On This Day in History November 6

November 6 – Events:

  • 355 – Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with the government of the Prefecture of the Gauls.
  • 1528 – Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas.
  • 1632 – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus the Great of Sweden in the Battle of Lützen during the Thirty Years War.
  • 1789 – Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
  • 1844 – The first constitution of the Dominican Republic is adopted.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
  • 1869 – In New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers University defeats Princeton University, 6-4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game.
  • 1913 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
  • 1917 – World War I: Third Battle of Ypres ends: After three months of fierce fighting, Canadian forces take Passchendaele in Belgium.
  • 1918 – The Second Polish Republic is proclaimed in Poland.
  • 1925 – Secret agent Sidney Reilly is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
  • 1928 – Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king.
  • 1931 – Indian spiritual leader Meher Baba arrives in the United States for the first time aboard the SS Roma.
  • 1935 – Before the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers, Edwin Armstrong presents his paper “A Method of Reducing Disturbances in Radio Signaling by a System of Frequency Modulation.”
  • 1935 – First flight of the Hawker Hurricane.
  • 1939 – World War II: Sonderaktion Krakau
  • 1941 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addresses the Soviet Union for only the second time during his three-decade rule. He states that even though 350,000 troops were killed in German attacks so far, the Germans had lost 4.5 million soldiers and that Soviet victory was near.
  • 1943 – World War II: Russia recaptures Kiev. Before withdrawing, the Germans destroy most of the city’s ancient buildings.
  • 1944 – Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility, subsequently used in the Fat Man Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • 1947 – Meet The Press makes its television debut (the show went to a weekly schedule on September 12, 1948).
  • 1957 – Félix Gaillard becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1962 – Apartheid: The United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa’s racist apartheid policies and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
  • 1963 – Vietnam War: Following the November 1 coup and execution of President Ngo Dinh Diem, coup leader General Duong Van Minh takes over leadership of South Vietnam.
  • 1965 – Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States. By 1971, 250,000 Cubans will use this program.
  • 1971 – The AEC tests the largest U.S. underground hydrogen bomb, code-named Cannikin, on Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.
  • 1975 – Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
  • 1977 – The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia, fails, killing 39.
  • 1985 – In Colombia, leftist guerrillas of the April 19 Movement seize control of the Palace of Justice in Bogotá, eventually killing 115 people, 11 of them Supreme Court justices.
  • 1985 – “Irangate” scandal: The American press reveals that US President Ronald Reagan had authorized the shipment of arms to Iran.
  • 1986 Sumburgh disaster – a British International Helicopters Boeing 234LR Chinook crashed 2.5 miles east of Sumburgh Airport killing 45 people. The deadliest civilian helicopter crash on record.
  • 1999 – Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
  • 2002 – 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.
  • 2004 – An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.
  • 2005 – The Evansville Tornado of November 2005 kills 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana.
  • 2005 – The military junta of Myanmar begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.

November 6-Birthdays:

  • 1391 – Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician (d. 1425)
  • 1479 – Joanna I of Castile, queen of Spain (d. 1555)
  • 1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1566)
  • 1550 – Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden (d. 1612)
  • 1661 – King Charles II of Spain (d. 1700)
  • 1692 – Louis Racine, French poet (d. 1763)
  • 1753 – Mikhail Kozlovsky, Russian sculptor (d. 1802)
  • 1753 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (d. 1823)
  • 1814 – Adolphe Sax, Belgian inventor (d. 1894)
  • 1833 – Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (d. 1908)
  • 1841 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • 1841 – Armand Fallières, French president (d. 1931)
  • 1851 – Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (d.1902)
  • 1854 – John Philip Sousa, American composer (d. 1932)
  • 1855 – Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist (d. 1942)
  • 1860 – Ignace Paderewski, Polish pianist, composer, and President of Poland (d. 1941)
  • 1861 – James Naismith, Canadian inventor of basketball (d. 1939)
  • 1880 – Robert Musil, Austrian novelist (d. 1942)
  • 1880 – Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (d. 1959)
  • 1882 – Thomas Ince, American movie actor, director, producer. (d. 1924)
  • 1887 – Walter Johnson, American baseball player (d. 1946)
  • 1892 – Harold Ross, American editor (d. 1951)
  • 1893 – Edsel Ford, president of Ford Motor Company (d. 1943)
  • 1906 – James D. Norris, sportsman and businessman (Chicago Blackhawks) (d. 1966)
  • 1914 – Jonathan Harris, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1916 – Ray Conniff, American composer and conductor (d. 2002)
  • 1921 – James Jones, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler, AKA Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – Frank Carson, Northern Irish comedian
  • 1931 – Peter Collins, English race car driver (d. 1958)
  • 1931 – Mike Nichols, American film director
  • 1932 – Stonewall Jackson, American country singer
  • 1937 – Joe Warfield, American actor
  • 1938 – Mack Jones, American baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 1938 – Jim Pike, American singer (The Lettermen)
  • 1938 – P.J. Proby, American-born singer and actor
  • 1938 – Diana E. H. Russell, South African feminist writer and activist
  • 1938 – Dumitru Rusu, Romanian painter
  • 1939 – Michael Schwerner, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
  • 1940 – Ruth Messinger, Manhattan Borough President and President of the American Jewish World Service
  • 1946 – Sally Field, American actress
  • 1946 – Fred Penner, Canadian children’s entertainer
  • 1947 – Jim Rosenthal, English sports presenter
  • 1947 – George Young, Australian musician (AC/DC)
  • 1948 – Glenn Frey, American singer (Eagles)
  • 1949 – Brad Davis, American actor (d. 1991)
  • 1949 – Arturo Sandoval, Cuban-born trumpeter
  • 1949 – Joseph C. Wilson, Vice Chairman of Jarch Capital, LLC
  • 1949 – Nigel Havers, English actor
  • 1951 – Peter Althin, Swedish politician and attorney
  • 1952 – Michael Cunningham, American writer
  • 1954 – Catherine Crier, American television personality
  • 1955 – Maria Shriver, American journalist
  • 1957 – Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist
  • 1957 – Siobhán McCarthy, Irish singer and actress
  • 1957 – Lori Singer, American actress
  • 1958 – Trace Beaulieu, American comic actor best known for his work in Mystery Science Theater 3000
  • 1960 – Michael Cerveris, American actor
  • 1961 – Florent Pagny, French songwriter and singer
  • 1961 – Kazuhiko Aoki, Japanese game creator
  • 1961 – Craig Goldy, guitarist for the band Dio
  • 1962 – Aznil Nawawi, Malaysian host, actor and singer
  • 1963 – Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death) (d. 1998)
  • 1964 – Kerry Conran, American filmmaker
  • 1964 – Corey Glover, American musician (Living Color)
  • 1964 – Greg Graffin, American singer (Bad Religion)
  • 1966 – Paul Gilbert, American guitarist and singer
  • 1966 – Christian Lorenz, German keyboardist (Rammstein)
  • 1966 – Peter DeLuise, American actor and director
  • 1967 – Rebecca Schaeffer, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1968 – Alfred Williams, American football player
  • 1968 – Jerry Yang, Chinese American entrepreneur (Yahoo!, Inc.)
  • 1968 – Kelly Rutherford, American actress
  • 1970 – Ethan Hawke, American actor
  • 1972 – Garry Flitcroft, English footballer
  • 1972 – Thandie Newton, English actress
  • 1972 – Rebecca Romijn, American actress
  • 1972 – Deivi Cruz, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Nell McAndrew, British model
  • 1976 – Mike Herrera, American singer and bassist (MxPx)
  • 1976 – Jodi Martin, Australian singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Pat Tillman, American football player (d. 2004)
  • 1976 – Catherine Clark, Canadian journalist (also daughter of former Canadian Prime Minister Joe Clark)
  • 1977 – Patrícia Tavares, Portuguese actress
  • 1978 – Sandrine Blancke, Belgian actress
  • 1978 – Daniella Cicarelli, Brazilian model and television host
  • 1978 – Jolina Magdangal, Filipina singer, actress and television host
  • 1978 – Taryn Manning, American actress
  • 1978 – Zak Morioka, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1979 – Lamar Odom, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Cassie Bernall, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 – Lee Dong Wook, South Korean actor
  • 1983 – Janette McBride, Filipino actress
  • 1982 – Sowelu, Japanese pop singer
  • 1987 – Ana Ivanovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1988 – Erik Lund, Swedish football player
  • 1988 – Emma Stone, American actress
  • 1989 – Jozy Altidore, American soccer player

