On This Day in History September 13

September 13 – Events:

  • 509 BC – The temple of Jupiter on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.
  • 122 – The building of Hadrian’s Wall begins.
  • 533 – General Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimium, near Carthage, North Africa.
  • 1224 – Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata.
  • 1440 – Gilles de Rais is finally taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by the Bishop of Nantes.
  • 1503 – Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.
  • 1504 – Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) to be built.
  • 1609 – Henry Hudson reached the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.
  • 1743 – Great Britain, Austria and Savoy-Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms (1743).
  • 1759 – Battle of the Plains of Abraham: British defeat French near Quebec City in the Seven Years’ War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.
  • 1788 – The United States’ Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the country’s first presidential election, and New York City becomes the temporary capital of the U.S..
  • 1791 – King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution.
  • 1814 – The British fail to capture Baltimore, Maryland. Turning point in the War of 1812.
  • 1814 – Francis Scott Key writes The Star-Spangled Banner.
  • 1847 – Mexican-American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City in the Mexican-American War.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee’s battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.
  • 1882 – The Battle of Tel el-Kebir is fought in the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.
  • 1898 – Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
  • 1899 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
  • 1899 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
  • 1900 – Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.
  • 1906 – First fixed-wing aircraft flight in Europe.
  • 1914 – During World War I, South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
  • 1922 – The temperature (in the shade) at Al ‘Aziziyah, Libya reaches a world record 57.7°C (135.9°F).
  • 1923 – Military coup in Spain – Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • 1935 – Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway.
  • 1940 – World War II: German bombs damage Buckingham Palace.
  • 1940 – World War II: Italy invades Egypt.
  • 1942 – World War II: Second day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge in the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Imperial Japanese Army with heavy losses for the Japanese forces.
  • 1943 – Chiang Kai-shek elected president of the Republic of China.
  • 1948 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
  • 1953 – Nikita Khrushchev appointed secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1956 – The dike around the Dutch polder East Flevoland is closed.
  • 1956 – IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit, the RAMAC 305.
  • 1968 – Albania leaves the Warsaw Pact.
  • 1971 – State police and National Guardsmen storm New York’s Attica Prison to end a prison revolt. 42 people die in the assault.
  • 1979 – South Africa grants independence to the “homeland” of Venda (not recognized outside South Africa).
  • 1985 – Japan Super Mario Bros. released for the Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • 1987 – Goiânia accident: A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and leading some to die from radiation poisoning.
  • 1988 – Hurricane Gilbert is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere (based on barometric pressure).
  • 1989 – Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.
  • 1993 – Public unveiling of the Oslo Accords, an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement initiated by Norway.
  • 1993 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shakes hands with PLO chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy.
  • 1994 – Ulysses probe passes the Sun’s south pole.
  • 1999 – Bomb explodes in Moscow, Russia. At least 119 people are killed.
  • 2001 – Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks.
  • 2006 – At Dawson College (Montreal), Kimveer Gill kills one student and wounds 19 others before committing suicide.

