On This Day in History December 4

December 4 – Events:

  • 771 – Austrasian King Carloman dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne King of the now complete Frankish Kingdom.
  • 1110 – First Crusade: The Crusaders conquer Sidon.
  • 1259 – Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
  • 1563 – The final session of the Council of Trent is held (it opened on December 13, 1545).
  • 1619 – 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God (this is considered by many to be the first Thanksgiving in the Americas).
  • 1674 – Father Jacques Marquette founds a mission on the shores of Lake Michigan to minister to the Illiniwek (the mission would later grow into the city of Chicago, Illinois).
  • 1676 – Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark  engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.
  • 1783 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, US General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.
  • 1791 – The first issue of The Observer, the world’s first Sunday newspaper, is published.
  • 1829 – In the face of fierce opposition, British governor Lord William Bentinck issues a regulation declaring that all who abetted suttee in India were guilty of culpable homicide.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea – At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman’s campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta, Georgia. Union forces did suffer more than three times the Confederate casualties, however.
  • 1867 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange).
  • 1872 – The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the British brig Dei Gratia (the ship was abandoned for 9 days but was only slightly damaged).
  • 1875 – Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison and flees to Cuba, then Spain.
  • 1881 – The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.
  • 1906 – Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity in the United States established for men of African descent, is founded at Cornell University.
  • 1918 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles,  becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
  • 1921 – The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe ‘Fatty’ Arbuckle ends in a hung jury.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Zegota organization.
  • 1943 – World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
  • 1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.
  • 1945 – By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations (the UN was established on October 24, 1945).
  • 1951 – Mir Waiz Maulvi Muhammad Yusouf is appointed President of Azad Kashmir Government.
  • 1952 – Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.
  • 1957 – Lewisham Rail Crash in south-east London kills 90 people and injured 167, when two trains collide in thick fog.
  • 1958 – Dahomey (present-day Benin) becomes a self-governing country within the French Community.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1969 – Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed in  their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.
  • 1971 – The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.
  • 1971 – The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.
  • 1971 – The Montreux Casino in Switzerland is set ablaze by someone wielding a flare gun during a Frank Zappa concert; the incident would be noted in the Deep Purple song “Smoke on the Water.”
  • 1977 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.
  • 1977 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.
  • 1978 – Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco, California’s first female mayor (she served until January 8, 1988).
  • 1979 – The Hastie fire in Hull, kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee.
  • 1981 – South Africa grants independence to the Ciskei “homeland” (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).
  • 1982 – The People’s Republic of China adopts its current constitution.
  • 1984 – Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.
  • 1991 – Journalist Terry A. Anderson is released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut. He was the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.
  • 1991 – Captain Mark Pyle pilots Clipper Goodwill, a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.
  • 1992 – Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to Somalia, east Africa.
  • 1993 – A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels.
  • 1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.
  • 2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
  • 2006 – An adult giant squid is caught on video by Kubodera near the Ogasawara Islands, 1,000 km (620 miles) south of Tokyo.

December 4 – Birthdays:

  • 1555 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)
  • 1580 – Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)
  • 1585 – John Cotton, American Puritan leader (d. 1652)
  • 1595 – Jean Chapelain, French writer (d. 1674)
  • 1612 – Samuel Butler, English poet (d. 1680)
  • 1646 – Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (d. 1730)
  • 1660 – André Campra, French composer (d. 1744)
  • 1670 – John Aislabie, English politician (d. 1742)
  • 1711 – Barbara of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1758)
  • 1713 – Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)
  • 1777 – Juliette Récamier, French socialite (d. 1849)
  • 1795 – Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and historian (d. 1881)
  • 1798 – Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (d. 1881)
  • 1835 – Samuel Butler, English writer (d. 1902)
  • 1840 – Crazy Horse, Oglala Sioux chief (d. 1877)
  • 1844 – Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • 1852 – Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)
  • 1861 – Lillian Russell, American singer and actress (d. 1922)
  • 1866 (O.S.) – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-born painter (d. 1944)
  • 1868 – Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (d. 1953)
  • 1875 – Joe Corbett, American baseball player (d. 1945)
  • 1875 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (d. 1926)
  • 1881 – Erwin von Witzleben, German field marshal (d. 1944)
  • 1889 – Lloyd Bacon, American actor and film director (d. 1955)
  • 1892 – Francisco Franco, dictator of Spain (d. 1975)
  • 1895 – Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1899 – Charles William (Charlie) Spencer Newcastle and England football player (d. 1953)
  • 1903 – Cornell Woolrich, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1908 – Alfred Hershey, American bacteriologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Jimmy Jewel, English actor (d. 1995)
  • 1910 – Alex North, American film music composer (d. 1991)
  • 1912 – Pappy Boyington, American pilot (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Mark Robson, Canadian-born film director and producer (d. 1978)
  • 1914 – Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 – Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)
  • 1915 – Eddie Heywood, American jazz musician (d. 1989)
  • 1916 – Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Deanna Durbin, Canadian actress
  • 1922 – Gérard Philipe, French actor (d. 1959)
  • 1922 – Charles Keating, American lawyer
  • 1924 – John Portman, American architect
  • 1928 – Dena Dietrich, American actress
  • 1930 – Ronnie Corbett, Scottish actor
  • 1930 – Jim Hall, American jazz guitarist
  • 1931 – Alex Delvecchio, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1931 – Wally George, American TV commentator (d. 2003)
  • 1932 – Roh Tae-woo, President of South Korea
  • 1933 – Horst Buchholz, German-born actor (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Victor French, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1934 – Wink Martindale, American game show host
  • 1935 – Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive
  • 1937 – Max Baer, Jr., American actor
  • 1938 – Yvonne Minton, Australian soprano
  • 1939 – Freddy Cannon, American musician
  • 1940 – Gary Gilmore, American murderer (d. 1977)
  • 1942 – Chris Hillman, American singer (The Byrds)
  • 1942 – Gemma Jones, English actress
  • 1944 – Anna McGarrigle, Canadian folk music singer and songwriter
  • 1944 – François Migault, French racing driver
  • 1944 – Dennis Wilson, American musician (The Beach Boys) (d. 1983)
  • 1945 – Roberta Bondar, Canadian astronaut
  • 1947 – Terry Woods, Irish musician (The Pogues, Steeleye Span)
  • 1948 – Southside Johnny, American singer
  • 1949 – Jeff Bridges, American actor
  • 1949 – Pamela Stephenson, New Zealand-born actress
  • 1951 – Gary Rossington, American musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
  • 1951 – Patricia Wettig, American actress
  • 1953 – Rick Middleton, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1954 – Tony Todd, American actor and producer
  • 1955 – Dave Taylor, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Bernard King, American basketball player
  • 1957 – Raul Boesel, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1957 – Eric S. Raymond, American open source advocate
  • 1959 – Susan W Krebs, American politician
  • 1959 – Paul McGrath, Irish footballer
  • 1959 – Christa Rothenburger, German speed skater and cyclist
  • 1960 – David Green, American baseball player
  • 1960 – Glynis Nunn, Australian athlete
  • 1961 – Frank Reich, American football player
  • 1962 – Kevin Richardson, English footballest
  • 1963 – Sergei Bubka, Ukrainian pole vaulter
  • 1964 – Marisa Tomei, American actress
  • 1964 – Jonathan Goldstein, American actor
  • 1964 – Sertab Erener, Turkish singer
  • 1964 – Chelsea Noble, American actress
  • 1965 – Álex de la Iglesia, Spanish film director
  • 1966 – Fred Armisen, American actor and musician
  • 1966 – Chris Shepherd, English film director
  • 1969 – Jay-Z, American rapper
  • 1970 – Kevin Sussman, American actor
  • 1970 – Sylvester Terkay, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Shannon Briggs, American boxer
  • 1972 – Jassen Cullimore, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Nikki Tyler, American actress
  • 1973 – Tyra Banks, American supermodel
  • 1973 – Ferry Corsten, Dutch musician and DJ
  • 1973 – Steven Menzies, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1973 – Kate Rusby, English folk singer
  • 1974 – Tadahito Iguchi, Japanese baseball player
  • 1976 – Amie Comeaux, American singer (d. 1997)
  • 1976 – Kristina Groves, Canadian speed skater
  • 1977 – Big Pokey, American rapper
  • 1978 – Michele Di Piedi, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Jaclyn Victor, Malaysian singer
  • 1979 – Jay DeMerit, American soccer player
  • 1982 – Ho-Pin Tung, Dutch-Chinese racing driver
  • 1983 – Jimmy Bartel, Australian rules footballer
  • 1984 – Brooke Adams, American model
  • 1984 – Lindsay Felton, American actress
  • 1984 – Lauren London, American actress
  • 1985 – Andrew Brackman, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Carlos Gómez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1986 – Martell Webster, American basketball player

