On This Day in History November 14

November 14 – Events:

  • 1862 – American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln approves General Ambrose Burnside’s plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia, leading to the Battle of Fredericksburg.
  • 1889 – Pioneering female journalist Nellie Bly (aka Elizabeth Cochrane) begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She completes the trip in seventy-two days.
  • 1910 – Aviator Eugene Ely performs the first take off from a ship in Hampton Roads, Virginia. He took off from a makeshift deck on the USS Birmingham in a Curtiss pusher.
  • 1918 – Czechoslovakia becomes a republic.
  • 1921 – The Communist Party of Spain is founded.
  • 1922 – The BBC begins radio service in the United Kingdom.
  • 1923 – Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • 1940 – World War II: In England, the city of Coventry is heavily bombed by German Luftwaffe bombers. Coventry Cathedral is almost completely destroyed.
  • 1941 – World War II: The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sinks due to torpedo damage from U 81 sustained on November 13.
  • 1952 – First regular UK singles chart published by the New Musical Express.
  • 1957 – The Apalachin Meeting outside Binghamton, New York is raided by law enforcement, and many high level Mafia figures are arrested.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: Battle of the Ia Drang begins – the first major engagement between regular American and North Vietnamese forces.
  • 1967 – The Congress of Colombia in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as “Day of the Colombian Woman”.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the surface of the Moon.
  • 1970 – Southern Airlines Flight 932 crashes in the mountains near Huntington, West Virginia, killing 75, including members of the Marshall University football team.
  • 1971 – His Holiness Shenouda III is consecrated as the 117th Patriarch of Alexandria and the See of St. Mark, the Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
  • 1972 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
  • 1973 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1975 – Spain abandons Western Sahara.
  • 1979 – Iran hostage crisis: US President Jimmy Carter issues Executive order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States in response to the hostage crisis.
  • 1982 – Lech Walesa, the leader of Poland’s outlawed Solidarity movement, is released after eleven months of internment near the Soviet border.
  • 1990 – After German reunification, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Poland sign a treaty confirming the Oder-Neisse line as the border between Germany and Poland.
  • 1991 – American and British authorities announce indictments against two Libyan intelligence officials in connection with the downing of the Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 1991 – Cambodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk returns to Phnom Penh after thirteen years of exile.
  • 1991 – In Royal Oak, Michigan, a fired United States Postal Service employee goes on a shooting rampage, killing four and wounding five before committing suicide.
  • 1995 – A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the U.S. Congress forces the federal government to temporarily close national parks and museums and to run most government offices with skeleton staffs.
  • 2001 – War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters takeover the capital Kabul.
  • 2002 – Argentina defaults on an $805 million World Bank payment.
  • 2002 – The United States House of Representatives votes not to create an independent commission to investigate the September 11 attacks.

November 14 – Birthdays:

  • 1567 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (d. 1625)
  • 1601 – Jean Eudes, French missionary (d. 1680)
  • 1650 – King William III of England (d. 1702)
  • 1719 – Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer (d. 1787)
  • 1740 – Johann van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven’s father and first teacher (d. 1792)
  • 1746 – Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal
  • 1765 – Robert Fulton, American inventor (d. 1815)
  • 1771 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (d. 1802)
  • 1776 – Henri Dutrochet, French physiologist (d. 1847)
  • 1778 – Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1837)
  • 1779 – Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)
  • 1797 – Charles Lyell, British geologist (d. 1875)
  • 1803 – Jacob Abbott, American writer (d. 1879)
  • 1805 – Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer and pianist (d. 1847)
  • 1812 – Aleardo Aleardi, Italian poet (d. 1878)
  • 1812 – Maria Christina of Savoy, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1836)
  • 1828 – James B. McPherson, American Civil War general (d. 1864)
  • 1838 – August Senoa, Croatian writer (d. 1881)
  • 1840 – Claude Monet, French painter (d. 1926)
  • 1863 – Leo Hendrik Baekeland, Flemish-American chemist and inventor of the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite (d. 1944)
  • 1875 – Jakob Schaffner, Swiss novelist (d. 1944)
  • 1878 – Leopold Staff, Polish poet (d. 1957)
  • 1889 – Jawaharlal Nehru, First Prime Minister of India and Freedom Fighter (d.1964) 1891 – Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • 1895 – Walter Freeman, American physician (d. 1972)
  • 1895 – Louise Huff, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1896 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (d. 1979)
  • 1898 – Benjamin Fondane, Romanian-French writer and filmmaker (d. 1944)
  • 1900 – Aaron Copland, American composer (d. 1990)
  • 1904 – Harold Larwood, English cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 1904 – Dick Powell, American actor (d. 1963)
  • 1905 – John Henry Barbee, American guitarist and singer (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Louise Brooks, American dancer, actress, and movie historian (d. 1985)
  • 1907 – Howard W. Hunter, American religious leader (d. 1995)
  • 1907 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish writer (d. 2002)
  • 1907 – William Steig, American children’s book author (d. 2003)
  • 1908 – Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • 1910 – Eric Malpass, English novelist (d. 1996)
  • 1912 – Barbara Hutton, American socialite (d. 1979)
  • 1912 – T. Y. Lin, Chinese-born civil engineer (d. 2003)
  • 1915 – Martha Tilton, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Roger Apéry, Greek-French mathematician (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Sherwood Schwartz, American television writer and producer
  • 1919 – Johnny Desmond, American singer (d. 1985)
  • 1919 – Lisa Otto, German soprano
  • 1919 – Veronica Lake, American actress (d. 1973)
  • 1921 – Brian Keith, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1922 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian UN Secretary-General
  • 1924 – Leonid Borisovitch Kogan, Russian violinist (d. 1982)
  • 1927 – Bart Cummings, Australian race horse trainer
  • 1927 – McLean Stevenson, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Narciso Yepes, Spanish classical guitarist (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Jimmy Piersall, American baseball player
  • 1930 – Shirley Crabtree, professional wrestler (d. 1997)
  • 1930 – Monique Mercure, French Canadian actress
  • 1930 – Michael Robbins, British actor (d. 1992)
  • 1930 – Edward White, American astronaut (d. 1967)
  • 1933 – Fred Haise, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Kurt Hamrin, Swedish soccer player
  • 1934 – Catherine McGuinness, Irish Supreme Court Justice
  • 1935 – King Hussein of Jordan (d. 1999)
  • 1936 – Freddie Garrity, English singer (Freddie and the Dreamers) (d. 2006)
  • 1936 – Cornell Gunter, American singer (The Coasters) (d. 1990)
  • 1937 – Murray Oliver, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1939 – Wendy Carlos, American composer
  • 1943 – Peter Norton, American software engineer
  • 1945 – Paul Hirsch, American film editor
  • 1945 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady
  • 1947 – P. J. O’Rourke, American writer
  • 1947 – Bharathan, Malayalam film director (d. 1998)
  • 1948 – Charles, Prince of Wales
  • 1949 – James Young, American guitarist (Styx)
  • 1951 – Zhang Yimou, Chinese film director
  • 1951 – Frankie Banali, American rock drummer
  • 1951 – Stephen Bishop, American musician
  • 1953 – Dominique de Villepin, Prime Minister of France
  • 1954 – Bernard Hinault, French cyclist
  • 1954 – Condoleezza Rice, United States Secretary of State
  • 1954 – Yanni, Greek musician & composer
  • 1953 – Phil Baron, American voice actor
  • 1955 – Koichi Nakano, Japanese cyclist
  • 1956 – Alec John Such, American bassist (Bon Jovi)
  • 1959 – Paul McGann, British actor
  • 1961 – Gordon Jennison Noice, American actor
  • 1961 – D. B. Sweeney, American actor
  • 1961 – Antonio Flores, Spanish singer and songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 1962 – Laura San Giacomo, American actress
  • 1962 – Harland Williams, Canadian-born actor
  • 1964 – Bill Hemmer, American television news reporter
  • 1964 – Patrick Warburton, American actor
  • 1964 – Rev Run, American rapper
  • 1966 – Curt Schilling, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Petra Roßner, German cyclist
  • 1967 – Letitia Dean, British actress
  • 1967 – Nina Gordon, American singer
  • 1968 – Janine Lindemulder, American porn actress
  • 1968 – Serge Postigo, Canadian actor
  • 1969 – Butch Walker, recording artist
  • 1970 – David Wesley, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Adam Gilchrist, Australian cricketer
  • 1971 – Marco Leonardi, Italian-Australian actor
  • 1972 – Matthew Bloom, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Josh Duhamel, American actor
  • 1972 – Edyta Górniak, Polish singer
  • 1972 – Martin Pike, Australian rules footballer
  • 1972 – Aaron Taylor, American football player
  • 1973 – Lawyer Milloy, American football player
  • 1973 – Dana Snyder, American voice actor
  • 1973 – Moka Only, Canadian musician
  • 1974 – Matt Cedeño, Cuban-American actor
  • 1974 – David Moscow, American actor
  • 1974 – Adam Walsh, American murder victim (d. 1981)
  • 1975 – Travis Barker, American musician (Blink 182, +44)
  • 1977 – Obie Trice, American rapper
  • 1978 – Xavier Nady, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Mersing Nguyen, American actress
  • 1978 – Bobby Allen, American ice hockey player
  • 1979 – Mavie Hörbiger, German actress
  • 1979 – Jean-Alain Boumsong, French footballer
  • 1979 – Tobin Esperance, American musician (Papa Roach)
  • 1980 – Brock Pierce, American actor
  • 1981 – Tom Ferrier, British racing driver
  • 1983 – Lil Boosie, American rapper
  • 1984 – Marija Šerifovic, Serbian singer
  • 1984 – Lisa De Vanna, Australian female footballer
  • 1986 – Berta Grosser, German actress
  • 1989 – Jake Livermore, English footballer

