On This Day in History January 19

January 19 – Events:

  • 1419 – Hundred Years’ War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy.
  • 1493 – France cedes Roussillon & Cerdagne to Spain by treaty of Barcelona.
  • 1511 – Mirandola surrenders to the French.
  • 1520 – Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
  • 1764 – John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel.
  • 1788 – Second group of ships of the First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay.
  • 1795 – Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands. End of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
  • 1806 – The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1812 – Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
  • 1817 – An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru.
  • 1825 – Ezra Daggett & nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans.
  • 1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust Part 1
  • 1839 – The British East India Company captures Aden.
  • 1840 – Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States.
  • 1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il Trovatore premieres in Rome.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs – The Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.
  • 1871 – Franco-Prussian War: Battle of St. Quentin is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
  • 1893 – Henrik Ibsen’s play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
  • 1898 – Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in first intercollegiate hockey game.
  • 1899 – Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed.
  • 1915 – Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising.
  • 1915 – World War I: German zeppelins bomb the cities of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.
  • 1917 – German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann sends the Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States.
  • 1917 – Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
  • 1918 – Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • 1920 – The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations.
  • 1935 – Coopers Inc. sells the world’s first briefs.
  • 1937 – Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
  • 1937 – Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 1939 – Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record 4.4 seconds.
  • 1941 – World War II: British troops attack Italian-held Eritrea.
  • 1942 – World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma.
  • 1945 – World War II: Soviet forces liberate the ghetto of Lódz. Out of 230,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived Nazi occupation.
  • 1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
  • 1949 – Cuba recognizes Israel.
  • 1952 – PGA approves allowing black participants.
  • 1953 – Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary.
  • 1953 – 68% of all television sets in the United States are tuned in to I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth.
  • 1955 – “The Millionaire” TV program premiers on CBS.
  • 1955 – First Presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower).
  • 1961 – First episode for “The Dick Van Dyke Show” is filmed.
  • 1966 – Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India.
  • 1969 – Student Jan Palach dies after setting himself on fire 3 days earlier in Prague’s Wenceslas Square to protest the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. His funeral turned into another major protest.
  • 1971 – The revival of No, No, Nanette premieres at the 46th Street Theatre, in New York City.
  • 1972 – Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, & Early Wynn elected to Hall of Fame.
  • 1974 – Notre Dame beats UCLA, ends NCAA-record 88-game basketball win streak.
  • 1975 – Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • 1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino (a.k.a. “Tokyo Rose”).
  • 1977 – Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • 1978 – The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW’s plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.
  • 1981 – Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.
  • 1983 – Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.
  • 1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
  • 1991 – The Party of the Alliance of Youth, Workers and Farmers of Angola is founded in Luanda, Angola.
  • 1992 – Decree time is restored in Russia after its previous abolition in March 1991.
  • 1997 – Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
  • 2006 – Terrorist blows himself up in Tel Aviv, killing only himself but injuring 20 people, one of them seriously.
  • 2006 – A Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crashes in Hungary.
  • 2006 – The New Horizons probe is launched by NASA on the first mission to Pluto.
  • 2006 – Jet Airways announces its purchase of Air Sahara, creating the largest domestic airline in India.

January 19 – Birthdays:

  • 399 – Pulcheria, Byzantine empress (d. 453)
  • 1544 – King Francis II of France (d. 1560)
  • 1736 – James Watt, Scottish inventor (d. 1819)
  • 1739 – Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
  • 1757 – Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • 1807 – Robert E. Lee, American Confederate general (d. 1870)
  • 1808 – Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)
  • 1809 – Edgar Allan Poe, American writer and poet (d. 1849)
  • 1813 – Sir Henry Bessemer, English inventor (d. 1898)
  • 1832 – Ferdinand Laub, Czech violinist (d. 1875)
  • 1833 – Alfred Clebsch, German mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1839 – Paul Cézanne, French painter (d. 1906)
  • 1848 – John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1851 – Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (d. 1922)
  • 1863 – Werner Sombart, German sociologist (d. 1941)
  • 1878 – Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • 1879 – Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1887 – Alexander Woollcott, American intellectual (d. 1943)
  • 1892 – Ólafur Thors, Icelandic politician (d. 1964)
  • 1905 – Stanley Hawes, British-born Australian film producer, director and administrator (d. 1991)
  • 1908 – Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1909 – Hans Hotter, German bass-baritone (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Leonid Kantorovich, Russian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1913 – Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • 1913 – “Minnesota Fats”, American billiards player (d. 1996)
  • 1914 – Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990)
  • 1917 – John Raitt, American singer and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1918 – John H. Johnson, American publisher (d. 2005)
  • 1920 – Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian United Nations Secretary General
  • 1921 – “Billy Batts” Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
  • 1921 – Patricia Highsmith, American author (d. 1995)
  • 1922 – Guy Madison, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 1923 – Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Jean Stapleton, American actress
  • 1924 – Nicholas Colasanto, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1924 – Jean-François Revel, French author (d. 2006)
  • 1926 – Fritz Weaver, American actor
  • 1930 – Tippi Hedren, American actress
  • 1931 – Robert MacNeil, Canadian journalist
  • 1932 – Richard Lester, British director
  • 1936 – Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh (d. 1981)
  • 1939 – Phil Everly, American musician
  • 1940 – Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • 1940 – Mike Reid, English comedian (d. 2007)
  • 1941 – Tony Anholt, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1941 – Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1942 – Michael Crawford, British singer and actor
  • 1943 – Janis Joplin, American singer (d. 1970)
  • 1943 – Petchara Chaowarat, Thai film actress
  • 1943 – Larry Clark, American film director
  • 1943 – Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
  • 1944 – Shelley Fabares, American actress
  • 1944 – Laurie London, English singer
  • 1944 – Peter Lynch, American investor
  • 1944 – Dan Reeves, American football coach
  • 1946 – Julian Barnes, English author
  • 1946 – Dolly Parton, American singer and actress
  • 1947 – Ann Compton, American news reporter
  • 1947 – Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1947 – Rod Evans, British musician (Deep Purple)
  • 1948 – Frank McKenna, Canadian politician
  • 1949 – Robert Palmer, English singer and guitarist (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Dennis Taylor, Northern Irish snooker player
  • 1950 – Sébastien Dhavernas, Quebec actor
  • 1950 – Grant Nordman, Canadian politician
  • 1951 – Dewey Bunnell, American singer and songwriter (America)
  • 1953 – Desi Arnaz, Jr., American actor
  • 1953 – Linda Hayden, English actress
  • 1953 – Richard Legendre, Canadian politician
  • 1954 – Ted DiBiase, American professional wrestler
  • 1954 – Katey Sagal, American actress
  • 1954 – Cindy Sherman, American artist
  • 1954 – Katharina Thalbach, German actress and film director
  • 1955 – Simon Rattle, English conductor
  • 1955 – Paul Rodriguez, Mexican-born actor and comedian
  • 1956 – Carman Licciardello, American Christian singer
  • 1957 – Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1962 – Hans Daams, Dutch cyclist
  • 1963 – Michael Adams, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Martin Bashir, Pakistani-born reporter
  • 1963 – Caron Wheeler, British singer (Soul II Soul)
  • 1964 – Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist
  • 1964 – Ricardo Arjona, Guatemalan singer
  • 1966 – Floris Jan Bovelander, Dutch field hockey player
  • 1966 – Sylvain Côté, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1966 – Stefan Edberg, Swedish tennis player
  • 1966 – Lena Philipsson, Swedish singer
  • 1967 – Javier Cámara, Spanish actor
  • 1969 – Edwidge Danticat, Haitian-born American author
  • 1969 – Predrag Mijatovic, Yugoslavian footballer
  • 1969 – Junior Seau, American football player
  • 1969 – Steve Staunton, Irish footballer
  • 1969 – Luc Longley, Australian basketball player
  • 1970 – Udo Suzuki, Japanese comedian
  • 1971 – Shawn Wayans, American actor and producer
  • 1971 – John Wozniak, American singer and songwriter (Marcy Playground)
  • 1972 – Joana Benedek, Mexican actress
  • 1972 – Elena Kaliská, Slovak slalom canoer
  • 1972 – Ron Killings, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1972 – Troy Wilson, Australian racing driver and AFL player
  • 1973 – Drea de Matteo, American actress
  • 1973 – Antero Manninen, Finnish Cellist
  • 1974 – Frank Caliendo, American comedian
  • 1974 – Ian Laperrière, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Jaime Moreno, Bolivian footballer
  • 1976 – Tarso Marques, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1977 – Lauren Etame Mayer, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1977 – Nicole, Chilean singer
  • 1977 – Cocco, Ryukyuan singer
  • 1979 – Svetlana Khorkina, Russian gymnast
  • 1979 – Josu Sarriegi, Spanish/Basque footballer
  • 1979 – Wiley, English Rapper (Grime)
  • 1980 – Jenson Button, English Formula One driver
  • 1981 – Asier Del Horno, Spanish footballer
  • 1981 – Lucho González, Argentine footballer
  • 1982 – Angela Chang, Taiwanese singer and actress
  • 1982 – Mike Komisarek, American ice hockey player
  • 1982 – Jodie Sweetin, American child actress
  • 1983 – Utada Hikaru, American-born Japanese singer and songwriter
  • 1984 – Karun Chandhok, Indian racing driver
  • 1984 – Thomas Vanek, Austrian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Benny Feilhaber, American soccer player
  • 1985 – Esteban Guerrieri, Argentine racing driver
  • 1985 – Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
  • 1987 – Edgar Manucharyan, Armenian footballer
  • 1991 – Erin Sanders, American child actress

