On This Day in History August 13

August 13 – Events:

  • 3114 BC – According to the Lounsbury correlation, the Maya calendar starts.
  • 1315 – Louis X of France marries Clemence d’Anjou.
  • 1326 – Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria later known as the Malandanti.
  • 1415 – Hundred Years’ War: Henry V of England lands at Chef-en-Caux, France with 8000 men.
  • 1516 – Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain signed. In it, Francis recognises Charles’s claim to Naples, and Charles recognizes Francis’s claim to Milan.
  • 1521 – Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés.
  • 1536 – Buddhist monks from Kyoto’s Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
  • 1553 – Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
  • 1704 – War of the Spanish Succession: Battle of Blenheim – English and Austrians victorious over French and Bavarians.
  • 1814 – The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London.
  • 1904 – Lightning strikes the belltower of the Kirtland Temple. A bucket brigade barely saves the historic structure.
  • 1905 – Norway holds referendum in favour of dissolving the union with Sweden.
  • 1913 – Otto Witte, an acrobat, is crowned King of Albania.
  • 1913 – Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
  • 1918 – Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
  • 1918 – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated.
  • 1923 – First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport.
  • 1937 – Battle of Shanghai begins.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain begins – The Luftwaffe launches a series of attacks on British fighter bases and radar installations.
  • 1954 – Radio Pakistan broadcasts National Anthem of Pakistan for the first time.
  • 1960 – The Central African Republic declares independence from France.
  • 1961 – The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants’ attempts to escape to the West.
  • 1968 – Alexandros Panagoulis attempts to assassinate the Greek dictator Colonel G. Papadopoulos in Varkiza, Athens.  
  • 2004 – Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2004 – Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 – 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.

August 13 – Birthdays:

  • 582 – Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint (d. 640)
  • 1311 – King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon (d. 1350)
  • 1313 – Aradia de Toscano, Italian insurrectionist, teacher, and witch
  • 1584 – Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (d. 1640)
  • 1625 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)
  • 1662 – Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (d. 1748)
  • 1666 – William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)
  • 1700 – Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1717 – Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (d. 1776)
  • 1752 – Marie Caroline of Austria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1814)
  • 1764 – Louis Baraguey d’Hilliers, French general (d. 1816)
  • 1790 – William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1792 – Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)
  • 1803 – Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)
  • 1814 – Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (d. 1874)
  • 1818 – Lucy Stone, American suffragette (d. 1893)
  • 1819 – George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist (d. 1903)
  • 1820 – Sir George Grove, English music historian (d. 1900)
  • 1823 – Goldwin Smith, English-born historian and journalist (d. 1910)
  • 1851 – Felix Adler, German-born educator (d. 1933)
  • 1860 – Annie Oakley, American sharpshooter (d. 1926)
  • 1866 – Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist (d. 1945)
  • 1872 – Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1879 – John Ireland, English composer (d. 1962)
  • 1887 – Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • 1888 – John Logie Baird, Scottish television pioneer (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1975)
  • 1889 – Camillien Houde, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1958)
  • 1890 – Ellen Osiier, Danish Olympic champion fencer (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Bert Lahr, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Felix Wankel, German engineer and inventor (d. 1988)
  • 1904 – Charles ‘Buddy’ Rogers, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1907 – Sir Basil Spence, Scottish architect (d. 1976)
  • 1908 – Gene Raymond, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – William Bernbach, Famous Advertiser (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Ben Hogan, American golfer (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Salvador Luria, Italian-born biologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1913 – Fred Davis, English snooker player (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Makarios III, Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (d.1977)
  • 1914 – Luis Mariano, Basque operetta singer (d. 1970)
  • 1917 – Sid Gordon, American baseball player (d. 1975)
  • 1918 – Frederick Sanger, English chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1919 – Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Sir George Shearing, British jazz pianist
  • 1920 – Neville Brand, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1926 – Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary and politician
  • 1930 – Don Ho, American musician (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Wilmer David Mizell, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1930 – Bernard Manning, English comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1933 – Doctor Joycelyn Elders, American physician, 15th Surgeon General of the United States
  • 1935 – Mudcat Grant, American baseball player
  • 1935 – Rod Hull, British television entertainer (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Dave “Baby” Cortez, American pop keyboardist
  • 1940 – Tony Cloninger, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Erin Fleming, Canadian actress (d. 2003)
  • 1944 – Kevin Tighe, American actor
  • 1944 – Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver
  • 1945 – Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • 1947 – Margareta Winberg, Swedish politician
  • 1948 – Kathleen Battle, American soprano
  • 1949 – Bobby Clarke, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Dan Fogelberg, American singer/songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1952 – Herb Ritts, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1954 – Nico Assumpção, Brazilian bass player (d. 2001)
  • 1955 – Paul Greengrass, English film director
  • 1955 – Keith Ahlers, British racing driver
  • 1955 – Hideo Fukuyama, Japanese racing driver
  • 1958 – Fergal Sharkey, musician
  • 1958 – Sgt. First Class Randall Shughart, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient for actions during the Battle of Mogadishu (d. 1993)
  • 1959 – Danny Bonaduce, American actor
  • 1959 – Tom Niedenfuer, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Phil “The Power” Taylor, English darts player
  • 1960 – Koji Kondo, Japanese composer
  • 1960 – Dawnn Lewis, American actress
  • 1961 – Stuart Maconie, English music writer and broadcaster
  • 1961 – Tom Perrotta, American novelist
  • 1963 – John Slattery, American actor
  • 1964 – Jay Buhner, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Hank Cheyne, American actor
  • 1965 – Hayato Matsuo, Japanese composer
  • 1965 – Ronald Gianadda, American medical dosimetrist
  • 1966 – Shayne Corson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer
  • 1969 – Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
  • 1970 – Will Clarke, American novelist
  • 1970 – Matt Hyson, American professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Alan Shearer, English footballer
  • 1971 – Moritz Bleibtreu, German actor
  • 1971 – Patrick Carpentier, Quebec race car driver
  • 1971 – Rolando Molina, Salvadoran-born actor
  • 1972 – Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
  • 1973 – Brittany Andrews, American pornographic actress
  • 1973 – Molly Henneberg, American journalist
  • 1973 – Eric Medlen, American drag racer and rodeo star (d. 2007)
  • 1975 – Joe Perry, English snooker player
  • 1975 – Marty Turco, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1977 – Michael Klim, Australian swimmer
  • 1978 – Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer
  • 1979 – Román Colón, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – Corey Patterson, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Taizo Sugimura, Japanese politician
  • 1982 – Shani Davis, American speed skater
  • 1983 – Ales Hemsky, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Lubomír Michalík, Slovakian footballer
  • 1983 – Sebastian Stan, Romanian-born actor
  • 1984 – Niko Kranjcar, Croatian footballer
  • 1984 – Heath Pearce, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Boone Logan, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Baby Blue, American rapper (Pretty Ricky)
  • 1992 – Katharine Close, Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

