On This Day in History June 30

June 30 – Events:

  • 350 – Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
  • 1422 – Battle of Arbedo between the duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.
  • 1520 – The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
  • 1559 – King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de
  • 1651 – The Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 – The Immortal Seven issue the Invitation to William, beginning the struggle for English independence from Rome which would culminate in the Glorious Revolution.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Domstadtl.
  • 1805 – The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory.
  • 1859 – French acrobat Charles Blondin crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
  • 1860 – Historic debate about evolution at the Oxford University Museum.
  • 1864 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for “public use, resort and recreation.”
  • 1882 – Charles Guiteau hanged in Washington, DC for the shooting death of President James Garfield.
  • 1886 – The first transcontinental train trip across Canada departs from Montreal. It arrives in Port Moody, British Columbia on July 4 of the same year.
  • 1905 – Albert Einstein publishes the article “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”, where he introduces special relativity.
  • 1906 – The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
  • 1908 – The Tunguska impact event occurs in Siberia.
  • 1912 – The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada’s deadliest tornado event.
  • 1921 – U.S. President Warren G. Harding appoints former President William Howard Taft chief justice of the United States.
  • 1934 – The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler’s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place.
  • 1935 – The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1944 – The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • 1952 – The Guiding Light airs on television for the first time.
  • 1953 – The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan.
  • 1956 – A TWA Super Constellation and a United Airlines DC-7 (Flight 718) collide above the Grand Canyon in Arizona, United States, killing all 128 on the two planes.
  • 1960 – Congo gains independence from Belgium.
  • 1963 – Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.
  • 1969 – Nigeria bans Red Cross aid to Biafra.
  • 1971 – The crew of the Soviet Soyuz 11 spacecraft are killed when their air supply escapes through a faulty valve.
  • 1971 – Ohio ratifies the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age to 18, thereby putting the amendment into effect.
  • 1972 – +1 leap second was added to the UTC time system.
  • 1977 – Virginia Wade wins the Ladies Singles title at Wimbledon, the last British champion at the All England Club to date.
  • 1985 – Thirty-nine American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner are freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days.
  • 1986 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.
  • 1987 – The Royal Canadian Mint introduces the $1 coin, known as the Loonie.
  • 1988 – French archbishop Marcel Lefebvre is excommunicated by the Catholic church.
  • 1990 – East and West Germany merge their economies.
  • 1992 – Former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher joins the House of Lords as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven.
  • 1997 – The United Kingdom transfers sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China.
  • 2005 – Spain legalizes same-sex marriage.
  • 2007 – A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack.

