On This Day in History September 30

September 30 – Events:

  • 1399 – Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
  • 1744 – France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell’Olmo.
  • 1781 – American War of Independence: The French defeat the British at the Battle of Chesapeake Capes.
  • 1791 – The Magic Flute, the last opera composed by Mozart premiered at Theater an der Wien in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1791 – The Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.
  • 1813 – Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
  • 1860 – Britain’s first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
  • 1882 – The world’s first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
  • 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
  • 1895 – Madagascar becomes a French protectorate.
  • 1901 – Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
  • 1903 – New Gresham’s School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • 1927 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season
  • 1931 – Start of “Die Voortrekkers” youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • 1935 – The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
  • 1938 – At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1938 – The League of Nations unanimously outlaws “intentional bombings of civilian populations.”
  • 1939 – Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
  • 1939 – General Wladyslaw Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
  • 1947 – The Islamic Republic of Pakistan joins the United Nations.
  • 1947 – The World Series, featuring New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
  • 1949 – The Berlin Airlift ends.
  • 1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world’s first nuclear reactor-powered vessel.
  • 1955 – Film icon James Dean dies in a road accident at age 24.
  • 1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.
  • 1962 – James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
  • 1965 – General Suharto rises to power after an alleged coup by the Communist Party of Indonesia. In response, Suharto and his army massacre over a million of Indonesian suspected as communists.
  • 1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.
  • 1967 – BBC Radio 1 is launched; the BBC’s other national radio stations also adopt numeric names. Tony Blackburn presents the first show.
  • 1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings.
  • 1975 – The J. Edgar Hoover Building is dedicated by President Gerald Ford.
  • 1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
  • 1977 – Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program’s ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
  • 1979 – The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).
  • 1980 – Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
  • 1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven were killed in all.
  • 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
  • 1989 – Foreign Minister of West Germany Hans-Dietrich Genscher’s speech from the balcony of the German embassy in Prague.
  • 1990 – The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada’s capital city of Ottawa.
  • 1991 – President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti is forced from office.
  • 1993 – An earthquake hits India’s Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
  • 1999 – Japan’s worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
  • 2004 – The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.
  • 2004 – The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat retires.
  • 2005 – The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, “Catalonia is a nation.”
  • 2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten.
  • 2006 – the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia.

September 30 – Birthdays:

  • 1207 – Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi, Persian mystic and poet (d. 1273)
  • 1227 – Pope Nicholas IV (d. 1292)
  • 1530 – Geronimo Mercuriali, Italian philologist and physician (d. 1606)
  • 1550 – Michael Maestlin, German mathematician (d. 1631)
  • 1631 – William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (d. 1701)
  • 1700 – Stanislaw Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • 1710 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1715 – Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
  • 1732 – Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI (d. 1804)
  • 1765 – José María Morelos, Mexican revolutionary (d. 1815)
  • 1800 – Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
  • 1811 – Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • 1827 – Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
  • 1861 – William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
  • 1870 – Jean Baptiste Perrin, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1870 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father of Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (d. 1948)
  • 1882 – Hans Geiger, German physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1883 – Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 – Lansdale Sasscer, American politician (d. 1964)
  • 1895 – Lewis Milestone, Russian-born film director (d. 1980)
  • 1898 – Renée Adorée, French actress (d. 1933)
  • 1898 – Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1974)
  • 1912 – Kenny Baker, American singer and actor (d. 1985)
  • 1913 – Bill Walsh, American film producer and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1915 – Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (d. 2003)
  • 1917 – Park Chunghee, President of South Korea (d. 1979)
  • 1917 – Buddy Rich, American big band drummer (d. 1987)
  • 1918 – Lewis Nixon, WWII Veteran (d. 1996)
  • 1919 – Roberto Bonomi, Argentine racing driver (d. 1992)
  • 1919 – Patricia Neway, American soprano
  • 1920 – Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American musician and cellist
  • 1921 – Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Alan Stretton, Australian general
  • 1924 – Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Robin Roberts, American baseball player
  • 1927 – W. S. Merwin, American poet
  • 1928 – Elie Wiesel, Romanian Holocaust survivor, author, and lecturer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Angie Dickinson, American actress
  • 1932 – Shintaro Ishihara, Japanese author and politician (Governor of Tokyo)
  • 1932 – Johnny Podres, American baseball player (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Cissy Houston, American gospel/r&b singer
  • 1933 – Barbara Knox, English actress
  • 1934 – Udo Jürgens, Austrian singer
  • 1934 – Anna Kashfi, Welsh actress
  • 1935 – Johnny Mathis, American singer
  • 1935 – Z. Z. Hill, American blues singer (d. 1984)
  • 1937 – Valentin Silvestrov, Ukrainian composer
  • 1939 – Jean-Marie Lehn, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968)
  • 1943 – Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1943 – Marilyn McCoo, American singer (The Fifth Dimension)
  • 1943 – Ian Ogilvy, British Actor
  • 1944 – Diane Dufresne, French Canadian singer
  • 1945 – Salaheddin Ali Nader Shah Angha, 42nd Present Sufi Master of the Oveyssi-Shahmaghsoudi order
  • 1945 – Ehud Olmert, twelfth Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1945 – Bob Lassiter, American radio personality
  • 1946 – Paul Sheahan, Australian Test Cricketer 1967-1974
  • 1946 – Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993)
  • 1946 – Claude Vorilhon, founder of Raelism, a ufo religion
  • 1947 – Marc Bolan, British musician (d. 1977)
  • 1947 – Dave Arneson, American game designer
  • 1947 – Rula Lenska,English Actress
  • 1948 – Craig Kusick, former Major League Baseball Player
  • 1950 – Renato Zero, Italian musician
  • 1951 – Barry Marshall, Australian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 1952 – Jack Wild, British actor (d. 2006)
  • 1953 – Deborah Allen, American singer
  • 1953 – S.M. Stirling, Canadian-born author
  • 1954 – Basia Trzetrzelewska, Polish-born singer and songwriter
  • 1954 – Barry Williams, American actor
  • 1954 – Patrice Rushen, American musician
  • 1957 – Fran Drescher, American actress
  • 1958 – Marty Stuart, American musician
  • 1959 – Ettore Messina, Italian basketball coach
  • 1960 – Blanche Lincoln, American politician
  • 1961 – Eric Stoltz, American actor
  • 1961 – Crystal Bernard, American actress
  • 1961 – Eric van de Poele, Belgian racing driver
  • 1961 – Sally Yeh, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1962 – Frank Rijkaard, Dutch football player and manager
  • 1962 – Shaan, Indian singer
  • 1964 – Trey Anastasio, American musician (Phish)
  • 1964 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
  • 1964 – Robby Takac, American singer and bassist (Goo Goo Dolls)
  • 1965 – Kathleen Madigan, American comedian
  • 1966 – Kerry G. Johnson, African American graphic designer and caricaturist
  • 1968 – Monica Bellucci, Italian actress
  • 1969 – Chris Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1991)
  • 1970 – Mark Smith, English body builder, former Gladiators player
  • 1971 – Jenna Elfman, American actress
  • 1972 – Ari Behn, Norwegian author
  • 1972 – Jamal Anderson, American football player
  • 1974 – Jeremy Giambi, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Marion Cotillard, French actress
  • 1975 – Carlos Guillén, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1977 – Maia Brewton, American actress
  • 1977 – Roy Carroll, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1977 – Sun Jihai, Chinese footballer
  • 1978 – Candice Michelle, American female wrestler
  • 1979 – Andy van der Meyde, Dutch footballer
  • 1979 – Clio-Danae Othoneou, Greek actress, musician and pianist
  • 1979 – Vince Chong, Malaysian singer-songwriter
  • 1980 – Martina Hingis, Swiss tennis player
  • 1981 – Dominique Moceanu, American gymnast
  • 1981 – Brandon Watson, American baseball
  • 1982 – Kieran Culkin, American actor
  • 1982 – Tory Lane, American nude model, exotic dancer, and pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Michelle Marsh, British model
  • 1982 – Teal Redmann, American actress
  • 1982 – Ryan Stout, American comedian
  • 1983 – Andreea Raducan, Romanian gymnast
  • 1985 – T-Pain, American rapper/singer
  • 1987 – Denise Laurel, Filipino actress and singer

