On This Day in History September 22

September 22 – Events:

  • 66 – Emperor Nero creates the legion I Italica.
  • 1236 – The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.
  • 1499 – Switzerland became an independent state.
  • 1586 – The battle of Zutphen occurs.
  • 1598 – Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter.
  • 1692 – Last people hanged for witchcraft in the United States.
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during American Revolution.
  • 1784 – Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.
  • 1789 – The position of United States Postmaster General established.
  • 1792 – primidi Vendémiaire of year 1 of the French Republican Calendar
  • 1823 – Joseph Smith, Jr. stated that he was directed by God through the Angel Moroni to the place where the Golden plates were stored.
  • 1851 – The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
  • 1862 – Slavery in the United States: A preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released.
  • 1866 – Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1869 – Richard Wagner’s opera Das Rheingold premieres in Munich.
  • 1885 – Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. “Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right.”
  • 1888 – The first issue of National Geographic Magazine is published.
  • 1893 – The first American-built automobile, built by the Duryea Brothers, is displayed.
  • 1896 – Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
  • 1908 – The independence of Bulgaria is recognized.
  • 1910 – The Duke of York’s Cinema opened in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.
  • 1919 – The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.
  • 1927 – Jack Dempsey loses the Long Count boxing match to Gene Tunney.
  • 1934 – An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.
  • 1937 – Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1941 – On Jewish New Year Day, German SS murder 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsya, Ukraine. Those were the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews were executed.
  • 1944 – World War II, Red Army enters Tallinn.
  • 1951 – The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
  • 1955 – In Britain, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.
  • 1960 – The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.
  • 1965 – The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965/Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire.
  • 1970 – Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia.
  • 1975 – Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple.
  • 1979 – The South Atlantic Flash or Vela Incident is observed near Bouvet Island, thought to be a nuclear weapons test.
  • 1980 – Iraq invades Iran.
  • 1985 – The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.
  • 1991 – The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time, by the Huntington Library.
  • 1993 – A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.
  • 1995 – E-3B AWACS crashed outside of Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board killed.
  • 1997 – Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers killed.
  • 2003 – David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
  • 2006 – The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy.
  • 2006 – A German maglev train crashes, killing 23.
  • 2006 – Hezbollah claims “Divine Victory” over Israel in a massive demonstration in Beirut.

September 22 – Birthdays:

  • 1515 – Anne of Cleves, wife of Henry VIII of England (d. 1557)
  • 1547 – Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (d. 1590)
  • 1593 – Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (d. 1650)
  • 1601 – Anne of Austria, queen of Louis XIII of France (d. 1666)
  • 1606 – Li Zicheng, Chinese rebel (d. 1645)
  • 1680 – Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)
  • 1694 – Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman (d. 1773)
  • 1715 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (d. 1786)
  • 1717 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • 1722 – John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)
  • 1741 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (d. 1811)
  • 1743 – Quintin Craufurd, British author (d. 1819)
  • 1765 – Paolo Ruffini, Italian mathematician (d. 1822)
  • 1788 – Theodore Edward Hook, English author (d. 1841)
  • 1791 – Michael Faraday, English scientist (d. 1867)
  • 1819 – Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)  
  • 1875 – Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, Lithuanian painter and composer (d. 1911)
  • 1876 – André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • 1878 – Yoshida Shigeru, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1967)
  • 1880 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist (d. 1958)
  • 1882 – Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (d. 1946)
  • 1885 – Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect (d. 1940)
  • 1885 – Ben Chifley, Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Erich von Stroheim, Austrian-born actor (d. 1957)
  • 1889 – Hooks Dauss, American baseball player (d. 1963)
  • 1891 – Hans Albers, German actor and singer (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Paul Muni, Polish-born actor (d. 1967)
  • 1896 – Henry Segrave, British racing driver (d. 1930)
  • 1898 – Katherine Alexander, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1900 – William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • 1900 – Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1901 – Charles B. Huggins, Canadian-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1902 – John Houseman, Romanian-born actor (d. 1988)
  • 1903 – Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • 1904 – Ellen Church, American stewardess (d. 1965)
  • 1905 – Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (d. 1964)
  • 1907 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (d. 1981)
  • 1912 – Martha Scott, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Herbert Mataré, German physicist and European co-inventor of the transistor
  • 1915 – Arthur Lowe, British actor (d. 1982)
  • 1918 – Hans Scholl, member of The White Rose (d. 1943)
  • 1918 – Henryk Szeryng, Polish-born violinist (d. 1988)
  • 1920 – Eric Baker, British human rights activist (d. 1976)
  • 1920 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – William H. Riker, American political scientist (d. 1993)
  • 1920 – Anders Lassen, Danish military officer (d. 1945)
  • 1922 – Chen Ning Yang, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1923 – Dannie Abse, Welsh poet and writer
  • 1924 – Charles Keeping, British illustrator (d. 1988)
  • 1924 – Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist
  • 1927 – Gordon Astall, English footballer
  • 1927 – Tommy Lasorda, American baseball manager
  • 1928 – Eric Broadley, MBE, British automotive engineer (Lola Cars)
  • 1928 – James Lawson, American minister and civil rights activist
  • 1928 – Eugene Roche, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1929 – Serge Garant, French Canadian conductor (d. 1986)
  • 1931 – Fay Weldon, British feminist
  • 1931 – George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Manzoor Ahmad, Pakistani philosopher
  • 1932 – Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer and former heavyweight champion of the world.
  • 1934 – Lute Olson, American basketball coach
  • 1936 – Maurice Evans, English footballer and manager (d. 2000)
  • 1938 – Gene Mingo, American football player
  • 1939 – Gilbert E. Patterson, American minister and presiding bishop of the Church of God in Christ (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Anna Karina, Danish born actress
  • 1942 – David Stern, American basketball commissioner
  • 1943 – Toni Basil, American singer
  • 1946 – King Sunny Ade, Nigerian singer
  • 1946 – Dan Baker, American public address announcer
  • 1946 – Larry Dierker, American baseball player and manager
  • 1947 – Robert Morace, American writer
  • 1948 – Denis Burke, Australian politician
  • 1948 – Jim Byrnes, American actor and musician
  • 1949 – Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist and author (d. 1999)
  • 1949 – Jim McGinty, Australian politician
  • 1950 – Kirka, Finnish singer (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – David Coverdale, English singer
  • 1952 – Bob Goodlatte, American politician
  • 1952 – Paul Le Mat, American actor
  • 1952 – Gary Holton, English actor and musician (d. 1985)
  • 1953 – Ségolène Royal, French politician
  • 1953 – Geoff Gilpin, American author
  • 1954 – Shari Belafonte, American singer
  • 1954 – Randy Lanier, American racing driver
  • 1956 – Debby Boone, American singer
  • 1956 – Masayuki Suzuki, Japanese singer (Rats & Star)
  • 1957 – Nick Cave, Australian musician
  • 1957 – Giuseppe Saronni, Italian cyclist
  • 1958 – Andrea Bocelli, Italian tenor
  • 1958 – Neil Cavuto, American television commentator
  • 1958 – Joan Jett, American musician
  • 1959 – Tai Babilonia, American figure skater
  • 1959 – Pope Michael, American anti-pope
  • 1961 – Scott Baio, American actor
  • 1961 – Vince Coleman, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Dr. Liam Fox, British Conservative politician
  • 1961 – Bonnie Hunt, American actress
  • 1961 – Catherine Oxenberg, British actress
  • 1962 – Diogo Mainardi, Brazilian writer
  • 1964 – Randy Lanier, American car racer, marijuana smuggler and convicted felon
  • 1965 – Andy Cairns, Irish musician
  • 1965 – Tony Drago, Maltese snooker player
  • 1965 – Mark Guthrie, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Moustafa Amar, Egyptian singer
  • 1966 – Stefan Rehn, Swedish footballer
  • 1966 – Mike Richter, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Matt Besser, American comedian
  • 1967 – Rickard Rydell, Swedish racing driver
  • 1967 – Félix Savón, Cuban boxer
  • 1967 – Kim Watkins, Australian television presenter
  • 1969 – Chris Powell, English footballer
  • 1969 – Matt Sharp, American musician (Weezer, The Rentals)
  • 1970 – Mike Matheny, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Mystikal, American rapper
  • 1970 – Rupert Penry-Jones, English actor
  • 1970 – Emmanuel Petit, French footballer
  • 1971 – Chesney Hawkes, English singer
  • 1971 – Princess Märtha Louise of Norway
  • 1972 – Dana Vespoli, American porn actress
  • 1974 – Bob Sapp, American boxer and kickboxer
  • 1975 – Ethan Moreau, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Svilen Noev, Bulgarian singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Paul Sculthorpe, English rugby league footballer
  • 1977 – Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer and actress
  • 1978 – Ed Joyce, Irish-English cricketer
  • 1978 – Harry Kewell, Australian soccer player
  • 1979 – Emilie Autumn, American singer, violinist, and harpsichordist
  • 1979 – Michael Graziadei, American actor
  • 1980 – Fernanda Tavares, Brazilian supermodel
  • 1981 – Ashley Drane, American actress
  • 1981 – Adam Lazzara, American singer (Taking Back Sunday)
  • 1982 – Mandy Chiang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1982 – Kosuke Kitajima, Japanese swimmer
  • 1982 – Billie Piper, English singer and actress
  • 1984 – Theresa Fu, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1984 – Ross Jarman, Drummer The Cribs
  • 1984 – Laura Vandervoort, Canadian actress
  • 1987 – Tom Felton, English actor
  • 1988 – Bethany Dillon, American musician
  • 1995 – Juliette Goglia, American actress, Molly Marcus, Amazing Person

