On This Day in History January 11

January 11 – Events:

  • 1055 – Theodora is crowned General of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1158 – Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia.
  • 1569 – First recorded lottery in England.
  • 1571 – Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
  • 1693 – Mt. Etna erupts in Sicily, Italy. A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta.
  • 1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.
  • 1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1787 – William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
  • 1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal, is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US clown to die while carrying out his duties.
  • 1805 – The Michigan Territory is created.
  • 1839 – Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die.
  • 1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post – General John McClernand and Private David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union.
  • 1867 – Benito Juárez becomes the Mexican president again.
  • 1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins.
  • 1892 – Hawaiian Historical Society founded.
  • 1897 – M. H. Cannon becomes first woman state senator in US (Utah).
  • 1908 – Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
  • 1912 – The Lawrence textile strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
  • 1917 – The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage.
  • 1919 – Romania annexes Transylvania.
  • 1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
  • 1923 – Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its reparation payments.
  • 1935 – Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
  • 1938 – Frances Moulton elected first woman president of a US national bank.
  • 1942 – Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies.
  • 1942 – The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
  • 1943 – The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China.
  • 1946 – Bert Bell becomes 2nd NFL commissioner, moves Chicago HQ to Philadelphia.
  • 1946 – Enver Hoxha declares the People’s Republic of Albania with himself as dictator.
  • 1949 – First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • 1957 – Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.
  • 1960 – Chad declares independence from France.
  • 1960 – Lamar Clark sets pro boxing record of 44 consecutive knockouts.
  • 1962 – An avalanche on Huascaran in Peru causes 4,000 deaths.
  • 1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., publishes a report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health. It is the first such statement ever made by the U.S. government.
  • 1966 – “Daktari” African adventure series premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1966 – 550 die in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain.
  • 1970 – Super Bowl IV-Kansas City Chiefs-23, Minnesota Vikings-7.
  • 1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.
  • 1973 – American League adopts designated hitter rule.
  • 1973 – Trial of the Watergate burglars begins in Washington, DC.
  • 1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins her 3rd consecutive national figure skating championship.
  • 1980 – Debut of the Pretenders.
  • 1983 – Billy Martin named Yankee manager for 3rd time.
  • 1984 – Denver Nuggets 163, San Antonio Spurs 155-highest-scoring NBA game.
  • 1984 – Supreme Court reinstated $10M award to Karen Silkwood’s family.
  • 1986 – The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland, Australia is officially opened.
  • 1990 – 300,000 march in favor of Lithuanian independence.
  • 1991 – Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq
  • 1994 – The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin.
  • 1996 – Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
  • 1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.
  • 2001 – The Federal Trade Commission approves the merger of AOL and Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner.

January 11 – Birthdays:

