On This Day in History October 2

October 2 – Events:

  • 1187 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
  • 1263 – The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
  • 1535 – Jacques Cartier discovers Montreal, Quebec.
  • 1552 – Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.
  • 1780 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, is hanged as a spy by American forces.
  • 1789 – George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
  • 1835 – The Texas Revolution begins with the Battle of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
  • 1851 – The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Saltville – Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are defeated by Confederate troops.
  • 1889 – In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • 1919 – US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
  • 1924 – The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
  • 1925 – John Logie Baird performers first test of the working television system.
  • 1928 – The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, was founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá.
  • 1935 – Italy invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
  • 1937 – Samuel R. Caldwell becomes the first person in the United States to be arrested on a marijuana charge.
  • 1938 – Tiberias massacre: Arabs murder 20 Jews.
  • 1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
  • 1944 – World War II: Nazi troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
  • 1950 – Peanuts comic strip by Charles M. Schulz first published
  • 1958 – Guinea declares itself independent from France.
  • 1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.
  • 1968 – A peaceful student demonstration in Mexico City ends in the Tlatelolco massacre.
  • 1970 – A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado killing 31 people.
  • 1990 – A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou, it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132 people.
  • 1992 – The Carandiru Massacre takes place after a riot in the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil.
  • 1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by former U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 1996 – An AeroPerú Boeing 757 crashes in Pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff from Lima, Peru, killing 70.
  • 2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
  • 2004 – American Samoa joins the North American Numbering Plan.
  • 2005 – Ethan Allen Boating Accident: The Ethan Allen tour boat capsizes on Lake George in Upstate New York, killing twenty people.
  • 2005 – NFL plays first regular season game outside United States when the Arizona Cardinals defeat the San Francisco 49ers 31-14 in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 2006 – Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide.
  • 2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.

