On This Day in History January 7

January 7 – Events:

  • 1325 – Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal.
  • 1558 – France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England.
  • 1579 – England signs an offensive & defensive alliance with the Netherlands.
  • 1584 – Last day of the Julian calendar in Bohemia
  • 1598 – Boris Godunov becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1601 – Robert, Earl of Essex, leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth.
  • 1608 – Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 1610 – Galileo Galilei observes the four largest moons of Jupiter for the first time. He named them and in turn the four are called the Galilean moons.
  • 1714 – Typewriter patented (built years later).
  • 1782 – The first American commercial bank, the Bank of North America, opens.
  • 1785 – Frenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries travel from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in a gas balloon.
  • 1789 – First national (Presidential) election in US.
  • 1797 – The modern Italian flag is first used.
  • 1817 – 2nd Bank of the United States opens.
  • 1822 – Liberia colonized by Americans.
  • 1830 – Baltimore & Ohio RR Co. begins carrying revenue traffic.
  • 1835 – The HMS Beagle anchors off the Chonos Archipelago.
  • 1894 – W.K. Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
  • 1904 – The distress signal “CQD” is established only to be replaced two years later by “SOS.”
  • 1910 – Ottawa Senators sweep Galt in 2 games for the Stanley Cup.
  • 1911 – First airplane bombing experiments with explosives, San Francisco.
  • 1913 – William M. Burton patents a process to “crack” petroleum.
  • 1914 – First steamboat passes through the Panama Canal
  • 1922 – Dáil Éireann ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by a 64-57 vote.
  • 1927 – First transatlantic telephone call – New York City to London.
  • 1927 – Harlem Globetrotters play first game (Hinckley IL).
  • 1929 – “Buck Rogers,” first sci-fi comic strip, premiers.
  • 1929 – “Tarzan,” one of the first adventure comic strips, first appears.
  • 1934 – “Flash Gordon” comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts.
  • 1935 – Benito Mussolini and French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval sign the Franco–Italian Agreement.
  • 1942 – World War II: The siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
  • 1945 – World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge.
  • 1950 – A fire at the Mercy Hospital in Davenport, Iowa, kills 41 people.
  • 1953 – President Harry Truman announces that the United States has developed the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1954 – Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM.
  • 1955 – Marian Anderson becomes first black singer to perform at the Met (New York, NY)
  • 1959 – The United States recognizes the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
  • 1961 – Trucial States (now UAE) issue their first postage stamps.
  • 1963 – First class postage raised from $0.04 to $0.05.
  • 1964 – Bahamas achieves internal self-government & cabinet responsibility.
  • 1967 – “Newlywed Game” premiers.
  • 1968 – “The G.E. College Bowl” quiz show premiers on NBC TV.
  • 1968 – First class postage raised from $0.05 to $0.06.
  • 1968 – Surveyor 7 lands on the Moon
  • 1972 – Iberia Airlines Caravelle 6-R crashes into Mont San Jose on approach to Ibiza Airport killing all 104 on board.
  • 1972 – Los Angeles Lakers chalk up 33rd consecutive win.
  • 1972 – Lewis F. Powell, Jr. becomes a Supreme Court Justice
  • 1973 – Mark Essex fatally shoots 10 people and wounds 13 others at Howard Johnson’s Hotel in New Orleans, Louisiana before being shot to death by police officers.
  • 1979 – Phnom Penh falls to the advancing Vietnamese troops, driving out Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge.
  • 1980 – President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation.
  • 1980 – Minnesota ends Philadelphia Flyers’ NHL record 35 game unbeaten streak ends.
  • 1982 – “Fame” premiers on NBC TV
  • 1983 – Reagan ends US arms embargo against Guatemala
  • 1984 – Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
  • 1986 – Chicago Bears defeat New England Patriots 46-10 in Super Bowl XX.
  • 1990 – The interior of the Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns.
  • 1991 – Soviet paratroopers sent to Baltic Republics
  • 1993 – The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President.
  • 1996 – The North American blizzard of 1996 pounds the east coast of the United States with 1-4 feet of snow.
  • 1999 – The impeachment of President Bill Clinton begins.