December 4 – Deaths:

  • 765 – Jafar Sadiq, Shia Imam (b. 702)
  • 771 – Carloman, King of the Franks (b. 751)
  • 1075 – Archbishop Anno II of Cologne
  • 1123 – Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b.
  • 1048)
  • 1214 – William I of Scotland
  • 1270 – Theobald V of Champagne, King of Navarre
  • 1334 – Pope John XXII (b. 1249)
  • 1340 – Henry Burghersh, English bishop and chancellor (b. 1292)
  • 1459 – Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)
  • 1576 – Rheticus, Austrian mathematician (b. 1514)
  • 1585 – John Willock, Scottish reformer
  • 1609 – Alexander Hume, Scottish poet
  • 1642 – Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal Richelieu, French statesman (b. 1585)
  • 1649 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
  • 1679 – Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (b. 1588)
  • 1680 – Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1696 – Empress Meisho, Japan (b. 1624)
  • 1732 – John Gay, English poet and dramatist (b. 1685)
  • 1798 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physicist (b. 1737)
  • 1828 – Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
  • 1902 – Charles Dow, American journalist (Dow Jones & Company – Wall Street Journal) (b. 1851)
  • 1926 – Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian-born painter (b. 1861)
  • 1933 – Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868)
  • 1935 – Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer (b. 1864)
  • 1935 – Charles Robert Richet, French physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1850)
  • 1944 – Roger Bresnahan, American baseball player (b. 1879)
  • 1945 – Thomas Hunt Morgan, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1866)
  • 1956 – Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – Bert Lahr, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1969 – Fred Hampton, American activist (b. 1948)
  • 1975 – Hannah Arendt, German political theorist (b. 1906)
  • 1976 – Tommy Bolin, American guitarist (b. 1951)
  • 1976 – Benjamin Britten, English composer (b. 1913)
  • 1976 – W. F. McCoy, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • 1980 – Francisco Sá Carneiro, Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1934)
  • 1980 – Stanislawa Walasiewicz (Stella Walsh), Polish-born athlete (b. 1911)
  • 1987 – Rouben Mamoulian, Armenian-American film director (b. 1897)
  • 1993 – Frank Zappa, American musician and composer (b. 1940)
  • 1995 – Lionel Giroux (Little Beaver), Canadian midget wrestler (b. 1935)
  • 1997 – Richard Vernon, English actor (b. 1925)
  • 1999 – Rose Bird, American judge (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Iggy Katona, American race car driver (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Elena Souliotis, Greek soprano (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand author (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Gregg Hoffman, American film producer (b.1963)
  • 2005 – Gloria Lasso, French-Spanish singer (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – James Kim, American television personality (b. 1971)
  • 2007 – Norval Morrisseau, Canadian artist (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Pimp C, American rapper (UGK) (b. 1973)
  • 2007 – Chip Reese, American professional poker player (b. 1951)

December 4 – Holidays:

  • Roman festivals – secret ceremonies in honor of Bona Dea
  • Calendar of Saints – Saint John of Damascus: optional memorial; also the Great Martyr Saint Barbara, St. Ada (feast day)
  • Barbórka – Miners’ Day in Poland
  • First day that rain is prayed for in the Diaspora in Judaism. It is notably the only Jewish day which is tied to the civil calendar.
  • Santería, Lukumí – Day of Shango
  • Navy Day in India
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