  • 347 – Emperor Theodosius I “The Great” of Rome (d. 395)
  • 889 – Abd-ar-Rahman III, Emir and Caliph of Cordoba (d. 961)
  • 1322 – Emperor Komyo of Japan (d. 1380)
  • 1359 – Emperor Go-En’yu of Japan (d. 1393)
  • 1395 – Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy (d. 1422)
  • 1503 – Parmigianino, Italian artist (d. 1540)
  • 1591 – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
  • 1630 – John Rogers, American President of Harvard in the US (d. 1684)
  • 1671 – François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (d. 1745)
  • 1723 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (d. 1774)
  • 1755 – Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1804)
  • 1757 – Samuel Bentham, English mechanical engineer (d. 1831)
  • 1788 – William Thomas Brande, English chemist (d. 1866)
  • 1800 – Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (d. 1895)
  • 1807 – Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder (d. 1874)
  • 1814 – James Paget, British surgeon and pathologist (d. 1899)
  • 1815 – John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1825 – Bayard Taylor, U.S. poet and writer (d. 1878
  • 1839 – Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator, philosopher and nationalist (d. 1903)
  • 1842 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1910)
  • 1843 – Charles Yelverton O’Connor, Irish-Australian engineer (d. 1902)
  • 1845 – Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1850 – Joseph Charles Arthur, American botanist (d. 1942)
  • 1852 – Konstantin Fehrenbach, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1853 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (d. 1926)
  • 1856 – Christian Sinding, Norwegian composer (d. 1932)
  • 1857 – Fred Archer, English jockey (d. 1886)
  • 1858 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American retailer (d. 1947)
  • 1859 – Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, British statesman, Viceroy of India (d. 1925)
  • 1864 – Thomas Dixon, American playwright, lecturer, North Carolina state legislator, lawyer, and author (d. 1946)
  • 1867 – Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)
  • 1868 – Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (d. 1940)
  • 1870 – Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor (d. 1945)
  • 1872 – George Washington Pierce, American physicist (d. 1956)
  • 1873 – John Callan O’Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (d. 1949)
  • 1875 – Reinhold Glière, Russian composer (d. 1956)
  • 1876 – Elmer Flick, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 1885 – Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer (d. 1965)
  • 1885 – Alice Paul, American women’s rights activist (d. 1977)
  • 1887 – Aldo Leopold, American ecologist (d. 1948)
  • 1888 – Chester Conklin, American comedian and actor (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • 1890 – Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (d.1954)
  • 1895 – Laurens Hammond, American inventor of the Hammond organ (d. 1973)
  • 1897 – August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
  • 1899 – Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress (d. 1991)
  • 1901 – Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (d. 1988)
  • 1902 – Maurice Duruflé, French composer (d. 1986)
  • 1903 – Alan Paton, South African writer (d. 1988)
  • 1905 – Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • 1905 – Manfred B Lee, U.S. writer, co-eponym of Ellery Queen (d. 1971)
  • 1906 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist
  • 1907 – Pierre Mendès-France, French politician (d. 1982)
  • 1908 – Lionel Stander, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – Sir Shane Paltridge, Australian politician (d. 1966)
  • 1910 – Nikos Kavvadias, Greek poet and writer (d. 1975)
  • 1910 – Izler Solomon, American conductor (d. 1987)
  • 1911 – Nora Heysen, Australian artist (d. 2003)
  • 1911 – Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2004)
  • 1915 – Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder Special Air Service (d. 1955)
  • 1916 – Bernard Blier, French actor (d. 1989)
  • 1917 – John Robarts, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario (d. 1982)
  • 1921 – Gory Guerrero, professional wrestler (d. 1990)
  • 1921 – Juanita M. Kreps, former U.S. Secretary of Commerce