November 14 – Deaths:

  • 565 – Justinian the Great, Byzantine Emperor (b. 483)
  • 1226 – Frederick of Isenberg, German politician (executed) (b. 1193)
  • 1263 – Alexander Nevsky, Grand Prince of Novgorod and Vladimir
  • 1359 – Gregory Palamas, Archbishop of Thessalonica (b. 1296)
  • 1522 – Anne of France, Princess and Regent of France (b. 1461)
  • 1556 – Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (b. 1504)
  • 1633 – William Ames, English philosopher (b. 1576)
  • 1687 – Nell Gwynne, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1650)
  • 1691 – Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese painter (b. 1617)
  • 1716 – Gottfried Leibniz, German philosopher and mathematician (b. 1646)
  • 1734 – Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, French-born mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1649)
  • 1746 – Georg Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
  • 1817 – Policarpa Salavarrieta, Colombian revolutionary (b. 1795)
  • 1825 – Jean Paul, German writer (b. 1763)
  • 1829 – Louis Nicolas Vauquelin, French pharmacist (b. 1763)
  • 1831 – Georg Hegel, German philosopher (b. 1770)
  • 1831 – Ignaz Pleyel, Austrian-born French composer, music publisher and piano manufacturer (b. 1757)
  • 1832 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, American statesman (b. 1737)
  • 1844 – John Abercrombie, British physician (b. 1780)
  • 1866 – King Miguel of Portugal (b. 1802)
  • 1872 – Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (b. 1788)
  • 1907 – Andrew Inglis Clark, Australian politician (b. 1848)
  • 1908 – The Guangxu Emperor of China, (b. 1871)
  • 1914 – Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar, Malayalin journalist (b. 1861)
  • 1915 – Booker T. Washington, American inventor (b. 1856)
  • 1916 – Henry George, Jr., American politician (b. 1862)
  • 1916 – Saki, British writer (b. 1870)
  • 1937 – Jack O’Connor, American baseball player (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist (b. 1873)
  • 1946 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (b. 1876)
  • 1947 – Joseph Allard, French Canadian fiddler (b. 1873)
  • 1971 – William Bendeck, Bolivian rally driver (b. 1934)
  • 1972 – Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (b. 1900)
  • 1974 – Johnny Mack Brown, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1977 – A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder-Acarya of ISKCON (b. 1896)
  • 1981 – Robert Bradford, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1941)
  • 1991 – Tony Richardson, English film director (b. 1928)
  • 1992 – Ernst Happel, Austrian football coach (b. 1925)
  •  1994 – Tom Villard, American actor (b. 1953)
  • 1996 – John A. Cade, American politician (b. 1929)
  • 1997 – Eddie Arcaro, American jockey (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Jack Pickersgill, Canadian politician (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Robert Trout, American journalist (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Charlotte Coleman, British actress (b. 1968)
  • 2001 – Juan Carlos Lorenzo, Argentine footballer (b. 1922)
  • 2002 – Eddie Bracken, American film actor (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Gene Anthony Ray, American actor (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Michel Colombier, French composer (b. 1939)

November 14 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – Equorum Probatio (The official cavalry parade of the equites)
  • India – Birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru: Children’s Day
  • United States – National Children’s Book Week begins
  • Colombia – “Day of the Colombian Woman”
  • Christian feast days:
    • St. Josaphat Kuncevyc on the General Roman Calendar as in 1954
    • Barlaam of Kiev
    • Saint Philip, celebrated in Eastern Orthodox Church
  • World Diabetes Day
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s