On This Day in History July 7

July 7 – Events:

  • 1456 – A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
  • 1534 – European colonization of the Americas: First known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.
  • 1543 – French troops invade Luxembourg.
  • 1585 – Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • 1798 – Quasi-War: The U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the ‘war.’
  • 1799 – Ranjit Singh’s men take up their positions outside Lahore.
  • 1807 – Napoleonic Wars: Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition.
  • 1846 – Mexican-American War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the United States conquest of California.
  • 1863 – United States begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln were hanged.
  • 1892 – Katipunan: The Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
  • 1898 – President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
  • 1915 – World War I: End of First Battle of the Isonzo.
  • 1915 – A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
  • 1917 – Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the Tsar Nicholas II.
  • 1930 – Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
  • 1937 – Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge – Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
  • 1941 – World War II: American forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by Germany.
  • 1941 – World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
  • 1946 – Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.
  • 1946 – Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
  • 1947 – Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.
  • 1954 – Formation of the TANU in Tanzania
  • 1956 – Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • 1958 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
  • 1959 – 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
  • 1967 – Beginning of the civil war in Biafra.
  • 1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.
  • 1974 – West Germany wins 1974 FIFA World Cup.
  • 1978 – The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1980 – Institution of sharia in Iran.
  • 1983 – Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov.
  • 1991 – Yugoslav Wars: Brioni Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 1994 – Aden is secured by troops from North Yemen, completing the reunification of Yemen.
  • 2002 – A scandal broke out in the United Kingdom when news reports alleged MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
  • 2003 – The United Communist Party of Armenia was formed.
  • 2005 – A series of four terrorist explosions occur on London’s transport system killing 56 people, including four suicide bombers.
  • 2007 – Pope Benedict XVI issues the Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Latin Mass.
  • 2007 – Worldwide performances by charity event Live Earth.

July 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1053 – Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
  • 1119 – Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
  • 1528 – Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
  • 1586 – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman (d. 1646)
  • 1656 – Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)
  • 1746 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
  • 1752 – Joseph-Marie Jacquard, French inventor (d. 1834)
  • 1766 – Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (d. 1815)
  • 1843 – Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and Nobel laureate (d. 1926)
  • 1848 – Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, Brazilian politician (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Charles Tindley, American Gospel Music Composer (d. 1933)
  • 1855 – Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
  • 1860 – Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911)
  • 1874 – Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • 1887 – Marc Chagall, Russian painter (d. 1985)
  • 1891 – Virginia Rappe, Silent Film Actress(d. 1921)
  • 1893 – Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – George Cukor, American director (d. 1983)
  • 1900 – Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • 1901 – Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974)
  • 1901 – Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973)
  • 1901 – Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film producer (d. 1970)
  • 1902 – Ted “Double Duty” Radcliffe, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1904 – Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
  • 1906 – William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
  • 1906 – Satchel Paige, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1906 – Anton Karas, Viennese musician (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – Robert A. Heinlein, American writer (d. 1988)
  • 1908 – Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Margaret Abigail Walker Alexander, African American Novelist and poet (d. 1998)
  • 1917 – Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadorian politician (d. 2003)
  • 1919 – Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Ezzard Charles, American boxer (d. 1975)
  • 1922 – Pierre Cardin, French fashion designer
  • 1924 – Mary Ford, American singer (d. 1977)
  • 1929 – Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1927 – Doc Severinsen, American composer and musician
  • 1930 – Henry (Hank) Mobley, American Jazz composer and saxophonist (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – David Eddings, American author
  • 1932 – Josef Zawinul, Austrian composer and musician (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner
  • 1933 – David McCullough, American historian and author
  • 1936 – Nikos Xilouris, Greek singer (d. 1980)
  • 1936 – Jo Siffert, Swiss race car driver (d.1971)
  • 1937 – Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator
  • 1940 – Ringo Starr, English drummer and singer (The Beatles)
  • 1941 – Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1941 – Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
  • 1942 – Carmen Duncan, Australian actress
  • 1943 – Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
  • 1943 – Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Michael Ancram, British politician
  • 1947 – Howard Rheingold, American author
  • 1947 – Rob Townsend, English drummer (Family)
  • 1947 – Víctor Manuel, Spanish songwriter and singer
  • 1948 – Jean Leclerc, French-Canadian actor
  • 1949 – Shelley Duvall, American actress
  • 1952 – Mando Guerrero, Mexican professional wrestler
  • 1955 – Len Barker, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Jonathan Dayton, American film director
  • 1957 – Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact)
  • 1959 – Jessica Hahn, American model
  • 1959 – Ben Linder, American engineer (d. 1987)
  • 1960 – Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
  • 1963 – Vonda Shepard, American singer
  • 1965 – Paula Devicq, Canadian actress
  • 1965 – Mo Collins, American actress
  • 1965 – Jeremy Kyle, English television presenter
  • 1966 – Gundula Krause, German folk violinist
  • 1966 – Neil Tobin, American magician
  • 1967 – Tom Kristensen, Danish race car driver
  • 1967 – Jackie Neal, American singer (d. 2005)
  • 1968 – Jorja Fox, American actress
  • 1968 – Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
  • 1969 – Sylke Otto, German luger
  • 1969 – Joe Sakic, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Nathalie Simard, French Canadian singer
  • 1969 – Cree Summer, Canadian voice actress
  • 1969 – Robin Weigert, American actress
  • 1970 – Wayne McCullough, Irish boxer
  • 1970 – Erik Zabel, German cyclist
  • 1970 – Robia LaMorte, American actress and dancer
  • 1971 – Alistair Potts, British rower
  • 1972 – Lisa Leslie, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Manfred Stohl, Austrian rally driver
  • 1973 – José Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1974 – Karlis Skrastinš, Latvian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Patrick Lalime, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga-ka
  • 1975 – Tony Benshoof, American luger
  • 1975 – Michael Voss, Australian rules footballer
  • 1976 – Dominic Foley, Irish footballer
  • 1979 – Anastasios Gousis, Greek sprinter
  • 1979 – Carl Breeze, British racing driver
  • 1979 – Gucci Mane African American rapper
  • 1980 – John Buck, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Deidre Downs, American beauty queen
  • 1980 – Michelle Kwan, American figure skater
  • 1980 – Kaisa Jouhki, Finnish vocalist (Battlelore)
  • 1980 – Dan Whitesides, American drummer (The Used)
  • 1981 – Synyster Gates, American guitarist (Avenged Sevenfold)
  • 1981 – Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Indian cricketer
  • 1982 – Cassidy, American rapper
  • 1982 – Mike Glita, American bassist (Senses Fail)
  • 1982 – George Owu, Ghanaian football player
  • 1983 – Claudine Clark, OBE for services to the Professional Traffic Wardens Union
  • 1983 – Justin Davies, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – Minas Alozidis, Greek hurdler
  • 1984 – Mohammad Ashraful, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1984 – Marie-Mai, Canadian singer
  • 1988 – Kaci Brown, American singer
  • 1989 – Giannoulis Fakinos, Greek footballer
  • 1989 – Jamie Johnston, Actor
  • 1995 – Chloe Greenfield, American actress

