On This Day in History October 15

October 15 – Events:

  • 533 – Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.
  • 1552 – Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
  • 1582 – Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15.
  • 1764 – Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  • 1815 – Napoleon I of France begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The CSS H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks during a test, killing its inventor, Horace L. Hunley.
  • 1878 – The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
  • 1880 – Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1888 – The “From Hell” letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by the investigators.
  • 1894 – Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying – Dreyfus affair begins.
  • 1904 – The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 1917 – World War I: At Vincennes outside of Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany.
  • 1928 – The airship, the Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, USA.
  • 1932 – Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1934 – The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army successfully encircle Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.
  • 1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed La Guardia Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1940 – “The Great Dictator”, a satiric social commentary film by and starring Charlie Chaplin, is released.
  • 1944 – The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler’s NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 1945 – World War II: The former premier of Vichy France Pierre Laval is shot by a firing squad for treason.
  • 1946 – Nuremberg Trials: Hermann Göring poisons himself the night before his execution.
  • 1951 – Television sitcom I Love Lucy premieres.
  • 1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesized the first oral contraceptive
  • 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 1 detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The National Coordinating Committee to End the War in Vietnam stages the first public burning of a draft card in the United States to result in arrest under a new law.
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: Hundreds of thousands of people take part in National Moratorium antiwar demonstrations across the United States.
  • 1970 – Thirty-five construction workers are killed when a section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses.
  • 1970 – Anwar Sadat becomes president of Egypt
  • 1971 – The start of the 2500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia.
  • 1973 – The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Gabon were established.
  • 1981 – Professional cheerleader Krazy George Henderson leads what is thought to be the first audience wave in Oakland, California.
  • 1987 – The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England.
  • 1989 – Wayne Gretzky becomes the all-time leading points scorer in the NHL.
  • 1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
  • 1997 – The first supersonic land speed record is set by Andy Green in ThrustSSC (United Kingdom).
  • 1997 – The Cassini probe launches from Cape Canaveral on its way to Saturn.
  • 2001 – NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.
  • 2003 – China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
  • 2003 – The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi collides with a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
  • 2005 – Iraqi constitution ratification vote
  • 2005 – Riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested.

October 15 – Birthdays:

  • 70 BC – Virgil, Roman poet (d. 19 BC)
  • 1471 – Konrad Mutian, German humanist (d. 1526)
  • 1542 – Akbar, Jellaladin Mahommed, Mughal Emperor (d. 1605)
  • 1608 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist (d. 1647)
  • 1686 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)
  • 1701 – Marie-Marguerite d’Youville, first native Canadian canonized (d. 1771)
  • 1711 – Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine, queen of Sardinia (d. 1741)
  • 1784 – Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (d. 1849)
  • 1814 – Mikhail Lermontov, Russian author (d. 1841)
  • 1825 – Queen Marie of Prussia (d. 1889)
  • 1829 – Asaph Hall, American astronomer (d. 1907)
  • 1836 – James Tissot, French artist (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Honoré Mercier, politician and premier of Quebec (d. 1894)
  • 1844 – Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher (d. 1900)
  • 1858 – John L. Sullivan, American boxer (d. 1918)
  • 1872 – Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian president (d. 1956)
  • 1874 – Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
  • 1878 – Paul Reynaud, French politician (d. 1966)
  • 1879 – Jane Darwell, Academy Award-winning American actress (d. 1967)
  • 1881 – P. G. Wodehouse, British novelist (d. 1975)
  • 1882 – Charley O’Leary, American baseball player (d. 1941)
  • 1884 – Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
  • 1893 – King Carol II of Romania (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • 1898 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1951)
  • 1900 – Mervyn LeRoy, American film director (d. 1987)
  • 1905 – C. P. Snow, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Hiram Leong Fong, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1907 – Varian Fry, American journalist (d. 1967)
  • 1908 – John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (d. 2006)
  • 1909 – Robert Trout, American reporter (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – Jesse Leonard Greenstein, American astronomer (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician
  • 1917 – Jan Miner, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Arthur Schlesinger Jr., American historian and political commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Mario Puzo, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – Henri Verneuil, French film director (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Agustina Bessa-Luís, Portuguese writer
  • 1923 – Italo Calvino. Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Lee Iacocca, American industrialist
  • 1924 – Mark Lenard, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1924 – Marguerite Andersen, German writer
  • 1925 – Mickey Baker, American guitarist (Mickey & Sylvia)
  • 1926 – Michel Foucault, French philosopher (d. 1984)
  • 1926 – Evan Hunter, American author (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Jean Peters, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1926 – Karl Richter, German conductor (d. 1981)
  • 1930 – Fereydun M. Esfandiary, Iranian philosopher (d. 2000)
  • 1931 – Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, President of India
  • 1934 – N. Ramani, Indian flutist
  • 1935 – Bobby Joe Morrow, American sprinter
  • 1935 – Barry McGuire, American singer
  • 1938 – Fela Kuti, Nigerian musician (d. 1997)
  • 1938 – Marv Johnson, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1940 – Tommy Bishop, English rugby league player
  • 1940 – Peter Doherty, Australian immunologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 – Penny Marshall, American actress and movie director
  • 1944 – Sali Berisha, President of Albania
  • 1944 – David Trimble, Irish politician, Nobel laureate
  • 1944 – Haim Saban, Egyptian-born American media proprietor
  • 1945 – Jere Burns, American actor
  • 1945 – Jim Palmer, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Richard Carpenter (musician), American musician (The Carpenters)
  • 1946 – Stewart Stevenson, Scottish politician
  • 1948 – Chris de Burgh, Irish singer and songwriter
  • 1953 – Tito Jackson, American musician
  • 1953 – Larry Miller, American actor and comedian
  • 1953 – Betsy Clifford, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1954 – Peter Bakowski, Australian poet
  • 1955 – Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player
  • 1955 – Tanya Roberts, American actress
  • 1957 – Mira Nair, Indian director
  • 1957 – Stacy Peralta, American director
  • 1959 – Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York
  • 1959 – Emeril Lagasse, American chef
  • 1959 – Todd Solondz, American film director
  • 1961 – John Kenny, Irish sports broadcaster and journalist
  • 1964 – Roberto Vittori, Italian astronaut
  • 1966 – Jorge Campos, Mexican footballer
  • 1968 – Jyrki 69, Finnish musician The 69 Eyes
  • 1968 – Didier Deschamps, French footballer
  • 1969 – Vanessa Marcil, American actress
  • 1969 – Dominic West, British actor
  • 1969 – Vítor Baía, Portuguese footballer
  • 1970 – Eric Benét, American singer
  • 1971 – Andy Cole, British footballer
  • 1971 – Jason Arhndt, American wrestler
  • 1972 – Matt Keeslar, American actor
  • 1972 – Sandra Kim, Belgian singer
  • 1975 – Ginuwine, American singer
  • 1975 – Glen Little, English footballer
  • 1976 – Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress and singer
  • 1977 – Masato Kawabata, Japanese racing driver
  • 1977 – Erin McKeown, American musician
  • 1977 – David Trezeguet, French football player
  • 1977 – Patricio Urrutia, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1978 – Devon Gummersall, American actor
  • 1978 – Takeshi Morishima Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Paul Robinson, English football player
  • 1979 – Maris Verpakovskis, Latvian football player
  • 1980 – Tom Boonen, Belgian cyclist
  • 1980 – Siiri Nordin, Finnish singer (Killer)
  • 1981 – Keyshia Cole, African American R&B singer
  • 1981 – Elena Dementieva, Russian tennis player
  • 1981 – Guo Jingjing, Chinese diver
  • 1981 – Radoslav Židek, Slovak snowboarder
  • 1982 – Paulini Curuenavuli, Fijian singer
  • 1982 – Charline Labonté, French Canadian ice hockey goaltender
  • 1983 – Stephy Tang, Hong Kong singer and actress
  • 1985 – Walter López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985 – Marcos Martinez Ucha, Spanish racing driver
  • 1986 – Lee Donghae, Korean singer (a member of super junior)
  • 1987 – Jesse Levine, American tennis player
  • 1992 – Vincent Martella, American actor
  • 2005 – Prince Christian of Denmark

