On This Day in History January 28

January 28 – Events:

  • 1077 – Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
  • 1521 – The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25.
  • 1547 – Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England.
  • 1573 – Articles of Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland.
  • 1754 – Horace Walpole, in a letter to Horace Mann, coins the word serendipity.
  • 1624 – Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.
  • 1724 – The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the
  • Great, and implemented in the Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.
  • 1760 – Pownal, Vermont created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants.
  • 1807 – London’s Pall Mall is first street lit by gaslight.
  • 1813 – Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom.
  • 1820 – Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovered the Antarctic continent approaching the Antarctic coast.
  • 1846 – Battle of Aliwal, India won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith.
  • 1848 – King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution.
  • 1851 – Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered.
  • 1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
  • 1860 – Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua.
  • 1871 – Franco-Prussian War: Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice.
  • 1878 – Yale Daily News becomes the first daily, college newspaper in the United States.
  • 1887 – In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported, being 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick.
  • 1902 – The Carnegie Institution is founded in Washington, DC with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie.
  • 1909 – United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish-American War.
  • 1915 – An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard.
  • 1916 – Louis D. Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court.
  • 1917 – Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
  • 1918 – Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • 1921 – A symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is installed beneath the Arc de Triomphe in Paris to honor the unknown dead of World War I.
  • 1922 – American Pro Football Association renamed “National Football League.”
  • 1922 – Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.’s biggest snowfall, causes the city’s greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theater collapses.
  • 1928 – Christopher Hornsrud chosen PM of Norway at age 101.
  • 1932 – Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
  • 1933 – The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
  • 1934 – The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont.
  • 1935 – Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
  • 1938 – The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by driver Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195.
  • 1945 – World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
  • 1953 – Derek Bentley hanged for a murder carried out by Christopher Craig.
  • 1958 – Charles Starkweather and Caril Ann Fugate begin their murder spree with the killings of her parents and infant sister.
  • 1958 – The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
  • 1958 – Construction began on first private thorium-uranium nuclear reactor.
  • 1959 – Soviet Union wins 62-37 for first international basketball loss by US.
  • 1960 – NFL announces Dallas Cowboys (1960) & Minnesota Vikings (1961) franchises.
  • 1961 – Republic of Rwanda proclaimed.
  • 1962 – Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives.
  • 1973 – “Barnaby Jones” premiers on CBS TV.
  • 1978 – “Fantasy Island” starring Ricardo Montalban premiers on ABC TV.
  • 1980 – USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
  • 1981 – Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut.
  • 1981 – William J. Casey becomes director of the CIA.
  • 1981 – Olympic Glory tanker at Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 1 million gallons of oil in a ship collision.
  • 1982 – US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity under the Red Brigades.
  • 1984 – Los Angeles Kings stop Wayne Gretsky 51 game scoring streak.
  • 1984 – Mr. Glynn Wolfe marries for non-bigamous record 26th time, Las Vegas.
  • 1984 – Record 295,000 dominoes toppled, Fuerth, West Germany
  • 1986 – Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission (Space Shuttle Challenger disaster) – Space Shuttle Challenger breaks apart after liftoff killing all seven astronauts onboard.
  • 1990 – Defending champion Ivan Lendl beats Stefan Edberg for Australian Open.
  • 1990 – East German agreement to form all-party government.
  • 1994 – The first trial of accused murderer Lyle Menendez ends in a mistrial. He and his brother Erik are later found guilty and sentenced to life in prison without parole.
  • 1998 – Gunmen hold at least 400 children and teachers hostage for several hours at an elementary school in Manila, Philippines.
  • 2002 – TAME Flight 120, a Boeing 727-100 crashes in the Andes mountains in southern Colombia killing 92.
  • 2004 – Lord Hutton publishes his report into the death of U.N. weapons inspector Dr. David Kelly.

January 28 – Birthdays:

  • 1225 – Saint Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274)
  • 1312 – Queen Joan II of Navarre (d. 1349)
  • 1457 – King Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
  • 1540 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German mathematician (d. 1610)
  • 1582 – John Barclay, Scottish writer (d. 1621)
  • 1600 – Pope Clement IX (d. 1669)
  • 1608 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
  • 1611 – Johannes Hevelius, astronomer (d. 1687)
  • 1622 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (d. 1691)
  • 1701 – Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
  • 1706 – John Baskerville, English printer (d. 1775)
  • 1712 – Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (d. 1761)
  • 1717 – Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774)
  • 1719 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and poet (d. 1749)
  • 1755 – Samuel Thomas von Sömmering, German physician (d. 1830)
  • 1784 – George Hamilton Gordon Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1860)
  • 1818 – George S. Boutwell, 20th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • 1822 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
  • 1833 – Charles George ‘Chinese’ Gordon, British soldier and administrator (d. 1885)
  • 1841 – Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh-born explorer and journalist (d. 1904)
  • 1853 – José Martí, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1895)
  • 1855 – William Seward Burroughs I, American inventor (d. 1898)
  • 1863 – Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • 1864 – Charles W. Nash, co-founder of Nash Motors, which would become American Motors as well as co-founder of Buick (d. 1948)
  • 1864 – Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer – inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
  • 1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
  • 1865 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
  • 1873 – Colette, French writer (d. 1954)
  • 1874 – Vsevolod Meyerhold, Russian theatre director (d. 1940)
  • 1879 – Francis Picabia, French-born painter and poet (d. 1953)
  • 1880 – Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (d. 1970)
  • 1884 – Auguste Piccard, Swiss physicist (d. 1962)
  • 1886 – Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Arthur Rubinstein, Polish pianist and conductor (d. 1982)
  • 1890 – Robert Stroud, American convict, the Birdman of Alcatraz (d. 1963)
  • 1891 – Bill Doak, American baseball player (d. 1954)
  • 1892 – Ernst Lubitsch, German-born film director (d. 1947)
  • 1897 – Valentin Kataev, Russian writer (d. 1986)
  • 1899 – Elias Simojoki, Finnish clergyman and politician (d. 1940)
  • 1903 – Aleksander Kaminski, Polish writer (d. 1978)
  • 1908 – Paul Misraki, French composer and songwriter (d. 1998)
  • 1909 – John Thomson, Scottish footballer (d. 1931)
  • 1910 – John Banner, Austrian actor (d. 1973)
  • 1910 – Arnold Moss, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1910 – Verda Bryant, American author
  • 1912 – Jackson Pollock, American painter (d. 1956)
  • 1918 – Harry Corbett, English puppeteer (Sooty) (d. 1989)
  • 1918 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1993)
  • 1927 – Ronnie Scott, British jazz tenor saxophonist and jazz club owner (d. 1996)
  • 1927 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (d. 2001)
  • 1929 – Acker Bilk, English jazz clarinetist
  • 1929 – Claes Oldenburg, Swedish-born artist
  • 1933 – Jack Hill, American film director
  • 1934 – Juan Manuel Bordeu, Argentine racing driver (d. 1990)
  • 1934 – Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor (d. 1970)
  • 1935 – David Lodge, English author
  • 1936 – Ismail Kadare, Albanian writer
  • 1936 – Alan Alda, American actor, writer, and director
  • 1938 – Leonid Zhabotynsky, Ukrainian weightlifter
  • 1940 – Carlos Slim Helú, Mexican businessman
  • 1941 – Joel Crothers, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 1943 – Paul Henderson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1943 – Dick Taylor, English musician (The Rolling Stones and The Pretty Things)
  • 1944 – Susan Howard, American actress
  • 1944 – John Tavener, English composer
  • 1945 – Robert Wyatt, English musician
  • 1948 – Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer
  • 1948 – Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • 1949 – Gregg Popovich, NBA Basketball Coach
  • 1950 – Barbi Benton, American actress
  • 1950 – Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah, King of Bahrain
  • 1951 – Brian Bilbray, American politician
  • 1951 – Leonid Kadeniuk, Ukrainian cosmonaut
  • 1953 – Colin Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
  • 1953 – Chris Carter, English musician (Throbbing Gristle, Chris & Cosey)
  • 1954 – Rick Warren, American pastor and author
  • 1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France
  • 1957 – Frank Skinner English comedian
  • 1957 – Mark Napier, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1959 – Frank Darabont, American filmmaker
  • 1959 – Burkhard Dallwitz, German-born composer
  • 1959 – Randi Rhodes, Air America radio personality
  • 1959 – Dave Sharp, Welsh guitarist (The Alarm)
  • 1960 – Robert von Dassanowsky, American cultural historian, writer, and producer
  • 1961 – Normand Rochefort, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1962 – Keith Hamilton Cobb, American actor
  • 1962 – Sam Phillips, American singer
  • 1963 – Dan Spitz, American musician, guitarist for Anthrax
  • 1965 – Lynda Boyd, American actress
  • 1968 – Sarah McLachlan, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1968 – DJ Muggs, American musician (Cypress Hill)
  • 1968 – Rakim, born William Michael Griffin Jr., American rapper
  • 1969 – Kathryn Morris, American actress
  • 1969 – Mo Rocca, American writer and comedian
  • 1969 – Linda Sanchez, American politician
  • 1971 – Anthony Hamilton, American soul singer
  • 1972 – Nicky Southall, English footballer
  • 1974 – Tony Delk, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Jermaine Dye, American baseball player
  • 1974 – Magglio Ordóñez, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1975 – David Zingler, American writer
  • 1975 – Anne Montminy, Canadian Olympic diver
  • 1975 – Lee Latchford-Evans, English singer
  • 1975 – Junior Spivey, American baseball player
  • 1975 – Terri Colombino, American Actress
  • 1976 – Mark Madsen, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Jarrod Montague, American drummer (Taproot)
  • 1976 – Lee Ingleby, British actor
  • 1976 – Miltiadis Sapanis, Greek footballer
  • 1976 – Emiko Kado, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • 1977 – Daunte Culpepper, American football player
  • 1977 – Joey Fatone, American singer (*NSYNC)
  • 1977 – Matt DeVries, American guitarist (Chimaira)
  • 1977 – Takuma Sato, Japanese Formula One driver
  • 1977 – Lyle Overbay, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Gianluigi Buffon, Italian footballer
  • 1978 – Jamie Carragher, English footballer
  • 1978 – Papa Bouba Diop, Senegalese footballer
  • 1979 – Pixie, English model
  • 1979 – Ali Boulala, Swedish skateboarder
  • 1980 – Nick Carter, American singer (Backstreet Boys)
  • 1980 – Jesse James Hollywood, American drug dealer and fugitive
  • 1981 – Rick Razzano, American football player
  • 1981 – Elijah Wood, American actor
  • 1984 – Andre Iguodala, American basketball player
  • 1985 – Arnold Mvuemba, French footballer
  • 1986 – Jessica Ennis, English heptathlete
  • 1986 – Shruti Haasan, Indian actress
  • 1987 – Sophia Larkin, English artist
  • 1988 – Henry Mortensen (actor), American actor

