On This Day in History September 3

September 3 – Events:

  • 36 BC – In the battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
  • 301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
  • 1188 – Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard “the Lionheart”) is crowned at Westminster.
  • 1260 – The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1650 – Third English Civil War: Battle of Dunbar (1650)
  • 1651 – Third English Civil War: Battle of Worcester – Charles II of England is defeated in the last main battle of the war.
  • 1666 – The Royal Exchange burnt down in the Great Fire of London
  • 1777 – Cooch’s Bridge – Skirmish of American Revolutionary war in New Castle County, Delaware where the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain. America is officially free from Britain.
  • 1798 – Weeklong battle of St. George’s Caye begun between Spanish and British off the coast of Belize.
  • 1838 – Dressed in a sailor’s uniform and carrying identification papers provided by a Free Black seaman, future abolitionist Frederick Douglass boards a train in Maryland on his way to freedom from slavery.
  • 1855 – Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz begins, which will result in a decisive Prussian victory on October 23.
  • 1874 – The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of “Villa de Juárez.”
  • 1878 – Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.
  • 1914 – William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.
  • 1929 – Dow Jones Industrial Average reached all time high at the time (381.17), which was shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
  • 1933 – Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union – Communism Peak (7495 m).
  • 1935 – Sir Malcolm Campbell reaches 304.331 miles per hour on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, becoming the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph
  • 1939 – World War II begins when France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, starting the Allies.
  • 1942 – World War II: Uprising of the Jewish ghetto in Lakhva occurs.
  • 1943 – World War II: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces for the first time in the war.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from Westerbork to Auschwitz, arriving three days later.
  • 1951 – The first long-running American television soap opera, Search for Tomorrow, airs its first episode on the CBS network.
  • 1954 – The People’s Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy.
  • 1954 – The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago’s Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1967 – Dagen H in Sweden: traffic changes from driving on the left to driving on the right overnight
  • 1971 – Qatar becomes an independent state
  • 1976 – Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars.
  • 1991 – In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.
  • 1994 – Sino-Soviet Split: Russia and the People’s Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.
  • 1995 – eBay founded.
  • 1997 – A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev TU-134 crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
  • 2004 – The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.