October 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1452 – King Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1470 – Isabella of Naples, Duchess of Milan (d. 1524)
  • 1538 – Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal (d. 1584)
  • 1644 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (d. 1724)
  • 1722 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (d. 1776)
  • 1737 – Francis Hopkinson, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1791)
  • 1768 – William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1798 – King Charles Albert of Sardinia (d. 1849)
  • 1800 – Nat Turner, American leader of slave uprising (d. 1831)
  • 1828 – Charles Floquet, French statesman (d. 1896)
  • 1832 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (d. 1917)
  • 1833 – Rev. William Corby, American Catholic priest (d. 1897)
  • 1847 – Paul von Hindenburg, German officer and politician (d. 1934)
  • 1851 – Ferdinand Foch, French soldier (d. 1929)
  • 1852 – William Ramsay, Scottish chemist (d. 1916)
  • 1869 – Mohandas Gandhi, Indian politician and spiritual leader (Father of the India) . (d. 1948)
  • 1871 – Cordell Hull, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1955)
  • 1873 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman for Maryland’s 5th District (d. 1924)
  • 1873 – Plum Warner, English cricketer (d. 1963)
  • 1879 – Wallace Stevens, American poet (d. 1955)
  • 1882 – Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander (d. 1945)
  • 1890 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Bud Abbott, American comedian and actor (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Liaqat Ali Khan, Pakistan’s first Prime Minister (d. 1951)
  • 1901 – Alice Prin, French singer and artist (d. 1953)
  • 1902 – Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Graham Greene, British novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1904 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Prime Minister of India (d.1966)
  • 1907 – Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Jack Finney, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1913 – Karl Miller, German footballer (d. 1967)
  • 1914 – Jack Parsons, American rocket scientist (d. 1952)
  • 1914 – Bernarr Rainbow, historian of music education, organist, and choir master (d.1998)
  • 1917 – Christian de Duve, English-born biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1917 – Charles Drake, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Albert Scott Crossfield, American test pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Jan Morris, English writer
  • 1928 – George “Spanky” McFarland, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Wolfhart Pannenberg, German theologian
  • 1929 – Moses Gunn, African-American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1930 – Dave Barrett, Premier of British Columbia
  • 1932 – Maury Wills, American baseball player
  • 1933 – Phill Niblock, American composer, filmmaker and videographer
  • 1934 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1935 – Omar Sivori, Argentine football player (d. 2005)
  • 1936 – Dick Barnett, American basketball player
  • 1937 – Johnnie L. Cochran Jr., American attorney (d. 2005)
  • 1938 – Rex Reed, American movie critic and actor
  • 1938 – Waheed Murad, Pakistani film actor and director (d. 1983)
  • 1940 – Gheorghe Gruia, Romanian handball player
  • 1943 – Franklin Rosemont, American artist
  • 1945 – Don McLean, American songwriter
  • 1946 – Gen.Sonthi Boonyaratglin, President of Council for National Security and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army
  • 1948 – Avery Brooks, American actor
  • 1948 – Trevor Brooking, English footballer
  • 1948 – Donna Karan, American fashion designer
  • 1948 – Chris LeDoux, American musician and rodeo performer (d. 2005)
  • 1949 – Richard Hell, American musician
  • 1949 – Annie Leibovitz, American photographer
  • 1950 – Persis Khambatta, Indian actress (d. 1998)
  • 1950 – Ian McNeice, English actor
  • 1950 – Mike Rutherford, English musician (Genesis)
  • 1951 – Sting, English musician and actor
  • 1951 – Romina Power, Italian singer
  • 1952 – Wahed Wafa, Afghan singer
  • 1954 – Lorraine Bracco, American actress
  • 1955 – Phil Oakey, English singer (The Human League)
  • 1957 – Wade Dooley, English rugby union player
  • 1960 – Al Connelly, Canadian Musician/Songwriter
  • 1960 – Glenn Anderson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Robbie Nevil, American singer and songwriter
  • 1962 – Sigtryggur Baldursson, Icelandic drummer (The Sugarcubes)
  • 1962 – Aziz M. Osman, Malaysian actor and director
  • 1964 – Dirk Brinkmann, German field hockey player
  • 1966 – Rodney Anoa’i (Yokozuna), Samoan-American professional wrestler (d. 2000)
  • 1967 – Frankie Fredericks, Namibian athlete
  • 1967 – Bud Gaugh, American musician (Sublime)
  • 1967 – Gillian Welch, American singer and songwriter
  • 1968 – Victoria Derbyshire, British radio presenter
  • 1968 – Jeff Martin, Canadian singer/songwriter
  • 1968 – Jana Novotná, Czech tennis player
  • 1968 – Glen Wesley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Mitch English, American actor
  • 1969 – Damon Gough, English singer
  • 1970 – Eddie Guardado, American baseball relief pitcher
  • 1970 – Kelly Ripa, American actress
  • 1970 – Colin Rivas, Galician artist
  • 1970 – Maribel Verdú, Spanish actress
  • 1971 – James Root, American guitarist (Slipknot)
  • 1971 – Tiffany, American singer
  • 1972 – Tara Dawn Holland, Miss America 1997
  • 1972 – Aaron Mckie, a professional basketball player who plays for the Memphis Grizzlies.
  • 1973 – Lene, Norwegian singer (Aqua)
  • 1973 – Efren Ramirez, American actor
  • 1973 – Scott Schoeneweis, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian entertainer
  • 1973 – Maria Wetterstrand, Swedish politician
  • 1973 – Proof, American rapper (D12) (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Simon Gregson, British actor
  • 1974 – Michelle Krusiec, American actress
  • 1974 – Mark Porter, New Zealand racing driver (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Sam Roberts, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1974 – Paul Teutul Jr., co-star of American Chopper
  • 1976 – Jason Dodson, American political consultant and teacher of esotericism
  • 1976 – Mandisa, American singer
  • 1978 – Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese singer
  • 1979 – Primož Brezec, Slovenian basketball player
  • 1979 – Francisco Fonseca, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Maja Ivarsson, lead singer, The Sounds
  • 1980 – Shane Andrus, National Football League kicker
  • 1981 – Luke Wilkshire, Australian footballer
  • 1981 – Toro, Taiwanese singer
  • 1982 – George Pettit, Canadian singer (Alexisonfire)
  • 1985 – Craig Davis, Wide Receiver for the San Diego Chargers
  • 1986 – Camilla Belle, American actress
  • 1987 – Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
  • 1990 – Dean Bouzanis, Australian soccer player
  • 1993 – Tara Lynne Barr, American actress

