On This Day in History August 25

August 25 – Events:

  • 1248 – The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
  • 1537 – The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.
  • 1580 – Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal.
  • 1609 – Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
  • 1718 – New Orleans, Louisiana is founded.
  • 1758 – Seven Years’ War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf.
  • 1768 – James Cook begins his first voyage.
  • 1814 – Washington, D.C. is burned and White House is destroyed by British forces during the War of 1812.
  • 1825 – Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.
  • 1830 – The Belgian Revolution begins.
  • 1835 – The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax.
  • 1894 – Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.
  • 1910 – Yellow Cab is founded.
  • 1912 – The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
  • 1916 – The United States National Park Service is created.
  • 1920 – Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, started on August 13, now ends. The Red Army is defeated.
  • 1921 – The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain occur.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged.
  • 1944 – World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies.
  • 1945 – Ten days after World War II ended with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Communist Party of China killed Baptist missionary John Birch, regarded by a portion of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War.
  • 1950 – President Harry Truman orders the US Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike.
  • 1981 – Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn
  • 1989 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki chosen as the first non-communist Prime Minister in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • 1989 – Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Neptune, the outermost planet in the Solar System.
  • 1989 – Mayumi Moriyama becomes Japan’s first female cabinet secretary.
  • 1991 – Belarus declares independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1997 – Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, was convicted of a shoot-to-kill Berlin Wall policy.
  • 2003 – The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko).
  • 2007 43 people killed by bomb blast in Hyderabad, India.

August 25 – Birthdays:

