On This Day in History August 8

August 8 – Events:

  • 1220 – Sweden was defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula.
  • 1509 – The Emperor Krishnadeva Raya is crowned, marking the beginning of the regeneration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
  • 1576 – The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe’s Uraniborg observatory is laid on Hven.
  • 1585 – John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in quest for the Northwest Passage.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines – The naval engagement ends, thus ending the Spanish Armada’s attempt to invade England.
  • 1605 – The city of Oulu, Finland, is founded by Charles IX of Sweden.
  • 1647 – The Irish Confederate Wars and Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Battle of Dungans Hill – English Parliamentary forces defeat Irish forces.
  • 1786 – Mont Blanc on the French- Italian border is climbed for the first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
  • 1793 – The insurrection of Lyon occurred during the French Revolution.
  • 1794 – Joseph Whidbey and George Vancouver lead an expedition to search for the Northwest Passage near Juneau, Alaska.
  • 1810 – Eminent Urdu poet Mirza Ghalib married Maaroof, daughter of Nawab Ilahi Baksh, and moved to Delhi.
  • 1839 – Beta Theta Pi is founded in Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1844 – The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, headed by Brigham Young, is reaffirmed as the leading body of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Following his defeat in the Battle of Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation to Confederate President Jefferson Davis (which is refused upon receipt).
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Tennessee’s “military” Gov. Andrew Johnson freed his personal slaves. During the early 20th century, the day was celebrated by blacks in Tennessee as a holiday.
  • 1870 – The Republic of Ploiesti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • 1876 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.
  • 1908 – Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It’s the Wright Brothers’ first public flight and the French public goes wild.
  • 1910 – The US Army installs the first tricycle landing gear on the Army’s Wright Flyer.
  • 1911 – The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
  • 1911 – Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435. The law would come into effect in 1913.
  • 1918 – World War I: Battle of Amiens begins a string of almost continuous victories with a push through the German front lines.
  • 1929 – The German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight.
  • 1931 – Workers go on strike at the Hoover dam
  • 1938 – The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
  • 1940 – “Aufbau Ost” directive was signed by Wilhelm Keitel.
  • 1942 – World War II: In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs are executed.
  • 1942 – Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the AICC, which leads to the start of a civil disobedience movement across India
  • 1945 – World War II – The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.
  • 1945 – The United Nations Charter is signed by the United States, which becomes the third nation to join.
  • 1946 – First flight of the Convair B-36.
  • 1947 – Pakistan’s National Flag is approved.
  • 1949 – Bhutan becomes independent.
  • 1960 – South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • 1962 – Elizabeth Ann Duncan becomes the last woman to be executed in the United States prior to the reintroduction of capital punishment in 1977.
  • 1963 – Great Train Robbery: In England, a gang of 15 train robbers steal 2.6 million pounds in bank notes.
  • 1967 – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded.
  • 1968 – Juro Wada successfully performs Japan’s first heart transplant.
  • 1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew goes on television to denounce accusations he had taken kickbacks while governor of Maryland.
  • 1973 – Kim Dae-Jung, a South Korean politician and later president of South Korea, is kidnapped.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation, effective the next day.
  • 1980 – The Buttevant railway accident in Ireland occurred.
  • 1986 – Altaf Hussain’s address at Nishtar Park Karachi, announcement of establishing political movement MQM.
  • 1988 – The “8888 Uprising” occurs in Burma.
  • 1988 – The lights are turned on at Wrigley Field for the first time, making it the last major league stadium to host night games
  • 1989 – Space Shuttle program: STS-28 Mission – Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret five-day military mission.
  • 1990 – Iraq occupies Kuwait and the state is annexed to Iraq. This would lead to the Gulf War shortly afterward.
  • 1991 – Collapse of Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built
  • 1991 – John McCarthy, British Journalist held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years by Islamic Jihad, is released.
  • 2000 – Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
  • 2007 – An EF2 tornado touches down in Kings County and Richmond County, New York, the most powerful tornado in New York to date and the first in Brooklyn since 1889.

August 8 – Birthdays:

