On This Day in History September 29

September 29 – Events:

  • 522 BC – Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire.
  • 480 BC – Battle of Salamis: The Greek fleet under Themistokles, defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes I.
  • 61 BC – Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror invades England.
  • 1227 – Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX, for his failure to go on crusade.
  • 1364 – Battle of Auray: English forces defeat French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
  • 1567 – The second War of Religion in France breaks out.
  • 1567 – At a dinner, the Duke of Alba arrests the Count of Egmont and the Count of Hoorn for treason.
  • 1650 – Henry Robinson opens his Office of Addresses and Encounters – the first historically documented dating service – in Threadneedle Street, London.
  • 1789 – The U.S. War Department first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men.
  • 1789 – The first U.S. Congress adjourns.
  • 1829 – The Metropolitan Police of London, also known as the Met, is founded.
  • 1848 – Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
  • 1850 – The Roman Catholic hierarchy is re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm is fought.
  • 1885 – The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • 1907 – The cornerstone is laid at Washington National Cathedral in the U.S. capital.
  • 1911 – Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1916 – First billionaire. John D. Rockefeller proclaimed.
  • 1918 – The Hindenburg Line is broken by Allied forces during World War I. Bulgaria signs an armistice.
  • 1924 – Plutarco Elías Calles is proclaimed President of Mexico.
  • 1941 – Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine: German Einsatzgruppe C starts Babi Yar massacre. According to the Einsatzgruppen Operational Situation Report No. 101, at least 33,771 Jews from Kiev and its suburbs were killed at Babi Yar on September 29 – 30, 1941.
  • 1943 – U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice aboard the British ship HMS Nelson off Malta.
  • 1954 – The convention establishing CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is signed.
  • 1954 – Major League Baseball: Willie Mays of the then New York Giants makes “The Catch” at The Polo Grounds in game one of the World Series.
  • 1957 – 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material is released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
  • 1960 – Nikita Khrushchev, leader of Soviet Union, disorders a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly with a number of angry outbursts.
  • 1962 – Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, is launched.
  • 1963 – The second period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
  • 1964 – The Argentine comic strip Mafalda is published for the first time.
  • 1965 – The NSA memorial lists ten agents lost on this date.
  • 1971 – Oman joins the Arab League.
  • 1972 – Sino-Japanese relations: Japan establishes diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China after breaking official ties with the Republic of China.
  • 1975 – WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s first black-owned-and-operated television station.
  • 1975 – Sharon Dahlonega Raiford Bush becomes American television’s first black weathercaster.
  • 1979 – Pope John Paul II became the first pope to set foot on Irish soil with his pastoral visit to the Republic of Ireland.
  • 1982 – Tylenol Crisis of 1982 began when the first of seven individuals died in metropolitan Chicago.
  • 1988 – NASA resumes space shuttle flights, grounded after the Challenger disaster, with STS-26.
  • 1990 – Washington National Cathedral finished.
  • 1990 – The YF-22, which would later become the F-22 Raptor, flies for the first time.
  • 1991 – Military coup in Haiti.
  • 1992 – Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigns.
  • 1995 – Khaled Kelkal is killed by the French Police.
  • 1995 – The United States Navy disbands Fighter Squadron #84 (VF-84), the celebrated Jolly Rogers.
  • 2001 – The Syracuse Herald-Journal, a U.S. newspaper dating back to 1839, ceases publication.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Juan makes landfall in Nova Scotia.
  • 2004 – The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • 2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two needed to win the prize.
  • 2005 – US Senate confirms John Roberts to be the next Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 2005 – Amnesty referendum in Algeria.
  • 2006 – US Representative Mark Foley resigns after allegations of inappropriate emails to house pages were introduced.

September 29 – Birthdays:

  • 106 BC – Pompey the Great, consul of Rome (d. 48 BC)
  • 1240 – Margaret of England, Queen consort of England, (d. 1275)
  • 1321 – John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. 1387)
  • 1328 – Joan of Kent, wife of Edward, the Black Prince (d. 1385)
  • 1388 – Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
  • 1511 – Miguel Servet, Spanish humanist (d. 1553)
  • 1547 – Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish author (d. 1616)
  • 1548 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1626)
  • 1561 – Adriaan van Roomen, Flemish mathematician (d. 1615)
  • 1571 – Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610)
  • 1636 – Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1715)
  • 1639 – Lord William Russell, English politician (d. 1683)
  • 1640 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (d. 1720)
  • 1678 – Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
  • 1691 – Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
  • 1703 – François Boucher, French painter (d. 1770)
  • 1725 – Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general and statesman (d. 1774)
  • 1758 – Horatio Nelson, British admiral (d. 1805)
  • 1766 – Charlotte, Princess Royal, German queen (d. 1828)
  • 1786 – Guadalupe Victoria, 1st President of Mexico (d. 1843)
  • 1803 – Jacques Charles François Sturm, French mathematician (d. 1850)
  • 1803 – Mercator Cooper, American sea captain (d. 1872)
  • 1808 – Henry Bennett, American politician (d. 1868)
  • 1810 – Elizabeth Gaskell, British novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1842 – Louis J. Weichmann, chief witness in the trial of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1902)
  • 1843 – Mikhail Skobelev, Russian general (d. 1882)
  • 1853 – Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • 1863 – Hugo Haase, German politician and jurist (d. 1919)
  • 1864 – Alexandra Kitchin, British model for Lewis Carroll (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish writer and philosopher (d. 1936)
  • 1881 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economist
  • 1895 – J.B. Rhine, American parapsychologist (d. 1980)
  • 1895 – Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (d. 1970)
  • 1897 – Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (d. 1976)
  • 1901 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1954)
  • 1900 – Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
  • 1901 – Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • 1904 – Greer Garson, British actress (d. 1996)
  • 1907 – Gene Autry, American actor, singer, and businessman (d. 1998)
  • 1907 – George W. Jenkins, American businessman (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Eddie Tolan, American athlete (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Virginia Bruce, American actress (d. 1982)
  • 1912 – Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Stanley Kramer, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1915 – Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (d. 2007)
  • 1915 – Brenda Marshall, American film actress (d. 1992)
  • 1920 – Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1922 – Lizabeth Scott, American actress
  • 1923 – Stan Berenstain, American children’s author (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Steve Forrest, American actor
  • 1930 – Colin Dexter, British author of Inspector Morse novels
  • 1931 – Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
  • 1931 – James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1932 – Robert Benton, American screenwriter and director
  • 1932 – Mehmood, Indian actor (d. 2004)
  • 1934 – Lance Gibbs, Guyanese West Indies cricketer
  • 1935 – Jerry Lee Lewis, American musician
  • 1936 – Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy
  • 1938 – Wim Kok, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
  • 1939 – Tommy Boyce, American songwriter
  • 1939 – Molly Haskell, American film critic
  • 1939 – Larry Linville, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1940 – Nicola Di Bari, Italian singer
  • 1941 – Fred West, British serial killer (d. 1995)
  • 1942 – Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Felice Gimondi, Italian cyclist
  • 1942 – Ian McShane, British actor
  • 1942 – Bill Nelson, American politician
  • 1942 – Jean-Luc Ponty, French jazz violinist
  • 1942 – Steve Tesich, Serbian screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1943 – Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • 1943 – Gary Boyd Roberts, American genealogist
  • 1943 – Lech Walesa, President of Poland, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1944 – Mike Post, American composer
  • 1945 – Kyriakos Sfetsas, Greek composer
  • 1947 – Martin Ferrero, American actor
  • 1948 – Bryant Gumbel, American television personality
  • 1948 – Mark Farner, American guitarist Grand Funk
  • 1948 – Theo Jörgensmann, German jazz clarinetist
  • 1949 – George Dalaras, Greek singer
  • 1951 – Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile
  • 1951 – Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (d. 1977)
  • 1951 – Maureen Caird, Australian hurdler
  • 1951 – Mike Enriquez, Philippine broadcaster
  • 1952 – Gabor Csupo, Hungarian-born animator
  • 1952 – Max Sandlin, American politician
  • 1953 – Warren Cromartie, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Drake Hogestyn, American actor
  • 1953 – Jean-Claude Lauzon, Quebec film director (d. 1997)
  • 1956 – Sebastian Coe, British athlete
  • 1957 – Andrew Dice Clay, American comedian and actor
  • 1957 – Sokratis Malamas, Greek singer and composer
  • 1957 – Chris Broad, former English cricketer and current match referee
  • 1960 – Alan McGee, British music industry mogul and musician
  • 1961 – Stephanie Miller, American comedian
  • 1962 – Roger Bart, American actor
  • 1962 – Al Pitrelli, American musician, guitarist
  • 1963 – Dave Andreychuk, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1963 – Les Claypool, American bassist (Primus)
  • 1966 – Jill Whelan, American actress
  • 1967 – Brett Anderson, British musician/singer (Suede, The Tears)
  • 1968 – Patrick Burns, American television presenter
  • 1968 – Samir Soni, Indian film actor
  • 1969 – Erika Eleniak, American actress and Playboy Playmate
  • 1969 – Aleks Syntek, Mexican singer
  • 1969 – Angelo Barretto, Filipino racecar driver
  • 1970 – Yoshihiro Tajiri, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1970 – Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress
  • 1970 – Emily Lloyd, British actress
  • 1971 – Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
  • 1971 – Mackenzie Crook, British actor and comedian
  • 1972 – Robert Webb, British actor, comedian, and writer
  • 1972 – Oliver Gavin, British racing car driver
  • 1973 – Joe Hulbig, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Athanasios Michalopoulos, Greek volleyball player
  • 1973 – Scout Niblett, British singer/songwriter
  • 1974 – Brian Ash, American film producer
  • 1974 – Alexis Cruz, American actor
  • 1975 – Albert Celades, Spanish football player
  • 1976 – Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian football player
  • 1976 – Darren Byfield, English football player
  • 1976 – Oscar Sevilla, Spanish cyclist
  • 1977 – Won Bin, South Korean actor
  • 1977 – Wade Brookbank, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Debelah Morgan, American R&B singer
  • 1977 – Jake Westbrook, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kurt Nilsen, Norwegian singer
  • 1978 – Mohini Bhardwaj, American gymnast
  • 1978 – Gunner McGrath, American guitarist (Much the Same)
  • 1979 – Shelley Duncan, American Baseball Player
  • 1979 – Takumi Beppu, Japanese cyclist
  • 1980 – Dallas Green, Canadian musician (Alexisonfire,City and Colour)
  • 1980 – Zachary Levi, American actor
  • 1981 – Siarhei Rutenka, Belarusian handball player
  • 1982 – Ariana Jollee, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Rob Smith – Irish musician and songwriter
  • 1984 – Per Mertesacker, German football player
  • 1986 – Benoit Pouliot, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Mark Fraser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1987 – Josh Farro, American guitarist (Paramore)
  • 1988 – Kevin Durant, American basketball player
  • 1999 – Juan Valentín Urdangarín y de Borbón, Spanish royal

