On This Day in History February 7

February 7 – Events:

  • 457 – Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1074 – Battle of Montesarchio in which the prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV, is killed battling the encroaching Normans.
  • 1238 – The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir.
  • 1301 – Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales.
  • 1795 – The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
  • 1807 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Eylau – Napoléon’s French Empire begins fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at Eylau, Poland.
  • 1812 – The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri.
  • 1819 – Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles leaves Singapore after just taking it over, leaving it in the hands of William Farquhar.
  • 1827 – Ballet introduced to US at Bowery Theatre (New York City)
  • 1836 – “Sketches by Boz” (essays) published by Charles Dickens.
  • 1839 – Henry Clay declares in Senate “I had rather be right than President.”
  • 1842 – Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien.
  • 1856 – The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the first piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.
  • 1863 – HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • 1882 – The last heavyweight boxing championship bare-knuckle fight takes place in Mississippi City, Mississippi: John L. Sullivan KO’s Paddy Ryan.
  • 1891 – Great Blizzard of 1891 begins.
  • 1894 – The Cripple Creek miner’s strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • 1898 – Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J’Accuse.
  • 1900 – Labour Party forms in England.
  • 1904 – A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings and 80 blocks in 30 hours.
  • 1928 – First solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler).
  • 1934 – First contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Mississippi.
  • 1936 – A flag is authorized for the Vice President of the USA.
  • 1940 – British railroads nationalized.
  • 1940 – Walt Disney’s “Pinocchio” released.
  • 1942 – First indoor 15′ pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15′ 3/8″).
  • 1944 – World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle.
  • 1948 – Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower resigned as Army chief of staff and was succeeded by Gen. Omar Bradley.
  • 1949 – Joe DiMaggio becomes first $100,000/year baseball player (NY Yankees).
  • 1956 – Autherine Lucy, first black admitted to University of Alabama, is expelled.
  • 1962 – Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine (Voelklingen, Germany) kills 298.
  • 1962 – The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports.
  • 1964 – The Beatles arrive at JFK International Airport to begin their first tour of the United States.
  • 1967 – A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.
  • 1969 – The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service.
  • 1971 – Women win the right to vote in Switzerland.
  • 1974 – Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979 – Pluto moves inside Neptune’s orbit for the first time since either was discovered.
  • 1979 – The final session of the Iranian National Consultative Assembly is held.
  • 1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU).
  • 1986 – Twenty-eight years of one-family rule end in Haiti, when President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees the Caribbean nation.
  • 1987 – Madonna’s “Open Your Heart,” single goes #1.
  • 1988 – Heavyweight boxing champ Mike Tyson marries actress Robin Givens.
  • 1990 – Collapse of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power.
  • 1991 – Haiti’s first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in.
  • 1991 – The IRA launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
  • 1992 – The Maastricht Treaty is signed, leading to the creation of the European Union.
  • 1995 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • 1999 – Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein.
  • 2000 – Bahria University is established through Presidential Ordinance No. V of 2000 by the Government of Pakistan.

February 7 – Birthdays:

  • 1102 – Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)
  • 1478 – Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)
  • 1612 – Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (d. 1683)
  • 1693 – Empress Anna of Russia (d. 1740)
  • 1804 – John Deere, American manufacturer (Deere & Company) (d. 1886)
  • 1812 – Charles Dickens, English novelist (d. 1870)
  • 1842 – Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1837 – Sir James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (d. 1915)
  • 1867 – Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (d. 1957)
  • 1870 – Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (d. 1937)
  • 1877 – Godfrey Harold Hardy, English mathematician (d. 1947)
  • 1885 – Sinclair Lewis, American writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1951)
  • 1885 – Hugo Sperrle, German field marshal (d. 1953)
  • 1887 – Eubie Blake, American musician and composer (d. 1983)
  • 1889 – Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Ann Little, American actress (d. 1984)
  • 1895 – Anita Stewart, American film actress (d. 1961)
  • 1898 – Dock Boggs, American musician (d. 1971)
  • 1905 – Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1983)
  • 1905 – Paul Nizan, French author (d. 1940)
  • 1906 – Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 – Puyi, Emperor of China (d. 1967)
  • 1907 – Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)
  • 1908 – Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (d. 1983)
  • 1909 – Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
  • 1912 – Russell Drysdale, Australian Artist {d. 1981}
  • 1914 – Ramón Mercader, Spanish assassin of Leon Trotsky (d. 1978)
  • 1915 – Eddie Bracken, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1915 – Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Markey Robinson, Northern Irish painter (d. 1999)
  • 1920 – An Wang, Chinese-born computer pioneer (d. 1990)
  • 1922 – Hattie Jacques, English actress (d. 1980)
  • 1926 – Konstantin Feoktistov, cosmonaut
  • 1927 – Juliette Greco, French singer and actor
  • 1927 – Vladimir Kuts, Russian runner (d. 1975)
  • 1932 – Gay Talese, American author
  • 1932 – Al Worden, American astronaut
  • 1933 – John Anderton, English footballer
  • 1934 – Earl King, American musician (d. 2003)
  • 1934 – Eddie Fenech Adami, President of Malta
  • 1934 – King Curtis, American saxophonist (d. 1971)
  • 1937 – Juan Pizarro, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • 1938 – S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
  • 1941 – Peter Foxhall, Australian evangelist
  • 1943 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
  • 1945 – Gerald Davies, Welsh rugby player
  • 1945 – Pete Postlethwaite, English actor
  • 1945 – Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • 1946 – Hector Babenco, Brazilian film director
  • 1947 – Joe Shea, American journalist
  • 1949 – Joe English (musician), American drummer
  • 1949 – Paulo César Carpegiani, Brazilian footballer and coach
  • 1951 – Benny Ayala, baseball player
  • 1952 – Vasco Rossi, Italian singer
  • 1953 – Dan Quisenberry, baseball player (d. 1998)
  • 1954 – Dieter Bohlen German composer
  • 1954 – Brian Morton, Scottish writer
  • 1955 – Rolf Benirschke, American football player
  • 1955 – Mario Coutinho, Brazilian physician
  • 1955 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor
  • 1956 – Emo Philips, American comedian
  • 1956 – Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss) (d. 2007)
  • 1957 – Carney Lansford, American baseball player
  • 1957 – Richard Cook, British jazz writer (d. 2007)
  • 1960 – James Spader, American actor
  • 1962 – Garth Brooks, American singer
  • 1962 – Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian
  • 1962 – David Bryan, American musician (Bon Jovi)
  • 1965 – Jason Gedrick, American actor
  • 1965 – Chris Rock, American comedian and actor
  • 1967 – Richie Burnett, Welsh darts player
  • 1967 – Cheung Man, Hong Kong actress
  • 1968 – Peter Bondra, Ukrainian-born hockey player
  • 1968 – Sully Erna, American singer (Godsmack)
  • 1969 – Yves Racine, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Essence Atkins, American actress
  • 1972 – Alex Bassi, American race car driver
  • 1972 – Robyn Lively, American actress
  • 1973 – Juwan Howard, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Steve Nash, Canadian basketball player
  • 1974 – J Dilla, American hip-hop producer (d. 2006)
  • 1974 – Emma McLaughlin, American novelist
  • 1975 – Wes Borland, American guitarist (Limp Bizkit)
  • 1975 – Alexandre Daigle, National Hockey League player
  • 1976 – Sreto Ristic, German footballer
  • 1977 – Paul Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1978 – Ashton Kutcher, American actor
  • 1978 – Daniel Van Buyten, Belgian international footballer
  • 1978 – Endy Chávez, baseball player
  • 1978 – David Aebischer, National Hockey League goaltender
  • 1979 – Cerina Vincent, American actress
  • 1979 – Jon Leicester, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Christian Klien, Austrian racing driver
  • 1983 – Teshome Getu, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1983 – Georgios Gougoulias, Greek footballer
  • 1985 – Tina Majorino, American actress
  • 1985 – Clara Bryant, American actress
  • 1986 – Deanna Casaluce, Canadian actress
  • 1988 – Ai Kago, Japanese singer
  • 1988 – Matthew Stafford, American college football player
  • 1989 – Louisa Lytton – British Actress
  • 1990 – Steven Stamkos, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1991 – Rachel Sibner, American actress
  • 1992 – Maimi Yajima, Japanese singer
  • 1992 – Miguel Andres Matienzo Guerra, Mexican athlete
  • 1993 – David Dorfman, American actor
  • 1993 – Philip Wiegratz, German actor
  • 1996 – Mai Hagiwara, Japanese singer