September 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1034 – Emperor Go-Sanjo of Japan (d. 1073)
  • 1499 – Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henri II of France (d. 1566)
  • 1568 – Adriano Banchieri, Italian composer (d. 1634)
  • 1675 – Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts (d. 1751)
  • 1693 – Charles Radclyffe, British politician (d. 1746)
  • 1695 – Pietro Locatelli, Italian composer (d. 1764)
  • 1710 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (d. 1784)
  • 1724 – Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and Governor of Quebec (d. 1808)
  • 1781 – Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Josephine de Beauharnais (d. 1824)
  • 1810 – Paul Kane, Canadian painter (d. 1871)
  • 1820 – George Hearst, (d. 1891) American businessman and father of newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst.
  • 1849 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (d. 1909)
  • 1851 – Olga Konstantinovna of Russia, Queen of Greece (d. 1926)
  • 1856 – Louis Sullivan, American architect (d. 1924)
  • 1869 – Fritz Pregl, Slovenian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian automotive engineer (d. 1951)
  • 1887 – Frank Christian, American musician (d. 1973)
  •  1897 – Sally Benson, American writer (d. 1972)
  • 1899 – Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1985)
  • 1900 – Maurice Dobb, British economist (d. 1976)
  • 1900 – Urho Kekkonen, Finnish politician (d. 1986)
  • 1901 – Eduard van Beinum, Dutch conductor (d. 1959)
  • 1905 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 1907 – Loren Eiseley, American anthropologist (d. 1977)
  • 1908 – Lev Semenovich Pontryagin, Russian mathematician (d. 1988)
  • 1910 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (d. 2007)
  • 1910 – Maurice Papon, French Nazi collaborator (d. 2007)
  • 1911 – Bernard Mammes, American cyclist (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Alan Ladd, American actor (d. 1964)
  • 1914 – Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Eddie Stanky, American baseball player (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Helen Wagner, American actress
  • 1921 – Marguerite Higgins, American reporter and war correspondent,Pulitzer prize winner
  • 1921 – Thurston Dart, English harpsichordist and conductor (d. 1971)
  • 1923 – Mort Walker, American cartoonist
  • 1925 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Hank Thompson, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Alison Lurie, American novelist
  • 1926 – Irene Papas, Greek actress
  • 1928 – Gaston Thorn, President of the European Commission(d. 2007)
  • 1929 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss cyclist (d. 2007)
  • 1930 – Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author (d. 2002)
  • 1931 – Albert DeSalvo, The Boston Strangler (d. 1973)
  • 1931 – Dick Motta, American basketball coach
  • 1933 – Tompall Glaser, American singer
  • 1934 – Freddie King, American musician (d. 1976)
  • 1938 – Eileen Brennan, American actress
  • 1938 – Caryl Churchill, English playwright
  • 1938 – Ryoji Noyori, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 – Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist
  • 1940 – Pauline Collins, English actress
  • 1941 – Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Al Jardine, American musician (the Beach Boys)
  • 1942 – John Shrapnel, English actor
  • 1943 – Valerie Perrine, American actress
  • 1943 – Frank Lister, Soccer player
  • 1947 – Eric Bell, Irish guitarist (Thin Lizzy)
  • 1947 – Kjell Magne Bondevik, Norwegian politician
  • 1949 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (d. 2004)
  • 1949 – José Pekerman, Argentine football manager
  • 1950 – Doug Pinnick, American bassist and singer (King’s X)
  • 1953 – Jean-Pierre Jeunet, French film director
  • 1955 – Steve Jones, English musician (Sex Pistols)
  • 1956 – Pat McGeown, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • 1957 – Garth Ancier, American television executive
  • 1959 – Merritt Butrick, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1962 – Costas Mandylor, Australian-born actor
  • 1963 – Amber Lynn, American porn star
  • 1963 – Mubarak Ghanim, UAE footballer
  • 1964 – Adam Curry, Internet entrepreneur
  • 1964 – Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani singer
  • 1964 – Holt McCallany, American actor
  • 1965 – Charlie Sheen, American actor
  • 1966 – Vladimir Ryzhkov, Russian politician
  • 1969 – John Fugelsang, American actor
  • 1970 – Gareth Southgate, English footballer
  • 1971 – Chabeli Iglesias, Spanish journalist
  • 1972 – Natalia Estrada, Spanish model and actress
  • 1972 – Martin Straka, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Norihiko Hibino, Japanese composer
  • 1973 – Jennifer Paige, American singer/songwriter
  • 1973 – Damon Stoudamire, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Clare Kramer, American actress
  • 1975 – Cristobal Huet, French hockey player
  • 1976 – Ashley Jones, American actress
  • 1976 – Jevon Kearse, American football player
  • 1976 – Vivek Oberoi, Indian actor
  • 1977 – Rui Marques, Angolan footballer
  • 1977 – Olof Mellberg, Swedish footballer
  • 1977 – Nate Robertson, American baseball player
  • 1978 – John Curtis, English footballer
  • 1978 – Paul Moor, English ten-pin bowler
  • 1978 – Michal Rozsival, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Nick Wechsler, American actor
  • 1978 – Valfar, Norwegian heavy metal vocalist/musician (Windir) (d. 2004)
  • 1979 – Tomo Milicevic, Croatian-born American musician (30 Seconds to Mars)
  • 1980 – The B.G., American rapper
  • 1980 – Daniel Ruben Bilos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1980 – Cone, Canadian bassist (Sum 41)
  • 1980 – Jennie Finch, American softball player
  • 1981 – Fearne Cotton, British television presenter
  • 1982 – Andrew McMahon, American singer and songwriter
  • 1982 – Kaori Natori, Japanese singer and model
  • 1983 – Augusto Farfus, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1983 – Nicky Hunt, English footballer
  • 1983 – Marcus McCauley, American football player
  • 1984 – Garrett Hedlund, American actor
  • 1985 – Scott Carson, English footballer
  • 1985 – Kelvin Wilson, English footballer
  • 1986 – Shaun White, American snowboarder
  • 1987 – Chris Fountain, English actor
  • 1993 – Rina Koike, Japanese junior idol

