On This Day in History January 2nd

January 2 – Events:

  • 366 – The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
  • 533 – Mercurius becomes Pope John II, the first pope to adopt a new name upon elevation to the papacy.
  • 1492 – Reconquista: Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders.
  • 1757 – The United Kingdom captures Calcutta, India.
  • 1788 – Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • 1791 – Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1793 – Russia and Prussia partition Poland.
  • 1808 – The U.S. Congress bans the importation of slaves.
  • 1818 – The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • 1833 – Return of British Forces to the Falkland Islands.
  • 1860 – The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris.
  • 1871 – Amadeus I becomes King of Spain.
  • 1872 – Brigham Young is arrested on charges of bigamy for having 25 wives.
  • 1882 – John D. Rockefeller unites his oil holdings into the Standard Oil trust.
  • 1890 – Alice Sanger becomes the first female staffer for the White House.
  • 1893 – Webb C. Ball of the General Railroad Timepiece Standards in North America introduces railroad chronometers.
  • 1900 – John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
  • 1905 – Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
  • 1905 – The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
  • 1917 – The Royal Bank of Canada takes over the Quebec Bank.
  • 1920 – The Palmer Raids begin in the United States.
  • 1923 – United States Interior Secretary Albert Fall resigns over the Teapot Dome scandal.
  • 1929 – Canada and the United States agree on a plan to preserve Niagara Falls.
  • 1935 – Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1941 – World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
  • 1941 – World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 – World War II: Manila is captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1942 – The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • 1946 – Unable to resume rule after World War II, King Zog of Albania abdicates but retains his claim to the throne.
  • 1949 – Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1955 – Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1957 – The San Francisco Stock and Bond Exchange and Los Angeles Oil Exchange merge.
  • 1959 – Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the U.S.S.R.
  • 1969 – Luis Ferré becomes the first “statehooder” Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1969 – Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
  • 1971 – The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic football match.
  • 1974 – President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.
  • 1991 – Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, D.C., becoming the first African American woman to lead a U.S. city of that size and importance.
  • 1993 – Leaders of the three warring factions in Bosnia meet to discuss peace plans.
  • 1999 – A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
  • 2001 – Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 2002 – Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
  • 2004 – Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.

January 2 – Birthdays:

  • 1642 – Mehmed IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1693)
  • 1647 – Nathaniel Bacon, English-born American colonist (d. 1676)
  • 1699 – Osman III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1757)
  • 1713 – Marie Dumesnil, French actress (d. 1803)
  • 1719 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder (d. 1797)
  • 1727 – James Wolfe, British general (d. 1759)
  • 1777 – Christian Daniel Rauch, German sculptor (d. 1857)
  • 1822 – Rudolf Clausius, German physicist (d. 1888)
  • 1827 – Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
  • 1833 – Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1836 – Queen Emma of Hawaii, Consort of King Kamehameha IV (d. 1885)
  • 1836 – Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • 1837 – Mily Balakirev, Russian composer (d. 1910)
  • 1866 – Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian-born classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • 1870 – Ernst Barlach, German sculptor (d. 1938)
  • 1873 – Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
  • 1877 – Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d.1906)
  • 1886 – Florence Lawrence, Canadian actress (d. 1938)
  • 1886 – Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • 1888 – Tito Schipa, Italian tenor (d. 1965)
  • 1889 – Sir Bertram Stevens, Premier of New South Wales 1932-39 (d. 1973)
  • 1892 – Seiichiro Kashio, Japanese tennis player (d. 1962)
  • 1893 – Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)
  • 1895 – Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish diplomat (d. 1948)
  • 1896 – Dziga Vertov, Russian filmmaker (d. 1954)
  • 1896 – Sir Lawrence Wackett, Australian aircraft engineer (d. 1982)
  • 1897 – Jim Londos, wrestler (d. 1975)
  • 1902 – Dan Keating, Irish republican (d. 2007)
  • 1902 – Barry Goldwater, five-term United States Senator from Arizona (d. 1998)
  • 1904 – Sally Rand, American fan dancer (d. 1979)
  • 1905 – Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (d. 1938)
  • 1905 – Luigi Zampa, Italian film director and screenwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1905 – Michael Tippett, English composer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 – Srirangam Srinivasarao, also known as Sri Sri, Famous Modern Telugu Poet (d. 1983)
  • 1913 – Anna Lee, English actress (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Vera Zorina, German dancer (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Willi Graf, member of the White Rose (Weiße Rose) resistance group in Nazi Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1920 – Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (d. 1992)
  • 1921 – Glen Harmon, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2007)
  • 1925 – William J. Crowe, American admiral and ambassador (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Robert Goralski, American journalist (d. 1988)
  • 1928 – Avie Bennett, Canadian philanthropist
  • 1928 – Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese writer, president of SGI
  • 1930 – Julius LaRosa, American singer
  • 1931 – Toshiki Kaifu, Japanese Prime Minister 1989-91
  • 1933 – Ed Casey, Australian politician (d. 2006)
  • 1933 – Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist
  • 1936 – Roger Miller, American singer (d. 1992)
  • 1938 – Ian Brady, British serial killer
  • 1938 – Hans Herbjørnsrud, Norwegian author
  • 1940 – Jim Bakker, American televangelist
  • 1940 – S. R. S. Varadhan, Indian-American mathematician
  • 1942 – Dennis Hastert, 59th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
  • 1942 – Hugh Shelton, 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1943 – Baris Manço, Turkish singer, composer, television producer and celebrity (d. 1999)
  • 1944 – Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • 1946 – Richard Cole, American tour manager
  • 1947 – Jack Hanna, American zoologist
  • 1947 – Calvin Hill, American football player
  • 1949 – Christopher Durang, American playwright
  • 1950 – David Shifrin, American classical clarinetist
  • 1951 – Alexander Pogrebinsky, Russian-born painter
  • 1952 – Graeme “Shirley” Strachan, Australian rocker, lead singer with Skyhooks (d. 2001)
  • 1954 – Henry Bonilla, American politician
  • 1954 – Dawn Silva, American singer (The Brides of Funkenstein, P-Funk)
  • 1955 – Tex Brashear, American voice actor
  • 1957 – Joanna Pacula, Polish actress
  • 1958 – Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
  • 1960 – Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author
  • 1961 – Gabrielle Carteris, American actress
  • 1961 – Todd Haynes, American film director
  • 1963 – David Cone, American baseball player
  • 1963 – Edgar Martínez, American baseball player
  • 1964 – Pernell Whitaker, American boxer
  • 1965 – Greg Swindell, American baseball player
  • 1967 – Tia Carrere, American actress
  • 1967 – Jón Gnarr, Icelandic comedian
  • 1967 – Francois Pienaar, South African Rugby Union player
  • 1968 – Cuba Gooding Jr., American actor
  • 1968 – Anky van Grunsven, Dutch dressage champion
  • 1968 – Evan Parke, Jamaican actor
  • 1968 – Goichi Suda, CEO of Grasshopper Manufacture
  • 1969 – Karl-Heinz Grasser, Austrian politician
  • 1969 – Patrick Huard, Quebec actor and comedian
  • 1969 – Glen Johnson, Jamaican boxer
  • 1969 – Tommy Morrison, American boxer
  • 1969 – Róbert Švehla, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1969 – Christy Turlington, American model
  • 1970 – Royce Clayton, American baseball player
  • 1970 – Robert Fertitta, American opera singer
  • 1970 – Sanda Ladosi, Romanian singer
  • 1971 – Taye Diggs, American actor
  • 1971 – Renee Elise Goldsberry, American actress and singer
  • 1971 – Lisa Harrison, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Adam Elliot, Australian animator
  • 1972 – Christopher Lennertz, American composer
  • 1972 – Hristos Meletoglou, Greek triple jumper
  • 1973 – Lucy Davis, British actress
  • 1973 – Will Kirby, American actor
  • 1975 – Chris Cheney, Australian musician (The Living End)
  • 1975 – Doug Robb, American singer (Hoobastank)
  • 1975 – Dax Shepard, American actor
  • 1975 – Reuben Thorne, New Zealand rugby union player
  • 1976 – Hrysopiyi Devetzi, triple jump & long jump athlete
  • 1976 – Danilo Di Luca, Italian cyclist
  • 1976 – Cletidus Hunt, American football player
  • 1976 – Mahée Paiement, Canadian actress
  • 1976 – Paz Vega, Spanish actress
  • 1977 – Ales Pisa, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1977 – Scott Proctor, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Toyoguchi Megumi, Japanese seiyuu (voice actress)
  • 1979 – Suranne Jones, British actress
  • 1980 – Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant
  • 1981 – Hanno Balitsch, German footballer
  • 1981 – Ryan Garko, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Kirk Hinrich, basketball player
  • 1981 – Maxi Rodríguez, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Athanasia Tsoumeleka, Greek race walker
  • 1983 – Kate Bosworth, American actress
  • 1984 – Colleen Taylor, American journalist
  • 1985 – Heather O’Reilly, American soccer player
  • 1987 – Loui Batley, British actress
  • 1988 – Jonny Evans, Northern Irish footballer