  • 1923 – Carroll Shelby, American race car driver, automobile designer and businessman
  • 1924 – Slim Harpo, American musician (d. 1970)
  • 1924 – Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
  • 1924 – Don Cherry, American singer and golfer
  • 1924 – Roger Guillemin, French neuroendocrinologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1925 – Grant Tinker, American television executive
  • 1926 – Lev Demin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • 1928 – David L. Wolper, American television producer
  • 1930 – Ron Mulock, Australian politician
  • 1930 – Rod Taylor, Australian actor
  • 1931 – Betty Churcher, director of the National Gallery of Australia
  • 1932 – Alfonso Arau, Mexican film director
  • 1934 – Jean Chrétien, 20th Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1934 – Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare, Computer scientist
  • 1935 – Ghita Nørby, Danish actress
  • 1938 – Fischer Black, American economist (d. 1995)
  • 1938 – Arthur Scargill, Socialist Labour Party (UK) leader
  • 1939 – Anne Heggtveit, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1941 – Gérson, Brazilian footballer
  • 1942 – Clarence Clemons, American musician (E Street Band)
  • 1943 – Jim Hightower, American radio host and author
  • 1944 – Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • 1944 – Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • 1945 – Christine Kaufmann, German-Austrian actress
  • 1945 – Samdech Preah Sanghareach Bour Kry, Supreme Patriarch of the Cambodian Dhammayutt Order
  • 1946 – Naomi Judd, American singer
  • 1946 – Tony Kaye, British keyboard player (Yes)
  • 1946 – John Piper, American theologian
  • 1949 – Daryl Braithwaite, Australian rock singer
  • 1951 – Willie Maddren, English former footballer (d. 2000)
  • 1952 – Bille Brown, Australian actor and playwright
  • 1952 – Ben Crenshaw, American golfer
  • 1952 – Michael Forshaw, Australian politician
  • 1952 – Lee Ritenour, American musician and composer
  • 1953 – John Sessions, Scottish actor
  • 1956 – Robert Earl Keen, American singer
  • 1957 – Bryan Robson, English footballer and manager
  • 1958 – Vicki Peterson, American musician (The Bangles)
  • 1958 – Diego León Montoya Sánchez, former Columbian crime boss
  • 1959 – Rob Ramage, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1961 – Jasper Fforde, British author
  • 1961 – Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen (Károly), Archduke, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary
  • 1962 – Susan Lindauer, American peace activist and accused spy
  • 1963 – Tracy Caulkins, U.S. Olympic swimmer
  • 1963 – Dean Reynolds, English snooker player
  • 1965 – Roland Scholten, Dutch Darts Player
  • 1966 – Marc Acito, American novelist and humorist
  • 1966 – Kelley Law, Canadian curler
  • 1968 – Anders Borg, Swedish politician
  • 1968 – Tom Dumont, American musician
  • 1969 – Manny Acta, Dominican baseball player
  • 1969 – Kyle Richards, American actress
  • 1970 – Chris Jent, American basketball player and coach
  • 1971 – Mary J. Blige, American singer
  • 1972 – Marc Blucas, American actor
  • 1972 – Amanda Peet, American actress
  • 1973 – Joanna Brodzik, Polish actress
  • 1973 – Rahul Dravid, Indian cricketer
  • 1973 – Rockmond Dunbar, American actor
  • 1974 – Cody McKay, Canadian baseball player
  • 1974 – Jens Nowotny, German footballer
  • 1975 – Rory Fitzpatrick, American ice hockey player
  • 1976 – Efthimios Rentzias, Greek basketball player
  • 1977 – Shomari Buchanan, American football player
  • 1977 – Nadia Turner, American singer
  • 1978 – Michael Duff, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1978 – Emile Heskey, English footballer
  • 1979 – Darren Lynn Bousman, American film director
  • 1979 – Siti Nurhaliza, Malaysian singer
  • 1980 – Mike Williams, American football player
  • 1980 – Deanna Wright, American actress
  • 1981 – Jamelia, English singer
  • 1981 – Tom Meighan, British singer (Kasabian)
  • 1982 – Ashley Taylor Dawson, British actor and singer
  • 1982 – Son Ye-jin, South Korean actress
  • 1983 – Matthew Palleschi, Canadian soccer player
  • 1983 – Adrian Sutil, German racing driver
  • 1985 – Rie fu, Japanese singer
  • 1985 – Kazuki Nakajima, Japanese racing driver
  • 1987 – Scotty Cranmer, American professional BMX rider
  • 1992 – Alice Howell, Bear Wrestling Extrodinare
  • 1993 – Flora Cross, American actress

