Monthly Archives: November 2015

On This Day in History November 30

November 30 – Events:

  • 1718 – Swedish king Charles XII dies during a siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.
  • 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris (1783) — In Paris, representatives from the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign preliminary peace articles (later formalized as the 1783 Treaty of Paris).
  • 1786 – Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, promulgates a penal reform making his country the first state to abolish the death penalty.  
  • 1803 – In New Orleans, Louisiana, Spanish representatives officially transfer Louisiana Territory to a French representative. Just 20 days later, France transfers the same land to  the United States as the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 – The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begins an impeachment trial against Federalist-partisan Supreme Court of the United States Justice Samuel Chase.
  • 1824 – First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal.
  • 1829 – First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the ground breaking.
  • 1853 – Crimean War: Battle of Sinop — The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Franklin — The Army of Tennessee led by General John Bell Hood mounts a dramatically unsuccessful frontal assault on Union positions commanded by John McAllister Schofield around Franklin, Tennessee (Hood lost six generals and almost a third of his troops).
  • 1868 – The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King’s garden in Stockholm.
  • 1872 – The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England.
  • 1886 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.
  • 1902 – American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.
  • 1908 – A mine explosion in the mining town of Marianna, Pennsylvania kills 154.
  • 1916 – Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1934 – The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman becomes the first to officially exceed 100mph.
  • 1936 – In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.
  • 1939 – Winter War: Soviet forces cross the Finnish border in several places and bomb Helsinki and several other Finnish cities, starting the war.
  • 1940 – Lucille Ball marries Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.
  • 1942 – World War II Guadalcanal Campaign: Battle of Tassafaronga — A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Raizo Tanaka defeats a a US cruiser force under Carleton H. Wright.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tehran Conference — U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin agree to the planned June 1944 invasion of Europe code-named Operation Overlord.
  • 1953 – Edward Mutesa II, the kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda.
  • 1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States, an 8.5 lb (3.86 kg) sulfide meteorite crashes through a roof and hits Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges in her living room after bouncing off her radio, giving her a bad bruise, in the only unequivocally known case of a human being hit by a rock from space.
  • 1962 – The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as its 3rd UN Secretary-General.
  • 1964 – The University of Patras is inaugurated.
  • 1966 – Barbados becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – The People’s Republic of South Yemen becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1967 – The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who becomes its first Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the 1971 Civil War.
  • 1971 – Iran seizes the Greater and Lesser Tunbs from the United Arab Emirates.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press there will be no more public announcements concerning American troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.
  • 1974 – Lucy (Australopithecus) is discovered by Donald Johanson, Maurice Taieb, Yves Coppens and Tim White in the Middle Awash of Ethiopia’s Afar Depression.
  • 1981 – Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17).
  • 1982 – A parcel bomb is delivered to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at 10 Downing Street.
  • 1982 – Michael Jackson releases his sensational hit, “Thriller.” 
  • 1988 – Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for $25.07 billion USD.
  • 1989 – Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb.
  • 1989 – Richard Mallory of Palm Harbor, Florida becomes serial killer Aileen Wuornos’s first victim.
  • 1993 – U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Bill) into law.
  • 1995 – Official end of Operation Desert Storm.
  • 1998 – Deutsche Bank announces a $10 billion USD deal to buy Bankers Trust, thus creating the largest financial institution in the world.
  • 1999 – In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti- globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies.
  • 1999 – British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe’s largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.
  • 2004 – Longtime Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally loses, leaving him with $2,520,700 USD, television’s all-time biggest game show haul.
  • 2004 – Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26.
  • 2004 – Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns.
  • 2005 – John Sentamu becomes the first African American archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York.

November 30 – Birthdays:

  • 539 – Gregory of Tours, French bishop and historian (d. 594)
  • 1340 – John, Duke of Berry, son of John II of France (d. 1416)
  • 1364 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1466 – Andrea Doria, Italian naval leader (d. 1560)
  • 1498 – Andrés de Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friar, sail-captain and explorer (d. 1568)
  • 1508 – Andrea Palladio, Italian architect (d. 1580)
  • 1554 – Philip Sidney, English courtier, soldier, and writer (d. 1586)
  • 1594 – John Cosin, English clergyman (d. 1672)
  • 1625 – Jean Domat, French jurist (d. 1696)
  • 1637 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (d. 1698)
  • 1667 – Jonathan Swift, Irish writer and satirist (d. 1745)
  • 1670 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (d. 1722)
  • 1683 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (d. 1744)
  • 1719 – Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (d. 1772)
  • 1722 – Theodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameler (d. 1761)
  • 1723 – William Livingston, revolutionary Governor of New Jersey (d. 1790)
  • 1756 – Ernst Chladni, German physicist (d. 1827)
  • 1768 – Jedrzej Sniadecki, Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist (d. 1838)
  • 1781 – Alexander Berry, British adventurer (d. 1873)
  • 1796 – Carl Loewe, German composer (d. 1869)
  • 1810 – Oliver Winchester, American gunsmith (d. 1880)
  • 1813 – Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (d. 1890)
  • 1813 – Charles-Valentin Alkan, French composer (d. 1888)
  • 1817 – Theodor Mommsen, German author, Nobel laureate (d. 1903)
  • 1821 – Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1902)
  • 1835 – Mark Twain, American writer (d. 1910)
  • 1836 – Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
  • 1840 – Henry Birks, Canadian businessman (d. 1928)
  • 1847 – Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena, 6th President of Brazil (d. 1909)
  • 1857 – Bobby Abel, English cricketer (d. 1936)
  • 1858 – Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (d. 1937)
  • 1863 – Andres Bonifacio, head of the Philippine Revolutionary Movement Katipunan (KKK) (d. 1897)
  • 1869 – Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1937)
  • 1870 – Princess Henriette, Duchess of Vendôme and Alençon (d. 1948)
  • 1872 – Dr. John McCrae, Canadian physician and soldier (d. 1918)
  • 1874 – Sir Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
  • 1874 – Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (d. 1942)
  • 1889 – Edgar Douglas Adrian, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1977)
  • 1898 – Firpo Marberry, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • 1904 – Clyfford Still, American painter (d. 1980)
  • 1906 – Andrés Henestrosa, Mexican writer (d. 2008)
  • 1907 – Jacques Barzun, French-born historian and author
  • 1909 – Robert Nighthawk, American musician (d. 1967)
  • 1911 – Jorge Negrete, Mexican singer and actor (d. 1953)
  • 1912 – Gordon Parks, American photographer and film director (d. 2006)
  • 1915 – Brownie McGhee, American blues musician (d.1996)
  • 1915 – Henry Taube, Canadian-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – Efrem Zimbalist Jr., American actor
  • 1920 – Virginia Mayo, American actress (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Shirley Chisholm, American politician, United States Representatives from New York (d. 2005)
  • 1924 – Allan Sherman, American comedian (d. 1973)
  • 1924 – Elliott Blackstone, American gay and lesbian rights activist (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Richard Crenna, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Robert Guillaume, American actor
  • 1928 – Joe B. Hall, American basketball coach
  • 1929 – Dick Clark, American television host
  • 1929 – Joan Ganz Cooney, American children’s television pioneer
  • 1930 – G. Gordon Liddy, American Watergate operative and talk radio host
  • 1931 – Jack Ging, American actor
  • 1931 – Bill Walsh, American football coach (d. 2007)
  • 1932 – Bob Moore, American bassist and orchestra leader
  • 1932 – Cho Namchul, South Korean professional Go player (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Norman Deeley, English footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Abbie Hoffman, American activist (d. 1989)
  • 1936 – Dmitri Victorovich Anosov, Russian mathematician
  • 1937 – Ridley Scott, British film director
  • 1937 – Adeline Yen Mah, Chinese Writer
  • 1937 – Frank Ifield, Australian/British singer
  • 1937 – Tom Simpson, British cyclist (d. 1967)
  • 1938 – Jean Eustache, French filmmaker
  • 1943 – Terrence Malick, American director and screenwriter.
  • 1945 – Roger Glover, British bassist (Deep Purple)
  • 1945 – Radu Lupu, Romanian concert pianist
  • 1947 – David Mamet, American playwright
  • 1947 – Sergio Badilla Castillo, Chilean poet
  • 1950 – Chris Claremont, British comic book writer
  • 1951 – Christian Bernard, mystic
  • 1951 – June Chadwick, British actress
  • 1952 – Keith Giffen, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1952 – Mandy Patinkin, American actor and singer
  • 1953 – June Pointer, American singer (Pointer Sisters)
  • 1954 – Simonetta Stefanelli, Italian Actress (The Godfather)
  • 1955 – Kevin Conroy, American Actor (Batman in the DC animated universe)
  • 1955 – Billy Idol, British musician
  • 1955 – Gordon Liu, Chinese actor
  • 1957 – John Ashton, English guitarist (Psychedelic Furs)
  • 1957 – Richard Barbieri, British keyboardist (Porcupine Tree)
  • 1957 – Andrew Calhoun, American musician
  • 1957 – Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • 1957 – Colin Mochrie, Scottish-born Canadian comedian
  • 1958 – Juliette Bergmann, Dutch bodybuilder
  • 1958 – Stacey Q, American singer
  • 1959 – Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1960 – Gary Lineker, English footballer
  • 1960 – Rich Fields, American television personality
  • 1962 – Bo Jackson, American football and baseball player
  • 1962 – Daniel Keys Moran, American writer
  • 1964 – Jushin Liger, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1965 – Ben Stiller, American actor
  • 1965 – Lee Klein, American Writer
  • 1965 – Aldair, Brazilian footballer
  • 1965 – Prince Akishino of Japan
  • 1966 – Ed Kemper, American serial killer
  • 1966 – Wil Mara, American author
  • 1966 – David Nicholls, English novelist and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Mika Salo, Finnish Formula 1 Driver
  • 1968 – Des’ree, English singer
  • 1968 – Laurent Jalabert, French cyclist
  • 1969 – Marc Goossens, Belgian racing driver
  • 1969 – Amy Ryan, American actress
  • 1970 – Robert Griffith, former National Football League player
  • 1971 – Iván Rodríguez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1971 – Ray Durham, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Christopher Fitzgerald, American stage actor
  • 1972 – Abel Xavier, Portuguese footballer
  • 1973 – John Moyer, American bassist (Disturbed)
  • 1973 – Jason Reso (aka “Christian Cage”), Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1975 – Mindy McCready, American musician
  • 1975 – Ben Thatcher, Welsh footballer
  • 1976 – Josh Lewsey, English rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Iván Guerrero, Honduran footballer
  • 1977 – Kazumi Saitoh, Japanese baseball player
  • 1977 – Olivier Schoenfelder, French ice dancer
  • 1978 – Clay Aiken, American singer
  • 1978 – Gael García Bernal, Mexican actor
  • 1978 – Emil Steiner, American writer
  • 1979 – Chris Atkinson, Australian rally driver
  • 1979 – Andrés Nocioni, Argentine basketball player
  • 1979 – Dania Ramírez, Dominican actress
  • 1980 – Jamie Ashdown, English footballer
  • 1981 – Rich Harden, Canadian baseball player
  • 1982 – Elisha Cuthbert, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Tony Giarratano, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Clémence Poésy, French actress
  • 1982 – Jason Pominville, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1983 – Adrian Cristea, Romanian footballer
  • 1984 – Nigel de Jong, Dutch footballer
  • 1984 – Alan Hutton, Scottish footballer
  • 1985 – Kaley Cuoco, American actress and model
  • 1986 – Jordan Farmar, National Basketball Association player
  • 1987 – Dougie Poynter, British singer and bassist (McFly)
  • 1987 – Vasilisa Bardina, Russian tennis player
  • 1987 – Ian Hecox, Part of the America Online comedy duo Smosh
  • 1989 – Chanel Iman, American supermodel
  • 1989 – Margaret Nales Wilson, Filipino model
  • 1990 – Kara Crane, Actress
  • 1990 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess Grandmaster
  • 1994 – Nyjah Huston, American skateboarder

