On This Day in History November 9

November 9 – Events:

  • 694 – Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
  • 1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
  • 1313 – Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf.
  • 1330 – Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush.
  • 1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII and Charles VIII.
  • 1494 – Family de’ Medici become rulers of Florence.
  • 1620 – Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
  • 1688 – The Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captures Exeter.
  • 1697 – Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia.
  • 1729 – Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Seville.
  • 1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
  • 1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte leads the Coup d’état of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls (Consulate Government).
  • 1848 – Robert Blum, a German revolutionary, is executed in Vienna.
  • 1851 – Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • 1861 – The first documented football match in Canada is played at University College, University of Toronto.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumes command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan is removed.
  • 1867 – Tokugawa Shogunate hands power back to the Emperor of Japan, starting the Meiji Restoration.
  • 1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872.
  • 1887 – The United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills Mary Jane Kelly, his last known victim.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
  • 1907 – The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.
  • 1917 – Josef Stalin enters the provisional government of the USSR.
  • 1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates after the German Revolution, and Germany is proclaimed a Republic.
  • 1921 – Albert Einstein is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with the photoelectric effect.
  • 1923 – In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis.
  • 1932 – Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.
  • 1935 – The Congress of Industrial Organizations is founded in Atlantic City, New Jersey by eight trade unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor.
  • 1937 – Japanese troops take control of Shanghai, China.
  • 1938 – Kristallnacht, Nazi Germany’s first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins.
  • 1953 – Cambodia becomes independent from France.
  • 1960 – Robert McNamara is named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post. A month later, he quit to join the newly-elected John F. Kennedy administration.
  • 1963 – At Miike coal mine, Miike, Japan, an explosion kills 458, and hospitalises 839 with carbon monoxide poisoning. Also, in Japan, a three-train disaster occurs in Yokohama, kills more than 160 people.
  • 1965 – Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965.
  • 1965 – Catholic Worker member Roger Allen LaPorte, protesting against the Vietnam War, sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building.
  • 1965 – Northeast Blackout of 1965, The power lines from Niagara Falls to New York City were operating near their maximum capacity. At about 5:15 a transmission line relay failed.
  • 1967 – Apollo program: NASA launches the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft atop the first Saturn V rocket from Cape Kennedy, Florida.
  • 1967 – First issue of Rolling Stone Magazine is published.
  • 1968 – Swedish jazz pianist Jan Johansson is killed in a car crash on his way to a concert in a church in Jönköping, Sweden.
  • 1970 – Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
  • 1971 – John List, an accountant from Westfield, New Jersey murders his mother, wife and three children. He then hides under a new identity for 18 years.
  • 1985 – Garry Kasparov 22, of the Soviet Union becomes the youngest World Chess Champion by beating Anatoly Karpov, also of the Soviet Union.
  • 1989 – Cold War: Fall of the Berlin Wall. Communist-controlled East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to freely travel to West Germany. People start demolishing the Berlin Wall.
  • 1990 – New democratic constitution is issued in Nepal.
  • 1990 – Mary Robinson was elected Ireland’s first female President and the first from the Labour Party.
  • 1993 – Stari most, the “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing.
  • 1994 – Discovery of the chemical element, Darmstadtium.
  • 1998 – Brokerage houses are ordered to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history.
  • 1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.
  • 1999 – TAESA Flight 725, crashes a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan airport  enroute to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident.
  • 2003 – During the holy month of Ramadan, a suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
  • 2005 – Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.

November 9 – Birthdays:

  • 1389 – Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England (d. 1409)
  • 1414 – Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg (d. 1486)
  • 1522 – Martin Chemnitz, German theologian (d. 1586)
  • 1664 – Henry Wharton, English writer (d. 1695)
  • 1717 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist (d. 1768)
  • 1721 – Mark Akenside, English poet and physician (d. 1770)
  • 1731 – Benjamin Banneker, American scientist (d. 1806)
  • 1732 – Julie de Lespinasse, French aristocrat, hostess and writer (d. 1776)
  • 1802 – Elijah P. Lovejoy, American abolitionist (d. 1837)
  • 1810 – Bernhard von Langenbeck, German surgeon (d. 1887)
  • 1818 (N.S.) – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer (d. 1883)
  • 1825 – A.P. Hill, American Confederate general (d. 1865)
  • 1832 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer (d. 1873)
  • 1840 – Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer (d. 1898)
  • 1841 – King Edward VII of the United Kingdom (d. 1910)
  • 1853 – Stanford White, American architect (d. 1906)
  • 1869 – Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (d. 1934)
  • 1872 – Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist (d. 1941)
  • 1874 – Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist (d. 1954)
  • 1877 – Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician (d. 1959)
  • 1877 – Allama Iqbal, Indian National poet of Pakistan (d. 1938)
  • 1879 – Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (d. 1931)
  • 1880 – Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, English architect, designer of the red telephone box (d. 1960)
  • 1883 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (d. 1942)
  • 1885 – Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian writer (d. 1922)
  • 1885 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (d. 1955)
  • 1885 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (d. 1954)
  • 1885 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor (d. 1952)
  • 1886 – S. O. Davies, Welsh politician (d. 1972)
  • 1886 – Ed Wynn, American actor (d. 1966)
  • 1889 – Jean Monnet, French internationalist (d. 1979)
  • 1890 – George Regas, Greek actor (d. 1940)
  • 1895 – Mae Marsh, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1897 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
  • 1902 – Anthony Asquith, British film director (d. 1968)
  • 1904 – Viktor Brack, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
  • 1905 – Erika Mann, German writer (d. 1969)
  • 1906 – Arthur Rudolph, German rocket engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 – Tabish Dehlvi, Pakistani poet (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress and inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1915 – André François, French cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Sargent Shriver, American politician
  • 1918 – Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)
  • 1918 – Spiro Agnew, 39th Vice President of the United States (d. 1996)
  • 1918 – Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)
  • 1921 – Viktor Chukarin, Soviet gymnast (d. 1984)
  • 1921 – Pierrette Alarie, Canadian soprano
  • 1922 – Raymond Devos, French humorist (d. 2006)
  • 1922 – Imre Lakatos, Hungarian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • 1923 – Alice Coachman, American athlete
  • 1923 – Dorothy Dandridge, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 1924 – Robert Frank, Swiss Photographer
  • 1925 – Sir Alistair Horne, British historian
  • 1926 – Dominguín, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1996)
  • 1928 – Anne Sexton, American poet (d. 1974)
  • 1929 – Marc Favreau, French Canadian humourist (d. 2005)
  • 1929 – Imre Kertész, Hungarian writer, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 – Whitey Herzog, American baseball player
  • 1934 – Ingvar Carlsson, Swedish politician
  • 1934 – Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer (d. 1996)
  • 1935 – Bob Gibson, American baseball player
  • 1936 – Daniel Robert Graham, American politician
  • 1936 – Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (d. 1992)
  • 1936 – Teddy Infuhr, American former child actor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 – Roger McGough, English poet
  • 1937 – Clyde Wells, Canadian politician
  • 1938 – Ti-Grace Atkinson, American feminist author
  • 1939 – Paul Cameron, American psychologist
  • 1941 – Tom Fogerty, American musician (Creedence Clearwater Revival) (d. 1990)
  • 1942 – Tom Weiskopf, American golfer
  • 1944 – Phil May, English singer (The Pretty Things)
  • 1947 – Robert David Hall, American actor
  • 1948 – Michel Pagliaro, Quebec singer
  • 1948 – Bille August, Danish film and television director
  • 1948 – Henrik S. Järrel, Swedish politician
  • 1951 – Lou Ferrigno, American bodybuilder
  • 1951 – Bill Mantlo, American comic book writer
  • 1953 – Gaétan Hart, Canadian boxer
  • 1954 – Dennis Stratton, British musician, (Iron Maiden, Praying Mantis)
  • 1954 – Sue Upton, English actress and dancer
  • 1955 – Bob Nault, French Canadian politician
  • 1955 – Karen Dotrice, British actress
  • 1955 – Fernando Meirelles, Brazilian film director
  • 1959 – Thomas Quasthoff, German singer
  • 1959 – Tony Slattery, British actor
  • 1959 – Nick Hamilton, American wrestling referee
  • 1959 – Sito Pons, Spanish motorbike racer
  • 1961 – Jill Dando, British television presenter (d. 1999)
  • 1963 – Fulvio Fantoni, Italian bridge player
  • 1964 – Robert Duncan McNeill, American actor
  • 1965 – Bryn Terfel, Welsh baritone
  • 1965 – Teryl Rothery, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – Ricky Otto, English footballer
  • 1968 – Nazzareno Carusi, Italian pianist
  • 1969 – Allison Wolfe, American musician (Bratmobile, Cold Cold Hearts, Partyline)
  • 1964 – Sandy Denton, American musician (“Pepa” of Salt-N-Pepa)
  • 1970 – Chris Jericho, Canadian wrestler and musician (Fozzy)
  • 1970 – Susan Tedeschi, American musician
  • 1970 – Guido Görtzen, Dutch volleyball player
  • 1970 – Scarface, American rapper
  • 1970 – Domino (Hip Hop Producer), American Hip Hop Producer
  • 1971 – David Duval, American golfer
  • 1971 – Melinda Kinnaman, Swedish actress
  • 1971 – Big Punisher, real name Christopher Rios, American rapper (d. 2000)
  • 1972 – Eric Dane, American actor
  • 1972 – Doug Russell, American radio personality
  • 1972 – Corin Tucker, American musician (Sleater-Kinney)
  • 1973 – Alyson Court, Canadian actress
  • 1973 – Nick Lachey, American singer
  • 1973 – Gabrielle Miller, American actress
  • 1973 – Zisis Vryzas, Greek footballer
  • 1974 – Alessandro Del Piero, Italian footballer
  • 1974 – Joe C., American rapper (d. 2000)
  • 1974 – Uncle Kracker, American singer and rapper
  • 1978 – Steven Lopez, American taekwondo martial artist
  • 1978 – Todd Self, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Sisqó, American singer (Dru Hill)
  • 1979 – Adam Dunn, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Caroline Flack, British television presenter
  • 1979 – Martin Taylor, English footballer
  • 1980 – James Harper, English footballer
  • 1980 – Dominique Maltais, Quebec snowboarder
  • 1981 – Scottie Thompson, American actress
  • 1984 – Delta Goodrem, Australian singer
  • 1984 – Joel Zumaya, American baseball player
  • 1988 – Nikki Blonsky, American actress