January 28 – Deaths:

  • 814 – Charlemagne (b. 742)
  • 1061 – Duke Spytihnev II of Bohemia (b. 1031)
  • 1271 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)
  • 1443 – Robert le Maçon, Chancellor of France
  • 1547 – King Henry VIII of England (b. 1491)
  • 1596 – Sir Francis Drake, English explorer and soldier
  • 1599 – Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (b. 1547)
  • 1613 – Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)
  • 1621 – Pope Paul V (b. 1550)
  • 1681 – Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
  • 1672 – Pierre Séguier, Chancellor of France (b. 1588)
  • 1687 – Johannes Hevelius, Polish astronomer (b. 1611)
  • 1697 – John Fenwick, English conspirator
  • 1725 – Tsar Peter I of Russia, (b. 1672)
  • 1754 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian and writer (b. 1684)
  • 1832 – Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (b. 1769)
  • 1859 – Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1782)
  • 1864 – Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • 1903 – Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
  • 1912 – Gustave de Molinari, Belgian economist (b. 1819)
  • 1915 – Nikolay Umov, Russian physicist (b. 1846)
  • 1918 – John McCrae, Canadian poet (b. 1872)
  • 1935 – Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (b. 1859)
  • 1937 – Anastasios Metaxas, Greek architect and shooter (b. 1862)
  • 1938 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German racecar driver (b. 1909)
  • 1939 – William Butler Yeats, Irish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1865)
  • 1947 – Reynaldo Hahn, French composer (b. 1875)
  • 1949 – Jean-Pierre Wimille, French race car driver (b. 1908)
  • 1950 – Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (b. 1883)
  • 1951 – Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, president of Finland (b.1867)
  • 1953 – James Scullin, 9th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1876)
  • 1953 – Derek Bentley (b. 1933) (executed)
  • 1960 – Zora Neale Hurston, American author (b. 1891)
  • 1963 – Gustave Garrigou, French cyclist (b. 1884)
  • 1965 – Tich Freeman, English cricketer (b. 1888)
  • 1965 – Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)
  • 1971 – Donald Winnicott, British psychoanalyst (b. 1896)
  • 1973 – John Banner, Austrian actor (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Billy Fury, British singer (b. 1940)
  • 1983 – Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1890)
  • 1986 – Crew of Space Shuttle Challenger:
    • Greg Jarvis (b. 1944)
    • Christa McAuliffe (b. 1948)
    • Ronald McNair (b. 1950)
    • Ellison Onizuka (b. 1946)
    • Judith Resnik (b. 1949)
    • Francis R. Scobee (b. 1939)
    • Michael J. Smith (b. 1945)
  • 1988 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Red Grange, American football player (b. 1903)
  • 1994 – Hal Smith, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Laureate (b. 1940)
  • 1996 – Jerry Siegel, American cartoonist (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Burne Hogarth, American cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 1999 – Markey Robinson, Irish painter (b. 1918)
  • 1999 – Torgny T:son Segerstedt, Swedish sociologist and philosopher (b. 1908)
  • 2001 – Curt Blefary, American baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2002 – Astrid Lindgren, Swedish author (b. 1907)
  • 2004 – Lloyd M. Bucher, U.S. Navy officer (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – Don Cholito, Puerto Rican radio host (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Elroy Hirsch, American football player (b. 1923)
  • 2004 – Don Stansauk, American professional wrestler (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Joe Viterelli, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 2005 – Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – Karen Lancaume, French actress (suicide) (b. 1973)
  • 2005 – Jacques Villeret, French actor (b. 1951)
  • 2006 – Yitzchak Kaduri, rabbi (b. around 1900)
  • 2006 – Henry McGee, English comedian (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Carlo Clerici, Swiss professional road racing cyclist (b. 1929)
  • 2007 – Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2007 – Karel Svoboda, Czech composer of popular music (b. 1938)
  • 2007 – Hsu Wei Lun, Taiwanese actress (b. 1978)
  • 2007 – Yelena Romanova, Russian athlete (b. 1963)
  • 2007 – Emma Tillman, the world’s oldest living person from January 24-28, 2007 (b. 1892)
  • 2008 – Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Bengt Lindström, Swedish artist (b. 1925)

January 28 – Holidays:

  • Catholicism – Feast day of St. Thomas Aquinas
  • World Leprosy Day
Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s