September 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1087 – John II Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1143)
  • 1475 – Cesare Borgia, Italian aristocrat (d. 1507)
  • 1502 – John Leland, English antiquarian (d. 1552)
  • 1520 – William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, English statesman (d. 1598)
  • 1604 – William Brereton, English soldier and politician (d. 1661)
  • 1676 – Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine (d. 1741)
  • 1694 – Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1776)
  • 1739 – Grigori Potemkin, Russian statesman (d. 1791)
  • 1766 – Samuel Wilson, namesake of Uncle Sam (d. 1854)
  • 1775 – Laura Secord, Canadian war heroine (d. 1868)
  • 1802 – Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and writer (d. 1880)
  • 1813 – John Sedgwick, American Civil War general (d. 1864)
  • 1819 – Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (d. 1896)
  • 1830 – Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (d. 1916)
  • 1842 – John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
  • 1851 – Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902)
  • 1857 – Michal Drzymala, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)
  • 1857 – Milton S. Hershey, American confectioner (d. 1945)
  • 1860 – John J. Pershing, American general (d. 1948)
  • 1863 – Arthur Henderson, British politician and union leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize  (d. 1935)
  • 1873 – Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (d. 1962)
  • 1874 – Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian-born composer (d. 1951)
  • 1876 – Sherwood Anderson, American writer (d. 1941)
  • 1877 – Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)
  • 1877 – Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)
  • 1882 – Ramón Grau, Cuban president (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian geometer (d. 1962)
  • 1886 – Sir Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
  • 1886 – Amelie Beese, German aviator and sculptor. (d. 1925)
  • 1887 – Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1893 – Larry Shields, American musician (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – J.B. Priestley, English playwright and novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1894 – Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (d. 1953)
  • 1895 – Morris Kirksey, American rugby player (d. 1981)
  • 1899 – Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, leader of the Iron Guard (d. 1938)
  • 1903 – Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Bill Monroe, American singer (d. 1996)
  • 1916 – Roald Dahl, British writer (d. 1990)
  • 1916 – Dick Haymes, Argentine vocalist (d. 1980)
  • 1917 – Robert Ward, American composer
  • 1919 – Mary Midgley, American philosopher
  • 1922 – Charles Brown, American singer and pianist (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Edouard Boubat, French photographer (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Scott Brady, American film actor (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Maurice Jarre, French composer
  • 1925 – Mel Tormé, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Emile Francis, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1929 – Nicolai Ghiaurov, Bulgarian opera singer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, British printing millionaire
  • 1931 – Barbara Bain, American actress
  • 1933 – Eileen Fulton, American actress
  • 1936 – Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian neo-Nazi
  • 1937 – Don Bluth, American animator
  • 1938 – Judith Martin, American etiquette writer
  • 1938 – John Smith, Labour Party Leader 1992 – 1994. (d. 1994)
  • 1939 – Richard Kiel, American actor
  • 1940 – Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1941 – Tadao Ando, Japanese architect
  • 1941 – Ahmet Necdet Sezer, 10th President of Turkey
  • 1941 – David Clayton-Thomas, Canadian singer (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
  • 1944 – Jacqueline Bisset, British actress
  • 1944 – Peter Cetera, American musician (Chicago)
  • 1945 – Noël Godin, Belgian humorist
  • 1945 – Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician, journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1946 – Frank Marshall, American film producer
  • 1948 – Nell Carter, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1948 – Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist
  • 1949 – Fred Sonic Smith, American musician (MC5) (d. 1994)
  • 1950 – Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish politician
  • 1951 – Jean Smart, American actress
  • 1951 – Linda Wong, Asian adult actress (d. 1987)
  • 1952 – Randy Jones, American musician (The Village People)
  • 1952 – Raymond O’Connor, American actor
  • 1952 – Don Was, American singer
  • 1955 – Joe Morris, American musician
  • 1957 – John G. Trueschler, American politician
  • 1957 – Vinny Appice, American musician (Black Sabbath, Dio, Heaven and Hell)
  • 1960 – Greg Baldwin, American voiceover actor (Avatar: The Last Airbender)
  • 1961 – Dave Mustaine, American musician (Megadeth)
  • 1961 – KK Null, Japanese musician
  • 1961 – Peter Roskam, Republican Congressman from Illinois
  • 1962 – Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian poet and author
  • 1963 – Theodoros Roussopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1964 – Tavis Smiley, American talk show host, journalist and author
  • 1965 – Zak Starkey, British musician
  • 1965 – Annie Duke, American poker player
  • 1966 – Maria Furtwängler, German physician
  • 1967 – Michael Johnson, American athlete
  • 1967 – Tim ‘Ripper’ Owens, American singer (Iced Earth, Judas Priest)
  • 1968 – Brad Johnson, American football player
  • 1968 – Emma Sjöberg, Swedish model
  • 1968 – Bernie Williams, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1969 – Tyler Perry, American actor
  • 1969 – Ilka Knickenberg, German actress
  • 1969 – Shane Warne, Australian cricketer
  • 1970 – Martín Herrera, former Argentine footballer
  • 1970 – Louise Lombard, British actress
  • 1970 – Yuki Matsuoka, Japanese voice actress
  • 1971 – Goran Ivaniševic, Croatian tennis player
  • 1971 – Manabu Namiki, Japanese composer
  • 1971 – Stella McCartney, English fashion designer
  • 1973 – Christine Arron, French runner
  • 1973 – Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer
  • 1973 – Kelly Chen, Chinese singer
  • 1973 – Marcelinho Paulista, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Craig Rivet, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Keith Murray, American rapper
  • 1974 – Éric Lapointe, Canadian football player
  • 1975 – Joe Don Rooney, American musician (Rascal Flatts)
  • 1975 – Akihiro Asai, Japanese racing driver
  • 1976 – Giorgos Koltzos, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Craig McMillan, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1976 – José Théodore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Fiona Apple, American singer
  • 1977 – Ivan De Battista, Maltese Actor, singer and composer
  • 1977 – Daisuke Tsuda, Japanese singer (Maximum the Hormone)
  • 1978 – Megan Henning, American actress
  • 1978 – Darren Kenton, English footballer
  • 1979 – Geike Arnaert, Belgian singer (Hooverphonic)
  • 1979 – Ivan Miljkovic, Serbian volleyball player
  • 1979 – Catalina Cruz, American pornographic actress
  • 1980 – Han Chae Young, South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Daisuke Matsuzaka, Japanese baseball player
  • 1980 – Evangelos Nastos, Greek footballer
  • 1980 – Viren Rasquinha, Indian field hockey player
  • 1980 – Ben Savage, American actor
  • 1980 – Michelle Nolan, American musician (Straylight Run)
  • 1980 – Teppei Teranishi, American guitarist (Thrice)
  • 1981 – Koldo Fernández, Spanish cyclist
  • 1981 – Angel Williams, Canadian wrestler
  • 1982 – Nenê, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1982 – Rickie Weeks, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Miha Zupan, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1983 – Sean Brosnan II, American actor and son of actor Pierce Brosnan
  • 1983 – James Bourne, English musician
  • 1984 – Nabil Abou-Harb, Arab-American filmmaker
  • 1985 – Keyunta Dawson, National Football League player
  • 1986 – Kamui Kobayashi, Japanese racing driver
  • 1986 – Sean Williams, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Luke Fitzgerald, Irish rugby union footballer
  • 1988 – Keith Treacy, Irish footballer

