On This Day in History September 23

September 23 – Events:

  • 1122 – Concordat of Worms. 
  • 1459 – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
  • 1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins as Suleiman I begins his attack on the city.
  • 1642 – First commencement exercises occur at Harvard College.
  • 1779 – American Revolution; squadron commanded by John Paul Jones in USS Bonhomme Richard wins the Battle of Flamborough Head, off the coast of England, against two British warships.
  • 1780 – American Revolution; British Major John André arrested as a spy by American soldiers exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason.
  • 1803 – Second Anglo-Maratha War: Battle of Assaye.
  • 1806 – Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis, after exploring the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
  • 1818 – Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 – Fall of Tripolitsa, Greece, masssacre of 30.000 Turks.
  • 1845 – The Knickerbockers Baseball Club, the first baseball team to play under the modern rules, is founded in New York.
  • 1846 – Discovery of Neptune by French astronomer Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier and British astronomer John Couch Adams; verified by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
  • 1848 – First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed as ‘The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum’.
  • 1868 – Grito de Lares (Lares Revolt) occurs in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.
  • 1875 – William Bonney (“Billy the Kid”) is arrested for the first time.
  • 1884 – Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
  • 1889 – Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • 1905 – Norway and Sweden sign the “Karlstad treaty”, peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
  • 1912 – First Mack Sennett “Keystone Cops” comedy is released.
  • 1922 – Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1932 – The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd is renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • 1941 – The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
  • 1942 – First day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
  • 1952 – Richard Nixon makes his “Checkers speech.”
  • 1959 The M/S Princess of Tasmania Australia’s first passenger RO/RO diesel ferry makes maiden voyage across Bass Strait.
  • 1962 – Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the first building completed, Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) home of the New York Philharmonic.
  • 1962 – ABC broadcasts in color for the first time, airing the initial episode of “The Jetsons.”
  • 1969 – The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.
  • 1972 – Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos announces over television and radio the implementation of martial law and signs General Order No. 1 which orders the arrest of opposition leaders, media censorship, banning travel to other countries except for diplomatic missions, abolishing the Philippine Congress, establishing dictatorial government, take-over or sequestering of public and private corporations and suspension of classes for one week in the Philippines.
  • 1973 – Juan Perón returns to power in Argentina.
  • 1983 – Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.
  • 1983 – Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.
  • 1988 – José Canseco of the Oakland Athletics becomes the first member of the 40-40 club.
  • 1999 – NASA announces it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • 2004 – At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne

September 23 – Birthdays:

  • 480 BC – Euripides, Greek playwright (d. 406 BC)
  • 63 BC – Augustus Caesar, Roman Emperor (d. 14)
  • 1158 – Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (d. 1186)
  • 1161 – Emperor Takakura of Japan (d. 1181)
  • 1215 – Kublai Khan of the Mongol Empire (d. 1294)
  • 1434 – Yolande of Valois, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1478)
  • 1598 – Eleonore Gonzaga, wife of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1655)
  • 1647 – Joseph Dudley, American statesman (d. 1720)
  • 1650 – Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • 1713 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1759)
  • 1740 – Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1813)
  • 1759 – Clothilde of France, queen of piedmont-Sardinia (d. 1802)
  • 1771 – Emperor Kokaku of Japan (d. 1840)
  • 1781 – Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1860)
  • 1791 – Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (d. 1865)
  • 1819 – Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1838 – Victoria Woodhull, American suffragist (d. 1927)
  • 1852 – William Stewart Halsted, American surgeon (d. 1922)
  • 1861 – Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • 1863 – Mary Eliza Church Terrell, American writer (d. 1954)
  • 1864 – Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1865 – Emmuska Orczy, British novelist (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Mary Mallon, also known as Typhoid Mary, first carrier of typhoid
  • 1880 – John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel Laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Walter Lippmann, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Friedrich Paulus, German general (d. 1957)
  • 1895 – Johnny Mokan, American baseball player (d. 1985)
  • 1897 – Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Tom C. Clark, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 – Su Buqing, Chinese mathematician and educator (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Dominique Aury, French novelist (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, heir to the throne of Portugal (d. 1976)
  • 1911 – Frank Moss, United States Senator from Utah (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Pakistani researcher, critic and linguist (d. 2005)
  • 1912 – Tony Smith, American sculptor (d. 1980)
  • 1914 – Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • 1915 – Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 2001)
  • 1916 – Aldo Moro, Italian politician (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Mickey Rooney, American actor
  • 1924 – Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, Nicaraguan newspaper editor (d. 1978)
  • 1925 – Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Eleonora Rossi Drago, Italian actress
  • 1926 – John Coltrane, American saxophonist (d. 1967)
  • 1929 – Wally Whyton, English musician (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Ray Charles, American musician (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Colin Blakely, British actor (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
  • 1936 – Valentín Paniagua, Peruvian politician
  • 1938 – Tom Lester, American actor
  • 1938 – Romy Schneider, Austrian actress (d. 1982)
  • 1939 – Henry Blofeld, English cricket commentator
  • 1939 – Roy Buchanan, American guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1939 – Janusz Gajos, Polish actor
  • 1939 – Sonny Vaccaro, American former sports executive
  • 1941 – Simon Nolet, French-Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1941 – George Jackson, American civil-rights activist
  • 1942 – Sila María Calderón, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1943 – Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer
  • 1943 – Marty Schottenheimer, American football coach
  • 1944 – Eric Bogle, Scottish-born Australian singer and songwriter
  • 1945 – Paul Petersen, American actor
  • 1945 – Igor Ivanov, Russian politician
  • 1946 – Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
  • 1947 – Mary Kay Place, American actress
  • 1947 – Jerry Corbetta, American singer and musician (Sugarloaf)
  • 1947 – Neal Smith, American musician (Alice Cooper)
  • 1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Charlie Barnett, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1956 – Paolo Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1956 – Peter David, American writer
  • 1957 – Rosalind Chao, American actress
  • 1957 – Tony Fossas, Cuban baseball player
  • 1958 – Danielle Dax, British musician
  • 1958 – Lita Ford, English-born singer (The Runaways)
  • 1958 – Marvin Lewis, American football coach
  • 1958 – Larry Mize, American golfer
  • 1959 – Jason Alexander, American actor
  • 1959 – Martin Page, English singer and songwriter
  • 1959 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress
  • 1960 – Jason Carter, British actor
  • 1961 – Chi McBride, American actor
  • 1961 – Willie McCool, American astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1964 – Clayton Blackmore, Welsh footballer
  • 1964 – Koshi Inaba, Japanese singer (B’z)
  • 1966 – Pete Harnisch, Former American Baseball player
  • 1966 – LisaRaye, American actress
  • 1968 – Yvette Fielding, English television presenter
  • 1969 – Michelle Thomas, American actress (d. 1998)
  • 1969 – Patrick Fiori, French singer
  • 1969 – Tapio Laukkanen, Finnish rally driver
  • 1969 – Donald Audette, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1970 – Ani DiFranco, American musician
  • 1970 – Georgios Koltsidas, Greek footballer
  • 1971 – Eric Montross, Former American Basketball Player  
  • 1972 – Jermaine Dupri, American music producer and rapper
  • 1972 – Karl Pilkington, British radio personality
  • 1973 – Ingrid Fliter, Argentinian pianist
  • 1974 – Matt Hardy, American professional wrestler
  • 1974 – Harumi Inoue, Japanese actress and model
  • 1975 – Jaime Bergman, American model and actress
  • 1975 – Layzie Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
  • 1975 – Chris Hawkins, British radio personality
  • 1976 – Faune A. Chambers, American actress
  • 1976 – Kip Pardue, American actor and model
  • 1977 – Rachael Yamagata, American singer and songwriter
  • 1977 – Matthieu Descoteaux, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Worm Miller, American filmmaker
  • 1978 – Keri Lynn Pratt, American actress
  • 1979 – Ricky Davis, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Cameron Litvack, American television producer
  • 1981 – Robert Doornbos, Dutch race car driver
  • 1981 – Natalie Horler, German singer (Cascada)
  • 1981 – Misti Traya, American actress
  • 1984 – Anneliese van der Pol, American actress 
  • 1984 – Louie Stephens, American musician (Rooney)
  • 1984 – Matt Kemp, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Maki Goto, Japanese pop singer  
  • 1985 – Brian Brohm, American football player
  • 1985 – Lukáš Kašpar, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Hossein Ka’abi, Iranian footballer
  • 1985 – Joba Chamberlain, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Martin Cranie, English footballer
  • 1993 – Zach Tyler Eisen, American actor

