On This Day in History October 10

October 10 – Events:

  • 732 – Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors.
  • 1471 – Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by Christian I, King of Denmark.
  • 1575 – Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1631 – A Saxon army takes over Prague.
  • 1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000-30,000 in the Caribbean.
  • 1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and seven professors.
  • 1860 – The original cornerstone of the University of the South is laid in Sewanee, Tennessee.
  • 1868 – Carlos Céspedes issues the Grito de Yara from his plantation, La Demajagua, proclaiming Cuba’s independence.
  • 1889 – Barnard College is founded.
  • 1910 – Tau Epsilon Phi Fraternity is established at Columbia University.
  • 1911 – Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
  • 1911 – The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.
  • 1913 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike thus ending construction on the Panama Canal.
  • 1919 – Richard Strauss’ opera Die Frau ohne Schatten receives its debut performance in Vienna.
  • 1920 – The Carinthian Plebiscite determines that the larger part of Carinthia became part of Austria.
  • 1933 – United Airlines Chesterton Crash: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
  • 1935 – A tornado destroys the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower in Langenberg. As a result of this catastrophe, few wooden towers are constructed after this date.
  • 1938 – The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.
  • 1942 – Soviet Union establishes diplomatic relations with Australia.
  • 1944 – Holocaust: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered at Auschwitz death camp.
  • 1954 – The Communist Party of Honduras is founded.
  • 1957 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he was refused service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.
  • 1957 – The Windscale fire in Cumbria, UK becomes the world’s first major nuclear accident.
  • 1963 – France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
  • 1967 – The Outer Space Treaty, signed on January 27 by more than sixty nations, enters into force.
  • 1969 – King Crimson releases their debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, considered by many to be the first progressive rock album.
  • 1970 – Fiji becomes independent.
  • 1970 – In Montreal, Quebec, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
  • 1971 – Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona.
  • 1973 – Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with federal income tax evasion.
  • 1985 – United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the Achille Lauro cruise ship hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
  • 1986 – An earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter Scale strikes San Salvador, El Salvador, killing an estimated 1,500 people.
  • 1995 – South African President Nelson Mandela attends Genadendal.
  • 1997 – An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.

October 10 – Birthdays:

  • 1344 – Mary Plantagenet,English princess (d. 1362)
  • 1567 – Infanta Caterina Micaela of Spain (d. 1597)
  • 1678 – John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish soldier (d. 1743)
  • 1684 – Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
  • 1700 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (d. 1759)
  • 1731 – Henry Cavendish, British scientist (d. 1810)
  • 1780 – John Abercrombie, Scottish physician (d. 1844)
  • 1794 – William Whiting Boardman, American politician (d. 1871)
  • 1813 – Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (d. 1901)
  • 1819 – Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic (d. 1904)
  • 1828 – Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
  • 1830 – Queen Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
  • 1834 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author (d. 1872)
  • 1837 – Robert Gould Shaw, American Army officer (d. 1863)
  • 1861 – Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, Nobel laureate (d. 1930)
  • 1863 – Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
  • 1863 – Helen Dunbar, American actress (d. 1933)
  • 1864 – T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • 1870 – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1953)
  • 1885 – Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)
  • 1895 – Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (d. 1935)
  • 1895 – Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Gosvami Maharaja, Indian guru (d. 1988)
  • 1895 – Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1898 – Lilly Daché, French-born milliner (d. 1989)
  • 1900 – Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1901 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (d. 1966)
  • 1903 – Vernon Duke, American composer and songwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Prince Charles of Belgium, Prince Regent of Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1906 – Paul Creston, American composer (d. 1985)
  • 1906 – R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (d. 2001)
  • 1908 – Johnny Green, American songwriter, arranger and conductor (d. 1989)
  • 1908 – Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (d. 1983)
  • 1909 – Robert F. Boyle, American production designer and art director
  • 1913 – Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Tommy Fine, American baseball player (d. 2005)
  • 1914 – Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer (d. 1974)
  • 1917 – Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist (d. 1982)
  • 1923 – Nicholas Parsons, English actor
  • 1924 – James Clavell, Australian author (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Ed Wood, American filmmaker (d. 1978)
  • 1924 – Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Great Antonio, Croatian-Canadian strongman (d. 2001)
  • 1926 – Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1927 – Dana Elcar, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Eugenio Castellotti, Italian race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1930 – Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel laureate
  • 1930 – Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (d. 1970)
  • 1932 – Harry Smith, English footballer
  • 1933 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1935 – Abu Jihad, Founder of the Palestinian group Fatah (d. 1988)
  • 1935 – André Bureau, French Canadian communications executive
  • 1936 – Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist, Nobel laureate, 2007.
  • 1938 – Moriyama Daido, Japanese photographer
  • 1941 – Peter Coyote, American actor
  • 1942 – Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister, 17 April 1998- 13 December 1999
  • 1943 – Frederick Barthelme, American author
  • 1946 – Charles Dance, English actor
  • 1946 – Naoto Kan, Japanese politician
  • 1946 – John Prine, American singer
  • 1946 – Chris Tarrant, English TV presenter
  • 1946 – Ben Vereen, American actor
  • 1946 – Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1946 – Mildred Grieveson (aka: Anne Mather, Caroline Fleming, Cardine Fleming), English writer
  • 1947 – Martin Ruane, English professional wrestler (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Séverine, French singer
  • 1948 – Ed Volker, American musician
  • 1951 – Epeli Ganilau, Fijian statesman
  • 1953 – Midge Ure, Scottish musician
  • 1953 – Gus Williams, American basketball player
  • 1954 – Rekha, Bollywood actress
  • 1954 – David Lee Roth, American singer (Van Halen)
  • 1956 – Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress
  • 1956 – Mark Gordon, American film producer
  • 1957 – Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist
  • 1958 – Tanya Tucker, American singer
  • 1959 – Kirsty MacColl, English singer (d. 2000)
  • 1959 – Bradley Whitford, American actor
  • 1960 – Eric Martin, American singer (Mr. Big)
  • 1960 – Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Jodi Benson, American voice actress
  • 1961 – Henrik Jørgensen, Danish marathon runner
  • 1961 – Julia Sweeney, American actress and comedian
  • 1961 – Martin Kemp (actor), British musician (Spandau Ballet) and actor
  • 1963 – Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
  • 1963 – Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
  • 1963 – Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian cross-country skier.
  • 1964 – Sarah Lancashire, English actress
  • 1964 – Jim Rome, sports talk radio host and host of The Jim Rome Show.
  • 1964 – Quinton Flynn, American voice actor
  • 1965 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1965 – Clive Jones, British engineer
  • 1965 – Rebecca Pidgeon, American actress
  • 1965 – Toshi, Japanese singer (X Japan)
  • 1966 – Tony Adams, English footballer
  • 1967 – Jonathan Littell, French-American writer
  • 1968 – Bart Brentjens, Dutch mountain biker
  • 1969 – Brett Favre, American football player
  • 1969 – Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
  • 1970 – Dean Kiely, Irish footballer
  • 1970 – Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German luger
  • 1970 – Bai Ling, Chinese American actress
  • 1970 – Corinna May, German singer
  • 1970 – Sir Matthew Pinsent, English rower
  • 1971 – Ian Bennett, English footballer
  • 1971 – Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
  • 1972 – Alexei Zhitnik, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Mario López, American actor
  • 1973 – Semmy Schilt, Dutch kickboxer
  • 1974 – Dale Earnhardt Jr, American NASCAR Sprint Cup series driver
  • 1974 – Assi Cohen, Israeli comedian and actor
  • 1974 – Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer
  • 1974 – Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer
  • 1975 – Plácido Polanco, Dominican baseball player
  • 1976 – Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-born skateboarder
  • 1976 – Pat Burrell, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Jodi Lyn O’Keefe, American actress
  • 1979 – Mya Harrison, American singer
  • 1979 – Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
  • 1979 – Wu Chun, Brunei Born Taiwanese Actor
  • 1979 – Ahn Chil Hyun (Kangta), lead singer of the former South Korean group H.O.T.
  • 1980 – Tim Maurer, American singer (Suburban Legends)
  • 1980 – Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1981 – Michael Oliver, American actor
  • 1982 – Amon Buchanan, Australian rules footballer
  • 1982 – Hideki Mutoh, Japanese racing driver
  • 1983 – Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1984 – Rod Benson, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer
  • 1984 – Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress
  • 1984 – Paul Posluszny, American football player
  • 1984 – Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Dominique Cornu, Belgian professional cyclist
  • 1985 – Aaron Himelstein, American actor