November 30 – Deaths:

  • 30 BC – Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (b. 69 BC)
  • 1016 – Edmund II of England
  • 1580 – Richard Farrant, English composer
  • 1626 – Thomas Weelkes, English composer
  • 1654 – John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (b. 1584)
  • 1675 – Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • 1703 – Nicolas de Grigny, French organist and composer (b. 1672)
  • 1705 – Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II of England (b. 1638)
  • 1718 – King Charles XII of Sweden (b. 1682)
  • 1761 – John Dollond, British optician (b. 1706)
  • 1765 – George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
  • 1900 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (b. 1854)
  • 1901 – Edward John Eyre, British explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1920 – Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian counter-revolutionary (b. 1867)
  • 1933 – Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)
  • 1935 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet (b. 1888)
  • 1943 – Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist (executed) (b. 1914)
  • 1953 – Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (b. 1857)
  • 1954 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (b. 1886)
  • 1955 – Josip Štolcer-Slavenski, Croatian composer (b. 1896)
  • 1957 – Beniamino Gigli, Italian tenor (b. 1890)
  • 1958 – Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1967 – Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet (b. 1904)
  • 1977 – Terrence Rattigan, British writer and playwright (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist and writer (b. 1913)
  • 1989 – Alfred Herrhausen, German banker, murdered (Deutsche Bank) (b. 1930)]
  • 1993 – Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – David Houston, American country music singer (b. 1938)
  • 1994 – Guy Debord, French writer and filmmaker (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – Harry Saltzman, American film producer (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Lionel Stander, American actor (b. 1908)
  • 1995 – Randy Walker (AKA Stretch), American musician (b. 1972)
  • 1996 – Tiny Tim, American entertainer (b. 1932)
  • 1997 – Kathy Acker, American author (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Charlie Byrd, American jazz guitarist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Tim Woods, American professional wrestler (b. 1934)
  • 2003 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 – Pierre Berton, Canadian author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Jean Parker, American actress (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Elhadi Adam, Sudanese poet and lyricist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Evel Knievel, American motorcycle daredevil and all round legend (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Engin Arik, Turkish nuclear physicist (b. 1948)

November 30 – Holidays:

  • Calendar of Saints – Saint Andrew the apostle – St Andrew’s Day is the national day of Scotland, and as of 2007, a bank holiday
  • Barbados – Independence Day (from Britain, 1966)
  • Philippines – Andres Bonifacio Day
  • Official end of the Hurricane season
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On This Day in History November 29

November 29 – Events:

  • 1777 – San Jose, California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe. It is the first civilian settlement, or pueblo, in Alta California.
  • 1781 – The crew of the slave ship Zong murders 133 Africans by dumping them into the sea in order to claim insurance.
  • 1830 – November Uprising: An armed rebellion against Russia’s rule in Poland begins.
  • 1845 – The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
  • 1847 – Whitman Massacre: Missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, and 15 others are killed by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians, causing the Cayuse War.
  • 1850 – The treaty, Punctation of Olmütz, signed in Olomouc means diplomatic capitulation of Prussia to Austrian Empire, which took over the leadership of German Confederation.
  • 1864 – Indian Wars: Sand Creek Massacre – Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 150 Cheyenne and Arapaho noncombatants inside Colorado Territory.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Spring Hill – Confederate advance into Tennessee misses opportunity to crush Union army. Gen. Hood angered, leads to Battle of Franklin.
  • 1872 – Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.
  • 1890 – The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan and the first Diet convenes.
  • 1890 – At West Point, New York, the United States Naval Academy defeats the United States Military Academy 24-0 in the first Army-Navy football game.
  • 1893 – Ziqiang Institute, today known as Wuhan University, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty of China after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government.
  • 1910 – The first US patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.
  • 1915 – Fire destroys most of the buildings on Santa Catalina Island, California.
  • 1922 – Howard Carter opens the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun to the public.
  • 1929 – U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd becomes the first person to fly over the South Pole.
  • 1934 – The Chicago Bears defeat the Detroit Lions 19-16 in the first nationally broadcast game.
  • 1943 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-fascist council of national liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, determining the post-war ordering of the country.
  • 1944 – The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • 1945 – The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia is declared.
  • 1947 – The United Nations General Assembly votes to partition Palestine (The Partition Plan).
  • 1950 – Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force United Nations forces to retreat from North Korea.
  • 1952 – Korean War: U.S. President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
  • 1961 – Project Mercury: Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission – Enos, a chimpanzee, is launched into space. The spacecraft orbited the Earth twice and splashed-down off the coast of Puerto Rico.
  • 1963 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
  • 1963 – Trans-Canada Airlines Flight 831: A Douglas DC-8 carrying 118, crashes after taking-off from Dorval Airport near Montreal.
  • 1965 – Canadian Space Agency launches the satellite Alouette 2.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation.
  • 1972 – Nolan Bushnell (co-founder of Atari) releases Pong (the first commercially successful video game) in Andy Capp’s Tavern in Sunnyvale, California.
  • 1982 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: The United Nations General Assembly passes United Nations Resolution 37/37, stating that Soviet Union forces should withdraw from Afghanistan.
  • 1987 – A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 155.
  • 1990 – Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council passes United Nations Security Council Resolution 678, authorizing “use all necessary means to uphold and implement” United Nations Security Council Resolution 660 “to restore international peace and security” if Iraq did not withdraw its forces from Kuwait and free all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.
  • 2005 – The new Croatian Communist Party (KPH) is founded in Vukovar.
  • 2007 – The Armed Forces of the Philippines lay siege to The Peninsula Manila after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes stage a mutiny.
  • 2007 – A 7.4 magnitude earthquake occurs off the northern coast of Martinique. This affected the Eastern Caribbean as far north as Puerto Rico and as south as Trinidad.

