On This Day in History October 11

October 11 – Events

  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
  • 1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
  • 1614 – Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
  • 1634 – the Burchardi flood — “the second Grote Mandrenke” killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
  • 1776 – American Revolution: Battle of Valcour Island – On Lake Champlain 15 American gunboats are defeated but give Patriot forces enough time to prepare defenses of New York City.
  • 1809 – Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand.
  • 1811 – Inventor John Stevens’ boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steampowered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
  • 1852 – The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
  • 1864 – Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
  • 1865 – Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • 1890 – In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
  • 1899 – Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
  • 1906 – San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
  • 1910 – Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch Field (Lambert-St. Louis International Airport), St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1918 – Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • 1929 – JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.
  • 1930 – Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • 1941 – Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.
  • 1942 – World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance – On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
  • 1944 – Tuvinian People’s Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
  • 1950 – The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS (RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
  • 1954 – First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
  • 1957 The Orbit of the last stage of the R-7 Semyorka rocket carrying Sputnik I was first successfully calculated on an IBM 704 computer by teams at The M.I.T. Computation Center and Operation Moonwatch, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1958 – Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
  • 1962 – Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
  • 1967 – Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal resigns for health reasons
  • 1968 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.
  • 1975 – The NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts with George Carlin as the host and Janis Ian and Billy Preston as musical guests.
  • 1976 – George Washington’s appointment, posthumously, to the grade of General of the Armies of the United States by congressional joint resolution Public Law 94-479 was approved by President Gerald R. Ford.
  • 1982 – The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship which sunk on July 18 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near Portsmouth.
  • 1984 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
  • 1986 – Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
  • 1987 – March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights attracts an estimated 200,000 people to protest the Bowers v. Hardwick decision and the U.S. government’s handling of the AIDS epidemic; first public display of the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt.
  • 1998 – A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40
  • 2000 – The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown.
  • 2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
  • 2002 – A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.