August 13 – Deaths:

  • 586 – Radegund, wife of Clotaire I
  • 900 – Zwentibold, last King of Lotharingia (b. 870)
  • 1134 – Piroska of Hungary, Empress consort of John II Comnenus
  • 1382 – Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1523 – Gerard David, Flemish painter
  • 1617 – Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1540)
  • 1667 – Jeremy Taylor, Irish author and bishop (b. 1613)
  • 1686 – Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (b. 1610)
  • 1721 – Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (b. 1665)
  • 1744 – John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • 1749 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (b. 1719)
  • 1755 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (b. 1684)
  • 1826 – René Laënnec, French physician (b. 1781)
  • 1863 – Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)
  • 1865 – Ignaz Semmelweis, Austro-Hungarian physician (b. 1818)
  • 1910 – Florence Nightingale, English nurse (b. 1820)
  • 1912 – Jules Massenet, French composer (b. 1842)
  • 1917 – Eduard Buchner, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1937 – Arthur Plunkett, Australian civil engineer (b. unknown)
  • 1946 – H. G. Wells, English writer (b. 1866)
  • 1948 – Elaine Hammerstein, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1958 – Otto Witte, acrobat and King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1965 – Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
  • 1982 – Joe Tex, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 1984 – Tigran Petrosian, Soviet/Armenian chess player (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Tim Richmond, American race car driver (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Larkin Smith, U.S. Representative from Mississippi (b. 1944)
  • 1991 – Jack Ryan, American designer (Barbie) (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Jan Kresadlo, Czech-born writer (b. 1926)
  • 1995 – Mickey Mantle, American baseball player (b. 1931)
  • 1996 – António de Spínola, Portuguese general and politician, 15 President of Portugal (b. 1910)
  • 1996 – David Tudor, American pianist and composer (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Julien Green, American novelist ((b. 1900)
  • 1998 – Nino Ferrer, French-Italian singer and composer (b. 1934)
  • 1999 – Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian, murdered (b. 1960)
  • 2000 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer (b. 1965)
  • 2001 – Otto Stuppacher, Austrian racing driver (b. 1947)
  • 2003 – Ed Townsend, American songwriter and producer (b. 1929)
  • 2004 – Julia Child, American chef and television personality (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – David Lange, 32 Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Payao Poontarat, Thai Olympic boxer (b. 1957)
  • 2006 – Tony Jay, English actor (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Brian Adams, aka Demolition Crush, American professional wrestler (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Yone Minagawa, Japanese woman, oldest person (b. 1893)
  • 2007 – Phil Rizzuto, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1917)

August 13 – Holidays:

  • International Lefthanders Day.
  • Laos – Lao Issara, Day of the Free Laos.
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