September 29 – Deaths:

  • 1364 – Charles, Duke of Brittany
  • 1560 – King Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1496)
  • 1637 – Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint
  • 1642 – René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • 1703 – Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • 1800 – Michael Denis, Austrian poet (b. 1729)
  • 1804 – Michael Hillegas, first Treasurer of the United States (b. 1728)
  • 1833 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain (b. 1784)
  • 1887 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (b. 1810)
  • 1889 – Louis Faidherbe, French general (b. 1818)
  • 1900 – Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
  • 1902 – William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
  • 1902 – Émile Zola, French writer (b. 1840)
  • 1908 – Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (b. 1839)
  • 1925 – Léon Bourgeois, French statesman, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1851)
  • 1927 – Willem Einthoven, Dutch inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1860)
  • 1927 – Arthur Achleitner, German writer (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1937 – Ray Ewry, American athlete (b. 1873)
  • 1952 – John Cobb, British racing driver (b. 1899)
  • 1967 – Carson McCullers, American author (b. 1917)
  • 1970 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
  • 1973 – W. H. Auden, English poet (b. 1907)
  • 1975 – Casey Stengel, baseball player and manager (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Wadi Ayoub, Greco-Roman professional wrestler, (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Bill Shankly, Scottish football manager (b. 1913)
  • 1982 – Monty Stratton, baseball player (b. 1912)
  • 1987 – Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Gussie Busch, American brewing magnate (b. 1899)
  • 1994 – Cheb Hasni, Algerian singer (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – Leslie Crowther, British comedian (b. 1933)
  • 1997 – Roy Lichtenstein, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 1998 – Jared High, victim of bullying and suicide (b. 1985)
  • 1998 – Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – Richard Sainct, French motorcycle rally rider (b. 1970)
  • 2005 – Austin Leslie, American chef, the “Godfather of Fried Chicken” (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Jan Werner Danielsen, Norwegian singer (b. 1976)
  • 2006 – Khalique Ibrahim Khalique, Pakistani journalist and Urdu poet and critic (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2006 – Walter Hadlee, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (b. 1927)

September 29 – Holidays:

  • Argentina, Inventor’s Day – László József Bíró’s birthday.
  • French Republican Calendar – Amarante (Amaranth) Day, eighth day in the Month of Vendémiaire.
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