November 29 – Birthdays:

  • 1338 – Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England (d. 1368)
  • 1427 – Zhengtong, Emperor of China (d. 1464)
  • 1484 – Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (d. 1551)
  • 1627 – John Ray, English naturalist (d. 1705)
  • 1690 – Christian Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst, father of Catherine II of Russia (d. 1747)
  • 1752 – Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (d. 1819)
  • 1762 – Pierre André Latreille, French zoologist (d. 1833)
  • 1781 – Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, teacher, philosopher and sociologist (d. 1865)
  • 1797 – Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer (d. 1848)
  • 1798 – Alexander Brullov, Russian painter (d. 1877)
  • 1799 – Amos Bronson Alcott, American writer and educator (d. 1888)
  • 1802 – Wilhelm Hauff, German poet and novelist (d. 1827)
  • 1803 – Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist (d. 1853)
  • 1803 – Gottfried Semper, German architect (d. 1879)
  • 1813 – Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • 1816 – Morrison Waite, 7th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1888)
  • 1825 – Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (d. 1893)
  • 1831 – Louisa May Alcott, American novelist (d. 1888)
  • 1835 – Empress Dowager Cixi, de facto Chinese ruler (1868-1908; d. 1908)
  • 1849 – Sir John Ambrose Fleming, British physicist (d. 1945)
  • 1856 – Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, 5th Chancellor of the German Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1857 – Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)
  • 1874 – Francis Dodd, British artist (d. 1949)
  • 1874 – Egas Moniz, Portuguese physician, neurologist and Nobel laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1876 – Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician, 14th Governor of Wyoming (d. 1977)
  • 1879 – Jacob Gade, Danish Composer(d. 1963)
  • 1881 – Julius Raab, 3rd Chancellors of the Second (Austrian) Republic (d. 1964)
  • 1894 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (d. 1970)
  • 1895 – Busby Berkeley, American film director and choreographer (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – William V.S. Tubman, 19th President of Liberia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 – Yakima Canutt, American actor and stuntman (d. 1986)
  • 1898 – C. S. Lewis, Irish writer (d. 1963)
  • 1899 – Andrija Artukovic, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • 1901 – Mildred Harris, American actress (d. 1944)
  • 1904 – Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)
  • 1905 – Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman catholic bishop (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American civil rights leader and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1908 – N. S. Krishnan, Tamil film comedian (d. 1957)
  • 1910 – Antanas Škema, Lithuanian writer, stage actor and director (d. 1961)
  • 1915 – Billy Strayhorn, American musician and composer (d. 1967)
  • 1916 – Fran Ryan, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1917 – Merle Travis, American singer (d. 1983)
  • 1918 – Madeleine L’Engle, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Yegor Ligachev, Soviet politician
  • 1921 – Dagmar, American television personality (d. 2001)
  • 1922 – Minnie Miñoso, Cuban baseball player
  • 1927 – Vin Scully, American baseball announcer
  • 1928 – Tahir Salahov, Azerbaijani painter
  • 1928 – Paul Simon, American politician (d. 2003)
  • 1929 – Jackie Stallone, American astrologer and personality
  • 1930 – Shirley Porter, English politician
  • 1931 – Shintaro Katsu, Japanese actor, star of Zatoichi movies (d. 1997)
  • 1932 – Jacques Chirac, 5th President of the Fifth (French) Republic
  • 1932 – Diane Ladd, American actress
  • 1933 – John Mayall, British blues musician
  • 1933 – James Rosenquist, American artist
  • 1938 – Mean Gene Okerlund, American professional wrestling interview and announcer
  • 1939 – Peter Bergman, American comedian
  • 1939 – Meco, American record producer
  • 1940 – Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas and the Papas) (d. 2007)
  • 1940 – Chuck Mangione, American musician
  • 1941 – Bill Freehan, American baseball player
  • 1942 – Philippe Huttenlocher, Swiss baritone
  • 1943 – Sue Miller, American author
  • 1944 – Felix Cavaliere, American musician
  • 1946 – Silvio Rodríguez, Cuban poet
  • 1947 – Petra Kelly, German politician (d. 1992)
  • 1947 – Ronnie Montrose, American guitarist
  • 1949 – Stan Rogers, Canadian folk musician and songwriter (d. 1983)
  • 1949 – Wayne Cowan, American wrestler
  • 1949 – Jerry Lawler, American wrestler
  • 1949 – Garry Shandling, American comedian
  • 1951 – Barry Goudreau, American musician (Boston )
  • 1951 – Roger Troutman, Funk musician and master of the talkbox. (d. 1999)
  • 1953 – Alex Grey, American artist
  • 1953 – Christine Pascal, French actress, director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1954 – Joel Coen, American film director, producer, and writer
  • 1954 – Steve Rogers, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 2006)
  • 1955 – Howie Mandel, Canadian comedian
  • 1956 – Hinton Battle, American dancer
  • 1956 – Leo Laporte, American television personality
  • 1956 – Eric Laakso, Retired Miami Dolphins NFL Offensive tackle
  • 1958 – Michael Dempsey, English musician (The Cure)
  • 1959 – Neal Broten, American ice hockey player
  • 1959 – Kim Delaney, American actress
  • 1960 – Howard Johnson, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Cathy Moriarty, American actress
  • 1961 – Tom Sizemore, American actor
  • 1961 – Masayoshi Yamashita, Japanese bassist
  • 1962 – Andy LaRocque Swedish musician (King Diamond)
  • 1963 – Andrew McCarthy, American actor
  • 1964 – Don Cheadle, American actor
  • 1965 – Ellen Cleghorne, American comedian
  • 1965 – Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese musician (d. 1992)
  • 1967 – John Layfield, Professional wrestler
  • 1968 – Jonathan Knight, American singer (New Kids on the Block)
  • 1969 – Pierre van Hooijdonk, Dutch footballer
  • 1969 – Kasey Keller, American soccer player
  • 1969 – Mariano Rivera, Panamanian baseball player
  • 1970 – Mark Pembridge, Welsh footballer
  • 1971 – Gena Lee Nolin, American actress
  • 1972 – Brian Baumgartner, American actor
  • 1972 – Larry Joe Campbell, American actor
  • 1972 – Jamal Mashburn, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Minoru Tanaka, Japanese pro-wrestler
  • 1973 – Ryan Giggs, Welsh footballer
  • 1973 – Sarah Jones, American playwright
  • 1974 – Lin Chi-ling, Taiwanese model
  • 1974 – Pavol Demitra, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Younis Khan, International Cricketer for Pakistan
  • 1976 – Anna Faris, American actress
  • 1976 – Michalis Kakiouzis, Greek basketball player
  • 1976 – Ehren McGhehey, American actor
  • 1977 – Maria Petrova, Russian figure skater
  • 1978 – Ludwika Paleta, Polish-born actress
  • 1978 – Dimitrious Konstantopolous, Greek footballer
  • 1979 – Simon Amstell, English comedian and television presenter
  • 1979 – Francis Beltrán, Dominican baseball player
  • 1979 – The Game (Jayceon Terrell Taylor), American rapper.
  • 1981 – Nicholas Teo, Malaysian singer and actor
  • 1982 – Ashley Force, American race car driver
  • 1982 – Krystal Steal, American pornographic actress
  • 1982 – Lucas Black, American actor
  • 1983 – Tanner Glass, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Sitti Navarro, Philippine bossa nova artist
  • 1985 – Shannon Brown, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Taguchi Junnosuke, Japanese idol (member of KAT-TUN)
  • 1987 – Stephen O’Halloran, Irish footballer
  • 1990 – Blake and Dylan Tuomy-Wilhoit, American identical twin actors

November 29 – Deaths:

  • 741 – Pope Gregory III
  • 1253 – Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1206)
  • 1268 – Pope Clement IV
  • 1314 – Philip IV of France (b. 1268)
  • 1330 – Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (b. 1287)
  • 1342 – Michael of Cesena, Italian Franciscan leader (b. 1270)
  • 1378 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1316)
  • 1530 – Thomas Wolsey, adviser to King Henry VIII of England
  • 1577 – Cuthbert Mayne, English saint (b. 1543)
  • 1590 – Philipp Nikodemus Frischlin, German philologist and poet (b. 1547)
  • 1595 – Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (b. 1533)
  • 1626 – Ernst, Graf von Mansfield, German soldier (c. 1580)
  • 1632 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine (b. 1596)
  • 1643 – William Cartwright, English dramatist (b. 1611)
  • 1643 – Claudio Monteverdi, Italian composer (b. 1567)
  • 1646 – Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer (b. 1565)
  • 1661 – Brian Walton, English clergyman and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1694 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (b. 1628)
  • 1695 – James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
  • 1699 – Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
  • 1759 – Nicolaus I Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1687)
  • 1780 – Maria Theresa of Austria (b. 1717)
  • 1797 – Samuel Langdon, American President of Harvard University (b. 1723)
  • 1847 – Marcus Whitman, Washington state pioneer (b. 1802)
  • 1924 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (b. 1858)
  • 1927 – George Giffen, Australian cricketer (b. 1859)
  • 1939 – Philipp Scheidemann, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1865)
  • 1953 – Alfons Fryland, Austrian actor (b. 1888)
  • 1953 – Sam De Grasse, American actor (b. 1875)
  • 1953 – Milt Gross, American comic book illustrator and animator (b. 1895)
  • 1954 – Dink Johnson, American musician (b. 1892)
  • 1957 – Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Austrian composer (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – Carl Stalling, American composer (b. 1888)
  • 1974 – James J. Braddock, American heavyweight boxer (b. 1905)
  • 1975 – Graham Hill, English race car driver and two-time F1 World Champion (b. 1929)
  • 1979 – Zeppo Marx, American actor and comedian (b. 1901)
  • 1980 – Dorothy Day, American journalist, turned social activist, and devout member of the Roman Catholic Church (b. 1897).
  • 1981 – Fredric Wertham, German-born psychologist (b. 1895)
  • 1981 – Natalie Wood, American actress (b. 1938)
  • 1982 – Percy Williams, Canadian athlete (b. 1908)
  • 1984 – Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (b. 1900)
  • 1986 – Cary Grant, British-born American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1987 – Irene Handl, English actress (b. 1901)
  • 1991 – Ralph Bellamy, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1992 – Jean Dieudonné, French mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1996 – Dan Flavin, American artist (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Martin Ruane, English professional wrestler (b. 1947)
  • 1998 – Frank Latimore, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Gene Rayburn, American game show host (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – Mic Christopher, Irish singer and songwriter (b. 1969)
  • 2001 – George Harrison, English singer, guitarist and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2001 – John Knowles, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Daniel Gélin, French actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Moondog Spot, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
  • 2004 – Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (b. 1891)
  • 2004 – Harry Danning, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 2004 – John Drew Barrymore, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (b. 1958)
  • 2005 – David di Tommaso, French footballer (b. 1979)
  • 2006 – Allen Carr, English anti-smoking campaigner (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Henry Hyde, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – James Barber, Canadian chef and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Ralph Beard, American basketball player (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Roger Bonham Smith, Former chairman and CEO of General Motors (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Tom Terrell, musicologist, NPR reviewer, deejay (b. 1950)