October 15 – Deaths:

  • 412 – Theophilus, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 898 – Lambert, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 912 – Abdullah ibn Muhammad, Emir of Córdoba
  • 1002 – Otto-Henry, Duke of Burgundy (b. 946)
  • 1080 – Rudolf of Rheinfeld, Duke of Swabia
  • 1326 – Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (b. 1261)
  • 1389 – Pope Urban VI
  • 1564 – Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (b. 1514)
  • 1715 – Humphry Ditton, English mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1730 – Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (b. 1658)
  • 1788 – Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1810 – Alfred Moore, American judge (b. 1755)
  • 1811 – Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • 1817 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Polish and Lithuanian national hero (b. 1746)
  • 1819 – Sergey Vyazmitinov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • 1820 – Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1837 – Ivan Dmitriev, Russian statesman and poet (b. 1760)
  • 1880 – Victorio, Apache leader
  • 1891 – Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • 1900 – Zdenek Fibich, Czech composer (b. 1850)
  • 1910 – Stanley Ketchel, boxer (murdered) (b. 1886)
  • 1917 – Mata Hari, Dutch dancer and spy (b. 1876)
  • 1918 – Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • 1930 – Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (b. 1866)
  • 1934 – Raymond Poincaré, French statesman (b. 1860)
  • 1945 – Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of Vichy France (executed) (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Hermann Göring, German air force commander (suicide) (b. 1893)
  • 1948 – Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1959 – Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – Clara Kimball Young, American actress (b. 1890)
  • 1963 – Horton Smith. American golfer (b. 1908)
  • 1964 – Cole Porter, American composer (b. 1891)
  • 1976 – Carlo Gambino, American gangster (b. 1902)
  • 1980 – Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 1980 – Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek footballer and volleyball player (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Philip Fotheringham-Parker, British racing driver (b. 1907)
  • 1987 – Thomas Sankara, African revolutionary and leader of Burkina Faso (assassinated) (b. 1949)
  • 1988 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English composer and pianist (b. 1892)
  • 1994 – Sarah Kofman, French philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Marco Campos, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1976)
  • 2000 – Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Zhang Xueliang, Chinese ruler of Manchuria (b. 1901)
  • 2003 – Bertram N. Brockhouse, Canadian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Ben Metcalfe, Canadian environmental activist (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Jason Collier, American basketball player (b. 1977)
  • 2005 – Matti Wuori, Finnish politician (b. 1945)

October 15 – Holidays:

  • October 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  • Roman festivals – the Equirria or October equus: sacrifice of a horse to Mars
  • R.C. Saints – Saint Teresa of Avila
  • United States – White Cane Safety Day
  • French Republican Calendar – Amaryllis (Amaryllis) Day, twenty-fourth day in the Month of Vendémiaire

 

 

 

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