  • 1530 – Tsar Ivan IV of Russia (d. 1584)
  • 1561 – Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer (d. 1632)
  • 1624 – François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (d. 1709)
  • 1662 – John Leverett the Younger, American educator (d. 1724)
  • 1719 – Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo, French painter (d. 1795)
  • 1724 – George Stubbs, British painter (d. 1806)
  • 1741 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian (d. 1792)
  • 1744 – Johann Gottfried Herder, German writer (d. 1803)
  • 1767 – Antoine Louis Léon de Richebourg de Saint-Just, French revolutionary and writer (d. 1794)
  • 1772 – King William I of the Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • 1786 – King Ludwig I of Bavaria (d. 1868)
  • 1796 – James Lick, American land baron (d. 1876)
  • 1802 – Nikolaus Lenau, Austrian poet (d. 1850)
  • 1803 – Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, the Duque de Caxias, Brazilian military leader
  • 1819 – Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (d. 1884)
  • 1836 – Bret Harte, American writer (d. 1902)
  • 1841 – Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss medical researcher; Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1917)
  • 1845 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria (d. 1886)
  • 1867 – James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat (d. 1951)
  • 1868 – Nikolaos Levidis, Greek shooter
  • 1882 – Seán T. O’Kelly, Irish politician (d. 1966)
  • 1893 – Henry Trendley Dean, American dental researcher (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – Helmut Hasse, German mathematician (d. 1975)
  • 1900 – Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist; Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • 1902 – Stefan Wolpe, German-born composer (d. 1972)
  • 1903 – Árpád Élo, Hungarian physicist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Faustina Kowalska, Polish mystic (d. 1938)
  • 1909 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian singer and actress (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Michael Rennie, English actor (d. 1971)
  • 1911 – Vo Nguyen Giap (Võ Nguyên Giáp), Vietnamese general and statesman
  • 1912 – Erich Honecker, East German politician (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Walt Kelly, American cartoonist (d. 1973)
  • 1913 – Bob Crosby, American bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1913 – Don DeFore, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Walter Trampler, American violist (d. 1997)
  • 1916 – Van Johnson, American actor
  • 1916 – Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist; Nobel Prize laureate  (d. 2003)
  • 1916 – Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Mel Ferrer, American actor
  • 1918 – Leonard Bernstein, American conductor and composer (d. 1990)
  • 1918 – Richard Greene, English actor (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – George Wallace, American politician (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Monty Hall, Canadian-born game show host
  • 1921 – Brian Moore, Irish-born writer (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1925 – Thea Astley, Australian writer, (d. 2004)
  • 1927 – Althea Gibson, American tennis player (d. 2003)
  • 1928 – Herbert Kroemer, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Darrell Johnson, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Sean Connery, Scottish actor
  • 1930 – Graham Jarvis, Canadian actor (d. 2003)
  • 1930 – Bruce Allpress, New Zealand actor
  • 1931 – Hal Fishman, Los Angeles based local news anchor. (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Regis Philbin, American television host
  • 1933 – Wayne Shorter, American jazz musician
  • 1933 – Tom Skerritt, American actor
  • 1934 – Lise Bacon, French Canadian politician
  • 1935 – Charles Wright, American poet
  • 1938 – David Canary, American actor
  • 1938 – Frederick Forsyth, English author
  • 1939 – John Badham, American film director
  • 1940 – José Van Dam, Belgian baritone
  • 1944 – Anthony Heald, American actor
  • 1944 – Conrad Black, newspaper magnate
  • 1944 – Jacques Demers, Canadian hockey coach
  • 1946 – Rollie Fingers, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Charles Ghigna (Father Goose), American poet and Children’s Author
  • 1946 – Charlie Sanders, American football player
  • 1949 – Martin Amis, English novelist
  • 1949 – John Savage, American actor
  • 1949 – Gene Simmons, Israeli-born musician (Kiss)
  • 1949 – Fariborz Lachini, Canadian-Iranian composer
  • 1950 – Charles Fambrough, American jazz musician
  • 1951 – Rob Halford, English singer (Judas Priest)
  • 1951 – Bill Handel, American radio personality
  • 1952 – Geoff Downes, English keyboardist (Buggles, Yes, Asia)
  • 1954 – Elvis Costello, English musician
  • 1956 – Henri Toivonen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1958 – Tim Burton, American film director
  • 1960 – Ashley Crow, American actress
  • 1961 – Billy Ray Cyrus, American singer and actor
  • 1961 – Joanne Whalley, British actress
  • 1962 – David Packer, American actor
  • 1962 – Vivian Campbell, Irish musician (Def Leppard, Whitesnake, Dio)
  • 1964 – Maxim Kontsevich, Russian mathematician
  • 1964 – Blair Underwood, American actor
  • 1964 – Vassilios Kotronias, Greek chess grandmaster
  • 1964 – Marti Noxon, American television writer and producer
  • 1965 – Mia Zapata, American singer (The Gits) (d. 1994)
  • 1966 – Albert Belle, American Major League Baseball player
  • 1966 – Derek Sherinian, American keyboardist
  • 1967 – Jeff Tweedy, American singer (Wilco)
  • 1968 – Rafet El Roman, Turkish singer and composer
  • 1968 – Yuri Mitsui, Japanese actress, model and racing driver
  • 1968 – Stuart Murdoch, Scottish musician (Belle & Sebastian)
  • 1968 – Rachael Ray, American chef and television personality
  • 1968 – Spider One, American musician (Powerman 5000)
  • 1969 – Cameron Mathison, Canadian actor
  • 1970 – Robert Horry, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Jo Dee Messina, American country music singer
  • 1970 – Claudia Schiffer, German model
  • 1971 – Mike Lockwood, professional wrestler (d. 2003)
  • 1971 – Thalia Sodi, Mexican actress and singer
  • 1972 – Marvin Harrison, American football player
  • 1973 – Fatih Akin, Turkish-German film director
  • 1973 – Olavi Mikkonen, Swedish heavy metal guitarist (Amon Amarth)
  • 1974 – Eric Millegan, American actor
  • 1974 – Dave Luza, Dutch comedian
  • 1974 – Pablo Ozuna, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Alexander Skarsgård, Swedish actor
  • 1977 – Sophie Cadieux, Quebec actress
  • 1977 – Diego Corrales, American boxer (d. 2007)
  • 1977 – Jonathan Togo, American actor
  • 1978 – Kel Mitchell, American actor
  • 1979 – Marlon Harewood, English footballer
  • 1980 – Neal Musser, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Rachel Bilson, American actress
  • 1981 – Clare Oliver, Australian cancer activist (d. 2007)
  • 1983 – James Righton, Musician (Klaxons)
  • 1983 – James Rossiter, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Janet Chow, Miss Hong Kong 2006 Runner-Up
  • 1987 – Stacey Farber, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Blake Lively, American actress
  • 1987 – Justin Upton, American baseball player
  • 1987 – James Wesolowski, Australian soccer player
  • 1987 – Liu Yifei, Chinese actress and singer
  • 1988 – Angela Park, Brazilian golfer
  • 1988 – Raymond Quinn, English singer
  • 1992 – Miyabi Natsuyaki, Japanese singer
  • 1994 – Josh Flitter, American actor
  • 1997 – Holly Gibbs, English child actor
  • 1998 – China Anne McClain, American actress

