On This Day in History June 28

June 28 – Events:

  • 1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
  • 1389 – Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe.
  • 1519 – Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1635 – Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
  • 1651 – Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.
  • 1776 – Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
  • 1807 – Second British invasion; John Whitelock lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and is defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
  • 1838 – The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.
  • 1855 – The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
  • 1859 – First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.
  • 1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • 1880 – Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
  • 1881 – Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
  • 1886 – First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
  • 1887 – Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.
  • 1894 – Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
  • 1895 – El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.
  • 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
  • 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
  • 1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 1940 – Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
  • 1948 – Cominform circulates the “Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia;” Yugoslavia is expelled from the Communist bloc.
  • 1950 – Seoul is captured by troops from North Korea.
  • 1956 – Protests and demonstrations in Poznan. Also called Poznanski czerwiec (June of Poznan).
  • 1960 – Cuba confiscates and nationalizes U.S.-owned oil refineries.
  • 1964 – Malcom X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
  • 1969 – Stonewall riots begin in New York City.
  • 1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
  • 1976 – The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
  • 1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
  • 1982 – Today (Australian TV program) first went to air
  • 1983 – The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
  • 1986 – ¡A Luchar! holds its first congress in Bogotá, Colombia.
  • 1988 – The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
  • 1989 – Slobodan Miloševic delivers the Kosovo Polje speech
  • 1990 – Paperback Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
  • 1992 – The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
  • 1994 – Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, Japan, 7 persons killed, 660 injured.
  • 1996 – The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
  • 1997 – Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II – Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting a piece from Holyfield’s ear.
  • 2000 – Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.
  • 2001 – U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court’s order to break up Microsoft in an antitrust case.
  • 2004 – The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.
  • 2004 – Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
  • 2004 – Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
  • 2005 – Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • 2006 – The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.

June 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1476 – Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
  • 1490 – Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)
  • 1491 – King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
  • 1503 – Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
  • 1577 – Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (d. 1640)
  • 1641 – Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d’Arquien, queen of Poland (d. 1716)
  • 1703 – John Wesley, English founder of Methodism (d. 1791)
  • 1712 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
  • 1719 – Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
  • 1806 – Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
  • 1824 – Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)
  • 1831 – Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
  • 1867 – Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (d. 1941)
  • 1883 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
  • 1891 – Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
  • 1891 – Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1891 – Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
  • 1902 – Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)
  • 1906 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1972)
  • 1909 – Eric Ambler, English writer (d. 1998)
  • 1912 – Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker
  • 1913 – Walter Oesau, German pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1914 – Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
  • 1917 – Katherine Rawls, American swimming champion (d. 1982)
  • 1920 – A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright
  • 1921 – P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Michael Vale, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Adolfo Schwelm Cruz, Argentine racing driver
  • 1926 – Mel Brooks, American filmmaker
  • 1927 – Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 – Dr Hans Blix, Swedish head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission 2000-2003
  • 1928 – Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times 1967-1981
  • 1930 – Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
  • 1931 – Junior Johnson, American NASCAR driver
  • 1932 – Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1933 – Gusty Spence, Northern Irish loyalist politician
  • 1934 – Carl Levin, United States Senator
  • 1935 – John Inman, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Chuck Howley, American football player
  • 1937 – Richard Bright, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – George Knudson, Canadian golfer (d. 1989)
  • 1937 – Ron Luciano, American baseball umpire (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – John Byner, American comedian
  • 1938 – Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
  • 1938 – Leon Panetta, American White House Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton
  • 1940 – Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi banker, economist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1941 – Al Downing, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Joseph Goguen, American computer scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Chris Hani, leader of the South African Communist Party (d. 1993)
  • 1942 – David Miner, American musician and record producer
  • 1943 – Donald Johanson, American paleoanthropologist
  • 1943 – Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 – David Knights, English bass guitarist (Procol Harum)
  • 1946 – Bruce Davison, American actor
  • 1946 – Gilda Radner, American comedienne (d. 1989)
  • 1947 – Robert Bondi, American politician
  • 1947 – Clarissa Dickson Wright, English celebrity chef
  • 1947 – Anny Duperey, French film and television actress
  • 1947 – Mark Helprin, American writer
  • 1948 – Kathy Bates, American actress
  • 1950 – Mauricio Rojas, Swedish politician
  • 1952 – Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
  • 1954 – Alice Krige, South African actress
  • 1955 – Shirley Cheriton, English actress
  • 1955 – Eric Gates, English footballer
  • 1955 – Thomas Hampson, American baritone
  • 1956 – Noel Mugavin, Australian Rules Football player
  • 1957 – Lance Nethery, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1957 – Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria
  • 1957 – Mike Skinner, American racecar driver
  • 1960 – John Elway, American football player
  • 1963 – Beverley Craven, English singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Mark Grace, American baseball player
  • 1966 – John Cusack, American actor
  • 1966 – Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
  • 1967 – Lars Riedel, German discus thrower
  • 1968 – Adam Woodyatt, English actor
  • 1968 – Chayanne, Puerto Rican singer
  • 1969 – Danielle Brisebois, American actress
  • 1970 – Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1970 – Steve Burton, American actor
  • 1971 – Tichina Arnold, American actress
  • 1971 – Fabien Barthez, French footballer
  • 1971 – Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer
  • 1971 – Juan Carlos Echeverry, Colombian operatic tenor
  • 1971 – Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television personality
  • 1971 – Ron Mahay, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Aileen Quinn, American actress
  • 1972 – Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete
  • 1974 – Rob Dyrdek, Professional skateboarder
  • 1975 – Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish Musician, Former Lead Singer of Dissection
  • 1976 – Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
  • 1976 – Seth Wescott, American snowboarder
  • 1977 – Mark Stoermer, American bass player (The Killers)
  • 1977 – Chris Spurling, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Simon Larose, Canadian professional tennis player
  • 1979 – Ha Ji-won, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1979 – Randy McMichael, American football player
  • 1979 – Florian Zeller, French novelist and playwright
  • 1983 – Maui Taylor, Filipino model and singer
  • 1985 – Phil Bardsley, English football player
  • 1986 – Kellie Pickler, American singer
  • 1986 – Shadia Simmons, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Lacey Schwimmer, American dancer
  • 1990 – Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress
  • 1994 – Madeline Duggan, English actress
  • 1994 – Prince Hussein bin Al Abdullah II, Prince of Jordan

