On This Day in History July 14

July 14 – Events:

  • 1223 – In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
  • 1698 – The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
  • 1769 – The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
  • 1771 – Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
  • 1790 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
  • 1791 – The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1798 – The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
  • 1865 – First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom died on the descent.
  • 1902 – The Campanile in St Mark’s Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
  • 1943 – In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a black American.
  • 1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
  • 1958 – Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation’s new leader.
  • 1965 – Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
  • 1969 – Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
  • 1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 2002 – During Bastille Day celebrations, French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
  • 2007 – Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

July 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1454 – Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1602 – Jules Mazarin, French statesman and cardinal (d. 1661)
  • 1608 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 – Ferdinando II de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 – Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 – Jacques D’Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • 1676 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 – William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 – John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 – Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • 1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
  • 1801 – Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1829 – Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
  • 1858 – Emmeline Pankhurst, English suffragette (d. 1928)
  • 1859 – Willy Hess, German violinist (d. 1928)
  • 1860 – Owen Wister, American author (d. 1938)
  • 1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and graphic artist (d. 1918)
  • 1865 – Arthur Capper, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (d. 1926)
  • 1874 – Khedive Abbas II of Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1885 – King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • 1891 – Alexander M. Volkov, Russian novelist and mathematician (d. 1977)
  • 1893 – Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1898 – A. B. “Happy” Chandler, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Gerald Finzi, British composer (d. 1956)
  • 1903 – Irving Stone, American writer (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Tom Carvel, Greek-born businessman and inventor (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Chico Landi, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – William Hanna, American animator (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Terry-Thomas, British actor (d. 1990)
  • 1912 – Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Woody Guthrie, American folk musician (d. 1967)
  • 1913 – Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr., 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Arthur Laurents, American playwright, novelist, and director
  • 1919 – Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (d. 1987)
  • 1921 – Leon Garfield, English children’s author (d. 1996)
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • 1923 – Dale Robertson, American actor
  • 1924 – James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor
  • 1927 – John Chancellor, American television commentator (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Nancy Olson, American actress
  • 1930 – Polly Bergen, American actress
  • 1932 – Roosevelt Grier, American football player and actor
  • 1933 – Robert Bourassa, Quebec politician (d. 1996)
  • 1937 – Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • 1938 – Jerry Rubin, American activist (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Karel Gott, Czech singer
  • 1939 – Sid Haig, American actor
  • 1939 – George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • 1941 – Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
  • 1941 – Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
  • 1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1943 – Christopher Priest, English novelist
  • 1944 – Billy McCool, baseball player
  • 1946 – Vincent Pastore, American actor
  • 1946 – John Wood, Australian actor
  • 1947 – Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
  • 1950 – Gwen Guthrie, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1951 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (d. 2003)
  • 1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist
  • 1952 – Eric Laneuville, American director, Actor, Producer
  • 1952 – Joel Silver, American film producer
  • 1956 – Vladimir Kulich, Czech actor
  • 1958 – Joe Keenan, American screenwriter, television producer and novelist.
  • 1960 – Jane Lynch, American actress
  • 1960 – Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • 1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
  • 1962 – Jeff Olson, American musician
  • 1963 – Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
  • 1966 – Tanya Donelly, American musician (Belly)
  • 1966 – Ellen Reid, Canadian musician (Crash Test Dummies)
  • 1966 – Matthew Fox, American actor
  • 1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 – Robin Ventura, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
  • 1971 – Mark LoMonaco, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Joey Styles, American wrestling commentator
  • 1971 – Marie-Chantal Toupin, French Canadian singer
  • 1972 – Deborah Mailman, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1973 – Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
  • 1973 – Candela Peña, Spanish actress
  • 1974 – David Mitchell, English comedian and actor
  • 1975 – Taboo, American rapper
  • 1975 – Tim Hudson, baseball player
  • 1976 – Geraint Jones, English cricketer
  • 1977 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1979 – Bernie Castro, baseball player
  • 1979 – Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier
  • 1980 – George Smith, Australian Rugby player
  • 1981 – Lee Mead, English actor
  • 1983 – Wesley Dening, Australian TV personality
  • 1987 – Adam Johnson, English footballer
  • 1988 – James Vaughan, English footballer

July 14 – Deaths:

  • 664 – Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 937 – Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1223 – King Philip II of France (b. 1165)
  • 1575 – Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
  • 1614 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian saint (b. 1550)
  • 1671 – Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
  • 1723 – Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1742 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1766 – František Maxmilián Kanka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
  • 1774 – James O’Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1780 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • 1789 – Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
  • 1789 – Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
  • 1790 – Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
  • 1817 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
  • 1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1834 – Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1850 – August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1876 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid, American outlaw (b. 1859?)
  • 1904 – Paul Kruger, Boer resistance leader (b. 1824)
  • 1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1910 – Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer (b. 1818)
  • 1917 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist (b. 1887)
  • 1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
  • 1954 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1965 – Adlai Stevenson, United States Presidential candidate (b. 1900)
  • 1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1974 – Carl Spaatz, American Air Force general (b. 1891)
  • 1975 – Madan Mohan, Hindi Film’s Melodious Music director (b. 1924)
  • 1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
  • 1984 – Philippe Wynne, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 1989 – Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
  • 1993 – Léo Ferré, French singer and songwriter (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – César Tovar, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, CART driver (b. 1964)
  • 2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2002 – Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003 – Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician, and writer (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – John Ferguson Sr., former professional hockey player (b. 1938)

July 14 – Holidays:

  • France and all French dependencies – Bastille Day.
  • Sweden – Birthday of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, an official flag day.
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