June 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1286 – John de Warenne, 8th Earl of Surrey, English politician (d. 1347)
  • 1470 – Charles VIII of France (d. 1498)
  • 1503 – John Frederick, Elector of Saxony (d. 1554)
  • 1641 – Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg, Irish general (d. 1719)
  • 1685 – John Gay, British writer (d. 1732)
  • 1755 – Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (d. 1829)
  • 1789 – Horace Vernet, French painter and graphic artist (d. 1863)
  • 1803 – Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (d. 1849)
  • 1807 – Friedrich Theodor von Vischer, German narrator, lyricist, and philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1817 – Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist (d. 1911)
  • 1823 – Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Indian industrialist (d. 1901)
  • 1843 – Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
  • 1884 – Georges Duhamel, French author (d. 1966)
  • 1891 – Man Mountain Dean, American professional wrestler (d. 1953)
  • 1891 – Ed “Strangler” Lewis, American professional wrestler (d. 1966)
  • 1892 – Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Walter Ulbricht, German politician (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Madge Bellamy, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Harry Shields, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – Ralph Allen, English footballer (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Anthony Mann, American film actor and director (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – Winston Graham, British writer (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Czeslaw Milosz, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1912 – Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Dan Reeves – Owner of the Cleveland/Los Angeles Rams (d. 1971)
  • 1913 – Harry Wismer, owner of the New York Jets (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (d. 2007)
  • 1914 – Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16 President of Portugal (d. 2001)
  • 1917 – Susan Hayward, American actress (d. 1975)
  • 1917 – Lena Horne, American actress and singer
  • 1919 – Ed Yost, American inventor (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Paul Berg, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1929 – James Goldman, American screenwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1931 – Bert Eriksson, Flemish neo-Nazi (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Andrew Hill, American jazz pianist (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Lea Massari, Italian actress
  • 1933 – Orval Tessier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1934 – Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Nancy Dussault, American actress
  • 1936 – Dave Van Ronk, American folk singer/songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1938 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – José Emilio Pacheco, Mexican poet
  • 1940 – Mark Spoelstra, American folksinger (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Peter Pollock, South African cricket player
  • 1942 – Robert Ballard, Oceanographer
  • 1942 – Ron Harris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (d. 1976)
  • 1944 – Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist
  • 1944 – Terry Funk, American professional wrestler
  • 1944 – Ron Swoboda, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Leonard Whiting, British actor
  • 1951 – Stanley Clarke, American musician
  • 1952 – David Garrison, Broadway and television actor
  • 1952 – Athanassios S. Fokas, Greek mathematician
  • 1953 – Hal Lindes, British-American musician (Dire Straits)
  • 1954 – Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)
  • 1955 – David Alan Grier, American actor and comedian
  • 1957 – Sterling Marlin, American race car driver (NASCAR)
  • 1958 – Esa-Pekka Salonen, Finnish conductor and composer
  • 1959 – Vincent D’Onofrio, American actor
  • 1959 – Brendan Perry, British musician (Dead Can Dance)
  • 1960 – Murray Cook, Australian children’s singer (The Wiggles)
  • 1962 – Tony Fernández, Dominican baseball player
  • 1963 – Yngwie J. Malmsteen, Swedish guitarist
  • 1964 – Alexandra Christina Manley, Former Danish princess, now countess
  • 1965 – Mitch Richmond, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Steve Duchesne, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1965 – Gary Pallister, former English football player (Manchester United)
  • 1966 – Mike Tyson, American former boxer
  • 1966 – Marton Csokas, New Zealand actor
  • 1968 – Philip Anselmo, American musician
  • 1969 – Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1970 – Mark Grudzielanek, American baseball player
  • 1971 – Anette Michel, Mexican actress
  • 1971 – Monica Potter, American actress
  • 1972 – James Martin, English celebrity chef
  • 1973 – Chan-ho Park, South Korean baseball player
  • 1974 – Melanie Lambert American ice skater
  • 1975 – Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver (F1)
  • 1977 – Richard Henderson, famous packaging engineer
  • 1977 – Chris Maxwell, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Matisyahu, Hasidic Jewish Reggae singer
  • 1979 – Rick Gonzalez, Hispanic-American actor
  • 1979 – Travis Minor, National Football League running back
  • 1980 – Rade Prica, Swedish footballer
  • 1981 – Can Artam, Turkish racing driver
  • 1981 – Matt Kirk, Canadian football Player
  • 1981 – Karolina Sadalska, Polish kayaker
  • 1982 – Dan Jacobs, American guitarist (Atreyu)
  • 1982 – Andy Knowles, British musician (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1982 – Mitch Maier, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Lizzy Caplan, American actress (Mean Girls, 2004)
  • 1983 – Brendon James, British drummer (Thirteen Senses)
  • 1983 – Marlin Jackson, American football player
  • 1983 – Patrick Wolf, British musician
  • 1983 – Cheryl Cole, British singer (Girls Aloud)
  • 1984 – Fantasia Barrino, American singer
  • 1984 – Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1985 – Rafal Blechacz, Polish classical pianist
  • 1985 – Michael Phelps, American swimmer
  • 1985 – Fabiana Vallejos, Argentine footballer
  • 1985 – Cody Runnels American Professional wrestler

June 30 – Deaths:

  • 350 – Nepotianus, Roman usurper
  • 1181 – Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
  • 1364 – Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (b. 1297)
  • 1538 – Charles of Egmond, Duke of Guelders (b. 1467)
  • 1579 – Mehmed Pasha Sokolovic, Turkish Janissary
  • 1607 – Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (b. 1538)
  • 1660 – William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
  • 1666 – Alexander Brome, English poet (b. 1620)
  • 1670 – Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)
  • 1704 – John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • 1709 – Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
  • 1785 – James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • 1796 – Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1857 – Alcide d’Orbigny, French naturalist (b. 1802)
  • 1882 – Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of President James A. Garfield (b. 1841)
  • 1890 – Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (b. 1819)
  • 1919 – John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1842)
  • 1934 – Night of the Long Knives murders:
    • Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1882)
    • Gregor Strasser, former Nazi politician (b. 1892)
    • Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria (b. 1862)
    • Karl Ernst, SA-gruppenführer (b. 1904)
    • Erich Klausener, Catholic politician (b. 1885)
  • 1953 – Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – José Vasconcelos, Mexican writer and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1961 – Lee DeForest, American inventor (b. 1873)
  • 1966 – Giuseppe Farina, Italian Formula One champion (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Herbert Biberman, Jewish American screenwriter and film director (b. 1900)
  • 1971 – Crew of Soyuz 11:
    • Viktor Patsayev (b. 1933)
    • Georgi Dobrovolski (b. 1928)
    • Vladislav Volkov (b. 1935)
  • 1973 – Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (b. 1903)
  • 1974 – Vannevar Bush, American engineer and politician (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Firpo Marberry, baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1984 – Lillian Hellman, American playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – George “Spanky” McFarland, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1993 – Wong Ka Kui, Hong Kong singer (b. 1962)
  • 1995 – Gale Gordon, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1995 – Georgi Beregovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1921)
  • 1995 – Phyllis Hyman, American jazz vocalist (b. 1949)
  • 1997 – Larry O’Day, wrestler (b. 1944)
  • 2001 – Chet Atkins, American country guitar player and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Joe Henderson, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Chico Xavier, popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement (b. 1910)
  • 2003 – Buddy Hackett, American comic (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Robert McCloskey, American children’s book writer and illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Robert Gernhardt, German satirist (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Sahib Singh Verma, Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi (b. 1943)

June 30 – Holidays:

  • Independence Day in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 

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