September 13 – Deaths:

  • 81 – Titus, Roman emperor (b. 39)
  • 1321 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (b. 1265)
  • 1438 – Duarte, King of Portugal (b. 1391)
  • 1506 – Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter
  • 1557 – John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)
  • 1592 – Michel de Montaigne, French writer (b. 1533)
  • 1598 – Philip II, King of Spain (b. 1526)
  • 1632 – Leopold V, regent of the Tyrol (b. 1586)
  • 1759 – James Wolfe, British general (b. 1727)
  • 1766 – Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1806 – Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • 1808 – Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (b. 1718)
  • 1813 – Hezqeyas of Ethiopia, deposed Emperor of Ethiopia
  • 1847 – Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (b. 1767)
  • 1872 – Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, German philosopher (b. 1804)
  • 1881 – Ambrose Burnside, American Civil War general and politician (b. 1824)
  • 1885 – Friedrich Kiel, Austrian composer (b. 1821)
  • 1894 – Emmanuel Chabrier, French composer (b. 1841)
  • 1904 – Raden Ayu Kartini, Indonesian national heroine (b. 1879)
  • 1905 – René Goblet, French politician (b. 1828)
  • 1912 – Maresuke Nogi, Japanese general (b. 1849)
  • 1915 – Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
  • 1928 – Italo Svevo, Italian author (b. 1861)
  • 1946 – Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter (b. 1875)
  • 1946 – Amon Göth, commandant of Nazi concentration camp (b. 1908)
  • 1949 – August Krogh, Danish zoophysiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1965 – Jean B. Fletcher, American architect (b. 1915)
  • 1973 – Betty Field, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – Albert Tessier, French Canadian priest, historian and film maker (b. 1895)
  • 1976 – Armand Mondou, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (b. 1882)
  • 1987 – Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (b. 1900)
  • 1991 – Metin Oktay, Turkish football player (b. 1936)
  • 1991 – Joe Pasternak, American film director (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Tupac Shakur, aka 2Pac, American rapper and actor (b. 1971)
  • 1998 – Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – George Wallace, American politician (b. 1919)
  • 1999 – Benjamin Bloom, American educational theorist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1916)
  • 2003 – Frank O’Bannon, Governor of Indiana (b. 1930)
  • 2004 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill  (b. 1925)
  • 2005 – Toni Fritsch, Austrian football and American football player (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Ann Richards, 46th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Whakahuihui Vercoe, New Zealand clergyman (b. 1928)

September 13 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – epulum Iovis (“banquet of Jupiter”), on the Ides, during the Ludi Romani.
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