September 22 – Deaths:

  • 1072 – Ouyang Xiu, Chinese historian and scholar-official (b. 1007)
  • 1253 – Dogen, Japanese Zen Buddhist (b. 1200)
  • 1345 – Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Leicester (b. 1281)
  • 1399 – Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (b. 1366)
  • 1520 – Selim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1465)
  • 1554 – Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer
  • 1566 – Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (b. 1494)
  • 1607 – Alessandro Allori, Italian painter (b. 1535)
  • 1658 – Georg Philipp Harsdorffer, German poet (b. 1607)
  • 1662 – John Biddle, English theologian (b. 1615)
  • 1692 – Martha Corey, hanged as a result of the Salem witch trials
  • 1703 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (b. 1622)
  • 1774 – Pope Clement XIV (b. 1705) 1775 – Matthew Wright, executed for killing Pope Clement XIV
  • 1776 – Nathan Hale, American Revolutionary War captain, hanged by the British as a spy (b. 1755)
  • 1777 – John Bartram, American botanist (b. 1699)
  • 1828 – Shaka Zulu, Zulu leader
  • 1852 – William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer (b. 1783)
  • 1872 – Vladimir Dal, Russian lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • 1873 – Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1801)
  • 1881 – Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman from Illinois (b. 1831)
  • 1914 – Alain-Fournier, French writer (b. 1886)
  • 1952 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first President of Finland (b. 1865)
  • 1956 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1957 – Toyoda Soemu, Japanese admiral (b. 1885)
  • 1961 – Marion Davies, American actress (b. 1897)
  • 1962 – Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th Oveyssi Sufi master (b. 1887)
  • 1969 – Adolfo López Mateos, president of Mexico (b. 1909)
  • 1981 – Harry Warren, American composer and lyricist (b. 1893)
  • 1987 – Dan Rowan, American actor and comedian (b. 1922)
  • 1988 – Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Irving Berlin, American songwriter (b. 1888)
  • 1992 – Aurelio López, Mexican baseball player (b. 1948)
  • 1993 – Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (b. 1903)
  • 1996 – Ludmilla Chiriaeff, Canadian ballet dancer and director (b. 1924)
  • 1996 – Dorothy Lamour, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – George C. Scott, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2000 – Rodney Anoa’i (Yokozuna), American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 2000 – Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator, (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Isaac Stern, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Jan de Hartog, Dutch-born writer (b. 1914)
  • 2003 – Gordon Jump, American television actor (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Hugo Young, British journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Ray Traylor (The Big Boss Man), American professional wrestler (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Edward Albert, American actor (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Carla Benschop, Dutch basketball player (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Bodinho, Brazilian footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2007 – Marcel Marceau, French mime artist (b. 1923)

September 22 – Holidays:

  • Bulgaria – Independence Day (from The Ottoman Empire) 1908.
  • Mali – Independence Day (from France, 1960).
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