January 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1355 – Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)
  • 1502 – Pope Gregory XIII (d. 1585)
  • 1528 – Jeanne d’Albret, Queen of Navarre (d. 1572)
  • 1647 – Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)
  • 1685 – Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)
  • 1706 – Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)
  • 1718 – Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • 1768 – Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples (d. 1844)
  • 1786 – John Catron, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1865)
  • 1796 – Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (d. 1817)
  • 1800 – Millard Fillmore, 13th President of the United States (d. 1874)
  • 1827 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1830 – Albert Bierstadt, German-American painter (d. 1902)
  • 1831 – Heinrich von Stephan, German labor organizer (d. 1897)
  • 1832 – James Munro, Premier of Victoria (d. 1908)
  • 1834 – Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (d. 1874)
  • 1844 – Bernadette Soubirous, French saint (d. 1879)
  • 1845 – King Ludwig III of Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • 1858 – Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language (d. 1922)
  • 1860 – Emanuil Manolov, Bulgarian composer (d. 1902)
  • 1870 – Lord Gordon Hewart, British judge (d. 1943)
  • 1871 – Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1873 – Charles Péguy, French poet and essayist (d. 1914)
  • 1873 – Adolph Zukor, Hungarian producer (d. 1976)
  • 1875 – Gustav Flatow, German gymnast (d. 1945)
  • 1875 – Thomas Hicks, American runner (d. 1963)
  • 1876 – William Hurlstone, English composer (d. 1906)
  • 1891 – Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Clara Haskil, Romanian pianist (d. 1960)
  • 1895 – Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS (d. 1974)
  • 1896 – Arnold Ridley, British playwright and actor (d. 1984)
  • 1898 – Al Bowlly, British jazz singer (d. 1941)
  • 1899 – Francis Poulenc, French composer (d. 1963)
  • 1900 – John Brownlee, Australian tenor (d. 1969)
  • 1903 – Warren Hull, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Alan Napier, English actor (d. 1988)
  • 1907 – Nicanor Zabaleta, Spanish harpist (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Red Allen, American musician (d. 1967)
  • 1910 – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. 1984)
  • 1910 – Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
  • 1911 – Butterfly McQueen, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 1912 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist (d. 1988)
  • 1912 – Günter Wand, German conductor, composer (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Johnny Mize, American baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Paul Keres, Estonian chess player (d. 1975)
  • 1917 – Ulysses Kay, American composer (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Vincent Gardenia, Italian-born actor (d. 1992)
  • 1922 – Jean-Pierre Rampal, French flutist (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Eric Jupp, British-born Australian composer, arranger, conductor (d. 2003)
  • 1922 – Alvin Dark, American baseball player and manager
  • 1923 – Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (d. 1966)
  • 1925 – Gerald Durrell, British naturalist (d. 1995)
  • 1928 – William Peter Blatty, American screenwriter
  • 1929 – Terry Moore, American actress
  • 1932 – Joe Berinson, Australian politician
  • 1933 – Elliott Kastner, U.S. film producer
  • 1934 – Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1934 – Charlie Jenkins, American runner
  • 1935 – Kenny Davern, American jazz clarinetist (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Tommy Johnson, American tubist (d. 2006)
  • 1935 – Valeri Kubasov, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1936 – Ben Cropp, Australian shark hunter, spearfishing champion, underwater photographer
  • 1937 – Paul Revere, American musician