July 7 – Deaths:

  • 1304 – Pope Benedict XI (b. 1240)
  • 1307 – King Edward I of England (b. 1239)
  • 1537 – Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
  • 1572 – King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland (b. 1520)
  • 1573 – Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (b. 1507)
  • 1647 – Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (b. 1586)
  • 1663 – Thomas Baltzar, German violinist
  • 1701 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
  • 1713 – Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and privy councillor (b. 1632)
  • 1764 – William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
  • 1776 – Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
  • 1790 – François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (b. 1721)
  • 1816 – Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
  • 1855 – Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
  • 1865 – Mary Surratt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1823)
  • 1865 – Lewis Paine, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1844)
  • 1865 – David Herold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1842)
  • 1865 – George Atzerodt, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1833)
  • 1878 – Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1890 – Henri Nestlé, Founder of Nestlé S.A. (b. 1814)
  • 1901 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)
  • 1913 – Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
  • 1922 – Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
  • 1925 – Clarence Hudson White American photographer (b.. 1871)
  • 1927 – Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (b. 1846)
  • 1930 – Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer (b. 1859)
  • 1932 – Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1932 – Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1844)
  • 1949 – Bunk Johnson, American musician (b. 1879 or 1889)
  • 1956 – Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886)
  • 1964 – Lillian Copeland, American athlete (b. 1904)
  • 1965 – Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Jo Schlesser, French Formula One racing driver (b. 1928)
  • 1971 – Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
  • 1971 – Ub Iwerks, American artist, director, and cartoonist (b1901)
  • 1972 – Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1886)
  • 1972 – King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1895)
  • 1973 – Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Ruffian, American thoroughbred racehorse (b. 1972)
  • 1980 – Dore Schary, American film producer and writer (b. 1905)
  • 1984 – Carl Boenish, American father of BASE jumping (b. 1941)
  • 1990 – Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (b. 1958)
  • 1993 – Mia Zapata, American singer with The Gits (b. 1965)
  • 1994 – Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Friedrich August Freiherr von der Heydte, German Luftwaffe Officer (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – Kenny Irwin, Jr., American race car driver (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
  • 2002 – Bison Dele, American basketball player (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Izhak Graziani, Bulgarian-born conductor (b. 1924)
  • 2006 – Juan de Ávalos, Spanish sculptor (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Syd Barrett, original guitarist and vocalist of the band Pink Floyd (b. 1946)
  • 2006 – John Money, Sexologist (b. 1921)

July 7 – Holidays:

  • Tanzania: Saba Saba Day
  • Saint Job of Maniava
  • Russia, Ukraine: Ivan Kupala Day
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