October 2 – Deaths:

  • 939 – Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine
  • 1559 – Jacquet of Mantua, French composer (b. 1483)
  • 1626 – Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, conde de Gondomar, Spanish diplomat (b. 1567)
  • 1629 – Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1575)
  • 1629 – Antonio Cifra, Italian composer (b. 1584)
  • 1708 – Anne-Jules, 2nd duc de Noailles, French general (b. 1650)
  • 1724 – François-Timoléon de Choisy, French writer (b. 1644)
  • 1746 – Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • 1764 – William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 1775 – Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • 1780 – John André, British Army officer (executed) (b. 1750)
  • 1782 – Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
  • 1786 – Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (b. 1725)
  • 1803 – Samuel Adams, American revolutionary leader (b. 1722)
  • 1804 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
  • 1817 – Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov, Russian naval commander and admiral (b. 1744)
  • 1850 – Sarah Biffen, English painter (b. 1784)
  • 1853 – François Jean Dominique Arago, French mathematician (b. 1786)
  • 1927 – Svante Arrhenius, Swedish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859)
  • 1938 – Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • 1947 – Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1878)
  • 1962 – Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
  • 1968 – Marcel Duchamp, French artist (b. 1887)
  • 1971 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban singer, pianist, and songwriter (b. 1911)
  • 1973 – Paul Hartman, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1973 – Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner (b. 1897)
  • 1974 – Vasily Shukshin, Russian writer, actor, screenwriter, and director (b. 1929)
  • 1975 – Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian political leader, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (b. 1903)
  • 1981 – Harry Golden, American journalist (b. 1902)
  • 1981 – Hazel Scott, West Indian-born singer (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Rock Hudson, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1987 – Peter Medawar, Brazilian-born scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1915)
  • 1987 – Madeleine Carroll, British-born actress (b. 1906)
  • 1988 – Alec Issigonis, Greek-British car designer, developer of the Mini (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Harriet Hilliard Nelson, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Robert Bourassa, politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Gene Autry, American singer, actor, and entrepreneur (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Olivier Gendebien, Belgian racing driver (b. 1924)
  • 1999 – Heinz G. Konsalik, German novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Franz Biebl, German composer (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Heinz von Foerster, Austrian-born physicist and philosopher (b. 1911)
  • 2003 – John T. Dunlop, U.S. Secretary of Labor (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Bert Eriksson, Belgian neo-Nazi (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian (b. 1918)
  • 2005 – August Wilson, American playwright (b. 1945)
  • 2006 – Helen Chenoweth-Hage, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Tamara Dobson, American actress (b. 1947)
  • 2006 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-born American mathematician (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – Dan Keating, Irish politician (b. 1902)
  • 2007 – Tex Coulter, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Christopher Derrick, British writer (b. 1921)

October 2 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – First day of the Ludi Augustales to celebrate the recovery by emperor August of Roman standards from the Parthians
  • Guinea – Independence Day (from France, 1958)
  • India – Gandhi Jayanti (birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, 1869)
  • French Republican Calendar – Pomme de terre (Potato) Day, eleventh day in the Month of Vendémiaire
  • International Day of Non-Violence to commomerate birthday of Mahatma Gandhi
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