August 25 – Deaths:

  • 383 – Gratian, Roman Emperor
  • 471 – Gennadius I, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1192 – Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
  • 1270 – King Louis IX of France (b. 1214)
  • 1282 – Thomas Cantilupe, English saint
  • 1330 – Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
  • 1482 – Margaret of Anjou, queen of Henry VI of England (b. 1429)
  • 1554 – Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1473)
  • 1632 – Thomas Dekker, English dramatist
  • 1650 – Richard Crashaw, English poet
  • 1688 – Henry Morgan, Welsh privateer
  • 1699 – King Christian V of Denmark (b. 1646)
  • 1711 – Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey, English politician
  • 1742 – Carlos Seixas, Portuguese composer (b. 1704)
  • 1774 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (b. 1714)
  • 1776 – David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (b. 1711)
  • 1792 – Jacques Cazotte, French writer (b. 1719)
  • 1822 – William Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1738)
  • 1867 – Michael Faraday, English scientist (b. 1791)
  • 1900 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (b. 1844)
  • 1900 – Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
  • 1904 – Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (b. 1836)
  • 1904 – William Hall, Canadian Royal Naval sailor (b. 1827)
  • 1908 – Henri Becquerel, French physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1852)
  • 1925 – Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 1938 – Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian writer (b. 1870)
  • 1939 – Babe Siebert, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1904)
  • 1942 – George Edward Alexander Windsor, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)
  • 1945 – John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 1950 – Earl Caddock, professional wrestler (b. 1888)
  • 1956 – Alfred Kinsey, American research biologist (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1883)
  • 1967 – Paul Muni, Polish actor (b. 1895)
  • 1967 – George Lincoln Rockwell, American Nazi Party leader (b. 1918)
  • 1971 – Ted Lewis, American musician and entertainer (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1900)
  • 1979 – Stan Kenton, American musician and bandleader (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Gower Champion, American dancer, actor, and choreographer (b. 1919)
  • 1984 – Truman Capote, American author (b. 1924)
  • 1984 – Waite Hoyt, American baseball player (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Viktor Chukarin, Soviet gymnast (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Samantha Smith, American social activist (b. 1972)
  • 1990 – Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer (b. 1903)
  • 1999 – Rob Fisher, English musician (b. 1956)
  • 2000 – Carl Barks, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Jack Nitzsche, American record producer (b. 1937)
  • 2001 – Aaliyah, American singer and actress (b. 1979)
  • 2001 – Carl Brewer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1938)
  • 2001 – Ken Tyrrell, former race driver and founder of Tyrrell Racing (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Philippe Léotard, French actor and singer (b. 1940)
  • 2002 – Dorothy Hewett, Australian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Peter Glotz, German politician (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Ray Jones, English professional footballer (b. 1988)

August 25 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Opiconsivia held in honor of Ops.
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Genesius of Arles, Saint Louis IX of France, Saint Joseph Calasanz.
  • Uruguay – National Day (independence from Brazil in 1825).
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