On This Day in History July 29

July 29 – Events:

  • 1014 – Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars: Battle of Kleidion: Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, and his subsequent savage treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of shock.
  • 1030 – Ladejarl-Fairhair succession wars: Battle of Stiklestad – King Olaf II fights and dies trying to regain his Norwegian throne from the Danes.
  • 1565 – Mary Queen of Scots, widowed, marries Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • 1567 – James VI is crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – English naval forces under command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake defeats the Spanish Armada off the coast of Gravelines, France.
  • 1693 – War of the Grand Alliance: Battle of Landen – France wins a Pyrrhic victory over Allied forces in the Netherlands.
  • 1793 – John Graves Simcoe decides to build a fort and settlement at Toronto, having sailed into the bay there.
  • 1830 – Abdication of Charles X of France.
  • 1836 – Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
  • 1847 – Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States.
  • 1848 – Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt – In Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.
  • 1851 – Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.
  • 1858 – United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, DC.
  • 1899 – The First Hague Convention is signed.
  • 1900 – In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • 1907 – Sir Robert Baden-Powell sets up the Brownsea Island Scout camp in Poole Harbour on the south coast of England. The camp ran from August 1-9, 1907, and is regarded as the founding of the Scouting movement.
  • 1920 – Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • 1921 – Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.
  • 1932 – Great Depression: In Washington, DC, U.S. troops disperse the last of the “Bonus Army” of World War I veterans.
  • 1937 – Tongzhou Incident
  • 1945 – The BBC Light Programme radio station was launched for mainstream light entertainment and music.
  • 1948 – Olympic Games: The Games of the XIV Olympiad – After a hiatus of 12 years caused by World War II, the first Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, opened in London.
  • 1957 – The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.
  • 1958 – The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
  • 1959 – First Congressional elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The first 4,000 101st Airborne Division paratroopers arrive in Vietnam, landing at Cam Ranh Bay.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: Off the coast of North Vietnam the USS Forrestal catches on fire in the worst U.S. naval disaster since World War II, killing 134.
  • 1967 – At the fourth day of celebrating its 400th anniversary, the city of Caracas, Venezuela was shaken by an earthquake, leaving approximately 500 dead.
  • 1976 – In New York City, the “Son of Sam” kills one person and seriously wounds another in the first of a series of attacks.
  • 1986 – Republic of Ireland WonderChild Niall Colgan is born.
  • 1987 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President of France François Mitterrand sign the agreement to build the tunnel under the English Channel (Eurotunnel).
  • 1987 – Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President J. R. Jayawardene sign the Indo-Lankan Pact on ethnic issues.
  • 1993 – The Israeli Supreme Court acquits accused Nazi death camp guard John Demjanjuk of all charges and he is set free.
  • 1996 – The controversial child protection portion of the Communications Decency Act (1996) is struck down as too broad by a U.S. federal court.
  • 2005 – Astronomers announce their discovery of Eris.
  • 2007 – The ruling coalition of Japan lost its majority in the upper house after the election.