  • 1938 – Rory Storm, British singer (d. 1972)
  • 1938 – Roland Topor, French illustrator (d. 1997)
  • 1938 – Lou Graham, American golfer
  • 1939 – Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark
  • 1941 – Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1941 – John E. Walker, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Danny Williams, South African singer (d. 2005)
  • 1942 – Vasily Alexeev, Russian weightlifter
  • 1942 – Jim Lefebvre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1943 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb (d. 1955)
  • 1943 – Sir Richard Armstrong, British conductor
  • 1944 – Arne Scheie, Norwegian sports commentator
  • 1944 – Tony Whitlam, Australian judge
  • 1945 – Tony Conigliaro, American baseball player (d. 1990)
  • 1945 – Dick Marty, Swiss politician
  • 1946 – Jann Wenner, American publisher
  • 1947 – Shobha De, Indian writer
  • 1948 – Kenny Loggins, American singer
  • 1949 – Marshall Chapman, American singer/songwriter
  • 1949 – Anne Schedeen, American actress
  • 1949 – Steven Williams, American actor
  • 1950 – Juan Gabriel, Mexican singer and songwriter
  • 1950 – Erin Gray, American actress
  • 1950 – Ross Grimsley, American baseball player
  • 1950 – Johnny Lever, Indian actor
  • 1951 – Helen Worth, British actress
  • 1952 – Sammo Hung, Hong Kong actor
  • 1956 – David Caruso, American actor
  • 1956 – Mike Liut, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1957 – Nicholson Baker, American novelist
  • 1957 – Katie Couric, American television host
  • 1957 – Julian Solis, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1957 – Reena Roy, Indian actress
  • 1958 – Linda Kozlowski, American actress
  • 1958 – Donna Rice, American sex scandal figure and anti-pornography activist
  • 1959 – Kathy Valentine, American musician (The Go-Gos)
  • 1960 – David Marciano, American actor
  • 1960 – Loretta Sanchez, American politician
  • 1961 – Andrew Thomson, Australian politician
  • 1961 – Supriya Pathak, Indian actress
  • 1962 – Aleksandr Dugin, Russian politician
  • 1963 – Clint Mansell, English musician and composer
  • 1964 – Nicolas Cage, American actor
  • 1966 – Carolyn Bessette-Kennedy, American publicist (d. 1999)
  • 1967 – Guy Hebert, American ice hockey player
  • 1967 – Mark Lamarr, British comedian and broadcaster
  • 1969 – David Yost, American actor
  • 1970 – Doug E. Doug, American actor
  • 1970 – Joao Ricardo, Angolan footballer
  • 1971 – C.W. Anderson, American professional wrestler
  • 1971 – Jeremy Renner, American actor
  • 1972 – Donald Brashear, American ice hockey player
  • 1973 – Jonna Tervomaa, Finnish singer
  • 1974 – John Rich, American guitarist and bassist (Big & Rich)
  • 1976 – Éric Gagné, Canadian baseball player
  • 1976 – Alfonso Soriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1977 – Michelle Behennah, British model
  • 1977 – Dustin Diamond, American actor
  • 1977 – John Gidding, Turkish American architect and TV host (Designed to Sell)
  • 1978 – Kevin Mench, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Bipasha Basu, Indian model
  • 1979 – Mariangel Ruiz, Venezuelan actress and model
  • 1981 – Alex Auld, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1981 – Marquis Daniels, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Francisco Rodriguez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1982 – Hannah Stockbauer, German swimmer
  • 1982 – Ianina Zanazzi, Argentine racing driver
  • 1983 – Natalie Gulbis, American golfer
  • 1984 – Jon Lester, American baseball player
  • 1985 – Lewis Hamilton, English F1 racing driver
  • 1986 – Grant Leadbitter, English footballer
  • 1987 – Haley Bennett, American Singer and Actress
  • 1988 – Scott Pendlebury, Australian rules footballer
  • 1989 – Emiliano Insúa, Argentine footballer
  • 1990 – Liam Aiken, American actor
  • 1990 – Elene Gedevanishvili, Georgian figure skater
  • 1990 – Camryn Grimes, American actress
  • 1990 – Gregor Schlierenzauer, Austrian skijumper
  • 1991 – Max Morrow, Canadian actor