November 29 – Holidays:

  • Feast days of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
    • Saint Saturnin
    • Saint Maurizio
    • Saint Cuthbert Mayne, martyr
    • Saint Radboud
    • Denis of the Nativity and Redemptus of the Cross
  • Albania – Liberation Day (Dita e Çlirimit)
  • Israel – Kaftet be-November (commemoration of the U.N. decision in 1947 to partition Palestine)
  • International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
  • Former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia – Republic Day

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Last Day to Enter!

Just a quick reminder – today is the last day to enter the giveaway of a brand new Kindle Fire: have you entered?  You can if you click here or type in http://smarturl.it/1115fire into your computer’s web browser.

Also, please be sure to pass this on to your family and friends as I am sure they would love an opportunity to win a new Fire, also!

Good luck!

Michael

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On This Day in History November 28

November 28 – Events:

  • 1095 – On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appoints Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
  • 1443 – Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1520 – After navigating through the South American strait, three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reach the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Europeans to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific.
  • 1582 – In Stratford-upon-Avon, William Shakespere and Anne Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage license.
  • 1660 – At Gresham College, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal Society.
  • 1729 – Natchez Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.
  • 1785 – The Treaty of Hopewell is signed.
  • 1814 – The Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of newspapers to a mass audience.
  • 1821 – Panama Independence Day: Panama separates from Spain and joins Gran Colombia.
  • 1843 – Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day.  The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General John Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke’s Confederates.
  • 1893 – Women vote in a national election for the first time: the New Zealand general election.
  • 1895 – The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago’s Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.
  • 1905 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.
  • 1907 – In Haverhill, Massachusetts, scrap-metal dealer Louis B. Mayer opens his first movie theater.
  • 1912 – Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 1918 – Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania.
  • 1919 – Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She is the first woman to sit as a British MP, although not the first to be elected – that was Countess Markiewicz.
  • 1920 – Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence.
  • 1929 – Ernie Nevers of the then Chicago Cardinals scores all the points in this game as the Cardinals defeat the Chicago Bears 40-6.
  • 1942 – In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 491 people.
  • 1943 – World War II: Tehran Conference – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, Iran to discuss war strategy.
  • 1944 – Albania is liberated by the Albanian partisans.
  • 1958 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community.
  • 1960 – Mauritania becomes independent of France.
  • 1964 – Mariner program: NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s call for “more flags” in Vietnam, Philippines President Elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
  • 1975 – East Timor declares its independence from Portugal.
  • 1975 – As the World Turns and The Edge of Night, the final two American soap operas that had resisted going to pre-taped broadcasts, air their last live episodes.
  • 1979 – The Mount Erebus disaster: An Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mount Erebus on a sightseeing trip, killing all 257 people on board.
  • 1982 – Representatives from 88 countries gather in Geneva to discuss world trade and ways to work toward aspects of free trade.
  • 1984 – Over 250 years after their deaths, William Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens of the United States.
  • 1987 – South African Airways flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing all 159 people on-board.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution – In the face of protests, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces they will give up their monopoly on political power.
  • 1994 – Voters in Norway reject European Union membership (see Norwegian EU referendum, 1994).
  • 1994 – In Portage, Wisconsin, convicted serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is clubbed to death by an inmate in the Columbia Correctional Institution gymnasium.
  • 1997 – First public appearance of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), an ethnic Albanian guerrilla group that fought for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia.
  • 1998 – The people of Albania vote for their new Constitution in a referendum.
  • 2000 – Ukrainian politician Oleksander Moroz begins the Cassette Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.

November 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1118 – Manuel I Komnenos, Greek Byzantine Emperor (d. 1180)
  • 1489 – Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
  • 1570 – James Whitelocke, English judge (d. 1632)
  • 1598 – Hans Nansen, Danish statesman (d. 1667)
  • 1628 – John Bunyan, English cleric and author (d. 1688)
  • 1632 – Jean-Baptiste Lully, French composer (d. 1687)
  • 1640 – Willem de Vlamingh, Flemish sea captain (c. 1648)
  • 1661 – Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
  • 1681 – Jean Cavalier, French Protestant rebel leader (d. 1740)
  • 1700 – Nathaniel Bliss, Astronomer Royal (d. 1764)
  • 1700 – Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1770)
  • 1757 – William Blake, British poet (d. 1827)
  • 1772 – Luke Howard, British meteorologist (d. 1864)
  • 1785 – Achille Charles Léon Victor, duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (d. 1870)
  • 1792 – Victor Cousin, French philosopher (d. 1867)
  • 1793 – Carl Jonas Love Almqvist, Swedish romantic poet (d. 1866)
  • 1805 – John Stephens, American archeologist (d. 1852)
  • 1810 – William Froude, British naval architect (d. 1879)
  • 1820 – Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (d. 1895)
  • 1829 – Anton Rubinstein, Russian composer (d. 1894)
  • 1837 – John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor (d. 1920)
  • 1853 – Helen Magill White, first American woman to earn a Ph.D. (d. 1944)
  • 1857 – King Alfonso XII of Spain (d. 1885)
  • 1864 – James Allen English writer (d. 1912)
  • 1864 – Lindley M. Garrison, American Secretary of War (d. 1932)
  • 1866 – Henry Bacon, American architect (d. 1924)
  • 1880 – Alexander Blok, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1881 – Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (d. 1942)
  • 1887 – Ernst Röhm, Nazi official (d. 1934)
  • 1895 – José Iturbi, Spanish pianist (d. 1980)
  • 1896 – Lilia Skala, Austrian actress (d. 1994)
  • 1896 – Dawn Powell, American writer (d. 1965)
  • 1904 – Nancy Mitford, British essayist (d. 1973)
  • 1904 – James Eastland, American politician (d. 1986)
  • 1907 – Alberto Moravia, Italian writer (d. 1990)
  • 1907 – Rose Bampton, American opera singer (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Claude Lévi-Strauss, French anthropologist
  • 1911 – Václav Renc, Czech poet (d. 1973)
  • 1912 – Morris Louis, American painter (d. 1962)
  • 1915 – Evald Okas, Estonian painter
  • 1915 – Yves Thériault, Quebec author (d. 1983)
  • 1916 – Mary Lilian Baels, Princess of Rethy, Belgium (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Gloria Grahame, American actress (d. 1981)
  • 1924 – Dennis Brutus, South African poet
  • 1925 – József Bozsik, Hungarian footballer (d. 1978)
  • 1927 – Chuck Mitchell, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1928 – John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (d. 1973)
  • 1929 – Berry Gordy Jr., American record company owner
  • 1931 – Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 1931 – Tomi Ungerer, French graphic artist
  • 1931 – Dervla Murphy, Irish cyclist and author
  • 1932 – Ray Perkins, Canadian singer (The Crew-Cuts)
  • 1933 – Joe Knollenberg, American politician
  • 1935 – Prince Hitachi, Japanese royalty
  • 1936 – Gary Hart, American politician
  • 1936 – Celin Romero, Spanish guitarist
  • 1938 – Michael Ritchie, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1940 – Bruce Channel, American singer
  • 1941 – Laura Antonelli, Italian actress
  • 1942 – Paul Warfield, American football player
  • 1943 – Randy Newman, American composer
  • 1944 – R.B. Greaves, Guyanan singer
  • 1946 – Joe Dante, American film director and producer
  • 1947 – Michel Berger, French songwriter (d. 1992)
  • 1947 – Maria Farantouri, Greek singer
  • 1949 – Alexander Godunov, Russian ballet dancer (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Paul Shaffer, Canadian orchestra leader
  • 1950 – Ed Harris, American actor
  • 1950 – Russell Alan Hulse, American physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1952 – S. Epatha Merkerson, American actress
  • 1953 – Sixto Lezcano, Puerto Rican baseball player
  • 1955 – Alessandro Altobelli, Italian footballer
  • 1955 – Jeffrey Byron, American actor
  • 1955 – Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • 1957 – David Van Day, British singer (Dollar)
  • 1958 – Dave Righetti, American baseball player
  • 1958 – Georges Rutaganda, Rwandan war criminal
  • 1959 – Judd Nelson, American actor
  • 1961 – Martin Clunes, British actor
  • 1961 – Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican film director
  • 1961 – Jane Sibbett, American actress
  • 1962 – Paul Dinello, American comedian and actor
  • 1962 – Jon Stewart, American comedian
  • 1962 – Matt Cameron, American drummer (Soundgarden, Pearl Jam)
  • 1962 – Davey Boy Smith, English professional wrestler (d. 2002)
  • 1963 – Walt Weiss, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Cornelia Guest, American debutante
  • 1965 – Erwin Mortier, Belgian author
  • 1965 – Matt Williams, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Sam Seder, American comedian
  • 1967 – Anna Nicole Smith, American television personality (d. 2007)
  • 1967 – Stephnie Weir, American comedian
  • 1967 – José del Solar, Peruvian footballer
  • 1968 – Dawn Robinson, American singer (En Vogue)
  • 1969 – Robb Nen, American baseball player
  • 1969 – Lexington Steele (Clifton Britt), American adult film actor
  • 1970 – Álex López Morón, Spanish tennis player
  • 1971 – Rob Conway, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Fenriz, Norwegian musician (Darkthrone)
  • 1972 – Paulo Figueiredo, Angolan footballer
  • 1972 – Anastasia Kelesidou, Greek discus thrower
  • 1973 – Jade Puget, American musician (AFI)
  • 1974 – apl.de.ap, American rapper (Black Eyed Peas)
  • 1974 – András Tölcséres, Hungarian footballer
  • 1974 – Styles P, American rapper
  • 1974 – Kristian Schmid, Australian actor
  • 1975 – Sigurd Wongraven, Norwegian musician (Satyricon (band))
  • 1975 – Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer
  • 1977 – DeMya Walker, American basketball player
  • 1977 – Greg Somerville, New Zealand rugby union footballer
  • 1977 – Fabio Grosso, Italian footballer
  • 1977 – Gavin Rae, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Freddie Mitchell, American football player
  • 1978 – Mehdi Nafti, Tunisian footballer
  • 1978 – Brent Albright, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 – Ryan Leslie, American producer
  • 1978 – Haytham Tambal, Sudanese footballer
  • 1979 – Chamillionaire, American rapper
  • 1979 – Joel Maximo, American professional wrestler
  • 1979 – Daniel Henney, Korean model-actor
  • 1980 – Stuart Taylor, British footballer
  • 1980 – Lisa Middelhauve, German singer (Xandria)
  • 1982 – Leandro Barbosa, Brazilian basketball player
  • 1984 – Andrew Bogut, Australian basketball player
  • 1984 – Marc-Andre Fleury, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Joross Gamboa, Filipino actor
  • 1984 – Mary Elizabeth Winstead, American actress
  • 1984 – Trey Songz, American singer
  • 1985 – Caitlin McClatchey, Scottish swimmer
  • 1988 – Christopher Stringini, American singer
  • 1988 – Scarlett Pomers, American actress
  • 1992 – Kianna Underwood, American actress
  • 1994 – Lola Sanchez, American actress
  • 1997 – Thor Salden, Belgian singer