October 11- Birthdays

  • 1335 – Taejo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (d. 1408)
  • 1616 – Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)
  • 1661 – Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (d. 1742)
  • 1671 – Frederick IV of Denmark (d. 1730)
  • 1672 – Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (d. 1742)
  • 1675 – Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
  • 1738 – Arthur Phillip, Governor of New South Wales (d. 1814)
  • 1758 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (d. 1840)
  • 1786 – Stevenson Archer, American Congressman (d. 1848)
  • 1788 – Simon Sechter, Austrian music teacher (d. 1867)
  • 1814 – Jean Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1888)
  • 1815 – Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Italian-born adventurer (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – George Williams, English founder of the YMCA (d. 1905)
  • 1844 – Henry Heinz, American food manufacturer (d. 1916)
  • 1865 – Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (d. 1926)
  • 1871 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian religious leader (d. 1943)
  • 1872 – Harlan Fiske Stone, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1946)
  • 1881 – Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
  • 1884 – Friedrich Bergius, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (d. 1962)
  • 1884 – Sig Ruman, German-American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1885 – François Mauriac, French author, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Nathan Twining, USAF general (d. 1982)
  • 1899 – Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1902 – Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (d. 1998)
  • 1919 – Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
  • 1919 – Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
  • 1924 – Mal Whitfield, American athlete
  • 1925 – Elmore Leonard, American novelist
  • 1926 – Neville Wran, Premier of New South Wales
  • 1926 – Nh?t H?nh, Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk
  • 1927 – Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Alfonso de Portago, Spanish race car driver (d. 1957)
  • 1929 – Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress
  • 1930 – Sam Johnson, American politician
  • 1930 – LaVell Edwards, American football coach
  • 1932 – Dottie West, American singer (d. 1991)
  • 1936 – Billy Higgins, American jazz drummer (d. 2001)
  • 1937 – Sir Bobby Charlton, English footballer
  • 1937 – R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
  • 1939 – Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis player
  • 1939 – Austin Currie, Northern Irish politician
  • 1941 – Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1999)
  • 1941 – Charles Shyer, American film director
  • 1942 – Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
  • 1943 – John Nettles, English actor
  • 1944 – Mike Fiore, American baseball player
  • 1944 – Rodney Marsh, English Footballer
  • 1946 – Sawao Kato, Japanese gymnast
  • 1946 – Oba Chandler, American convicted murderer
  • 1946 – Daryl Hall, American musician
  • 1946 – Gary Mallaber, American musician (The Steve Miller Band)
  • 1947 – Al Atkins, English musician
  • 1947 – Lucas Papademos, Greek economist
  • 1947 – Thomas Boswell, American sports columnist
  • 1948 – Cecilia, Spanish singer-songwriter
  • 1951 – Jean-Jacques Goldman, French singer/songwriter
  • 1953 – David Morse, American actor
  • 1956 – Nicanor Duarte Frutos, President of Paraguay
  • 1957 – Paul Bown, English actor
  • 1957 – Dawn French, Welsh comedian
  • 1959 – Wayne Gardner, Australian racing driver
  • 1960 – Curt Ford, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Neil Buchanan, English television presenter
  • 1961 – Amr Diab, Egyptian singer
  • 1961 – Steve Young, American football player
  • 1962 – Nicola Bryant, English actress
  • 1962 – Joan Cusack, American actress
  • 1963 – Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein of Jordan
  • 1963 – Ronny Rosenthal, Israeli footballer
  • 1964 – Michael J. Nelson, American actor
  • 1965 – Alexander Hacke, German musician (Einstürzende Neubauten)
  • 1965 – Sean Patrick Flanery, American actor
  • 1965 – Luke Perry, American actor
  • 1966 – Solofa Fatu, aka Rikishi, American professional wrestler
  • 1967 – Tony Chimel, American professional wrestling announcer
  • 1967 – Artie Lange, American actor and comedian
  • 1967 – David Starr, American race car driver
  • 1967 – Tazz, American professional wrestler and commentator
  • 1968 – Claude Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1968 – Jane Krakowski, American actress
  • 1969 – Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
  • 1970 – Chidi Ahanotu, American football player
  • 1970 – Andy Marriott, English footballer
  • 1970 – MC Lyte, American rapper
  • 1970 – U-God, American rapper (Wu-Tang Clan)
  • 1970 – Constance Zimmer, American actress
  • 1971 – Petra Haden, American musician (The Rentals)
  • 1972 – Claudia Black, Australian actress
  • 1973 – Takeshi Kaneshiro, actor/model
  • 1973 – Steven Pressley, Scottish footballer
  • 1973 – Mike Smith, American guitarist (Snot, Limp Bizkit)
  • 1973 – Dmitri Young, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Niki Xanthou, Greek long jumper
  • 1974 – Jason Arnott, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Terje Haakonsen, Norwegian snowboarder
  • 1976 – Emily Deschanel, American actress
  • 1976 – Brent Bennett, American mercenary
  • 1977 – Matthew Bomer, American actor
  • 1977 – Desmond Mason, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist
  • 1977 – Ty Wigginton, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Kali, Angolan footballer
  • 1979 – Bae Doona, South Korean model and actress
  • 1979 – Andy Douglas, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Gabe Saporta, Uruguayan-born American musician (Cobra Starship, Midtown)
  • 1980 – Nyron Nosworthy, English footballer
  • 1981 – Beau Brady, Australian Actor
  • 1983 – William Sledd, American internet personality
  • 1983 – Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
  • 1984 – Sergio Hellings, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Martha MacIsaac, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Michelle Trachtenberg, American actress
  • 1987 – Mike Conley, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1987 – Mark Zito, American entertainer
  • 1989 – Michelle Wie, American golfer
  • 1991 – Chauncey Matthews, American Juniors singer
  • 1995 – Princess Luisa Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este

October 11 – Deaths

  • 1188 – Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
  • 1303 – Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1347 – Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1282)
  • 1424 – Jan Zizka, leader of the Hussites (b. 1370)
  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (b. 1484)
  • 1705 – Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (b. 1663)
  • 1708 – Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
  • 1721 – Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
  • 1725 – Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
  • 1779 – Kazimierz Pulaski, Polish fighter for American independence (b. 1745)
  • 1809 – Meriwether Lewis, American explorer (b. 1774)
  • 1811 – Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
  • 1821 – John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
  • 1852 – Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
  • 1889 – James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
  • 1896 – Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (b. 1824)
  • 1896 – Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
  • 1935 – Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
  • 1940 – Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
  • 1940 – Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
  • 1961 – Chico Marx, American comedian (b. 1887)
  • 1963 – Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
  • 1963 – Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
  • 1965 – Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1965 – Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
  • 1971 – Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
  • 1977 – MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
  • 1988 – Bonita Granville, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 1989 – M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
  • 1991 – Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
  • 1991 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Jess Thomas, American tenor (b. 1927)
  • 1996 – Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – Joe Morris, C.C., LL.D., Canadian trade unionist (b. 1913)
  • 1996 – Renato Russo, Brazilian rock singer-songwriter (b. 1960)
  • 1998 – Richard Denning, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
  • 2002 – Dina Pathak, Indian Actress (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Cory Lidle, American baseball pitcher (b. 1972)
  • 2006 – Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
  • 2007 – Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – David Lee “Tex” Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)

October 11 – Holidays

  • Roman Empire – Meditrinalia is held in honor of Meditrina
  • RC Saints – memorial of the blessed Pope John XXIII; Saints Andronicus, Probus, and Tarachus; Alexander Sauli;
  • United States – National Coming Out Day
  • United States – General Pulaski Memorial Day
  • Republic of Macedonia – Revolution Day

 

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