On This Day in History February 3

February 3 – Events:

  • 1112 – Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
  • 1377 – more than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath).
  • 1451 – Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1488 – Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
  • 1509 – The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.
  • 1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
  • 1706 – During the Battle of Fraustadt Swedish forces defeat a superior Saxon-Polish-Russian force by deploying a double envelopment.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
  • 1787 – Shays’ Rebellion is crushed.
  • 1807 – A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • 1809 – The Illinois Territory is created.
  • 1830 – The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
  • 1834 – Wake Forest University is established.
  • 1836 – Whig Party holds its first national convention, Albany NY.
  • 1855 – Wisconsin Supreme Court declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional.
  • 1860 – Thomas Clemson takes office as first US superintendent of agriculture.
  • 1865 – Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse.
  • 1867 – Emperor Meiji becomes the 122nd emperor of Japan.
  • 1870 – The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of race.
  • 1900 – Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • 1908 – Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • 1908 – Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • 1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.
  • 1916 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
  • 1917 – World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the former announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 1918 – The Twin Peaks Tunnel (San Francisco, CA) begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
  • 1923 – The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
  • 1930 – The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.
  • 1931 – The Hawke’s Bay earthquake, New Zealand’s worst natural disaster, kills 258.
  • 1941 – World War II: Nazi Germany forcibly restores Pierre Laval to office in occupied Vichy, France.
  • 1944 – World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1945 – World War II: The Soviet Union agrees to enter the Pacific Theatre conflict against Japan.
  • 1945 – World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17’s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin.
  • 1947 – The lowest temperature in North America is recorded in Snag, Yukon, Alaska (-81 degrees F).
  • 1957 – Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS).
  • 1958 – Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
  • 1959 – A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper.
  • 1962 – President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs.
  • 1964 – Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools.
  • 1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
  • 1966 – First operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched (US).
  • 1967 – Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
  • 1969 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
  • 1972 – 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (first in Asia).
  • 1979 – Minnesota Twins trade Rod Carew to California for 4 players.
  • 1982 – John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours.
  • 1982 – Porn star John Holmes ordered to stand trial for murder.
  • 1984 – First baby conceived by embryo transplant born in Long Beach, California.
  • 1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts, Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make first untethered spacewalks using the Manned Maneuvering Unit.
  • 1988 – Iran-Contra Affair: The United States House of Representatives rejects President Ronald Reagan’s request for $36.25 million to aid Nicaraguan Contras.
  • 1989 – After a stroke, P.W. Botha resigns party leadership and the presidency of South Africa.
  • 1989 – A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
  • 1990 – Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse races
  • 1991 – The Italian Communist Party dissolves and splits into the Democratic Party of the Left and the Communist Refoundation Party.
  • 1998 – Cavalese cable-car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
  • 1999 – In Jammu and Kashmir the political party Democratic Janata Dal (Jammu and Kashmir) is revived.
  • 2007 – A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.

February 3 – Birthdays:

  • 1338 – Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
  • 1677 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
  • 1690 – Richard Rawlinson, English minister (d. 1755)
  • 1721 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
  • 1747 – Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)
  • 1795 – Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
  • 1807 – Joseph E. Johnston, Confederate general (d. 1891)
  • 1808 – Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar, Princess of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1809 – Felix Mendelssohn, German composer (d. 1847)
  • 1811 – Horace Greeley, American journalist, editor, and publisher (d. 1872)
  • 1817 – Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
  • 1821 – Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (d. 1910)
  • 1824 – Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
  • 1830 – Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister
  • of the United Kingdom (d. 1903)
  • 1842 – Sidney Lanier, American writer (d. 1881)
  • 1843 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American-born railway pioneer and executive (d. 1915)
  • 1859 – Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
  • 1862 – James Clark McReynolds, American Supreme Court Justice (d. 1946)
  • 1872 – Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934)
  • 1874 – Gertrude Stein, American writer (d. 1946)
  • 1876 – William Tedmarsh, silent movie actor (d. 1937)
  • 1887 – Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • 1887 – Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (d. 1914)
  • 1889 – Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish film director, (d. 1968)
  • 1893 – Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1894 – Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1898 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (d. 1976)
  • 1899 – Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
  • 1899 – João Café Filho, Brazilian president (m.1970)
  • 1899 – Doris Speed, English actress (d.1994)
  • 1904 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (d. 1975)
  • 1904 – Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934)
  • 1905 – Arne Beurling, American mathematician(d. 1986)
  • 1907 – James Michener, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1909 – Simone Weil, French philosopher (d. 1943)
  • 1909 – André Cayatte, French filmmaker (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – Jehan Alain, French organist and composer (d. 1940)
  • 1912 – Jacques Soustelle, French anthropologist (d. 1990)
  • 1913 – Richard Seaman, British racing driver (d. 1939)
  • 1918 – Joey Bishop, American entertainer, member of the Rat Pack (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Helen Stephens, American runner (d. 1994)
  • 1920 – Henry Heimlich, American physician
  • 1920 – Tony Gaze, Australian racing driver
  • 1923 – Alys Robi, Quebec singer
  • 1924 – E. P. Thompson, English socialist historian, (The Making of the English Working Class), (d.1993)
  • 1924 – Martial Asselin, French Canadian politician and lieutenant governor of Quebec
  • 1925 – John Fiedler, American voice actor (d. 2005)
  • 1925 – Keith Dunstan, Australian author and journalist
  • 1925 – Leon Schlumpf, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1926 – Shelley Berman, American comedian
  • 1926 – Hans-Jochen Vogel, German politician
  • 1927 – Val Doonican, Irish singer and entertainer
  • 1927 – Joan Lowery Nixon, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Kenneth Anger, American Underground Filmmaker
  • 1930 – Gillian Ayres, English painter
  • 1932 – Peggy Ann Garner, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1933 – Paul Sarbanes, American politician
  • 1938 – Victor Buono, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1938 – Emile Griffith, US Virgin Islands professional boxer
  • 1939 – Michael Cimino, American film director
  • 1940 – Fran Tarkenton, American football player
  • 1941 – Neil Bogart, American record executive (d. 1982)
  • 1943 – Blythe Danner, American actress
  • 1943 – Dennis Edwards, American singer (The Temptations)
  • 1943 – Shawn Phillips, American singer, guitarist and songwriter
  • 1944 – Trisha Noble, Australian singer and actress
  • 1945 – Bob Griese, American football player
  • 1945 – Johnny Cymbal, American singer and songwriter (d. 1993)
  • 1947 – Paul Auster, American novelist
  • 1947 – Dave Davies, British musician (The Kinks)
  • 1947 – Stephen McHattie, Canadian actor
  • 1947 – Melanie Safka, American singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo, East Timor politician, Nobel Peace laureate
  • 1948 – Henning Mankell, Swedish author
  • 1949 – Hennie Kuiper, Dutch cyclist
  • 1949 – Arthur Kane, American musician
  • 1950 – Morgan Fairchild, American actress
  • 1951 – Eugenijus Riabovas, Lithuanian football manager
  • 1952 – Fred Lynn, American baseball player
  • 1953 – Savvas Tsitouridis, Greek politician
  • 1954 – Tiger Williams, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1955 – Stephen Euin Cobb, American novelist
  • 1955 – Kirsty Wark, British broadcast journalist
  • 1956 – Nathan Lane, American actor
  • 1956 – John Jefferson, American football player
  • 1956 – Lee Ranaldo, American musician (Sonic Youth)
  • 1957 – Chico Serra, Brazilian racing driver
  • 1957 – Steven Stapleton, British musician (Nurse With Wound)
  • 1958 – N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist
  • 1959 – Thomas Calabro, American actor
  • 1959 – Laurence Tolhurst, British musician (The Cure)
  • 1959 – Yasuharu Konishi, Japanese musician (Pizzicato Five)
  • 1960 – Kerry Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1993)
  • 1961 – Keith Gordon, American actor
  • 1961 – Jay Adams, American skateboarder
  • 1962 – Michele Greene, American actress
  • 1965 – Maura Tierney, American actress
  • 1965 – Karlous Marx Shinohamba, Namibian politician
  • 1966 – Frank Coraci, American film director
  • 1967 – Bob Taylor, English footballer
  • 1968 – Vlade Divac, National Basketball Association player
  • 1969 – Retief Goosen, professional golfer
  • 1970 – Warwick Davis, British actor
  • 1970 – Oscar Cordoba, Colombian footballer
  • 1971 – Elisa Donovan, American actress
  • 1971 – Sarah Kane, English playwright (d. 1999)
  • 1971 – Hong Seok-cheon, South Korean actor
  • 1971 – Sean Dawkins, former National Football League wide receiver
  • 1972 – Mart Poom, Estonian football player
  • 1973 – Ilana Sod, Mexican journalist
  • 1974 – Miriam Yeung, Hong Kong actress
  • 1974 – Konrad Galka, Polish swimmer
  • 1976 – Mathieu Dandenault, Canadian hockey player
  • 1976 – Isla Fisher, Australian actress
  • 1976 – Dwayne Rudd, American football player
  • 1977 – Daddy Yankee , reggaeton singer/rapper.
  • 1978 – Adrian R’Mante, American actor
  • 1978 – Eliza Schneider, American actress and singer
  • 1980 – Sarah Lewitinn, American writer
  • 1981 – Maurice Ross, Scottish footballer
  • 1982 – Jessica Harp, American singer (The Wreckers)
  • 1982 – Alan Gurr, Australian V8 Supercar driver
  • 1983 – Richard Bartel, National Football League quarterback
  • 1983 – Silambarasan Rajendar,famous south Indian actor
  • 1989 – Ryne Sanborn, American actor
  • 1989 – Slobodan Rajkovic, Serbian footballer
  • 1990 – Sean Kingston, American reggae rapper
  • 1991 – Adrian Quaife-Hobbs, British racing driver