January 19 – Deaths:

  • 639 – Dagobert I, King of the Franks (c. 603)
  • 1526 – Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (b. 1501)
  • 1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, English poet (b. 1517)
  • 1576 – Hans Sachs, German Meistersinger (b. 1494)
  • 1661 – Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)
  • 1729 – William Congreve, English playwright (b. 1670)
  • 1757 – Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1766 – Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni, Italian-born French architect and painter (b. 1695)
  • 1785 – Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1833 – Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold, French composer (b. 1791)
  • 1847 – Charles Bent, New Mexico pioneer (assassinated)
  • 1851 – Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
  • 1865 – Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1869 – Carl Reichenbach, German chemist and philosopher (b. 1788)
  • 1874 – August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben, German poet (b. 1798)
  • 1878 – Henri Victor Regnault French physicist and chemist (b. 1810)
  • 1905 – Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1927 – Empress Carlotta of Mexico (b. 1840)
  • 1929 – Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)
  • 1939 – Cliff Heathcote, American baseball player (b. 1898)
  • 1948 – Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • 1954 – Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (b. 1885)
  • 1957 – József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • 1964 – Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (b. 1886)
  • 1968 – Ray Harroun, American race car driver (b. 1879)
  • 1969 – Jan Palach, Czech student and political activist (suicide) (b. 1948)
  • 1971 – Harry Shields, American musician (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Michael Rabin, American violinist (b. 1936)
  • 1973 – Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Thomas Hart Benton, American painter (b. 1889)
  • 1980 – William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1898)
  • 1982 – Elis Regina, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
  • 1984 – Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1920)
  • 1990 – Rajneesh, Indian religious leader (b. 1931)
  • 1990 – Semprini, English musician (b. 1908)
  • 1990 – Herbert Wehner, German politician (b. 1906)
  • 1991 – John Russell, American actor (b. 1921)
  • 1991 – Marcel Chaput, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
  • 1995 – Gene MacLellan, Canadian composer and singer (b. 1938)
  • 1996 – Don Simpson, American film producer (b. 1943)
  • 1997 – James Dickey, American writer (b. 1923)
  • 1997 – Adriana Caselotti, American actress (b 1916)
  • 1998 – Carl Perkins, American guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 1999 – Ivan Francescato, Italian rugby union footballer (b. 1967)
  • 2000 – Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • 2000 – Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-born actress (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Dario Vittori, Argentinean actor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Françoise Giroud, French writer and journalist (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Harry E. Claiborne, American judge (suicide) (b. 1917)
  • 2004 – David Hookes, Australian cricketer and coach (b. 1955)
  • 2005 – Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – K. Sello Duiker, South African novelist (b. 1974)
  • 2006 – Anthony Franciosa, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2006 – Wilson Pickett, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 2006 – Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006 – Geoff Rabone, New Zealand cricket player (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Scott “Bam Bam” Bigelow, American professional wrestler (b. 1961)
  • 2007 – Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2007 – Denny Doherty, Canadian singer (The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1940)
  • 2007 – Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer and composer (b. 1969)
  • 2008 – Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (b. 1937)
  • 2008 – John Stewart, American musician (The Kingston Trio) (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Don Wittman, Canadian sportscaster for CBC (b. 1936)

January 19 – Holidays:

  • Confederate Heroes Day in Texas.
  • The Poe Toaster commemorates the birthday of Edgar Allan Poe at his grave in Baltimore.
  • Religious feasts:
    • Maris, Martha, Abachum and Audifax
    • Canute IV of Denmark
    • Henry of Uppsala
    • Wulfstan, Bishop of Worcester
    • Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy — Julian Calendar Theophany (Epiphany).
    • Mark of Ephesus feast day.
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