. 1601)
  • 1649 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (b. 1600)
  • 1669 – Georges de Scudéry, French writer (b. 1601)
  • 1688 – Antoine Furetière, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1754 – Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (b. 1692)
  • 1761 – Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (b. 1710)
  • 1818 – Matthew Gregory Lewis, English novelist (b. 1775)
  • 1847 – Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (b. 1805)
  • 1860 – Ludwig Bechstein, German writer (b. 1801)
  • 1873 – Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and writer (b. 1797)
  • 1878 – Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)
  • 1887 – Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1889 – Volney E. Howard, American politician (b. 1809)
  • 1893 – Ernst Kummer, German mathematician (b. 1810)
  • 1906 – Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • 1912 – Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1843)
  • 1912 – August Strindberg, Swedish author (b. 1849)
  • 1918 – James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)
  • 1919 – Henry John Heinz, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company (b. 1844)
  • 1923 – Charles de Freycinet, French prime minister (b. 1828)
  • 1925 – H. Rider Haggard, English author (b. 1856)
  • 1931 – David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • 1931 – Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (b. 1887)
  • 1934 – Lou Criger, American baseball player (b. 1872)
  • 1936 – Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, British general (b. 1861)
  • 1940 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born anarchist (b. 1869)
  • 1943 – Henri La Fontaine, Belgian Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • 1945 – Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • 1954 – Heinz Guderian, German General (b. 1888)
  • 1957 – Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (b. 1884)
  • 1959 – Sidney Bechet, American musician (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Florence Auer, American actress (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Billie Burke, American actress (b. 1884)
  • 1973 – Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet (b. 1905)
  • 1976 – Keith Relf, British singer and musician (The Yardbirds) (b. 1943)
  • 1978 – Robert Menzies, twelfth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
  • 1982 – Hugh Beaumont, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1983 – Roger J. Traynor, American judge (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (b. 1900)
  • 1984 – Walter Rauff, German colonel (b. 1906)
  • 1985 – Mei Ling Barbara Yung, Hong Kong actress (b. 1959)
  • 1987 – Rita Hayworth, American actress (b. 1918)
  • 1988 – Willem Drees, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1886)
  • 1991 – Jiang Qing, wife of Mao Zedong (b. 1914)
  • 1992 – Lyle Alzado, American football player (b. 1949)
  • 1992 – Nie Rongzhen, Chinese Communist military leader (b. 1899)
  • 1993 – Patrick Haemers, Belgian criminal (b. 1953)
  • 1993 – William Randolph Hearst Jr., American newspaper magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Christian B. Anfinsen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (b. 1934)
  • 1998 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist (b. 1890)
  • 2000 – Obuchi Keizo, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player (b. 1940)
  • 2003 – Wendy Hiller, British actress (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Robert Stack, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2004 – Anna Lee, British actress (b. 1913)
  • 2006 – Lew Anderson, American actor and bandleader (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Stanley Kunitz, American poet (b. 1905)
  • 2006 – Eva Norvind, Mexican actress (b. 1944)
  • 2007 – Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (b. 1908)
  • 2007 – Ülo Jõgi, Estonian freedom fighter (b. 1921)

May 14-Holidays

  • Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Matthias (Apostle)
    • Michael Garicoits
    • Boniface of Tarsus
    • Victor and Corona
    • Vincent of Lerins
    • Carthach the Younger
    • Engelmund
    • Just
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s