July 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1166 – Henry II of Champagne (d. 1197)
  • 1605 – Simon Dach, German poet (d. 1659)
  • 1763 – Philip Charles Durham, Royal Navy Admiral (d. 1845)
  • 1797 – Daniel Drew, American financier (d. 1879)
  • 1801 – George Bradshaw, English publisher (d. 1853)
  • 1805 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian and political scientist (d. 1859)
  • 1843 – Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (d. 1901)
  • 1849 – Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)
  • 1869 – Booth Tarkington, American author (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (d. 1957)
  • 1874 – James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)
  • 1876 – Maria Ouspenskaya, Russian-born actress (d. 1949)
  • 1878 – Don Marquis, American author (d. 1937)
  • 1883 – Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)
  • 1883 – Benito Mussolini, Italian dictator (d. 1945)
  • 1884 – Ralph A. Bard, U.S. Navy Undersecretary (d. 1975)
  • 1885 – Theda Bara, American film actress (d. 1955)
  • 1887 – Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1951)
  • 1892 – William Powell, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1897 – Sir Neil Ritchie, British general (d. 1983)
  • 1898 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1900 – Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Don Redman, American musician (d. 1964)
  • 1904 – J. R. D. Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1993)
  • 1905 – Clara Bow, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish 2 UN Secretary-General, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1905 – Thelma Todd, American actress (d. 1935)
  • 1905 – Stanley Kunitz, American poet (d. 2006)
  • 1906 – Diana Vreeland, French-born fashion editor (d. 1989)
  • 1907 – Melvin Belli, American lawyer and actor (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Foster Furcolo, 60 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1911 – Iakovos, Archbishop of America (d. 2005)
  • 1913 – Erich Priebke, Nazi war criminal
  • 1914 – Irwin Corey, American stand-up comedian
  • 1915 – Francis W. Sargent, 64 Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • 1916 – Charlie Christian, American jazz guitarist (d. 1942)
  • 1916 – Budd Boetticher, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1918 – Edwin O’Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1968)
  • 1920 – Rodolfo Acosta, Mexican actor (d. 1974)
  • 1920 – Neville Jeffress, Australian founder of Media Monitors Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Richard Egan, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1923 – Jim Marshall, founder of Marshall Amplification
  • 1923 – Gordon Mitchell, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Lloyd Bochner, Canadian actor (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Elizabeth Short, victim in the Black Dahlia case (d. 1947)
  • 1925 – Mikis Theodorakis, Greek composer
  • 1925 – Ted Lindsay, Canadian hockey player
  • 1927 – Harry Mulisch, Dutch author
  • 1929 – Jean Baudrillard, French philosopher
  • 1930 – Paul Taylor, American dancer and choreographer
  • 1932 – Nancy Kassebaum Baker, United States Senator from Kansas
  • 1933 – Lou Albano, American pro wrestling manager
  • 1933 – Colin Davis, British racing driver
  • 1933 – Robert Fuller, American actor
  • 1935 – Peter Schreier, German tenor
  • 1936 – Elizabeth Dole, U.S. Senator from North Carolina
  • 1937 – Daniel McFadden, American economist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1938 – Peter Jennings, Canadian-born journalist (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Jean Rochon, Quebec politician
  • 1941 – Jennifer Dunn, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – David Warner, English actor
  • 1942 – Tony Sirico, American actor
  • 1943 – David Taylor, English snooker player
  • 1946 – Neal Doughty, American keyboardist (REO Speedwagon)
  • 1946 – Diane Keen, English actress
  • 1947 – Dick Harmon, American golf instructor (d. 2006)
  • 1951 – Dan Driessen, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Ken Burns, American producer and director
  • 1953 – Geddy Lee, Canadian bassist and singer (Rush)
  • 1953 – Patti Scialfa, American singer, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1953 – Tim Gunn, American television personality
  • 1955 – Dave Stevens, American illustrator
  • 1955 – Jean-Hugues Anglade, French actor
  • 1956 – Teddy Atlas, American boxing trainer and commentator
  • 1956 – Ronnie Musgrove, Former Governor of Mississippi
  • 1957 – Nellie Kim, Russian gymnast
  • 1957 – Alessandra Marc, American operatic soprano
  • 1959 – Sanjay Dutt, Indian actor
  • 1959 – Ruud Janssen, Dutch writer and artist
  • 1959 – Dave LaPoint, American baseball player
  • 1959 – John Sykes, British guitarist (Thin Lizzy, Whitesnake, Tygers of Pan Tang)
  • 1963 – Graham Poll, English football referee
  • 1963 – Jim Beglin, Irish football commentator
  • 1963 – Alexandra Paul, American actress
  • 1965 – Chang-Rae Lee, Korean-born author
  • 1965 – Luis Alicea, baseball coach
  • 1965 – Dean Haglund, Canadian actor
  • 1966 – Martina McBride, American singer
  • 1966 – Richard Steven Horvitz, American comic voiceactor
  • 1966 – Scott Steiner, American professional wrestler
  • 1969 – Adele Stevens, English model and erotic actress
  • 1971 – Monica Calhoun, American actress
  • 1972 – Wil Wheaton, American actor
  • 1973 – Stephen Dorff, American actor
  • 1973 – Wanya Morris, American singer (Boyz II Men)
  • 1974 – Josh Radnor, American actor
  • 1975 – Corrado Grabbi, Italian footballer
  • 1979 – Karim Essediri, Tunisian footballer
  • 1979 – Ronald Murray, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Ryan Braun, Canadian baseball player
  • 1980 – Fernando González, Chilean tennis player
  • 1980 – Rachel Miner, American actress
  • 1981 – Fernando Alonso, Spanish two time formula 1 world champion
  • 1981 – Andrés Madrid, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Jônatas Domingos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1982 – Janez Aljancic, Slovenian footballer
  • 1982 – Allison Mack, American actress
  • 1983 – Alexei Kaigorodov, Russian hockey player
  • 1984 – Chad Billingsley, American baseball player
  • 1991 – Miki Ishikawa, American actress

