On This Day in History February 13

February 13-Events

  • 1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
  • 1503 – Disfida di Barletta – Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.
  • 1542 – Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
  • 1575 – Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims.
  • 1575 – Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.
  • 1633 – Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.
  • 1635 – The first public school in the U.S., Boston Latin School, is founded.
  • 1668 – Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation.
  • 1689 – William and Mary are proclaimed co-rulers of England.
  • 1692 – Massacre of Glencoe : About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
  • 1815 – The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
  • 1866 – Jesse James and his gang commit the first armed bank robbery in United States history during peacetime in Liberty, Missouri.
  • 1880 – Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels’s primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
  • 1880 – Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
  • 1881 – The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
  • 1894 – Auguste and Louis Lumière patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
  • 1899 – Tallahassee, Florida records its all time coldest temperature of -2 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • 1914 – Copyright: In New York City the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
  • 1920 – The Negro National League is formed.
  • 1934 – The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1935 – A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1945 – World War II: Red Army forces take Budapest, Hungary from Wehrmacht forces.
  • 1945 – World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.
  • 1955 – Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
  • 1959 – Barbie doll goes on sale.
  • 1960 – Nuclear testing: France tests its first atomic bomb.
  • 1971 – Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
  • 1974 – Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union.
  • 1975 – A fire erupts in the World Trade Center in New York City, New York.
  • 1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria.
  • 1977 – Eric Heiden is first American to win world speed skating championship.
  • 1978 – Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.
  • 1979 – An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a ½ mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
  • 1981 – A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
  • 1984 – Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
  • 1997 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,000 for the first time closing at 7,022.44.
  • 2000 – The last original “Peanuts” comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
  • 2001 – An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
  • 2004 – The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
  • 2007 – Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.
  • 2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and The Stolen Generations.

February 13 – Birthdays:

  • 1457 – Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1482)
  • 1480 – Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1599 – Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667)
  • 1672 – Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)
  • 1683 – Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian painter and Fortune teller (d. 1754)
  • 1721 – John Reid, British army general and composer (d. 1807)
  • 1728 – John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)
  • 1743 – Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)
  • 1766 – Thomas Robert Malthus, English demographer and political economist (d. 1834)
  • 1768 – Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
  • 1769 – Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
  • 1805 – Peter Gustav Dirichlet, German mathematician (d. 1859)
  • 1835 – Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1855 – Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
  • 1873 – Feodor Chaliapin, Russian bass (d. 1938)
  • 1876 – Fritz Buelow, German-born American baseball player (d. 1933)
  • 1879 – Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)
  • 1881 – Eleanor Farjeon, English author (d. 1965)
  • 1884 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)
  • 1885 – Bess Truman, First Lady of the United States, wife of President Harry S. Truman (d. 1982)
  • 1891 – Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1891 – Grant Wood, American painter (d. 1942)
  • 1903 – Georges Simenon, Belgian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1906 – Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1910 – William Shockley, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1989)
  • 1911 – Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani Urdu poet, Lenin Peace Prize winner (d. 1984)
  • 1915 – Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1915 – Lyle Bettger, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Patty Berg, American golfer (d. 2006)
  • 1919 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
  • 1919 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
  • 1920 – Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987)
  • 1920 – Eileen Farrell, American opera soprano (d. 2002)
  • 1922 – Francis Pym, British Foreign Secretary 1982-83
  • 1922 – Gordon Tullock, American economist
  • 1923 – Michael Bilandic, Mayor of Chicago (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
  • 1923 – Chuck Yeager, American fighter & test pilot, and the first person to break the “sound barrier” in level flight
  • 1924 – Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Dorothy McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
  • 1929 – Omar Torrijos, Panamanian ruler (d. 1981)
  • 1930 – Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist
  • 1932 – Susan Oliver, American actress (d. 1990)
  • 1933 – Paul Biya, Cameroon politician
  • 1933 – Costa Gavras, Greek-French filmmaker
  • 1933 – Kim Novak, American actress
  • 1933 – Caroline Blakiston, British actress
  • 1934 – George Segal, American actor
  • 1935 – Dr. Don Panoz, American entrepreneur and motorsports impresario (ALMS)
  • 1937 – Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer (d. 1992)
  • 1938 – Oliver Reed, English actor (d. 1999)
  • 1939 – Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter
  • 1941 – Andrea Conte, First Lady of Tennessee 2003 – present
  • 1941 – Sigmar Polke, German painter
  • 1942 – Carol Lynley, American actress
  • 1942 – Peter Tork, American musician and actor (The Monkees)
  • 1943 – Geoff Edwards, American game show host
  • 1944 – Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (d. 1983)
  • 1944 – Stockard Channing, American actress
  • 1944 – Jerry Springer, American television host
  • 1944 – Bo Svenson, Swedish-born actor
  • 1944 – Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor (d. 2006)
  • 1945 – King Floyd, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 1946 – Louis Kondos, Greek actor
  • 1946 – Colin Matthews, British composer
  • 1947 – Mike Krzyzewski, American basketball player and coach
  • 1950 – Peter Gabriel, English musician (Genesis), composer and humanitarian
  • 1951 – Greg Fulginiti, American mastering engineer
  • 1951 – David Naughton, American actor and singer
  • 1952 – Freddy Maertens, Belgian cyclist
  • 1953 – Rico J. Puno, Filipino pop singer
  • 1954 – Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • 1955 – Joe Birkett, American lawyer
  • 1956 – Peter Hook, English bassist (Joy Division and New Order)
  • 1956 – Yiannis Kouros, Greek-Australian runner
  • 1956 – Princess Alia bint Al Hussein, Jordanian Royal Family member
  • 1956 – Liam Brady, Irish footballer
  • 1957 – Denise Austin, American fitness expert
  • 1958 – Pernilla August, Swedish actress
  • 1958 – Derek Riggs, British artist
  • 1958 – Tip Tipping, British actor and stuntman (d. 1993)
  • 1959 – Gaston Gingras, National Hockey League defenceman
  • 1959 – Gord Hampson, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Pierluigi Collina, Italian football referee
  • 1960 – Gary Patterson, American football coach
  • 1960 – Matt Salinger, American actor
  • 1960 – Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player
  • 1961 – Henry Rollins, American musician
  • 1961 – Marc Crawford, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1962 – Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician
  • 1964 – Mark Patton, American actor
  • 1964 – Ylva Johansson, Swedish politician
  • 1966 – Jeff Waters, Canadian musician (Annihilator)
  • 1967 – Stanimir Stoilov, Bulgarian footballer and coach
  • 1968 – Kelly Hu, American actress
  • 1970 – Karoline Krüger, Norwegian singer
  • 1971 – Sonia, British singer
  • 1971 – Mats Sundin, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Todd Williams, American baseball player
  • 1972 – Charlie Garner, American football player
  • 1974 – Gus Hansen, Danish professional poker player
  • 1974 – Robbie Williams, English singer
  • 1974 – Jeff Duran, American radio personality
  • 1975 – Iván González, Puerto Rican writer and musician
  • 1976 – Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist
  • 1976 – Feist, Canadian singer and songwriter
  • 1976 – Dave Padden, Canadian musician (Annihilator)
  • 1977 – Randy Moss, American football player
  • 1977 – Ben Collins, British racing driver
  • 1978 – Mini Anden, Swedish model and actress
  • 1978 – Hamish Glencross, Scottish heavy metal guitarist My Dying Bride
  • 1979 – Rafael Márquez, Mexican footballer
  • 1979 – Mena Suvari, American actress
  • 1980 – Sebastian Kehl, German footballer
  • 1981 – Luisão, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Liam Miller, Irish footballer
  • 1981 – Luke Ridnour, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Michael Turner, Running Back for the San Diego Chargers
  • 1982 – Lanisha Cole, American model
  • 1985 – Kwak Ji-min, South Korean actress
  • 1985 – Alexandros Tziolis, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Luke Moore, English footballer
  • 1989 – Carly McKillip, Canadian actress