October 10 – Deaths:

  • 19 – Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
  • 680 – Husayn ibn Ali, Shi’a imam, Mahomet’s grandson (b. 626)
  • 732 – Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Moorish Governor of Andalusia
  • 833 – al-Ma’mun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad (b. 786)
  • 1359 – King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
  • 1459 – Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist and classicist (b. 1380)
  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss reformer (killed in battle) (b. 1484)
  • 1659 – Abel Tasman, Dutch explorer (b. 1603)
  • 1674 – Thomas Traherne, English poet
  • 1691 – Isaac de Benserade, French poet (b. 1613)
  • 1708 – David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1714 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • 1720 – Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
  • 1723 – William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
  • 1725 – Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
  • 1747 – John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1674)
  • 1759 – Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
  • 1765 – Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
  • 1795 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (b. 1714)
  • 1806 – Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, German prince (b. 1772)
  • 1827 – Ugo Foscolo, Italian writer (b. 1778)
  • 1837 – Charles Fourier, French philosopher (b. 1772)
  • 1872 – William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
  • 1875 – Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1817)
  • 1876 – Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
  • 1893 – Lip Pike, American baseball player (b. 1845)
  • 1901 – Lorenzo Snow, fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
  • 1913 – Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • 1913 – Adolphus Busch, American brewer (Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
  • 1914 – King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
  • 1927 – Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (b. 1874)
  • 1930 – Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
  • 1938 – Ataturk died-The Founder of The Republic of Turkey
  • 1940 – Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (b. 1876)
  • 1948 – Ted Horn, American race car driver (b.1910)
  • 1957 – Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (b. 1885)
  • 1963 – Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (b. 1893)
  • 1964 – Eddie Cantor, American singer and vaudeville performer (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (b. 1888)
  • 1970 – Édouard Daladier, French politician (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian (b. 1901)
  • 1976 – Silvana Armenulic, Yugoslavian folk singer (b. 1939)
  • 1977 – Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (b. 1930)
  • 1978 – Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (b. 1910)
  • 1978 – Ralph Marterie, American big band leader (b. 1914)
  • 1979 – Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Paul Paray, French conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1982 – Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Ralph Richardson, English actor (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (b. 1920)
  • 1985 – Orson Welles, American director and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (b. 1899)
  • 1998 – Clark Clifford, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Tommy Quaid, Irish hurler (b. 1957)
  • 2000 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
  • 2001 – Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Vasily Mishin, Soviet rocket designer (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Teresa Graves, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
  • 2003 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
  • 2004 – Christopher Reeve, American actor (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
  • 2004 – Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Wayne Booth, American literary critic (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
  • 2006 – Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Ian Scott, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Mehmed Uzun, Contemporary Kurdish writer and novelist. (b. 1953)

October 10 – Holidays:

  • Republic of China (Taiwan) – National Day
  • Fiji – Fiji Day (National Day)
  • Japan – National Health-Sports Day
  • World Mental Health Day
  • Old Michelmas – Celtic holiday
  • North Korea – Party Foundation Party (celebration of the founding of the Workers Party of Korea)
  • Finland – The Day of Finnish literature
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