  • 1079 – Emperor Horikawa of Japan (d. 1107)
  • 1518 – Conrad Lycosthenes, humanist and encyclopedist (d. 1561)
  • 1605 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • 1646 – Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (d. 1723)
  • 1673 – John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1693 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (d. 1762)
  • 1694 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
  • 1720 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (d. 1796)
  • 1807 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (d. 1892)
  • 1814 – Esther Morris, first U. S. female judge (d. 1902)
  • 1824 – Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1880)
  • 1839 – Nelson Miles, U.S. general (d. 1925)
  • 1857 – Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and composer (d. 1944)
  • 1866 – Matthew Henson, Arctic explorer (d. 1955)
  • 1875 – Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • 1879 – Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1879 – Bob Smith, American physician and surgeon, founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • 1880 – Earle Page, 11th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1961)
  • 1881 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal (d. 1960)
  • 1881 – Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • 1882 – Ladislas Starevich, Polish stop-motion animation filmmaker (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Sara Teasdale, American poet (d. 1933)
  • 1891 – Adolf Busch, German violinist (d. 1952)
  • 1892 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (d. 1922)
  • 1898 – Alexis Minotis, Greek actor (d. 1990)
  • 1896 – Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, American author (d. 1953)
  • 1901 – Ernest O. Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 1902 – Paul Dirac, English physicist Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • 1904 – Achille Varzi, Italian race car driver (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – André Jolivet, French composer (d. 1974)
  • 1907 – Benny Carter, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Arthur Goldberg, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1980)
  • 1910 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1911 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Jumbo Elliott, American track coach (d. 1981)
  • 1919 – Dino De Laurentiis, Italian film producer
  • 1920 – Leo Chiosso, Italian lyricist (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1920 – Carol Lambrino, son of Carol II of Romania and Zizi Lambrino (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – William Asher, American film producer
  • 1921 – John Herbert Chapman, British physicist (d. 1979)
  • 1921 – Webb Pierce, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1921 – Vulimiri Ramalingaswami, Indian medical scientist (d. 2001)
  • 1921 – Esther Williams, American actress and swimmer
  • 1922 – Rory Calhoun, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1922 – Rudi Gernreich, Austrian-born fashion designer (d. 1985)
  • 1925 – Alija Izetbegovic, Former President of Bosnia-Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1926 – Richard Anderson, American actor
  • 1927 – Johnny Temple, American baseball player (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Don Burrows, Australian musician
  • 1929 – Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Ronald Biggs, British criminal
  • 1931 – Sir Roger Penrose, British physicist
  • 1932 – Mel Tillis, American singer
  • 1932 – Luis García Meza Tejada, Bolivian dictator
  • 1933 – Joe Tex, American singer (d. 1982)
  • 1935 – Donald P. Bellisario, American television producer
  • 1935 – John Laws, Australia radio personality
  • 1936 – Keith Barron, English actor
  • 1936 – Frank Howard, American baseball player
  • 1937 – Dustin Hoffman, American actor
  • 1938 – Connie Stevens, American singer and actress
  • 1938 – Jacques Hétu, French Canadian composer
  • 1939 – Alexander Watson, American ambassador and diplomat
  • 1940 – Dennis Tito, first space tourist
  • 1944 – Brooke Bundy, American actress
  • 1947 – Ken Dryden, Canadian ice hockey player and parliamentarian
  • 1947 – José Cruz, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1947 – Larry Wilcox, American actor
  • 1948 – Svetlana Savitskaya, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 – Keith Carradine, American actor
  • 1949 – Ricardo Londoño, Colombian racing driver
  • 1951 – Mamoru Oshii, Japanese film director
  • 1951 – Randy Shilts, American journalist and author (d. 1994)
  • 1952 – Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author
  • 1952 – Robin Quivers, American radio personality
  • 1953 – Don Most, American actor
  • 1953 – Nigel Mansell, English one-time Formula One World Champion
  • 1955 – Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter
  • 1955 – Herbert Prohaska, Austrian footballer
  • 1956 – David Grant, English singer and vocal coach
  • 1956 – Branscombe Richmond, American actor
  • 1958 – Deborah Norville, American television host
  • 1958 – Cecilia Roth, Argentine actress
  • 1960 – Ulrich Maly, Mayor of Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1961 – The Edge, Irish guitarist (U2)
  • 1961 – Daniel House, Owner C/Z Records
  • 1961 – Rikki Rockett, American drummer (Poison)
  • 1961 – Bruce Matthews, American football player
  • 1962 – Mike Zanier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Chidi Anthony Opara, Nigerian Poet
  • 1963 – Jon Turteltaub, American director
  • 1963 – Stephen Walkom, Canadian ice hockey official and executive
  • 1964 – Anastasia Ashman, American writer
  • 1965 – Kate Langbroek, Australian media personality
  • 1965 – El Hefe, Guitarist for NOFX
  • 1966 – Chris Eubank, English boxer
  • 1966 – John Hudek, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Marcelo Balboa, American soccer player
  • 1967 – Lee Unkrich, American director and film editor
  • 1967 – Rena Mero, American wrestler
  • 1969 – Faye Wong, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1970 – Trev Alberts, American football player
  • 1970 – Pascal Duquenne, Belgian actor
  • 1972 – Axel Merckx, Belgian bicycle racer
  • 1972 – Lüpüs Thünder, American musician (The Bloodhound Gang)
  • 1973 – Scott Stapp, American singer (Creed)
  • 1973 – Senta Moses, American actress
  • 1973 – Shane Lee, Australian cricketer
  • 1974 – Ulises De la Cruz, Ecuadoran footballer
  • 1974 – Scott D’Amore, professional wrestler and manager
  • 1974 – Andy Priaulx, British racing driver and three-time WTCC champion
  • 1976 – JC Chasez, American singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1976 – Tawny Cypress, American actress
  • 1976 – Drew Lachey, American singer
  • 1976 – Seung-Yeop Lee, Korean baseball player
  • 1977 – Kurt Bernard, Costa Rican footballer
  • 1977 – Szilard Nemeth, Slovak footballer
  • 1977 – Lindsay Sloane, American actress
  • 1977 – Rocky Thompson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Alan Maybury, Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Louis Saha, French footballer
  • 1979 – Richard Harwood, British cellist
  • 1979 – Paris Latsis, Greek shipping heir
  • 1979 – Rashard Lewis, National Basketball Association player
  • 1979 – Sam Totman, Musician/Songwriter for power metal band DragonForce
  • 1980 – Sabine Klaschka, German tennis player
  • 1980 – Pat Noonan, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Michael Urie, American actor and director
  • 1981 – Vanessa Amorosi, Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1981 – Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Meagan Good, American actress
  • 1981 – Kaori Iida, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1981 – Bradley McIntosh, British pop singer
  • 1983 – Guy Burnet, British actor
  • 1984 – Martrez Milner, National Football League player
  • 1985 – Brayan Ruiz, Costa Rican soccer player
  • 1986 – Peyton List, American actress
  • 1987 – Katie Leung, Scottish actress
  • 1988 – Princess Beatrice of York
  • 1989 – Sesil Karatantcheva, Bulgarian tennis player
  • 1995 – Malin Reitan, Norwegian singer