September 23 – Deaths:

  • 79 – Pope Linus
  • 1241 – Snorri Sturluson, Icelandic historian, poet, and politician (b. 1178)
  • 1390 – John I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1346)
  • 1535 – Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1513)
  • 1571 – John Jewel, English bishop (b. 1522)
  • 1573 – Azai Hisamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1524)
  • 1605 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet
  • 1675 – Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • 1728 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
  • 1738 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch humanist and physician (b. 1668)
  • 1764 – Robert Dodsley, English writer (b. 1703)
  • 1773 – Johann Ernst Gunnerus, Norwegian bishop and botanist (b. 1718)
  • 1789 – John Rogers, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1835 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (b. 1801)
  • 1844 – Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • 1846 – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1850 – José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan hero (b. 1764)
  • 1870 – Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)
  • 1871 – Louis-Joseph Papineau, French Canadian politician (b. 1786)
  • 1873 – Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1877 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (b. 1811)
  • 1889 – Wilkie Collins, British author (b. 1824)
  • 1900 – William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1917 – Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (b. 1897)
  • 1929 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Austrian-born chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1939 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist (b. 1856)
  • 1943 – Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach (b. 1892)
  • 1968 – Francesco Forgione, “Padre Pio”, Catholic saint (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Bourvil, French actor and singer (b. 1917)  
  • 1971 – J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Billy Gilbert, American actor (b. 1894)
  • 1973 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – Cliff Arquette, American comedian and actor (b. 1905)
  • 1978 – Lyman Bostock, American baseball player (murdered) (b. 1950)
  • 1981 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor (b. 1899)
  • 1987 – Bob Fosse, American dancer, choreographer, and actor (b. 1927)
  • 1988 – Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – James Van Fleet, U.S. Army general (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Jerry Barber, American golfer (b. 1916)
  • 1994 – Robert Bloch, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – Madeleine Renaud, French theater and film actress (b. 1900)
  • 1996 – Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoonist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Mary Frann, American actress (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Aurelio Rodríguez, Mexican Major League Baseball player (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Carl Rowan, American journalist (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – Ron Hewitt, Welsh footballer (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly musician (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Yuri Senkevich, Russian TV anchorman (b. 1937)
  • 2004 – André Hazes, Dutch singer (b. 1951)
  • 2004 – Billy Reay, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – Filiberto Ojeda, Puerto Rican revolutionary (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Roger Brierley, English actor (b. 1935)
  • 2006 – Sir Malcolm Arnold, English composer and professional trumpeter (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Etta Baker, American blues guitarist (b.1913)

September 23 – Holidays:

  • Astrology: Usually the first day of sun sign Libra in the tropical zodiac.
  • In ancient Latvia, the second day of Mikeli.
  • Traditional New Year’s Day in Constantinople and Eastern Orthodox Churches — because of the birthday of Augustus, not because of the equinox.
  • Saudi Arabia – National Day (unification 1932).
  • French Republican Calendar – Safran (Saffron) Day, second day in the Month of Vendémiaire.
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s