November 28 – Deaths:

  • 741 – St. Gregory III
  • 1170 – Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd (c. 1100)
  • 1262 – Shinran, Japanese religious leader (b. 1173)
  • 1290 – Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I of England (b. 1241)
  • 1574 – Georg Major, German Protestant theologian (b. 1502)
  • 1585 – Hernando Franco, Spanish composer (b. 1532)
  • 1667 – Jean de Thévenot, French traveller and scientist (b. 1633)
  • 1675 – Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)
  • 1675 – Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • 1680 – Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (b. 1598)
  • 1680 – Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi, Italian architect and painter (b. 1606)
  • 1694 – Matsuo Basho, Japanese poet (b. 1644)
  • 1695 – Giovanni Paolo Colonna, Italian composer (c. 1637)
  • 1695 – Anthony Wood, English antiquarian (b. 1632)
  • 1698 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (b. 1622)
  • 1794 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian army officer (b. 1730)
  • 1801 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu, French geologist (b. 1750)
  • 1815 – Johann Peter Salomon, German violinist, impresario, and composer (b. 1745)
  • 1852 – Ludger Duvernay, French printer and newspaper publisher (b. 1799)
  • 1859 – Washington Irving, American writer (b. 1783)
  • 1870 – Frédéric Bazille, French painter (b. 1841)
  • 1872 – Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1878 – Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • 1880 – Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
  • 1907 – Stanislaw Wyspianski, Polish dramatist, poet, painter, and architect (b. 1869)
  • 1912 – Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon (b. 1870)
  • 1915 – Mubarak Al-Sabah “The Great”, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1896)
  • 1921 – `Abdu’l-Bahá, Persian leader of the Bahá’í Faith (b. 1844)
  • 1935 – Erich von Hornbostel, Austrian musicologist (b. 1877)
  • 1939 – James Naismith, Canadian creator of basketball (b. 1861)
  • 1945 – Dwight F. Davis, U.S. Secretary of War and donor of the Davis cup (b. 1879)
  • 1947 – Philippe Leclerc, French general (b. 1902)
  • 1954 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1960 – Richard Wright, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1962 – Queen Mother Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (b. 1880)
  • 1963 – Karyn Kupcinet, American actress (b. 1941)
  • 1968 – Enid Blyton, British children’s author (b. 1897)
  • 1971 – Wasfi Tel, Jordanian Prime Minister (b. 1920)
  • 1972 – Havergal Brian, British composer (b. 1875)
  • 1973 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (b. 1886)
  • 1976 – Rosalind Russell, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1977 – Trevor Bardette, American actor (b. 1902)
  • 1977 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1896)
  • 1978 – Antonio Vespucio Liberti, Argentine football executive (b. 1902)
  • 1983 – Christopher George, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1986 – Herb Vigran, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1987 – Choh Hao Li, Chinese biochemist (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Sidney Nolan, Australian painter (b. 1917)
  • 1993 – Jerry Edmonton, Canadian drummer (Steppenwolf) (b. 1946)
  • 1993 – Garry Moore, American entertainer (b. 1915)
  • 1994 – Jeffrey Dahmer, American serial killer (b. 1960)
  • 1994 – Buster Edwards, English train robber (b. 1932)
  • 1994 – Jerry Rubin, American activist (b. 1938)
  • 1997 – Georges Marchal, French actor (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Liane Haid, Austrian actress (b. 1895)
  • 2001 – William Kienzle, American author (b. 1928)
  • 2001 – Kal Mann, American lyricist (b. 1917)
  • 2001 – William Reid, British aviator awarded the Victoria Cross (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Dave “Snaker” Ray, American blues musician (b. 1943)
  • 2003 – Ted Bates, English footballer (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Antonia Forest, British children’s author (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Marc Lawrence, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 2006 – Lyubov Polishchuk, Russian actress (b. 1949)
  • 2006 – Robert Volpe, Artist ,Art Theft Detective (b.1942)
  • 2007 – Gudrun Wagner, co-director of the Bayreuth Festival (b. 1944)

November 28 – Holidays:

  • Eastern Orthodox—Julian Calendar: Beginning of the Nativity Fast, Repose of Saint Herman of Alaska, Venerable Paisius Velichkovsky
  • Eastern Orthodox—Revised Julian Calendar: Martyr Stephen the New of Mount Saint Auxentius. Martyrs Basil, Stephen, two Gregories, John, Andrew,Peter, Anna, and many others
  • Roman Catholic Saints – Pope Gregory III and Catherine Labouré
  • Bahá’í Faith: Holy Day – Ascension of `Abdu’l-Bahá
  • Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii: Feast of the Holy Sovereigns in honor of King Kamehama IV and Queen Emma, the founders of the Anglican Church of Hawaii
  • Albania – Albanian Independence day (from Turkey, 1912); also known as Albanian Flag Day due to other National events that correspond to this day
  • Mauritania – Independence Day (from France, 1960)

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On This Day in History November 27

November 27 – Events:

  • 1095 – Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.
  • 1295 – The first elected representatives from Lancashire were called to Westminster by King Edward I to attend what later became known as “The Model Parliament.”
  • 1703 – The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.
  • 1807 – The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops
  • 1839 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the American Statistical Association is founded.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio Penitentiary and return safely to the South.
  • 1868 – Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River – United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.
  • 1895 – At the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies.
  • 1901 – U.S. Army War College is established.
  • 1912 – Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco.
  • 1919 – Haiti becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1919 – Kappa Kappa Psi, National Honorary Band Fraternity is founded in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
  • 1924 – In New York City, the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.
  • 1934 – Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI.
  • 1940 – In Romania, the ruling party Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled King Carol II of Romania’s aides, including former minister Nicolae Iorga.
  • 1940 – World War II: At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 1942 – World War II: At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands.
  • 1944 – World War II: An explosion at a RAF ammunition dump at Fauld, Staffordshire kills seventy people.
  • 1954 – Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury.
  • 1963 – The Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention is signed at Strasbourg.
  • 1964 – Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would “save humanity from the ultimate disaster.”
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
  • 1971 – Mars 2 of the Soviet space program landed on Mars.
  • 1973 – The Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92 to 3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States (on December 6, the House confirmed him 387 to 35).
  • 1975 – The Provisional IRA assassinates Ross McWhirter, after a press conference in which McWhirter announced a reward for the capture of those responsible for multiple bombings and shootings across England.
  • 1978 – In San Francisco, California, city mayor George Moscone and openly gay city supervisor Harvey Milk are assassinated by former supervisor Dan White.
  • 1983 – A Colombian Boeing 747 crashes near Madrid’s Barajas Airport, killing 183.
  • 1990 – The British Conservative Party chooses John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1991 – The United Nations Security Council adopts UN Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.
  • 1992 – For the second time in a year, military forces try to overthrow president Carlos Andres Perez in Venezuela.
  • 1997 – Twenty-five are killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria.
  • 1999 – The left-wing Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand’s history.
  • 2001 – A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet.
  • 2005 – The first partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France.
  • 2006 – The Canadian House of Commons endorses Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s motion to declare Québécois a nation within a unified Canada.

November 27 – Birthdays:

  • 1127 – Emperor Xiaozong of China (d. 1194)
  • 1576 – Shimazu Tadatsune, Ruler of Satsuma (d. 1638)
  • 1582 – Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (d. 1651)
  • 1630 – Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria (d. 1665)
  • 1635 – Françoise d’Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon, wife of Louis XIV of France (d. 1719)
  • 1701 – Anders Celsius, Swedish inventor and astronomer (d. 1744)
  • 1710 – Robert Lowth, British bishop (d. 1787)
  • 1746 – Robert Livingston, negotiated the Louisiana Purchase from France (d. 1813)
  • 1746 – Increase Sumner, 5th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1799)
  • 1754 – Georg Forster, German scientist (d. 1794)
  • 1779 – Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (d. 1865)
  • 1804 – Julius Benedict, German-born composer (d. 1885)
  • 1809 – Fanny Kemble, British actress (d. 1893)
  • 1833 – Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (d. 1897)
  • 1843 – Cornelius Vanderbilt II, American businessman (d. 1899)
  • 1843 – Elizabeth Stride, victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
  • 1857 – Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1952)
  • 1867 – Charles Koechlin, French composer (d. 1950)
  • 1871 – Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (d. 1950)
  • 1874 – Charles A. Beard, American historian (d. 1948)
  • 1874 – Chaim Weizmann, 1st President of Israel (d. 1952)
  • 1894 – Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox saint (d. 1971)
  • 1894 – Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (d. 1989)
  • 1897 – Vito Genovese, American mafioso (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Fredric Warburg, publisher and author (d. 1981)
  • 1901 – Ted Husing, American sportscaster (d. 1962)
  • 1903 – Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • 1907 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (d. 2000)
  • 1909 – James Agee, American writer (d. 1955)
  • 1909 – Anatoly Maltsev, Russian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1911 – David Merrick, American stage producer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 – Chick Hearn, American sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1917 – Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Buster Merryfield, English actor (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Alexander Dubcek, Slovak politician (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – John Maddox, British science writer and editor
  • 1925 – Marshall Thompson, American actor (d. 1992)
  • 1925 – Ernie Wise, British comedian (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author
  • 1927 – Carlos José Castilho, Brazilian footballer (d. 1987)
  • 1928 – Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor (d. 2005)
  • 1928 – Ronald William “Josh” Kirby, British artist (d. 2001)
  • 1930 – Joe DeNardo, Pittsburgh Meteorologist
  • 1932 – Benigno Aquino, Jr., Philippine politician (d. 1983)
  • 1933 – Jacques Godbout, French Canadian novelist, journalist and filmmaker
  • 1934 – Ammo Baba, Iraqi-Assyrian footballer
  • 1935 – Al Jackson, American drummer, producer and songwriter (d. 1975)
  • 1935 – Les Blank, American documentary filmmaker
  • 1937 – Gail Sheehy, American writer
  • 1939 – Dave Giusti, American baseball player
  • 1940 – Bruce Lee, American actor and martial artist (d. 1973)
  • 1941 – Eddie Rabbitt, American singer (d. 1998)
  • 1941 – Aimé Jacquet, French football manager
  • 1942 – Manolo Blahnik, Spanish shoe designer
  • 1942 – Henry Carr, American athlete
  • 1942 – Jimi Hendrix, American guitarist (d. 1970)
  • 1943 – Nicole Brossard, French Canadian poet
  • 1945 – Alain de Cadenet, SPEED Channel personality
  • 1948 – James L. Avery, Sr., American actor
  • 1949 – Masanori Sekiya, Japanese racing driver
  • 1950 – Gran Hamada, Japanese professional wrestler
  • 1951 – Jayne Kennedy, American sportscaster and actress
  • 1952 – Kathryn Bigelow, American film director
  • 1952 – Sheila Copps, Canadian politician
  • 1952 – Daryl Stuermer, American guitarist (Genesis)
  • 1952 – James D. Wetherbee, American astronaut
  • 1953 – Curtis Armstrong, American actor
  • 1953 – Boris Grebenshchikov, Russian singer (Aquarium)
  • 1954 – Patricia McPherson, American actress
  • 1954 – Kimmy Robertson, American actress best known for her role as Lucy Moran in the
  • TV series Twin Peaks
  • 1955 – Bill Nye (The science guy), American engineer and broadcaster
  • 1955 – Pierre Mondou, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – William Fichtner, American actor
  • 1957 – Kenny Acheson, Northern Irish racecar driver
  • 1957 – Caroline Kennedy, American journalist
  • 1957 – Kevin O’Connell, American sound re-recording mixer
  • 1958 – Mike Scioscia, American baseball player and manager
  • 1959 – Charlie Burchill, Scottish guitarist and keyboardist (Simple Minds)
  • 1960 – Ken O’Brien, American football player
  • 1960 – Kevin Henkes, American children’s book writer/illustrator
  • 1960 – Tim Pawlenty, American politician
  • 1960 – Yulia Tymoshenko, Ukrainian prime minister
  • 1961 – Steve Oedekerk, American film director, actor and comedian
  • 1962 – Charlie Benante, American drummer (Anthrax)
  • 1962 – Mike Bordin, American musician (Faith No More)
  • 1963 – Fisher Stevens, American actor
  • 1964 – Robin Givens, American actress
  • 1966 – Andy Merrill, American voice actor
  • 1967 – Shane Embury, British guitarist/bassist (Napalm Death, among others)
  • 1968 – Michael Vartan, French actor
  • 1971 – Nick Van Exel, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Shane Salerno, American screenwriter
  • 1973 – Samantha Harris, American model and host
  • 1973 – Evan Karagias, American professional wrestler
  • 1973 – Twista, American rapper
  • 1975 – Martin Gramatica, Argentinian-American football player
  • 1976 – Jean Grae, South African-born rapper
  • 1976 – Jaleel White, American actor
  • 1977 – Mika Tan, American pornographic actress
  • 1978 – Jimmy Rollins, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Shy Love, adult film actress
  • 1978 – Radek Štepánek, Czech tennis player
  • 1978 – The Streets, English rapper
  • 1978 – Tim Yeung, American drummer (Vital Remains)
  • 1979 – Ricky Carmichael, American motocross racer
  • 1979 – Hilary Hahn, American violinist
  • 1979 – Shin Hyesung, Korean singer (Shinhwa)
  • 1979 – Teemu Tainio, Finnish footballer
  • 1980 – Michael Yardy, English cricketer
  • 1981 – Matthew Taylor, English footballer
  • 1985 – Alison Pill, Canadian actress
  • 1985 – Klara Ósk Elíasdóttir, Icelandic singer
  • 1986 – Suresh Kumar Raina, Indian cricketer

November 27 – Deaths:

  • 8 BC – Horace, Roman poet (b. 65 BC)
  • 511 – Clovis I, King of the Franks (c. 466)
  • 835 – Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (b. 811)
  • 1198 – Queen Constance of Sicily, wife of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1154)
  • 1474 – Guillaume Dufay, Flemish composer
  • 1570 – Jacopo Sansovino, Italian sculptor and architect (b. 1486)
  • 1592 – Nakagawa Hidemasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1568)
  • 1592 – King John III of Sweden (b. 1537)
  • 1632 – John Eliot, English statesman (b. 1592)
  • 1680 – Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit scholar (b. 1601)
  • 1754 – Abraham de Moivre, French mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1811 – Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • 1852 – Ada Lovelace, British mathematician (b. 1815)
  • 1895 – Alexandre Dumas, fils, French author (b. 1824)
  • 1901 – Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)
  • 1908 – Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist (b. 1827)
  • 1931 – Lya De Putti, Hungarian actress (b. 1899)
  • 1932 – Evelyn Preer, American actress and singer (b. 1896)
  • 1934 – Baby Face Nelson, American gangster (b. 1908)
  • 1940 – Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer and politician (b. 1871)
  • 1943 – Ivo Lola Ribar, Croatian communist and partisan (b. 1916)
  • 1944 – Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • 1953 – Eugene O’Neill, American writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1955 – Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (b. 1892)
  • 1958 – Artur Rodzinski, Polish conductor (b. 1892)
  • 1973 – Frank Christian, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Ross McWhirter, British co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)
  • 1978 – Harvey Milk, American politician (assassinated) (b. 1930)
  • 1978 – George Moscone, Mayor of San Francisco (assassinated) (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (b. 1882)
  • 1981 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian singer and actress (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – John Carradine, American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1990 – David White, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1992 – Ivan Generalic, Croatian painter (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Fernando Lopes-Graça, Portuguese composer and musicologist (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Barbara Acklin, American singer and songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1999 – Yasuhiro Kojima, wrestler (b. 1937)
  • 1999 – Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and author (b. 1925)
  • 2000 – Len Shackleton, English former footballer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Jocelyn Brando, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Don Butterfield, American tuba player (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Alan Freeman, British disc jockey known by his nickname ‘Fluff’ (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Bebe Moore Campbell, American author (b. 1950)
  • 2006 – Casey Coleman, American sportscaster (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Bill Willis, American football player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Robert Cade, American Doctor and Inventor of Gatorade (b. 1927)
  • 2007 – Bernie Banton, Australian asbestos campaigner (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Sean Taylor, American football player (b. 1983)

November 27 – Holidays:

  • Feast of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal (Roman Catholic)
  • Barlaam and Josaphat (Eastern Orthodox—Revised Julian Calendar)
  • Apostle Philip, Gregory Palamas (Eastern Orthodox—Julian Calendar)

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Happy Thanksgiving!

Black Friday is officially tomorrow here in the USA – someone forgot to tell the retailers, or the majority of them colluded to start the deals today – and earler – on Thanksgiving (although I am sure they will have a heck of a lot of them tomorrow).

That also includes Amazon, as they have really started rolling out the deals.  Get your Christmas shopping done from the comfort of home, and avoid the long lines at the stores in your area.  You can check out the Amazon deals if you click here or type http://smarturl.it/amazonbfriday into your web browser.  If you click this link, you will also note Kindles and Fires have been significantly discounted, also.

Speaking of Thanksgiving, I have a lot to be thankful for and I appreciate each of you – I hope all of you have a great day today, don’t eat so much that you get uncomfortable, and hopefully you get to spend it with your friends and family!  As for me, I’m with my family smelling the turkey cooking away…


The Thanksgiving Challenge Update

Last week, I sent out an email for the blog’s annual Thanksgiving challenge: while we are celebrating Thanksgiving here in the USA there are, unfortunately, millions of people who have no idea where there next meal will materialize let alone what will they eat on Thanksgiving Day.

This year marks the fifth year I’ve run a promotion around Thanksgiving, where 100% of the net proceeds (sales less Amazon’s percentage of the take) is donated to a charity.  So from now through the end of the month, if you purchase the title mentioned below I will donate 100% of the net proceeds to the East Texas Foodbank.  These people can stretch a dollar – they can make just $1.00 feed 8 people, and have a mission of feeding children and the working poor throughout 26 counties in East Texas: in fiscal year 2014, they provided 20.2 million meals.

Let’s talk about the economics: the book is priced at $2.99 in order to maximize Amazon’s commission structure.  At $2.99, that puts the commission at 70% (Amazon only pays authors 30% of the sales price if it is priced at $2.98 or less).  To make the math simple, if you purchase the book you will feed 17 people.  I hope I am writing a big check to the East Texas Food Bank – as of today, the blog’s readers have now purchased over 2,000 meals!

So, what’s the book?  I thought I would combine a food payoff with a food winner with a small Kindle book of my own personal recipes for authentic Tex-Mex beef and chicken fajitas.  Yes, I’ve won a couple of contests with it (DizzyDean used to say something to the effect of “It ain’t bragging if you can do it.”), and they taste damn good if I do say so myself.  Don’t settle for some store-bought concoction when you can have a little fun making it yourself.  To compliment the fajita recipes, I’m also including easy-to-make recipes for pico de gallo, guacamole, and marinated onions. It’s no frills, easy to read and follow.

You can snag it if you click here or type in http://smarturl.it/2015etfb into your web browser.

Can I count on you?

If you’ll click the link above, for less than the price of a Starbucks you can provide 17 meals to people who would otherwise go hungry.  We have a vibrant community here, and I think our collective efforts can help a lot of folks.

If you do purchase the book, I appreciate it – I’ll give a final update on where we stand at the end of the month.

Thanks, and enjoy your Thanksgiving Day!

Michael

 

 

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On This Day in History November 26

November 26 – Events:

  • 43 BC – The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (“Octavian,” later “Caesar Augustus”), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed.
  • 783 – The Asturian queen Adosinda is put up in a monastery to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus.
  • 1476 – Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.
  • 1778 – In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to visit Maui.
  • 1789 – A national Thanksgiving Day is observed in the United States as recommended by President George Washington and approved by Congress.
  • 1805 – Official opening of Thomas Telford’s Pontcysyllte Aqueduct.
  • 1825 – At Union College in Schenectady, New York a group of college students form Kappa Alpha Society, the first college social fraternity.
  • 1842 – The University of Notre Dame is founded.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Mine Run – Union forces under General George Meade position against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
  • 1865 – Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.
  • 1909 – Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.
  • 1917 – The National Hockey League is formed, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, and Toronto Arenas as its first teams.
  • 1918 – The Podgorica Assembly votes for “union of the people,” declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1922 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Egyptian King Tutankhamun in over 3000 years.
  • 1922 – Toll of the Sea debuts as the first general release film to use two-tone Technicolor (The Gulf Between was the first film to do so but it was not widely distributed).
  • 1939 – Shelling of Mainila: The Soviet Army orchestrates the incident which is used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.
  • 1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: Shoah: 572 Norwegian Jews are deported to Auschwitz on the cargo vessel Donau. This was the first step on the journey to the death camp Auschwitz. Altogether the total number of Jews deported from Norway on this trip was 767. 25 of the deported survived.
  • 1942 – World War II: Yugoslav Partisans convene the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia at Bihac in northwestern Bosnia.
  • 1944 – World War II: Germany begins V-1 and V-2 attacks on Antwerp, Belgium.
  • 1949 – The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India’s constitution.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Troops from the People’s Republic of China launch a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and American forces (Battle of Chosin Reservoir), ending any hopes of a quick end to the conflict.
  • 1965 – In the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant-A rocket with its first satellite, Asterix-1 on board, becoming the third country to enter outer space.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: United States Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescues an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire and is later awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • 1970 – In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1mm) of rain fall in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever on record.
  • 1977 – ‘Vrillon,’ claiming to be the representative of the ‘Ashtar Galactic Command’, takes over Britain’s Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 PM.
  • 1983 – Brinks Mat robbery: In London, 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are stolen from the Brinks Mat vault at Heathrow Airport.
  • 1986 – Iran-Contra scandal: U.S. President Ronald Reagan announces the members of what will become known as the Tower Commission.
  • 1990 – The Delta II rocket makes its maiden flight.
  • 1998 – Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Republic of Ireland’s parliament.
  • 2003 – Concorde makes its last ever flight over Bristol, England.
  • 2004 – Ruzhou School massacre: a man stabs and kills eight people and seriously wounds another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.