November 9 – Deaths:

  • 959 – Constantine VII, Byzantine Emperor (b. 905)
  • 1187 – Emperor Gaozong of China (b. 1107)
  • 1208 – Sancha of Castile, wife of Alfonso II of Aragon (b. 1155)
  • 1504 – King Ferdinand II of Aragon (b. 1452)
  • 1623 – William Camden, English historian (b. 1551)
  • 1641 – Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand, Governor of the Netherlands and Bishop of Toledo
  • 1699 – Hortense Mancini, mistress of Charles II, King of England (b. 1646)
  • 1766 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (b. 1692)
  • 1770 – John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1778 – Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Italian artist (b. 1720)
  • 1809 – Paul Sandby, English cartographer (b. 1725)
  • 1848 – Robert Blum, German politician (b. 1810)
  • 1881 – Edwin Drake, Father of the oil industry, drilled the first oil well.
  • 1888 – Mary Jane Kelly, last known Jack the Ripper victim.
  • 1911 – Howard Pyle, American author (b. 1853)
  • 1918 – Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet (b. 1880)
  • 1919 – Eduard Müller, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1848)
  • 1924 – Henry Cabot Lodge, American Senator (b. 1850)
  • 1937 – Ramsay MacDonald, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1866)
  • 1938 – Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)
  • 1940 – Stephen Peter Alencastre, Portuguese Catholic prelate (b. 1876)
  • 1940 – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1869)
  • 1942 – Edna May Oliver, American actress (b. 1883)
  • 1944 – Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • 1951 – Sigmund Romberg, Hungarian-born composer (b. 1887)
  • 1952 – Chaim Weizmann, 1st President of Israel (b. 1874)
  • 1952 – Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1953 – Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, first King of Saudi Arabia (b. 1880)
  • 1957 – Peter O’Connor, Irish athlete (b. 1872)
  • 1968 – Jan Johansson, Swedish jazz pianist (b. 1931)
  • 1970 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (b. 1890)
  • 1971 – Maude Fealy, American actor (b. 1881)
  • 1977 – Fred Haney, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – Victor Sen Yung, American actor (b. 1915)
  • 1988 – Father David Bauer, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1924)
  • 1988 – John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Yves Montand, French actor (b. 1921)
  • 1997 – Helenio Herrera, French football player and coach (b. 1910)
  • 1998 – Ursula Reit, German actress (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Hugh Paddick, British actor (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (b. 1924)
  • 2002 – William Schutz, American psychologist (b. 1925)
  • 2002 – Merlin Santana, American actor (b. 1976)
  • 2003 – Art Carney, American actor (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Gordon Onslow Ford, English painter (b. 1912)
  • 2003 – Binod Bihari Verma, Indian Maithili literateur (b.1937)
  • 2004 – Iris Chang, Asian author (b. 1968)
  • 2005 – K. R. Narayanan, President of India (b. 1921)
  • 2006 – Ed Bradley, American journalist (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Markus Wolf, East German Intelligence Director (b. 1923)

November 9 – Holidays:

  • Roman Catholicism – Dedication of the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Cathedral of the Pope (memorial feast day)
  • Cambodia – Independence Day (1953)
  • Pakistan – Allama Iqbal Day (1877)
  • Germany – November 9th is often called Germany’s Schicksalstag (day of fate) due to the events of 1848, 1918, 1923, 1938, and 1989.
  • Europe – Inventor’s Day – in honor of Hedy Lamarr’s birthday
  • United States – World Freedom Day, to commemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989
  • United Kingdom – 313 day
  • International – Diwali
  • Bolivia – Dia de los ñatitas
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