On This Day in History August 16

August 16 – Events:

  • 1513 – Battle of Guinegate (Battle of the Spurs) – King Henry VIII of England defeats French Forces who were forced to retreat.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden – The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina.
  • 1792 – Maximilien Robespierre presents the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal.
  • 1812 – War of 1812: American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army.
  • 1819 – Eleven people die and 400 are injured by cavalry charges at the Peterloo Massacre at a public meeting at St. Peter’s Field, Manchester, England.
  • 1841 – U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
  • 1858 – U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal will force a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
  • 1865 – Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
  • 1868 – Arica, Peru (now Chile) is devastated by a tsunami which followed a magnitude 8.5 earthquake in the Peru-Chile Trench off the coast. The earthquake and tsunami killed an estimated 25,000 people in Arica and perhaps 70,000 people in all.
  • 1869 – Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Mars-La-Tour is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
  • 1896 – Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
  • 1913 – Tohoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) admits its first female students.
  • 1914 – World War I: Battle of Cer begins.  
  • 1920 – Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit in the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. To date, Chapman is the only player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game.
  • 1920 – The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opens. The congress would call for armed revolution.
  • 1930 – The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
  • 1940 – World War II: The Communist Party is banned in German-occupied Norway.
  • 1942 – World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.
  • 1944 – First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • 1945 – An assassination attempt was made on Japan’s prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki.
  • 1945 – Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops.
  • 1946 – The Japan Business Federation, or Keidanren, is established, and Ichiro Ishikawa is appointed its representative.
  • 1960 – Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1960 – Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet (31,330 m), setting three records: High-altitude jump, free-fall, and fastest speed by a human without an aircraft.
  • 1962 – Pete Best replaced by Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) as drummer for The Beatles.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: A coup d’état replaces Duong Van Minh with General Nguyen Khanh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy.
  • 1966 – Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested.
  • 1972 – The Royal Moroccan Air Force fires upon, in an unsuccessful coup d’état attempt, Hassan II of Morocco’s plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
  • 1987 – A McDonnell Douglas MD-82 carrying Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashes on take-off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Romulus, Michigan (Detroit), killing 155 passengers and crew. The sole survivor is four-year-old Cecelia Cichan.
  • 1992 – In response to an appeal by President Fernando Collor de Mello to wear green and yellow as a way to show support for him, thousands of Brazilians take to the streets dressed in black.  
  • 2003 – U.S. Representative from South Dakota Bill Janklow hits and kills a motorcyclist with his car at a rural intersection near Trent, South Dakota; he will eventually be convicted of manslaughter and will resign from Congress.
  • 2005 – West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes near Machiques, Venezuela, killing the 160 aboard.

August 16 – Birthdays:

  • 1355 – Philippa Plantagenet, Countess of Ulster
  • 1378 – Hongxi Emperor of China (d. 1425)
  • 1401 – Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • 1557 – Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (d. 1602)
  • 1573 – Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598)
  • 1596 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine (d. 1632)
  • 1637 – Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
  • 1645 – Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (d. 1696)
  • 1650 – Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist (d. 1718)
  • 1682 – Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir-apparent to the French throne (d. 1712)
  • 1761 – Yevstigney Fomin, Russian composer (d. 1800)
  • 1815 – John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
  • 1820 – Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician (d. 1892)
  • 1831 – John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
  • 1832 – Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (d. 1920)
  • 1842 – Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
  • 1845 – Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1921)
  • 1858 – Arthur Achleitner, German writer (d. 1927)
  • 1860 – Jules Laforgue, French poet (d. 1887)
  • 1862 – Amos Alonzo Stagg, American coach (d. 1965)
  • 1868 – Bernarr McFadden, American publisher (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (d. 1942)
  • 1884 – Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born editor and publisher (d. 1967)
  • 1884 – Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)
  • 1888 – T. E. Lawrence, English writer and soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1888 – Armand J. Piron, American musician (d. 1943)
  • 1892 – Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (d. 1983)
  • 1894 – George Meany, American labor union leader (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Albert Cohen, Swiss novelist (d. 1981)
  • 1895 – Liane Haid, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 1902 – Georgette Heyer, English novelist (d. 1974)
  • 1904 – Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1908 – William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (d. 2000)
  • 1911 – E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (d. 1977)
  • 1912 – Ted Drake, English footballer (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Al Hibbler, American singer (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Iggy Katona, American race car driver (d. 2003)
  • 1920 – Charles Bukowski, American poet (d. 1994)
  • 1922 – Ernie Freeman, American pianist and arranger (d. 2001)
  • 1923 – Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
  • 1924 – Fess Parker, American actor
  • 1925 – Willie Jones, American baseball player (d. 1983)
  • 1928 – Ann Blyth, American actress
  • 1929 – Bill Evans, American jazz pianist (d. 1980)
  • 1929 – Helmut Rahn, German footballer (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Fritz Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Robert Culp, American actor
  • 1930 – Frank Gifford, American football player and announcer
  • 1930 – Tony Trabert, American former tennis player
  • 1931 – Eydie Gormé, American singer
  • 1933 – Julie Newmar, American actress
  • 1933 – Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (d. 1994)
  • 1934 – Diana Wynne Jones, British author
  • 1934 – Ketty Lester, American singer
  • 1934 – Pierre Richard, French actor
  • 1935 – Andreas Stamatiadis, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1935 – Cliff Fletcher, Canadian National Hockey League executive
  • 1937 – David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • 1939 – Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • 1940 – Bruce Beresford, Australian film director
  • 1942 – Barbara George, American singer and songwriter (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – Suzanne Farrell, ballet dancer
  • 1946 – Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1946 – Lesley Ann Warren, American actress
  • 1946 – Dick Murdoch, American professional wrestler (d. 1996)
  • 1947 – Carol Moseley Braun, American politician and lawyer
  • 1947 – Katharine Hamnett, English fashion designer
  • 1947 – Marc Messier, Canadian actor
  • 1948 – Mike Jorgensen, American baseball player
  • 1948 – Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • 1949 – Scott Asheton, American musician (The Stooges)
  • 1950 – Hasely Crawford, Trinidadian athlete
  • 1950 – Marshall Manesh, Iranian-born American actor
  • 1950 – Stockwell Day, Canadian politician
  • 1950 – Jeff Thomson, Australian cricketer
  • 1951 – Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
  • 1952 – Reginald VelJohnson, American actor
  • 1953 – Kathie Lee Gifford, American singer and actress
  • 1953 – James “J.T.” Taylor, American singer (Kool & The Gang)
  • 1954 – James Cameron, Canadian film director
  • 1957 – Tim Farriss, Australian musician (INXS)
  • 1958 – Angela Bassett, American actress
  • 1958 – Madonna, American singer and actress
  • 1958 – José Luis Clerc, Argentine tennis player
  • 1960 – Timothy Hutton, American actor
  • 1961 – Christian Okoye, former American football player
  • 1962 – Steve Carell, American actor and comedian
  • 1964 – Jimmy Arias, American tennis player
  • 1966 – Barry Lather, American choreographer, musician and actor
  • 1967 – Ulrika Jonsson, Swedish television personality
  • 1967 – Pamela Smart, American convicted murderess
  • 1968 – Mateja Svet, Slovenian alpine skier
  • 1970 – Bonnie Bernstein, American sportscaster
  • 1970 – Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (d. 1995)
  • 1970 – Manisha Koirala, Indian actress
  • 1970 – Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor
  • 1971 – Stefan Klos, German footballer
  • 1972 – Stan Lazaridis, Australian footballer
  • 1972 – Emily Robison, American country singer, instrumentalist and songwriter (Dixie Chicks)
  • 1973 – Damian Jackson, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Roger Cedeño, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1974 – Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Guyanese cricketer
  • 1974 – Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungarian swimmer
  • 1974 – Iván Hurtado, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1975 – Didier Agathe, French footballer
  • 1975 – George Stults, American actor
  • 1976 – Jonatan Johansson, Finnish footballer
  • 1976 – Dave Ockun, American concert producer
  • 1978 – Eddie Gill, American basketball player
  • 1978 – Fu Mingxia, Chinese female diver
  • 1979 – Michael Stahlman, American rower and coach
  • 1980 – Vanessa Carlton, American singer/songwriter
  • 1980 – Robert Hardy, English bassist (Franz Ferdinand)
  • 1981 – Roque Santa Cruz, Paraguayan footballer
  • 1981 – Taylor Rain, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Joleon Lescott, English footballer
  • 1983 – Colin Griffiths, English TV presenter and DJ
  • 1983 – Nikos Zisis, Greek basketball player
  • 1983 – Colt Brennan, University of Hawai’i Quarterback
  • 1985 – Agnes Bruckner, American actress
  • 1986 – Shawn Pyfrom, American actor
  • 1987 – Kyal Marsh, Australian actor
  • 1988 – Kevin Schmidt, American actor
  • 1988 – Rumer Willis, American actress
  • 1988 – Amandah Wilkinson, Australian musician
  • 1991 – Evanna Lynch, Irish actress
  • 1991 – Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse, Canadian actress