February 7 – Deaths:

  • 999 – Boleslaus II of Bohemia
  • 1045 – Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (b. 1009)
  • 1317 – Robert, Count of Clermont, French founder of the House of Bourbon (b. 1256)
  • 1560 – Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)
  • 1626 – William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • 1642 – William Bedell, English clergyman (b. 1571)
  • 1652 – Gregorio Allegri, Italian composer (b. 1582)
  • 1690 – William Morice, English royalist statesman
  • 1693 – Paul Pellisson, French writer (b. 1624)
  • 1736 – Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)
  • 1779 – William Boyce, English composer (b. 1711)
  • 1799 – Qianlong, Emperor of China (b. 1711)
  • 1801 – Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1823 – Ann Radcliffe, English novelist (b. 1764)
  • 1837 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (b. 1778)
  • 1839 – Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
  • 1871 – Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)
  • 1873 – Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (b. 1814)
  • 1878 – Pope Pius IX (b. 1792)
  • 1897 – Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (b. 1847)
  • 1919 – William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1841)
  • 1920 – Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (b. 1874)
  • 1937 – Elihu Root, American statesman and diplomat, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1938 – Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer (b. 1868)
  • 1939 – Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1942 – Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (b. 1876)
  • 1944 – Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Nap Lajoie, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • 1959 – Guitar Slim, American blues guitarist (b. 1926)
  • 1960 – Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist (b. 1903)
  • 1962 – Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (b. 1886)
  • 1963 – Learco Guerra, Italian cyclist (b. 1902)
  • 1964 – Sophoklis Venizelos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1894)
  • 1968 – Nick Adams, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1979 – Dr. Josef Mengele, German, accused Nazi war criminal (b. 1911)
  • 1980 – Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (b. 1904)
  • 1981 – Frederika of Hanover, Queen of Greece (b. 1917)
  • 1985 – Matt Monro, English singer (b. 1932)
  • 1986 – Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegalese historian (b. 1923)
  • 1990 – Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines,
  • World War II hero (b. 1905)
  • 1990 – Jimmy Van Heusen, American songwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
  • 1991 – Jean-Paul Mousseau, Quebec painter, member of Les Automatistes (b. 1927)
  • 1992 – Buzz Sawyer, wrestler (b. 1959)
  • 1994 – Witold Lutoslawski, Polish composer (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Stephen Milligan, British journalist and politician (b. 1948)
  • 1996 – Phillip Davidson, US Army general (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Lawrence Sanders, American author (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – King Hussein of Jordan (b. 1935)
  • 1999 – José Silva, author of Silva Method and the Silva UltraMind ESP System (b. 1914)
  • 1999 – Bobby Troup, American musician and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2000 – Big Pun, Puerto Rican-American rapper (b. 1971)
  • 2000 – Doug Henning, Canadian magician (b. 1947)
  • 2000 – Dave Peverett, English musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown) (b. 1943)
  • 2001 – Dale Evans, American actress and singer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 – Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and aviator (b. 1906)
  • 2002 – Jack Fairman, British racing driver (b. 1913)
  • 2003 – Augusto Monterroso, Guatemalan author (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – John Reading, Mayor of Oakland, California (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Bob Turner, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1934)
  • 2006 – Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Tamara Desni, German-born British actress (b. 1913)

February 7 – Holidays:

  • International Men’s Day in Malta.
  • Blessed Eugenia Smet (d. 1871)
  • Blessed Pope Pius IX (d.1878)
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