On This Day in History July 8

July 8 – Events:

  • 1099 – First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1283 – War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
  • 1497 – Vasco da Gama sets sail on first direct European voyage to India.
  • 1579 – Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
  • 1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
  • 1680 – The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1709 – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava: Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava thus effectively ending Sweden’s role as a major power in Europe.
  • 1716 – Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen
  • 1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against British at Ticonderoga, New York.
  • 1760 – French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche – British defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
  • 1775 – The Olive Branch Petition is adopted by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
  • 1776 – The Declaration of Independence was read aloud in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1822 – Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
  • 1859 – King Charles XV / Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1864 – The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi’s planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya, this event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
  • 1889 – The first issue of the Wall Street Journal is published.
  • 1892 – St. John’s, Newfoundland was devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
  • 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetalism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1898 – The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • 1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, bottoming out at 41.22.
  • 1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
  • 1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi was deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
  • 1969 – IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
  • 1977 – The ashes of Ahn Eak-tai, a Korean composer and conductor, were transferred from the island of Majorca to the Korean National Cemetery.
  • 1982 – Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
  • 1992 – Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
  • 1997 – NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
  • 1999 – Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
  • 2003 – Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old child.

July 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1528 – Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
  • 1545 – Don Carlos of Spain (d. 1568)
  • 1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
  • 1621 – Jean de la Fontaine, French writer (d. 1695)
  • 1760 – Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1766 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1819 – Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • 1830 – Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830 – Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)
  • 1836 – Joseph Chamberlain, British politician (d. 1914)
  • 1838 – Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, German inventor (d. 1917)
  • 1839 – John D. Rockefeller, American businessman (d. 1937)
  • 1851 – Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (d. 1941)
  • 1857 – Alfred Binet, French psychologist (d. 1911)
  • 1867 – Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Ernst Bloch, German philosopher (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)
  • 1892 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1895 – Igor Tamm, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Melville Ruick, American actor (d. 1972)
  • 1904 – Henri Cartan, French mathematician
  • 1905 – Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • 1906 – Philip Johnson, American architect (d. 2005)
  • 1907 – George W. Romney, American businessman and politician (d. 1995)
  • 1908 – Louis Jordan, American saxophonist (d. 1975)
  • 1908 – Nelson A. Rockefeller, 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
  • 1914 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • 1914 – Billy Eckstine, American jazz singer (d. 1993)
  • 1917 – Faye Emerson, American actress (d. 1983)
  • 1918 – Craig Stevens, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1919 – Walter Scheel, German politician
  • 1920 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1923 – Harrison Dillard, American athlete
  • 1924 – Johnnie Johnson, American blues musician (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
  • 1932 – Jerry Vale, American singer
  • 1933 – Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)
  • 1933 – Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
  • 1934 – Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
  • 1935 – Steve Lawrence, American entertainer and singer
  • 1935 – Vitali Sevastyanov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1941 – Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager
  • 1942 – Phil Gramm, American politician
  • 1944 – Jai Johanny Johanson, American musician (The Allman Brothers Band)
  • 1944 – Jeffrey Tambor, American actor
  • 1945 – Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss female politician, president in 2007
  • 1947 – Kim Darby, American actress
  • 1947 – Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1948 – Raffi, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1949 – Frank Delima, American comedian
  • 1949 – Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
  • 1951 – Anjelica Huston, American actress
  • 1952 – Jack Lambert, American football player
  • 1952 – Anna Quindlen, American columnist
  • 1955 – Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
  • 1956 – Terry Puhl, Canadian baseball player
  • 1957 – Aleksandr Gurnov, Russian television personality
  • 1957 – Carlos Cavazo, American musician (Quiet Riot)
  • 1958 – Kevin Bacon, American actor
  • 1958 – Neetu Singh, Indian Actress
  • 1958 – Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
  • 1959 – Robert Knepper, American actor
  • 1960 – Mal Meninga, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1961 – Toby Keith, American singer
  • 1961 – Andrew Fletcher, English musician (Depeche Mode)
  • 1962 – Joan Osborne, American singer and songwriter
  • 1964 – Linda de Mol, Dutch actress and host
  • 1967 – Jordan Chan, Hong Kong actor and singer
  • 1968 – Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu
  • 1968 – Billy Crudup, American actor
  • 1968 – Michael Weatherly, American actor
  • 1969 – Sugizo Japanese guitarist and singer
  • 1970 – Beck, American singer
  • 1972 – Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
  • 1972 – Karl Dykhuis, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Shosuke Tanihara, Japanese actor
  • 1973 – Kathleen Robertson, Canadian actress
  • 1974 – Zhanna Friske, Russian actress and singer
  • 1974 – Tami Erin, American actress and model
  • 1976 – Talal El Karkouri, Moroccan footballer
  • 1977 – Wang Zhizhi, Chinese basketball player
  • 1977 – Milo Ventimiglia, American actor
  • 1980 – Robbie Keane, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Anastasia Myskina, Russian tennis player
  • 1982 – Hakim Warrick, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Joshua Alba, American actor
  • 1982 – Sophia Bush, American actress
  • 1983 – Jaroslav Janiš, Czech racing car driver
  • 1983 – Elizabeth Del Mar, American pornographic actress
  • 1984 – Alexis Dziena, American actress
  • 1985 – Jamie Cook, Guitarist for Arctic Monkeys
  • 1986 – Renata Costa, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Vlada Roslyakova, Russian supermodel
  • 1998 – Jaden Smith, American actor

July 8 – Deaths:

  • 810 – Pepin, King of Italy (b. 773)
  • 975 – King Edgar of England
  • 1153 – Pope Eugene III
  • 1538 – Diego de Almagro, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1623 – Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)
  • 1689 – Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • 1695 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)
  • 1716 – Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
  • 1721 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
  • 1726 – John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1784 – Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1822 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)
  • 1826 – Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
  • 1850 – Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • 1855 – Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1859 – King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (b. 1799)
  • 1895 – Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • 1898 – Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1905 – Walter Kittredge, American musician (b. 1834)
  • 1913 – Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
  • 1917 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • 1930 – Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
  • 1933 – Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
  • 1934 – Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • 1939 – Havelock Ellis, British physician (b. 1859)
  • 1941 – Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 – Jean Moulin, French Resistance leader (b. 1899)
  • 1950 – Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1956 – Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist (b. 1881)
  • 1957 – Grace Coolidge, First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
  • 1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)
  • 1971 – Charlie Shavers, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
  • 1973 – Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (b. 1877)
  • 1979 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1979 – Michael Wilding, English actor (b. 1912)
  • 1981 – Wild Bill Hallahan, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player (b. 1909)
  • 1987 – Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ray Barbuti, American athlete (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Howard Duff, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – James Franciscus, American actor (b. 1934)
  • 1994 – Kim Il-sung, North Korean leader (b. 1912)
  • 1994 – Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Dick Sargent, American actor (b. 1930)
  • 1999 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2001 – John O’Shea, New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
  • 2004 – Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – Jean Lefebvre, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – June Allyson, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Peter Hawkins, British actor/voice actor (b. 1924)

July 8 – Holidays:

  • Annual Soapy Smith wake, held each year in Skagway, Alaska in the Gold Rush Cemetery and in Hollywood, California at the Magic Castle
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