February 3 – Deaths:

  • 619 – Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 699 – Saint Werburgh
  • 1014 – King Sweyn I of Denmark
  • 1116 – King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
  • 1399 – John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (b. 1340)
  • 1428 – Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
  • 1451 – Murad II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1404)
  • 1468 – Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher
  • 1566 – George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • 1619 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
  • 1737 – Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
  • 1802 – Pedro Rodríguez, Conde de Campomanes, Spanish statesman (b. 1723)
  • 1832 – George Crabbe, English naturalist (b. 1754)
  • 1862 – Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (b. 1774)
  • 1866 – François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
  • 1874 – Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
  • 1889 – Belle Starr, American outlaw (b. 1848)
  • 1922 – John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
  • 1924 – Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, Nobel laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1929 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)
  • 1935 – Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
  • 1936 – Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 1945 – Roland Freisler, Nazi leader (b. 1893)
  • 1947 – Marc Mitscher, American Navy Admiral (b. 1887)
  • 1956 – Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1956 – Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1959 – Also known as The Day the Music Died because of the deaths of:
    • Buddy Holly, American singer (b. 1936)
    • Ritchie Valens, American singer (b. 1941)
    • J.P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson, American singer (b. 1930)
  • 1960 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (b. 1921)
  • 1964 – Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
  • 1967 – Joe Meek, English record producer (b. 1929)
  • 1969 – Eduardo Mondlane Mozambique independence founder (b. 1920)
  • 1975 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian singer (b. 1904)
  • 1985 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – John Cassavetes, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Lionel Newman, American movie music orchestra leader, composer and arranger (b. 1916)
  • 1991 – Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
  • 1991 – Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)
  • 1993 – Paul Emery, British racing driver (b. 1916)
  • 1996 – Audrey Meadows, American actress (b. 1926)
  • 1998 – Karla Faye Tucker, American murderer (b. 1959)
  • 2000 – Richard Kleindienst, American politician (b. 1923)
  • 2003 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (b. 1962)
  • 2004 – Jason Raize, American musical theatre actor (b. 1975)
  • 2005 – Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)
  • 2005 – Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)
  • 2005 – Zurab Zhvania, Prime Minister of Georgia (b. 1963)
  • 2006 – Al Lewis, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Pedro Knight, Cuban-American musician, husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz (b. 1921)
  • 2007 – Ralph de Toledano, Moroccan-born American political columnist and author (b. 1916)
  • 2007 – George Becker, American president of United Steelworkers (1993–2001) (b. 1928)
  • 2008 – Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)

February 3 – Holidays :

  • Japan – the festival of Setsubun before spring.
  • Mozambique – Heroes’ Day.
  • United States – Four Chaplains Day.
  • United States – the earliest calendar day that Mardi Gras can occur.
  • Liturgical feasts:
    • Saint Blaise, Catholics visit churches to have their throats blessed.
    • Aaron the Illustrious, saint of the Syriac Orthodox Church
    • Saint Ansgar, patron saint of Denmark
    • Saint Hadelin
    • Saint Werburgh
    • Saint Berlindis
    • Saint Nona
    • Saint Celsa
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