January 11 –Deaths:

  • 314 – St. Miltiades
  • 705 – Pope John VI
  • 802 – St. Paulinus II of Aquileia
  • 812 – Staurakios, Byzantine Emperor
  • 844 – Michael I Rhangabes, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1055 – Constantine IX Monomachos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1000)
  • 1083 – Otto of Nordheim, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1020)
  • 1494 – Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian artist (b. 1449)
  • 1495 – Pedro González de Mendoza, Spanish cardinal and statesman (b. 1428)
  • 1547 – Pietro Bembo, Italian author, literary theorist, and Catholic cardinal (b. 1470)
  • 1641 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (b. 1583)
  • 1696 – Charles Albanel, French missionary explorer in Canada (b. 1616)
  • 1703 – Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)
  • 1713 – Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant leader (b. 1637)
  • 1735 – Danilo I , Vladika of Montenegro (b. c. 1670)
  • 1753 – Sir Hans Sloane, Ulster-Scot physician and collector (b. 1660)
  • 1762 – Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
  • 1763 – Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (b. 1676)
  • 1771 – Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens, French writer (b. 1704)
  • 1775 – Prithvi Narayan Shah, began the unification of modern Nepal (b. 1723)
  • 1791 – William Williams Pantycelyn, Welsh hymnist (b. 1717)
  • 1801 – Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer (b. 1749)
  • 1836 – John Molson, Canadian brewer (b. 1763)
  • 1843 – Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and writer of the American national anthem (b. 1779)
  • 1867 – Sir Stuart Donaldson, first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales (b. 1812)
  • 1882 – Theodor Schwann, German physiologist (b. 1810)
  • 1891 – Baron Georges Haussmann, French civic planner whose name is associated with the rebuilding of Paris (b. 1809)
  • 1901 – Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (b. 1866)
  • 1902 – Johnny Briggs, English cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1905 – Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • 1914 – Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named (b. 1842)
  • 1923 – King Constantine I of Greece (b. 1868)
  • 1928 – Thomas Hardy, English writer (b. 1840)
  • 1931 – James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • 1941 – Emanuel Lasker, German chess player (b. 1868)
  • 1944 – Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Benito Mussolini’s son-in-law (b. 1903)
  • 1947 – Eva Tanguay, Canadian-born singer and entertainer (b. 1879)
  • 1952 – Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, French general, posthumous Marshal of France (b. 1889)
  • 1952 – Aureliano Pertile, Italian tenor (b. 1885)
  • 1954 – Oscar Straus, Austrian composer (b. 1870)
  • 1957 – Sir Robert Garran, Australian lawyer and early leading expert in Australian constitutional law (b. 1867)
  • 1958 – Alec Rowley, English composer (b. 1892)
  • 1958 – Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1961 – Elena Gerhardt, German mezzo-soprano singer (b. 1883)
  • 1966 – Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish runner (b. 1889)
  • 1966 – Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (b. 1901)
  • 1966 – Lal Bahadur Shastri, third Prime Minister of independent India (b. 1904)
  • 1968 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Richmal Crompton, British author (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Padraic Colum, Irish poet, novelist, dramatist, biographer and collector of folklore (b. 1881)
  • 1975 – Max Lorenz, German heldentenor famous for Wagner roles (b. 1901)
  • 1978 – Ibn-e-Insha, Pakistani humorist and Urdu poet (b. 1927)
  • 1979 – Jack Soo, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1980 – Barbara Pym, English novelist (b. 1913)
  • 1981 – Beulah Bondi, American actress (b. 1888)
  • 1983 – Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator (b. 1894)
  • 1985 – Sir William McKell, Premier of New South Wales, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1891)
  • 1986 – Sid Chaplin, UK novelist (b. 1916)
  • 1987 – Albert Ferber, Swiss-English pianist (b. 1911)
  • 1988 – Florence Knapp, American, one-time oldest person in the world (b. 1873)
  • 1988 – Gregory “Pappy” Boyington, American WW II Marine aviator (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1905)
  • 1994 – Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician (b. 1902)
  • 1995 – Josef Gingold, Russian-American violinist (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (b. 1926)
  • 1999 – Naomi Mitchison, Scottish novelist and poet (b. 1897)
  • 1999 – Brian Moore, Irish-born writer (b. 1921)
  • 1999 – Fabrizio de André, Italian singer (b. 1940)
  • 2000 – Betty Archdale, Anglo-Australian educationalist and cricketer (b. 1907)
  • 2000 – Ivan Combe, American inventor (b. 1911)
  • 2000 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player (b. 1920)
  • 2001 – Sir Denys Lasdun, English architect (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Michael Williams, British actor, husband of Judi Dench (b. 1935)
  • 2002 – Henri Verneuil, French playwright and film director (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Struan Sutherland, Australian medical researcher (b. 1936)
  • 2003 – Richard Simmons, American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Maurice Pialat, French actor and director (b. 1925)
  • 2003 – Mickey Finn, English drummer (T. Rex) (b. 1947)
  • 2005 – Miriam Hyde, Australian composer (b. 1913)
  • 2005 – Spencer Dryden, American drummer (Jefferson Airplane) (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – James Griffin, American musician (Bread) (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Fabrizio Meoni, Italian motorcyclist (b. 1957)
  • 2006 – Markus Löffel (Mark Spoon), German DJ (b. 1966)
  • 2006 – Nixzmary Brown, American child abuse victim (b. 1998)
  • 2007 – Puchi Balseiro, Puerto Rican singer & songwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2007 – Robert Anton Wilson, American author (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Solveig Dommartin, French-German actress (b. 1961)
  • 2008 – Carl Karcher, founded the Carl’s Jr. hamburger chain (b. 1917)
  • 2008 – Sir Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer, the 1st person to climb Mt Everest in 1953 (b. 1919)

January 11 – Holidays:

  • Albania – Republic Day (1946)
  • Morocco – Independence Resistance Day
  • Nepal – Unity Day
  • Puerto Rico – Eugenio Maria de Hostos Day
  • Roman Empire – First day of Carmentalia in honor of Carmenta
  • Religious feast days:
    • Paulinus of Aquileia
    • Theodosius the Cenobiarch
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