September 3 – Deaths:

  • 1402 – Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan (b. 1351)
  • 1420 – Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
  • 1592 – Robert Greene, English writer (b. 1558)
  • 1634 – Edward Coke, English colonial entrepreneur and jurist (b. 1552)
  • 1653 – Claudius Salmasius, French classical scholar (b. 1588)
  • 1658 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England (b. 1599)
  • 1662 – William Lenthall, English politician (b. 1591)
  • 1720 – Henri de Massue, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1648)\
  • 1722 – Ivan Skoropadsky, Hetman of Ukraine (b. 1646)
  • 1729 – Jean Hardouin, French scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1766 – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • 1808 – John Montgomery, American Continental Congressman (b. 1722)
  • 1857 – John McLoughlin, Canadian trapper (b. 1784)
  • 1860 – Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (b. 1804)
  • 1866 – Konstantin Flavitsky, Russian painter (b. 1830)
  • 1883 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian author (b. 1818)
  • 1886 – William W. Snow, American politician (b. 1812)
  • 1893 – James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)
  • 1903 – Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)
  • 1914 – Albéric Magnard, French composer (b. 1865)
  • 1936 – Nikita Balieff, Armenian vaudevillian and impressario (b. 1876 or 1877)
  • 1948 – Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
  • 1961 – Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – E. E. Cummings, American poet (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – Louis MacNeice, Irish poet (b. 1907)
  • 1964 – Stewart Holbrook, American author (b. 1893)
  • 1967 – James Dunn, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1968 – Isabel Withers, American actress (b. 1896)
  • 1969 – John Lester, American cricketer (b. 1871)
  • 1970 – Vince Lombardi, American football coach (b. 1913)
  • 1970 – “Blind Owl” Wilson, American musician (Canned Heat) (b. 1943)
  • 1974 – Harry Partch, American composer (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Duncan Renaldo, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Alec Waugh, English writer (b. 1898)
  • 1983 – Ellie Lambeti, Greek actress (b. 1926)
  • 1987 – Morton Feldman, American composer (b. 1926)
  • 1991 – Frank Capra, American film director (b. 1897)
  • 1994 – James T. Aubrey, American television executive (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Billy Wright, English former footballer (b. 1924)
  • 1994 – Major Lance, American singer (b. 1939)
  • 1996 – Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Australian artist (b. 1910)
  • 2000 – Edward Anhalt, American screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Pauline Kael, American film critic (b. 1919)
  • 2001 – Thuy Trang, American actress (b. 1973)
  • 2002 – W. Clement Stone, American entrepreneur (b. 1902)
  • 2003 – Paul Jennings Hill, American anti-abortion murderer (b. 1954)
  • 2005 – Richard S.R. Fitter, British ornithologist and botanist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Jane Tomlinson, British charity fund raiser (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Steve Ryan, American actor (b. 1947)
  • 2007 – Syd Jackson, Maori activist and trade unionist (b. 1939)
  • 2007 – Carter Albrecht, Musician (b. 1973)

September 3 – Holidays:

  • Qatar – Independence Day (from Great Britain, 1971).
  • San Marino – Foundation (301) by Saint Marinus.
  • Taiwan/Republic of China – Armed Forces Day.
  • Australia – Flag Day.
  • Tunisia – Memorial Day
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