January 7 – Deaths:

  • 1285 – King Charles I of Naples (b. 1226)
  • 1325 – King Dinis of Portugal (b. 1261)
  • 1400 – Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician (b. 1374)
  • 1451 – Count Amadeus VIII of Savoy (b. 1383)
  • 1536 – Catherine of Aragon, consort of Henry VIII of England (b. 1485)
  • 1566 – Louis de Blois, Flemish mystic (b. 1506)
  • 1619 – Nicholas Hilliard, English painter (bc. 1547)
  • 1625 – Ruggiero Giovannelli, Italian composer (bc. 1560)
  • 1655 – Pope Innocent X (b. 1574)
  • 1658 – Theophilus Eaton, American colonist (b. 1590)
  • 1694 – Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, English general (bc. 1618)
  • 1700 – Raffaello Fabretti, Italian antiquarian (b. 1618)
  • 1715 – François Fénelon, French-Catholic theologian and writer (b. 1651)
  • 1758 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (b. 1686)
  • 1767 – Thomas Clap, 1st president of Yale University (b. 1703)
  • 1770 – Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (b. 1695)
  • 1783 – William Tans’ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
  • 1786 – Jean-Étienne Guettard, French physician and scientist (b. 1715)
  • 1830 – Thomas Lawrence, English painter (b. 1769)
  • 1864 – Caleb Blood Smith, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior (b. 1808)
  • 1872 – James Fisk, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
  • 1876 – Juste Olivier, Swiss poet (b. 1807)
  • 1878 – François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
  • 1892 – Tewfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt (b. 1852)
  • 1893 – Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • 1913 – Jack Boyle, American baseball player (b. 1866)
  • 1919 – Henry Ware Eliot American industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1843)
  • 1920 – Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • 1932 – André Maginot, French eponym of the Maginot Line (b. 1877)
  • 1936 – Guy d’Hardelot, French composer, best known for Because (b. 1858)
  • 1943 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born inventor and electrical engineer (b. 1856)
  • 1944 – Lou Hoover, U.S. First Lady (b. 1874)
  • 1944 – Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (b. 1888)
  • 1946 – Adamo Didur, Polish tenor (b. 1874)
  • 1951 – René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (b. 1886)
  • 1953 – Osa Johnson, American explorer (b. 1894)
  • 1960 – Dorothea Douglass Chambers (aka Katharine Lambert Chambers), UK tennis player (b. 1878)
  • 1963 – Arthur Moore, Premier of Queensland (b. 1876)
  • 1964 – Cyril Davies, American musician (b. 1932)
  • 1967 – Carl Schuricht, German conductor (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – David Goodis, American writer (b. 1917)
  • 1968 – Prof James Smith, South African ichthyologist (b. 1897)
  • 1972 – John Berryman, American poet (b. 1914)
  • 1972 – Eftichia Papagianopoulos, Greek lyricist
  • 1980 – Larry Williams, American singer and songwriter (b. 1935)
  • 1981 – Alvar Lidell, UK radio broadcaster (b. 1908)
  • 1981 – Eric Robinson, Australian politician (b. 1926)
  • 1984 – Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1985 – Mary Hardy, Australian radio and television presenter (b. 1931)
  • 1986 – Philip D. Eastman, American children’s book writer and illustrator (b. 1909)
  • 1986 – Juan Rulfo, Mexican novelist (b. 1917)
  • 1988 – Trevor Howard, English actor (b. 1913)
  • 1988 – Michel Auclair, French actor (b. 1922)
  • 1989 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Horace Stoneham, American baseball executive (b. 1903)
  • 1990 – Bronko Nagurski, American football player (b. 1908)
  • 1992 – Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (The Muppets) (b. 1951)
  • 1995 – Murray Rothbard, American economist (b. 1926)
  • 1996 – Taro Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (b. 1911)
  • 1996 – Károly Grósz, Hungarian politician (b. 1930)
  • 1998 – Vladimir Prelog, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1998 – Owen Bradley, American record producer (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Gary Albright, American professional wrestler (b. 1963)
  • 2002 – Avery Schreiber, American actor (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Jon Lee, Welsh musician (Feeder) (b. 1968)
  • 2004 – Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (b. 1926)
  • 2005 – Pierre Daninos, French novelist (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Eileen Desmond, Irish politician (b. 1932)
  • 2006 – Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Magnús Magnússon, Icelandic-born television presenter (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Bobby Hamilton, NASCAR team owner (b. 1957)
  • 2008 – Alwyn Schlebusch, South African vice state president (b. 1917)

January 7 – Holidays:

  • European traditional – Distaff day: women’s traditional work begins again after Epiphany.
  • Italy – Tricolour day (Festa del Tricolore)
  • Japan – Nanakusa (Seven Herbs Festival).
  • Liturgical feast days:
    • Roman Catholic Church
      • Canute Lavard
      • Charles of Sezze
      • Lucian of Antioch
      • Raymond of Peñafort
    • Coptic Orthodox Church
      • Synaxis of John the Forerunner & Baptist
    • Eastern Orthodox Church
      • John the Baptist
    • Christmas Day in the Eastern Orthodox Churches and Oriental Orthodox Churches using the Julian Calendar
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