November 6-Deaths:

  • 1231 – Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (b. 1196)
  • 1406 – Pope Innocent VII
  • 1492 – Antoine Busnois, French composer
  • 1550 – Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1487)
  • 1632 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (b. 1594)
  • 1656 – King John IV of Portugal (b. 1603)
  • 1656 – Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (b. 1583)
  • 1692 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (b. 1619)
  • 1752 – Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
  • 1771 – John Bevis, English physician and astronomer (b. 1695)
  • 1790 – James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (b. 1726)
  • 1796 – Catherine II of Russia (b. 1729)
  • 1816 – Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)
  • 1822 – Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (b. 1748)
  • 1836 – King Charles X of France (b. 1757)
  • 1846 – Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician and activist (b. 1800)
  • 1846 – Alexander Chavchavadze, Georgian poet and general
  • 1893 – Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (b. 1840)
  • 1910 – Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (b. 1838)
  • 1929 – Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1867)
  • 1936 – Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Maurice Leblanc, French novelist (b. 1864)
  • 1960 – Erich Raeder, German grand admiral (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1863)
  • 1964 – Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (b. 1925)
  • 1965 – Edgard Varèse, French composer (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Clarence Williams, American musician (b. 1898)
  • 1968 – Charles Munch, French conductor and violinist (b. 1891)
  • 1968 – Charles B. McVay III, Ex-U.S. Navy Captain (b. 1898)
  • 1970 – Agustín Lara, Mexican composer and poet (b. 1900)
  • 1978 – Harry Bertoia, Italian artist and designer (b. 1915)
  • 1978 – Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist and dramatist (b. 1929)
  • 1985 – Joel Crothers, Soap Opera Actor (b. 1941)
  • 1986 – Elisabeth Grümmer, Alsatian soprano (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Zohar Argov, Israeli singer (b. 1955)
  • 1989 – Yusaku Matsuda, Japanese actor (b. 1949)
  • 1989 – Dickie Goodman, creator of “break-in” records (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Gene Tierney, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1995 – Aneta Corsaut, American actress (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (b. 1928)
  • 2000 – David R. Brower, American environmentalist (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Anthony Shaffer, English dramatist (b. 1926)
  • 2002 – Sid Sackson, American board game designer (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Crash Holly, American professional wrestler (b. 1971)
  • 2003 – Rie Mastenbroek, Dutch swimmer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Eduardo Palomo, Mexican actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Fred Dibnah, English television personality (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Johnny Warren, Australian soccer player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Minako Honda, Japanese singer and musical actress (b. 1967)
  • 2005 – Rod Donald, New Zealand Politician, Green Party Co-leader (b. 1957)
  • 2005 – Miguel Aceves Mejía, Mexican actor, composer and singer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Federico (Fico) López, Puerto Rican basketball player (b. 1962)
  • 2006 – Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Hilda Braid, English actress (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – George Grljusich, Australian sports broadcaster (b. c1939)
  • 2007 – Sayed Mustafa Kazemi, Afghan politician (b. c1962)
  • 2007 – George Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (b. 1917)
  • 2007 – Hank Thompson, American singer (b. 1925)

November 6 – Holidays:

  • Catholic Saints – November 6 is the feast day of the following Catholic Saints:
    • St. Leonard of Noblac
    • St. Winnoc
    • Dominican Republic – Constitution Day (1844)
    • Finland – The Finnish Swedish Heritage Day and an official flag day
    • Sweden – Death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and official flag day
    • Tajikistan – Constitution Day (1994)
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