On This Day in History July 12

July 12 – Events:

  • 1191 – Saladin’s garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city’s walls and towers.
  • 1543 – King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
  • 1580 – Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1690 – Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) – The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
  • 1691 – Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William’s forces in Ireland.
  • 1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Assembly.
  • 1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel with Vice President Aaron Burr.
  • 1806 – Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: The United States invades Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1862 – Medal of Honor authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1932 – Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
  • 1943 – World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.
  • 1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1973 – A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1975 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
  • 1979 – The island nation of Kiribati declares independence from Great Britain.

July 12 – Birthdays:

  • 1394 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
  • 1596 – Tsar Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
  • 1675 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
  • 1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (d. 1795)
  • 1803 – Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
  • 1807 – Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (d. 1893)
  • 1817 – Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher (d. 1862)
  • 1824 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1828 – Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1849 – Sir William Osler, Canadian physician and author (d. 1919)
  • 1850 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
  • 1852 – Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (d. 1933)
  • 1854 – George Eastman, American inventor (d. 1932)
  • 1863 – Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1864 – George Washington Carver, American botanist (d. 1943)
  • 1868 – Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
  • 1870 – Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
  • 1876 – Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
  • 1880 – Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1920)
  • 1886 – Jean Hersholt, Danish film director and actor (d. 1956)
  • 1892 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
  • 1895 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Buckminster Fuller, American architect (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (d. 1960)
  • 1904 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1908 – Milton Berle, American comedian (d. 2002)
  • 1909 – Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
  • 1913 – Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1917 – Andrew Wyeth, American artist
  • 1920 – Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1920 – Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1922 – Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator from Oregon
  • 1925 – Roger Bonham Smith, former chairman and CEO of General Motors (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
  • 1932 – Otis Davis, American runner
  • 1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author
  • 1934 – Van Cliburn, American pianist
  • 1937 – Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
  • 1937 – Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
  • 1937 – Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
  • 1938 – Ron Fairly, American baseball player
  • 1938 – Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
  • 1941 – Benny Parsons, American NASCAR driver (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Billy Smith, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1943 – Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1943 – Walter Murch, American film editor
  • 1947 – Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union footballer
  • 1947 – Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology
  • 1948 – Walter Egan, American singer
  • 1948 – Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer
  • 1948 – Jay Thomas, American actor
  • 1949 – Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR team owner, and car dealer.
  • 1950 – Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss) (d. 1991)
  • 1950 – Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Brian Grazer, American film producer
  • 1951 – Cheryl Ladd, American actress
  • 1951 – Sylvia Sass, Hungarian soprano
  • 1951 – Jamey Sheridan, American actor
  • 1952 – Philip Taylor Kramer, Bass Guitar Player (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Voja Antonic, Serbian inventor and writer
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
  • 1956 – Sandi Patty, American singer
  • 1956 – Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
  • 1957 – Richard Douglas Husband, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1960 – Corynne Charby, French model, actress and singer
  • 1962 – Julio César Chávez, Mexican boxer
  • 1962 – Dan Murphy, American guitarist (Soul Asylum)
  • 1962 – Dean Wilkins, English football manager
  • 1964 – Tim Gane, English musician (Stereolab, McCarthy)
  • 1964 – Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
  • 1967 – Richard Herring, English comedian
  • 1967 – John Petrucci, American guitar player (Dream Theater)
  • 1967 – Bruny Surin, Canadian athlete
  • 1968 – Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
  • 1969 – Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
  • 1969 – Jesse Pintado, American guitarist (Napalm Death) (d. 2006)
  • 1970 – Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
  • 1971 – Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1972 – Travis Best, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Brett Reed, American musician (Rancid)
  • 1972 – Jake Wood, English actor, plays Max Branning in long running soap, eastenders
  • 1973 – Magoo, American rapper
  • 1973 – Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer (Within Temptation)
  • 1974 – Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Cheyenne Jackson, American actor and singer
  • 1976 – Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Anna Friel, British actress
  • 1977 – Neil Harris, English footballer
  • 1977 – Steve Howey, American actor
  • 1977 – Brock Lesnar, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1978 – Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
  • 1979 – Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
  • 1980 – Johanna Klum, German TV presenter
  • 1981 – Adrienne Camp, South African singer/songwriter
  • 1982 – Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Megumi Kawamura, Japanese volleyballer
  • 1984 – Gareth Gates, British singer
  • 1984 – Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1985 – Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
  • 1985 – Natasha Poly, Russian supermodel
  • 1986 – JP Pietersen, South African rugby union footballer
  • 1988 – Melissa O’Neil, Canadian singer
  • 1991 – Erik Per Sullivan, American actor

July 12 – Deaths:

  • 783 – Bertrada of Laon, wife of Pippin III (b. 720)
  • 1441 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
  • 1536 – Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher
  • 1584 – Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
  • 1664 – Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682 – Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
  • 1693 – John Ashby, English admiral
  • 1712 – Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1626)
  • 1742 – Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (b. 1675)
  • 1749 – Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
  • 1773 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer (b. 1697)
  • 1804 – Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
  • 1845 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
  • 1849- Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1910 – Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
  • 1918 – Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • 1926 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (b. 1868)
  • 1931 – Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
  • 1935 – Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
  • 1944 – Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general, received Medal of Honor (b. 1887)
  • 1945 – Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
  • 1945 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1947 – Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1949 – Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • 1950 – Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1961 – Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1962 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
  • 1971 – Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
  • 1973 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1979 – Minnie Riperton, American soul singer (b. 1947)
  • 1983 – Chris Wood, British musician, played with Traffic, (b. 1944)
  • 1990 – João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
  • 1996 – John Chancellor, American television journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Jonathan Melvoin, American musician and keyboardist (The Smashing Pumpkins) (b. 1961)
  • 1998 – Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 1998 – Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
  • 1999 – Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Lord John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, Chief executive of British Airways since its privatization. (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality. (b.1947)
  • 2007 – Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure. (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Robert Burås, Norwegian \m/ guitar player. (b. 1975)

July 12 – Holidays:

  • Northern Ireland – Battle of the Boyne Day (also known as Orangemen’s Day or the Twelfth).
  • São Tomé and Príncipe – Independence Day.

 

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