August 8 – Deaths:

  • 869 – Lothair II of Lotharingia (b. 825)
  • 1445 – Oswald von Wolkenstein, Austrian composer
  • 1553 – Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian physician (b. 1478)
  • 1555 – Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)
  • 1588 – Alonso Sánchez Coello, Spanish painter
  • 1604 – Horio Tadauji, Japanese warlord (b. 1578)
  • 1631 – Konstantinas Sirvydas, Lithuanian lexicographer (b. 1579)
  • 1684 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer (b. 1622)
  • 1747 – Madeleine de Verchères, New France heroine (b. 1678)
  • 1759 – Carl Heinrich Graun, German composer (b. 1704)
  • 1827 – George Canning, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1828 – Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist (b. 1743)
  • 1863 – Angus MacAskill known as ‘Giant MacAskill’, circus performer (b.1825)
  • 1879 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)
  • 1887 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (b. 1808)
  • 1897 – Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss art historian (b. 1818)
  • 1898 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
  • 1902 – James Tissot, French artist (b. 1836)
  • 1911 – William P. Frye, American politician (b. 1830)
  • 1933 – Adolf Loos, Austrian architect (b. 1870)
  • 1940 – Johnny Dodds, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1944 – Chaim Soutine, Russian painter (b. 1894)
  • 1944 – Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (b. 1881)
  • 1944 – Michael Wittmann, German Tank ace and Knight’s Cross holder, killed in action, Normandy. (b. 1914)
  • 1947 – Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (b. 1872)
  • 1950 – Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Méi Lánfang, Chinese opera performer (b. 1894)
  • 1965 – Shirley Jackson, American author (b. 1916)
  • 1969 – Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (b. 1896)
  • 1972 – Andrea Feldman, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Dean Corll, American serial killer (b. 1939)
  • 1973 – Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author and historian (b. 1898)
  • 1974 – Baldur von Schirach, Nazi youth leader (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Julian “Cannonball” Adderley, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1928)
  • 1977 – Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Monsarrat, British novelist (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Paul Triquet, French Canadian army officer (b. 1910)
  • 1982 – Eric Brandon, British racing driver (b. 1920)
  • 1984 – Ellen Raskin, American author(b.1928)
  • 1985 – Louise Brooks, American actress (b. 1906)
  • 1987 – Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Alan Napier, English actor (b. 1903)
  • 1988 – Ramón Valdés, Mexican actor (b. 1923)
  • 1988 – Félix Leclerc, Quebec singer and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 1991 – James Irwin, astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 1992 – John Kordic, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1965)
  • 1996 – Nevill Mott, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – Mahmoud Saremi, Iranian journalist
  • 2004 – Fay Wray, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Dimitris Papamichael, Greek actor (b. 1934)
  • 2005 – Barbara Bel Geddes, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – John H. Johnson, African-American publisher (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Gene Mauch, American athlete (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Monica Sjöö, Swedish artist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Ilse Werner, German actress (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2007 – Ma Lik, Chinese politician (b. 1952)
  • 2007 – Melville Shavelson, American film director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1917)

August 8 – Holidays:

  • Sweden – Namesday of Queen Silvia, an Official Flag Day.
  • Taiwan: Father’s Day.
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