January 2 – Deaths:

  • 1512 – Svante, Regent of Sweden (b. 1460)
  • 1514 – William Smyth, English bishop and statesman (b. 1460)
  • 1557 – Pontormo, Italian painter (b. 1494)
  • 1685 – Harbottle Grimston, English politician (b. 1603)
  • 1694 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)
  • 1726 – Domenico Zipoli, Italian composer (b. 1688)
  • 1861 – King Frederick William IV of Prussia (b. 1795)
  • 1892 – George Airy, British Astronomer Royal (b. 1801)
  • 1893 – John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)
  • 1904 – James Longstreet, American Confederate general (b. 1821)
  • 1913 – Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (b. 1855)
  • 1915 – Carl Goldmark, Hungarian composer (b. 1830)
  • 1917 – Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (b. 1832)
  • 1920 – Paul Adam, French novelist (b. 1862)
  • 1924 – Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer and novelist (b. 1834)
  • 1936 – Sir Francis Newdegate, Governor of Tasmania, Western Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1939 – Roman Dmowski, Polish politician (b. 1864)
  • 1941 – Mischa Levitzki, Russian-American pianist (b. 1898)
  • 1945 – Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, British naval commander (b. 1883)
  • 1946 – Joe Darling, Australian cricketer (b. 1870)
  • 1950 – James Dooley, Premier of New South Wales (b. 1877)
  • 1950 – Emil Jannings, Swiss actor and the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor (b. 1884)
  • 1951 – Sir William Campion, Governor of Western Australia (b. 1870)
  • 1959 – Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1960 – Paul Sauvé, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1960 – Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist (b. 1919)
  • 1963 – Dick Powell, American actor (b. 1904)
  • 1963 – Jack Carson, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1971 – Willard Maas, American educator and experimental filmmaker (b. 1906)
  • 1974 – Tex Ritter, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1977 – Errol Garner, American musician (b. 1921)
  • 1983 – Dick Emery, English comedian (b. 1915)
  • 1986 – Una Merkel, American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1986 – Bill Veeck, baseball executive (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Dick James, English music publisher (Northern Songs) (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Alan Hale Jr., American actor (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Siad Barre, President of Somalia (b. 1919)
  • 1995 – Nancy Kelly, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1996 – Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist (b. 1915)
  • 1997 – Randy California, American guitarist & songwriter (Spirit) (b. 1951)
  • 1998 – Frank Muir, English writer, raconteur (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – Patrick O’Brian, British novelist (b. 1914)
  • 2000 – Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., U.S. admiral (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – Nat Adderley, American musician and composer (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – William P. Rogers, American politician (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Teri Diver, American actress (b. 1971)
  • 2002 – Armi Aavikko, Finnish singer (b. 1958)
  • 2003 – Eric Jupp, British-Australian pianist, composer, arranger (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Jess Collins, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Lynn Cartwright, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2005 – Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Edo Murtic, Croatian painter (b. 1921)
  • 2005 – Frank Kelly Freas, American artist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 – Ronald ‘Bo’ Ginn, American politician (b. 1934)
  • 2007 – Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born mayor of Jerusalem (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – David Perkins, Stanford University geneticist (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor and World War II researcher (b. 1924)
  • 2007 – Paek Nam-sun, North Korean Foreign Affairs minister (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Sergio Jiménez, Mexican actor (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Don Massengale, American PGA Tour golf player (b. 1937)
  • 2007 – Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, American historian (b. 1941)
  • 2007 – Robert C. Solomon, American scholar of continental philosophy (b. 1942)
  • 2007 – Dan Shaver, NASCAR driver and ARCA race car driver/owner (b. 1950)
  • 2007 – Richard Newton, Australian-born technology pioneer and professor (b. 1951)
  • 2007 – Garry Betty, American CEO of Earthlink (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Gerry Staley, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2008 – Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana Krommaluang Narathiwat Rajanagarindra, elder sister of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – George MacDonald Fraser, British author (b. 1925)
  • 2008 – Lee S. Dreyfus, American politician (b. 1926)

January 2 – Holidays:

  • Second day of the Hogmanay Bank Holiday, Scotland
  • Second day of New Year, Slovenia – Public holidays in Slovenia
  • Second day of New Year, Serbia – Public holidays in Serbia
  • Day after New Year’s Day, New Zealand – Public holidays in New Zealand

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s