August 16 – Deaths:

  • 1027 – Giorgi I, King of Georgia (b. 998)
  • 1297 – John II of Trebizond (b. 1262)
  • 1327 – Roch, French saint (b. 1295)
  • 1358 – Duke Albert II of Austria (b. 1298)
  • 1419 – Wenceslaus, King of the Romans, King of Bohemia (b. 1361)
  • 1443 – Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1434)
  • 1445 – Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
  • 1518 – Loyset Compère, French composer
  • 1532 – John, Elector of Saxony (b. 1468)
  • 1661 – Thomas Fuller, English churchman and historian (b. 1608)
  • 1678 – Andrew Marvell, English poet (b. 1621)
  • 1705 – Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and scientist (b. 1654)
  • 1733 – Matthew Tindal, English deist (b. 1657)
  • 1791 – Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1719)
  • 1836 – Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1855 – Henry Colburn, British publisher
  • 1886 – Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda (b. 1836)
  • 1888 – John Pemberton, American druggist and inventor of Coca-Cola (b. 1831)
  • 1893 – Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (b. 1825)
  • 1899 – Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist (b. 1811)
  • 1900 – Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer (b. 1845)
  • 1907 – James Hector, Scottish geologist (b. 1834)
  • 1921 – King Peter I of Serbia (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – Robert Johnson, American blues singer and guitarist (b. 1911)
  • 1938 – Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and priest (b. 1864)
  • 1948 – Babe Ruth, American baseball player (b. 1895)
  • 1949 – Margaret Mitchell, American novelist (b. 1900)
  • 1951 – Louis Jouvet, French actor and producer (b. 1887)
  • 1952 – Lydia Field Emmet, American painter (b. 1866)
  • 1956 – Bela Lugosi, Hungarian actor (b. 1882)
  • 1957 – Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1959 – Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (b. 1879)
  • 1961 – Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Modern Urdu (b. 1870)
  • 1971 – Spyros Skouras, Greek-American movie executive, chairman of the Twentieth Century Fox (b. 1893)
  • 1972 – Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
  • 1973 – Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1975 – Vladimir Kuts, Ukrainian-born runner (b. 1927)
  • 1977 – Elvis Presley, American singer and actor (b. 1935)
  • 1978 – Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1979 – John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1895)
  • 1983 – Earl Averill, American baseball player (b. 1902)
  • 1986 – Jaime Saenz, Bolivian poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1921)
  • 1989 – Amanda Blake, American actress (b. 1929)
  • 1990 – Pat O’Connor, New Zealand professional wrestler (b. 1925)
  • 1991 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film director (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Stewart Granger, British film actor (b. 1913)
  • 1995 – J.P. McCarthy, American radio personality (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician (b. 1948)
  • 1997 – Gerard McLarnon, Irish playwright and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Jeff Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Abu Nidal, Palestinian political leader (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – John Roseboro, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2003 – Idi Amin, Ugandan dictator (b. 1928)
  • 2004 – Ivan Hlinka, Czech ice hockey coach (b. 1950)
  • 2004 – Carl Mydans, American photographer (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Robert Quiroga, American boxer (b. 1969)
  • 2005 – Joe Ranft, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2005 – Frère Roger, Swiss monk and mystic (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Vassar Clements, American musician (b. 1928)
  • 2005 – William Corlett, English children’s writer(b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Alex Buzo, Australian playwright and author (b. 1944)
  • 2006 – Herschel Green, American pilot (b. 1920)
  • 2006 – Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish musician (b. 1975)
  • 2006 – Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Bahaedin Adab, Iranian MP (b. 1945)
  • 2007 – The Missing Link, professional wrestler

August 16 – Holidays:

  • Palio dell’Assunta in Siena (on the day after the Assumption of Mary)
  • Bennington Battle Day: legal holiday in Vermont, USA, for the Battle of Bennington in 1777 (which actually took place in the state of New York)
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