February 13 – Deaths:

  • 858 – Kenneth I of Scotland
  • 1130 – Pope Honorius II
  • 1141 – Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)
  • 1219 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
  • 1332 – Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1259)
  • 1539 – Isabella d’Este, Marquise of Mantua (b. 1474)
  • 1542 – Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII of England (executed) (b. 1525)
  • 1571 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (b. 1500)
  • 1585 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
  • 1592 – Jacopo Bassano, Italian painter
  • 1600 – Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
  • 1602 – Alexander Nowell, English clergyman
  • 1608 – Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)
  • 1624 – Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
  • 1657 – Miles Sindercombe, attempted assassin of Oliver Cromwell
  • 1660 – King Charles X of Sweden (b. 1622)
  • 1662 – Elizabeth Stuart (b. 1596)
  • 1727 – William Wotton, English scholar (b. 1666)
  • 1728 – Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (b. 1663)
  • 1732 – Charles-René d’Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1787 – Ruder Boškovic, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
  • 1787 – Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1717)
  • 1813 – Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)
  • 1818 – George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)
  • 1826 – Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (b. 1745)
  • 1837 – Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
  • 1845 – Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
  • 1883 – Richard Wagner, German composer (b. 1813)
  • 1888 – Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (b. 1814)
  • 1905 – Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1942 – Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian president (b. 1865)
  • 1950 – Rafael Sabatini, Italian author (b. 1875)
  • 1951 – Lloyd C. Douglas, American author (b. 1877)
  • 1952 – Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)
  • 1958 – Georges Rouault, French painter (b. 1871)
  • 1958 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) “Queen of the mob” (b.1880)
  • 1964 – Werner Heyde, German psyhiatrist (b. 1902)
  • 1968 – Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – André Beaufre, French General (b. 1902)
  • 1976 – Murtala Mohammed, Nigerian military leader (b. 1938)
  • 1976 – Lily Pons, French-born soprano (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – David Janssen, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1984 – Andre Stander, South African police captain and bank robber (b. 1946)
  • 1989 – Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Arno Breker, German sculptor (b. 1900)
  • 1992 – Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 1997 – Mark Krasnosel’skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 2000 – James Cooke Brown, American author and inventor (b. 1921)
  • 2002 – Waylon Jennings, American musician (b. 1937)
  • 2003 – Kid Gavilan, Cuban boxer (b. 1926)
  • 2003 – Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (b. 1932)
  • 2003 – Walt Rostow, U.S. government official (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen leader (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – Nelson Briles, baseball player (b. 1943)
  • 2005 – Lúcia Santos, Carmelite nun and Fatima visionary (b. 1907)
  • 2005 – Maurice Trintignant, French race car driver (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Dick Weber, American professional bowler (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (b. 1965)
  • 2006 – Andreas Katsulas, Greek-American actor (b. 1946)
  • 2007 – Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 – Johanna Sällström, Swedish actress (b. 1974)
  • 2007 – Richard Gordon Wakeford, Air Marshal, Royal Air Force (b. 1922)
  • 2008 – Roger Voisin, Trumpet player, Boston Symphony (b. 1918)

February 13 – Holidays:

  • Saint Beatrice
  • Saint Ermenildis
  • Saint Fulcran
  • Saint Polyeuctus
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