July 29 – Deaths:

  • 238 – Pupienus, Roman Emperor
  • 238 – Balbinus, Roman Emperor
  • 1030 – Olaf II of Norway (b. 995)
  • 1099 – Pope Urban II (b. 1042)
  • 1108 – Philip I of France (b. 1052)
  • 1507 – Martin Behaim, German-born navigator and geographer (b. 1459)
  • 1612 – Jacques Bongars, French scholar and diplomat (b. 1554)
  • 1644 – Pope Urban VIII (b. 1568)
  • 1752 – Peter Warren, British admiral
  • 1781 – Johann Kies, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1713)
  • 1792 – René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (b. 1714)
  • 1813 – Jean-Andoche Junot, French general (b. 1771)
  • 1833 – William Wilberforce, English abolitionist (b. 1759)
  • 1839 – Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1844 – Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1791)
  • 1856 – Robert Schumann, German composer (b. 1810)
  • 1857 – Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • 1887 – Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman (d. 1813)
  • 1890 – Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (b. 1853)
  • 1900 – King Umberto I of Italy (b. 1844)
  • 1913 – Tobias Michael Carel Asser, Dutch jurist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1838)
  • 1918 – Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • 1934 – Didier Pitre, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1883)
  • 1938 – Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1950 – Joe Fry, British racing driver (b. 1915)
  • 1954 – Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Vean Gregg, American baseball player (b. 1885)
  • 1970 – John Barbirolli, English conductor (b. 1899)
  • 1973 – Roger Williamson, English racing driver (b. 1948)
  • 1974 – Cass Elliot, American musician (b. 1941)
  • 1974 – Erich Kästner, German author (b. 1899)
  • 1976 – Mickey Cohen, American gangster (b. 1913)
  • 1979 – Herbert Marcuse, German philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1979 – Bill Todman, American television producer (b. 1916)
  • 1981 – Robert Moses, American urban planner (b. 1888)
  • 1982 – Harold Sakata, Japanese-American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1982 – Vladimir Zworykin, Russian physicist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1983 – Luis Buñuel, Spanish director (b. 1900)
  • 1983 – Raymond Massey, Canadian actor (b. 1896)
  • 1983 – David Niven, English actor (b. 1910)
  • 1984 – Fred Waring, American band leader and inventor (b. 1900)
  • 1990 – Bruno Kreisky, Chancellor of Austria (b. 1911)
  • 1992 – Michel Larocque, French-Canadian hockey player (b. 1952)
  • 1994 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (b. 1919)
  • 1996 – Jason Thirsk, American bassist (Pennywise) (b. 1967)
  • 1996 – Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 1998 – Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (b. 1918)
  • 2001 – Edward Gierek, Polish politician (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Wau Holland, German computer hacker (b. 1951)
  • 2003 – Foday Sankoh, Sierra Leonean rebel leader (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – Rena Vlahopoulou, Greek actress and singer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Mike Reid, English comedian and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Michel Serrault, French actor (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Tom Snyder, American television personality (b. 1936)
  • 2007 – Marvin Zindler, American (Houston, TX) television reporter (b. 1921)

July 29-Holidays

  • Faroe Islands – Ólavsøka: opening of the Løgting session.
  • National Anthem Day in Romania.
  • Roman Catholicism:
    • Saint Eugenius, king [Magdeburg]
    • Saint Felix I, pope, and companions (Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix, (siblings)), martyrs [common]
    • Saint Ladislas, king, confessor (Deposition) [Hungary]
    • Saint Lupus, bishop of Troyes, confessor [Cologne, Constance, Metz, Paris, France]
    • Saint Olaf II of Norway, king of Norway, martyr, patron of woodcarvers [Sleswig, Scandinavia] – celebrated in Norway as Olsok (St. Olav’s Day)
    • Saint Pantaleon [Paris]
    • Saint Beatrice of Nazareth
    • Saint Martha, host of Christ, sister of Lazarus, patron saint of cooks, domestic staff and dieticians [common] Saint Serafina

 

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s