September 30 – Deaths:

  • 420 – Saint Jerome, translator of the Vulgate Bible
  • 653 – Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1101 – Anselm IV, Archbishop of Milan
  • 1246 – Yaroslav II of Russia (b. 1191)
  • 1440 – Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician
  • 1487 – John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1400)
  • 1551 – Ouchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • 1560 – Melchior Cano, Spanish theologian (b. 1525)
  • 1572 – St. Francis Borgia, Jesuit priest (b. 1510)
  • 1581 – Hubert Languet, French diplomat and reformer (b. 1518)
  • 1626 – Nurhaci, Manchurian chief (b. 1559)
  • 1628 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English poet (b. 1554)
  • 1770 – Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat
  • 1770 – George Whitefield, English-born Methodist leader (b. 1714)
  • 1772 – James Brindley, English engineer (b. 1716)
  • 1865 – Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
  • 1888 – Elizabeth Stride, widely believed to be the third victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1843)
  • 1888 – Catherine Eddowes, widely believed to be the fourth victim of Jack the Ripper (b. 1842)
  • 1891 – Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (b. 1837)
  • 1897 – St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873)
  • 1910 – Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838)
  • 1913 – Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (b. 1858)
  • 1942 – Hans-Joachim Marseille, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 1943 – Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • 1955 – James Dean, American actor (automobile accident) (b. 1931)
  • 1961 – Onésime Gagnon, French Canadian politician, lieutenant-governor of Québec (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
  • 1974 – Carlos Prats, Chilean Constitutionalist General, assassinated in the frame of Operation Condor
  • 1977 – Mary Ford, American singer (Les Paul and Mary Ford) (b. 1924)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American actor and ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1985 – Simone Signoret, French actress (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Charles Richter, American seismologist (b. 1900)
  • 1988 – Al Holbert, American race car driver and team owner (b. 1946)
  • 1989 – Virgil Thompson, American composer (b. 1896)
  • 1990 – Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Alice Parizeau, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1930)
  • 1994 – Andre Michael Lwoff, French microbiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1998 – Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  • 2002 – Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Robert Kardashian, Armenian-American lawyer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2004 – Gamini Fonseka, Sri Lankan actor (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Michael Relph, British film producer and director (b. 1915)

September 30 – Holidays:

  • Botswana – Independence Day (1966)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe – Agricultural Reform (Nationalization) Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Panais (Parsnip) Day, ninth day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • International Translation Day, introduced in 1991 by International Federation of Translators
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