November 26 – Birthdays:

  • 1288 – Emperor Go-Daigo of Japan (d. 1339)
  • 1436 – Princess Catherine of Portugal, writer (d. 1463)
  • 1607 – John Harvard, English-born clergyman (d. 1638)
  • 1609 – Henry Dunster, English president of Harvard College (d. 1659)
  • 1657 – William Derham, English minister and writer (d. 1735)
  • 1678 – Jean Jacques d’Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist (d. 1771)
  • 1703 – Theophilus Cibber, English actor and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1731 – William Cowper, English poet (d. 1800)
  • 1792 – Sarah Grimké, American abolitionist and feminist (d. 1873)
  • 1827 – Ellen G. White, American religious leader (d. 1915)
  • 1828 – René Goblet, French politician (d. 1905)
  • 1832 – Mary Edwards Walker, American feminist physician (d. 1919)
  • 1832 – Karl Rudolf König, German physicist (d. 1901)
  • 1847 – Maria Fyodorovna, Princess of Denmark and Empress of Russia (d. 1928)
  • 1857 – Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)
  • 1858 – Katharine Drexel, Roman Catholic Saint (d. 1955)
  • 1864 – Edward Higgins, 3rd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1947)
  • 1869 – Maud, Queen of Norway (d. 1938)
  • 1876 – Willis Carrier, American engineer and inventor (d. 1950)
  • 1878 – Marshall Taylor, American cyclist (d. 1932)
  • 1885 – Heinrich Brüning, German politician (d. 1970)
  • 1889 – Albert Dieudonné, French actor and novelist (d. 1976)
  • 1894 – Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (d. 1964)
  • 1894 – James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto (d. 1974)
  • 1895 – Bill Wilson, American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1971)
  • 1898 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist, Nobel Prize laurete (d. 1973)
  • 1899 – Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III (d. 1936)
  • 1904 – Armand Frappier, French-Canadian physician and microbiologist (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Bob Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1982)
  • 1907 – Ruth Patrick, American botanist
  • 1908 – Charles Forte, Scottish hotelier (d. 2007)
  • 1908 – Lefty Gomez, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1909 – Frances Dee, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1909 – Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-born french playwright (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Cyril Cusack, Irish actor (d. 1993)
  • 1912 – Eric Sevareid, American journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1915 – Earl Wild, American pianist
  • 1919 – Frederik Pohl, American science fiction writer
  • 1920 – Daniel Petrie, Canadian-born television and movie director (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1923 – Pat Phoenix, English actress (d. 1986)
  • 1924 – George Segal, American Pop Sculptor (d. 2000)
  • 1925 – Eugene Istomin, American pianist (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Ernie Coombs, American children’s entertainer (d. 2001)
  • 1931 – Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentine activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1931 – Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Cardinal Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1933 – Robert Goulet, American singer and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Boris Yegorov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1994)
  • 1938 – Porter J. Goss, American Central Intelligence Agency director
  • 1938 – Rodney Jory, Australian physicist
  • 1938 – Rich Little, Canadian comedian and actor
  • 1939 – Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysian politician
  • 1939 – Tina Turner, American singer and actress
  • 1941 – Susanne Marsee, American mezzo-soprano
  • 1942 – Michael Devlin, American bass-baritone
  • 1943 – Bruce Paltrow, American producer and director (d. 2002)
  • 1943 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer
  • 1944 – Jean Terrell, American singer (The Supremes)
  • 1945 – Daniel Davis, American actor
  • 1945 – John McVie, British musician (Fleetwood Mac)
  • 1945 – Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician
  • 1946 – Art Shell, American football player and coach
  • 1947 – Susanne Zenor, American actress
  • 1947 – Roger Wehrli, American football player
  • 1948 – Shlomo Artzi, Israeli singer
  • 1948 – Krešimir Cosic, Croatian basketball player (d. 1995)
  • 1948 – Claes Elfsberg, Swedish television presenter
  • 1948 – Marianne Muellerleile, American actress
  • 1949 – Juanin Clay, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1949 – Vincent A. Mahler, American educator
  • 1951 – Cicciolina, Italian porno actress and politician
  • 1953 – Hilary Benn, British politician
  • 1953 – Harry Carson, American football player
  • 1954 – Roz Chast, American cartoonist
  • 1954 – Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan militant leader
  • 1956 – Dale Jarrett, American race car driver
  • 1956 – Don Lake, Canadian television writer
  • 1960 – Chuck Eddy, American music journalist
  • 1960 – Harold Reynolds, American baseball player
  • 1961 – Lisa Moretti, American professional wrestler
  • 1962 – Chuck Finley, American baseball pitcher
  • 1963 – Adam Gaynor, American musician (Matchbox Twenty)
  • 1964 – Vreni Schneider, Swiss skier
  • 1966 – Garcelle Beauvais, Haitian actress and model
  • 1967 – Ridley Jacobs, West Indian cricketer
  • 1968 – Edna Campbell, Professional women’s basketball player
  • 1969 – Shawn Kemp, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Kara Walker, American artist
  • 1970 – Delilah Cotto, Puerto Rican actress, dancer and model
  • 1970 – Dave Hughes, Australian comedian
  • 1970 – Alex Taylor, Argentinian porn star
  • 1971 – Ronald “Winky” Wright, American boxer
  • 1972 – Arjun Rampal, Indian actor
  • 1972 – Chris Osgood, Canadian hockey player (Detroit Red Wings)
  • 1973 – Peter Facinelli, American actor
  • 1974 – Tammy Lynn Michaels, American actress
  • 1975 – Patrice Lauzon, French Canadian figure skater
  • 1976 – Maven Huffman, American professional wrestler
  • 1976 – Brian Schneider, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Ivan Basso, Italian bicyclist
  • 1977 – Forrest Griffin, American MMA-fighter
  • 1977 – John Parrish, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Paris Lenon, American football player
  • 1978 – Matthew Taylor, American bassist (Motion City Soundtrack)
  • 1979 – B.J. Averell, American online tutor and reality television contestant
  • 1980 – Satoshi Ohno, Japanese singer and actor
  • 1981 – Stephan Andersen, Danish international footballer
  • 1981 – Natasha Bedingfield, British singer
  • 1981 – Gina Kingsbury, Canadian hockey player
  • 1981 – Aurora Snow, American pornographic actress
  • 1981 – Natalie Gauci, Australian Idol 2007 winner
  • 1984 – Antonio Puerta, Spanish footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1985 – Lil’ Fizz, American singer
  • 1986 – Trevor Morgan, American actor
  • 1986 – Konstadinos Filippidis, Greek pole vaulter

November 26 – Deaths:

  • 399 – Pope Siricius
  • 666 – Yeon Gaesomun dictator of Goguryeo (other sources indicate death date as 664 or 665)
  • 1252 – Blanche of Castile, Queen of Louis VIII of France (b. 1188)
  • 1326 – Hugh the younger Despenser, English knight (b. 1286)
  • 1504 – Queen Isabella I of Castile (b. 1451)
  • 1621 – Radulph Agas, English surveyor (C. 1540)
  • 1639 – John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
  • 1651 – Henry Ireton, English Civil War general (b. 1611)
  • 1688 – Philippe Quinault, French writer (b. 1635)
  • 1689 – Marquard Gude, German archaeologist (b. February 1, 1635)
  • 1717 – Daniel Purcell, British composer (b. 1664)
  • 1719 – John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1780 – James Denham Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)
  • 1836 – John MacAdam, British road builder (b. 1756)
  • 1851 – Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (b. 1769)
  • 1855 – Adam Mickiewicz, Polish poet (b. 1798)
  • 1857 – Joseph von Eichendorff, German poet (b. 1788)
  • 1876 – Karl Ernst von Baer, German biologist (b. 1792)
  • 1883 – Sojourner Truth, American abolitionist (b. 1797)
  • 1885 – Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist (b.1813)
  • 1892 – Charles Lavigerie, French Catholic cardinal (b. 1825)
  • 1896 – Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physician (b. 1818)
  • 1896 – Coventry Patmore, British poet (b. 1823)
  • 1928 – Reinhard Scheer, German naval officer (b. 1863)
  • 1934 – Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman (b.1866)
  • 1941 – Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (b. 1861)
  • 1941 – Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (b. 1876)
  • 1943 – Edward O’Hare, American ace pilot (b. 1914)
  • 1952 – Sven Hedin, Swedish explorer (b. 1865)
  • 1954 – Bill Doak, former Major League Baseball pitcher (b. 1891)
  • 1956 – Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Albert Ketèlbey, British composer (b. 1875)
  • 1962 – Albert Sarraut, French politician (b. 1872)
  • 1963 – Amelita Galli-Curci, Italian soprano (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Cyril Connolly, English intellectual (b. September 10, 1903)
  • 1981 – Max Euwe, Dutch chess player (b. 1901)
  • 1987 – Thomas G. Lanphier, American aviator (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Bob Johnson, American hockey coach (b. 1931)
  • 1994 – David Bache, British car designer (b. 1925)
  • 1994 – Joey Stefano, American actor (b. 1968)
  • 1996 – Paul Rand, American graphic designer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Michael Bentine, British comedian (b. 1922)
  • 1998 – Jonathan Kwitny, American reporter (b. 1941)
  • 2001 – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Verne Winchell, American doughnut entrepreneur (b. 1915)
  • 2002 – Polo Montañez, Cuban singer and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2003 – Stefan Wul, French writer (b. 1922)
  • 2003 – Soulja Slim, American rapper (b. 1978)
  • 2004 – Philippe de Broca, French film director (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Stan Berenstain, children’s author (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Mário Cesariny, Portuguese painter and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Raúl Velasco, Mexican television host (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Dave Cockrum, American comic book artist (b. 1943)
  • 2006 – Casey Coleman, American television personality (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Stephen Heywood, American builder (b. 1969)
  • 2006 – Isaac Gálvez, Spanish procyclist (b. 1975)
  • 2007 – Silvestre Herrera, Mexican-born American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient. (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Mel Tolkin, television comedy writer (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Steve Fossett, American Aviator (b. 1944)

November 26 – Holidays:

  • R.C. saints – Pope Siricius; Sylvester Gozzolini; John Berchmans; celebration of the excellence of Saint Genevieve in Paris.
  • Eastern Orthodoxy: Saint Stylianos
  • Bahá’í Faith: Day of the Covenant
  • Mongolia: Proclamation Day

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