June 28 – Deaths:

  • 548 – Theodora, Byzantine empress
  • 767 – Pope Paul I
  • 928 – Louis the Blind, King of Provence
  • 1061 – Floris I, Count of Holland
  • 1175 – Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
  • 1194 – Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
  • 1385 – Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1348)
  • 1389 – Prince Lazar Hrebeljanovic of Serbia (b. 1329)
  • 1586 – Primož Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer (b. 1508)
  • 1598 – Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)
  • 1716 – George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
  • 1813 – Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)
  • 1834 – Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
  • 1836 – James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)
  • 1880 – Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
  • 1881 – Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1892 – Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)
  • 1913 – Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
  • 1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)
  • 1914 – Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1868)
  • 1915 – Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1916 – Stefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
  • 1922 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
  • 1929 – Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
  • 1960 – Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
  • 1962 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (b. 1903)
  • 1962 – Cy Morgan, American baseball player (b. 1878)
  • 1965 – Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)
  • 1971 – Franz Stangl, Austrian commandant of concentration camps (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1975 – Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis, Greek architect (b. 1913)
  • 1975 – Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)
  • 1976 – Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and film producer (b. 1927)
  • 1978 – Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)
  • 1982 – Harry Mills, American singer (Mills Brothers) (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Lambros Konstantaras, Greek actor (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)
  • 1992 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
  • 1993 – GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)
  • 2000 – Jane Birdwood, British anti-Semitic activist (b. 1913)
  • 2000 – Nils Poppe, Swedish actor (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
  • 2001 – Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)
  • 2003 – Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – George Page, American television host (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – George Unwin, British WWII fighter ace (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Eugene Bennett Fluckey, American Navy Submariner (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1919)

June 28 – Holidays:

  • Vidovdan, Orthodox religious holiday commemorating St. Vitus
  • Catholic saints:
    • Saint Benignus
    • Saint Irenaeus of Lyon
    • Saint Paulus I
    • Saint Marcella
    • Saint Vincenza Gerosa
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